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Norm Coleman's Ratings and Endorsements

Animals and Wildlife

2007-2008 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 44%
2007-2008 The Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions on Animal Protection 67%
2007-2008 The Humane Society of the United States - Positions 67
2007 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 20%
2007 The Humane Society of the United States - Positions on Animal Protection 50
2005-2006 American Wilderness Coalition - Positions 50%
2005-2006 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 28%
2005-2006 The Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 60
2005-2006 The Humane Society of the United States - Positions 60%
2005 American Wilderness Coalition - Positions 50%
2005 The Humane Society of the United States - Positions 40%
2004 American Humane Association - Positions 40%
2004 American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals - Positions 40%
2004 Born Free USA - Positions 40%
2004 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 0%
2004 The Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 40
2004 The Humane Society of the United States - Positions 40
2003-2004 American Wilderness Coalition - Positions 75%
2003 American Humane Association - Positions 40%
2003 American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals - Positions 40%
2003 Animal Welfare Institute - Positions 40%
2003 Born Free USA - Positions 40%
2003 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 18%
2003 Doris Day Animal League - Positions 40%
2003 Sierra Club - Positions 10%
2003 The Humane Society Legislative Fund - Positions 40%
2003 The Humane Society of the United States - Positions 40%

Business and Consumers

2008 United States Chamber of Commerce - Lifetime Score 91%
2008 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 83%
2007-2008 American Council of Engineering Companies - Positions 60%
2007-2008 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 60%
2007-2008 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 83%
2007-2008 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100
2007-2008 National Small Business Association - Positions 50%
2007-2008 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 100%
2007 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 71%
2007 The National Lumber and Building Material Dealers Association - Positions 75%
2007 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 82%
2006 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 90%
2006 National Association of Government Contractors - Positions 0%
2006 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 75%
2006 State PIRGs Working Together - Positions 36%
2006 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 100%
2006 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 36%
2005-2006 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 100%
2005-2006 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 100%
2005-2006 International Warehouse Logistics Association - Positions 100%
2005-2006 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 79%
2005-2006 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 100%
2005-2006 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 89%
2005-2006 National Restaurant Association - Positions 75%
2005-2006 National Retail Federation - Positions 83%
2005-2006 National Small Business Association - Positions 87%
2005-2006 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 100%
2005-2006 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions on Population Stabilization 23%
2005 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 68%
2005 International Sleep Products Association - Positions 100%
2005 Maryland Business for Responsive Government - Positions 78%
2005 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 83%
2005 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 73%
2005 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 88%
2004 National Stone, Sand & Gravel Association - Positions 75%
2004 Small Business & Entrepreneurship Council - Positions 100%
2004 State PIRGs Working Together - Positions 15%
2004 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 100%
2004 United States Public Interest Research Group - Positions 15%
2003-2004 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 100%
2003-2004 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 100%
2003-2004 Associated General Contractors of America - Positions 100%
2003-2004 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 91%
2003-2004 National Association for the Self-Employed - Positions 100%
2003-2004 National Association of Manufacturers - Positions 91%
2003-2004 National Electrical Contractors Association - Positions 83%
2003-2004 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
2003-2004 National Restaurant Association - Positions 100%
2003-2004 National Retail Federation - Positions 100%
2003-2004 National Small Business Association - Positions 100%
2003-2004 Plumbing-Heating-Cooling Contractors-National Association - Positions 67%
2003-2004 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 0%
2003 Associated Builders & Contractors - Positions 100%
2003 Business-Industry Political Action Committee - Positions 91%
2003 Maryland Business for Responsive Government - Positions 93%
2003 National Association of Government Contractors - Positions 100%
2003 National Federation of Independent Business - Positions 100%
2003 National Retail Federation - Positions 100%
2003 Public Citizen's Congress Watch - Positions 0%
2003 United States Chamber of Commerce - Positions 91%
1999-2006 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association - Positions 100%
1999-2004 National Ready Mixed Concrete Association - Positions 100%

Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

2008 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 45%
2008 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions on Middle Class Advocacy 43
2007-2008 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 29%
2007-2008 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 65%
2007-2008 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions on Civil Rights and Social Justice Issues 69%
2007-2008 National Organization for Women - Positions 33%
2007-2008 The Arc - Positions 100%
2007-2008 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -2
2007 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 29
2007 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 50%
2007 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions on Middle Class Advocacy 60
2007 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 23%
2007 League of Women Voters - Civil Liberties and Civil Rights Score 33%
2007 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 67%
2007 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -1
2007 United To End Genocide - Positions on Darfur A
2006-2012 Global Exchange - Percent Loyalty to Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Lobby 100%
2006 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 25%
2006 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 0%
2006 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 30%
2006 United To End Genocide - Positions on Darfur A
2005-2006 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 17%
2005-2006 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 22%
2005-2006 Iranian American Political Action Committee - Positions 100%
2005-2006 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 43%
2005-2006 National Organization for Women - Positions 17%
2005-2006 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -5
2005 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 30%
2005 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 13%
2005 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 29%
2005 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 45%
2005 National Council of La Raza - Positions 50%
2005 National Organization for Women - Positions 25%
2004 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 30%
2004 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 29%
2003-2004 American Civil Liberties Union - Positions 11%
2003-2004 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 38%
2003-2004 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 14%
2003-2004 League of United Latin American Citizens - Positions 50%
2003-2004 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 21%
2003-2004 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -4
2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 15%
2003 Drum Major Institute for Public Policy/TheMiddleClass.org - Positions 67%
2003 Leadership Conference on Civil and Human Rights - Positions 11%
2003 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) - Positions 15%
2003 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -1

Conservative

2008 American Conservative Union - Positions 48%
2008 Eagle Forum - Positions 71%
2008 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 61%
2008 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 61%
2007-2009 The New American - Positions on Conservative Issues 24%
2007-2008 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 44%
2007-2008 Concerned Women for America - Positions 60%
2007-2008 The John Birch Society - Positions 24%
2007 American Conservative Union - Positions 64%
2007 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 66%
2007 ConservAmerica - Positions 46
2007 Eagle Forum - Positions 76%
2007 GOPUSA - Positions 29%
2007 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 57.5%
2007 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 55%
2007 The John Birch Society - Conservative Index Score 60%
2006 American Conservative Union - Positions 68%
2006 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0%
2006 ConservAmerica - Positions 29
2006 Eagle Forum - Positions 56%
2006 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 53.8%
2006 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 50%
2006 The John Birch Society - Positions 20%
2005-2006 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 88%
2005-2006 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2005 American Conservative Union - Positions 64%
2005 ConservAmerica - Positions 47
2005 Eagle Forum - Positions 50%
2005 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 50%
2005 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 74%
2005 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 66%
2004 American Conservative Union - Positions 84%
2004 Christian Action Network - Lifetime Score 90%
2004 Eagle Forum - Positions 100%
2004 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 61%
2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Fall) 80%
2003-2004 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 95%
2003-2004 Concerned Women for America - Positions 93%
2003 American Conservative Union - Positions 85%
2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 97%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 80%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 78%
2003 National Journal - Composite Conservative Score 76%

Environment

2008 Environment America - Positions 70%
2007-2008 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 44%
2007-2008 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 50%
2007 ConservAmerica - Positions 46
2007 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 20%
2007 League of Conservation Voters - First Session Score 33%
2006-2012 Global Exchange - Percent Loyalty to Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Lobby 100%
2006 ConservAmerica - Positions 29
2006 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 29%
2005-2006 American Forest and Paper Association - Positions 100%
2005-2006 American Lands Alliance - Positions 0%
2005-2006 American Wilderness Coalition - Positions 50%
2005-2006 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 28%
2005-2006 Partnership for America - Positions 55%
2005 American Wilderness Coalition - Positions 50%
2005 ConservAmerica - Positions 47
2005 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 35%
2005 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and-WILL - Positions 0%
2004 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 0%
2003-2004 American Lands Alliance - Positions 0%
2003-2004 American Wilderness Coalition - Positions 75%
2003-2004 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 16%
2003-2004 National Parks Conservation Association - Positions 20%
2003-2004 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and-WILL - Positions 34%
2003 American Lands Alliance - Positions 0%
2003 Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund - Positions 18%
2003 League of Conservation Voters - Positions 21%
2003 Sierra Club - Positions 10%

Federal, State and Local Relations

2005-2006 National Association of Counties - Positions 78%

Fiscally Conservative

2008 FreedomWorks - Positions 29%
2008 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 55%
2008 National Tax Limitation Committee - Fiscally Conservative Score A
2008 The Club for Growth - Positions 38%
2007-2008 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 44%
2007-2008 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 75%
2007 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 66%
2007 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 75%
2007 FreedomWorks - Positions 25%
2007 GOPUSA - Positions 29%
2007 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 56%
2007 National Taxpayers Union - Fiscally Conservative Score C-
2007 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 64%
2007 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 61%
2007 The Club for Growth - Positions 33%
2006 Americans for Prosperity - Positions 0%
2006 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 75%
2006 FreedomWorks - Positions 42%
2006 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 50%
2006 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 58%
2006 The Club for Growth - Positions 44%
2005-2006 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 67%
2005-2006 Partnership for America - Positions 55%
2005 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 75%
2005 FreedomWorks - Positions 50%
2005 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 51%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 64%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 74%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 55%
2004 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 95%
2004 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 55%
2004 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 60%
2004 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 78%
2003-2004 FreedomWorks - Positions 79%
2003-2004 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 88%
2003-2004 The Cato Institute - Trade Subsidy Votes Score 0%
2003-2004 The Cato Institute - Trade Barrier Votes Score 60%
2003 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 95%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Economic Policy Score 58%
2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 69%
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85

Foreign Affairs

2008 Armenian National Committee of America - Positions on Armenian American Issues A+
2008 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score C-
2008 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 37%
2008 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 61%
2008 Voices for Creative Nonviolence - Iraq-Afghanistan Supplemental Spending Score 0%
2007-2008 ACT! for America - Positions 100%
2007-2008 National Foreign Trade Council - Positions 17%
2007-2008 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -2
2007-2008 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions -2
2007 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score D+
2007 Council for a Livable World - Positions 18%
2007 Latin America Working Group - Positions 0%
2007 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 44%
2007 Peace Action West - Positions 0%
2007 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -1
2007 United To End Genocide - Positions on Darfur A
2007 Voices for Creative Nonviolence - Positions on Iraq War Amendments 75%
2006-2012 Global Exchange - Percent Loyalty to Finance, Insurance, Real Estate Lobby 100%
2006 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score C
2006 Latin America Working Group - Positions 33%
2006 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 50%
2006 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 47%
2006 Peace Action - Positions 22%
2006 Peace Action West - Positions 22%
2006 United To End Genocide - Positions on Darfur A
2006 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions 17%
2005-2006 ACT! for America - Positions 75%
2005-2006 Council for a Livable World - Positions 16%
2005-2006 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 50%
2005-2006 National Foreign Trade Council - Positions 50%
2005-2006 Nuclear Age Peace Foundation - Positions 16%
2005-2006 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -5
2005 Citizens for Global Solutions - Global Issues Score F
2005 Latin America Working Group - Positions 25%
2005 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 0%
2005 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 74%
2005 Peace Action - Positions 33%
2005 PeacePAC - Positions 25%
2004 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 0%
2004 Latin America Working Group - Positions 0%
2004 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 61%
2004 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 33%
2004 Nuclear Age Peace Foundation - Positions 0%
2004 Peace Action - Positions 0%
2003-2004 ACT! for America - Positions 100%
2003-2004 American Muslims for Jerusalem - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy -6
2003-2004 American Security Council Foundation - Positions 100%
2003-2004 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 6%
2003-2004 National Foreign Trade Council - Positions 50%
2003-2004 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -4
2003-2004 USA Engage - Positions 60%
2003-2004 Washington Report on Middle East Affairs (WRMEA) - Positions 14%
2003 Friends Committee on National Legislation - Positions 11%
2003 Latin America Working Group - Positions 0%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Foreign Policy Score 0%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Foreign Policy Score 78%
2003 Peace Action - Positions 0%
2003 United States Campaign to End the Israeli Occupation - Positions on International Middle East Human Rights -1
2002-2003 Citizens for Global Solutions - Positions 11%
2001-2004 Council for a Livable World - Positions 0%

Health and Health Care

2008 American Public Health Association - Positions 75%
2008 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 100%
2008 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 8%
2007-2008 AIDS United - Positions 100%
2007-2008 American Hospital Association - Positions 75%
2007-2008 National Association for Addiction Professionals (formerly National Association of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Counselors) - Positions 0%
2007-2008 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - Positions 0%
2007-2008 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 85%
2007 Alliance For Headache Disorders Advocacy - Positions 100%
2007 American Academy of Family Physicians - Positions 100%
2007 American Public Health Association - Positions 50%
2007 Association of University Centers on Disabilities - Positions 100%
2007 Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance - Positions 0
2007 League of Women Voters - Children's Health Issues Score 100%
2007 National Association of Social Workers - Positions 100%
2006 American Public Health Association - Positions 60%
2006 National Association of Social Workers - Positions on Professional Advocacy 40
2006 Parkinsons Action Network - Positions 0%
2006 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 9%
2006 Protect Patients Now! - Positions 100%
2005-2006 American Academy of Emergency Medicine - Positions 100%
2005-2006 American Hospital Association - Positions 67%
2005-2006 American Nurses Association - Positions 60%
2005-2006 National Association for Addiction Professionals (formerly National Association of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Counselors) - Positions 50%
2005-2006 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 80%
2005-2006 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - Positions 12%
2005-2006 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
2005-2006 St. Joseph Health System - Positions 40%
2005 American Public Health Association - Positions 38%
2004 American College of Emergency Physicians - Positions 100%
2004 American Public Health Association - Positions 43%
2004 Citizens for Health - Whole Person Health Rating - Whole Person Health Score 50%
2004 Parkinsons Action Network - Positions 100%
2003-2004 American Academy of Emergency Medicine - Positions 100%
2003-2004 National Breast Cancer Coalition - Positions 60%
2003-2004 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
2003 American College of Emergency Physicians - Positions 100%
2003 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 0%
2003 American Public Health Association - Positions 0%
2003 American Society of Anesthesiologists - Positions 100%
2003 Global AIDS Alliance - Positions 20%
1996-2003 Planned Parenthood Action Fund - Positions 0%
1995-2004 National Family Planning & Reproductive Health Association - Positions 0%
1995-2004 Protect Patients Now! - Positions 100%

Labor Unions

2008 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Lifetime Score 37%
2008 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 70%
2008 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 67%
2008 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Lifetime Score 38%
2008 Center for Worker Freedom - Positions 25%
2008 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 75%
2008 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 75%
2008 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 20
2008 Utility Workers Union of America - Positions 66%
2007-2008 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 37%
2007-2008 International Foodservice Distributors Association - Positions 71%
2007-2008 United Food & Commercial Workers - Positions 70%
2007 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 46%
2007 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 58%
2007 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 43%
2007 Bakery, Confectionery, Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers - Positions 100%
2007 Center for Worker Freedom - Positions 60%
2007 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 60%
2007 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 50
2007 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 58%
2007 United Auto Workers - Positions 69%
2007 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 17
2007 Utility Workers Union of America - Positions 50
2006 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 33%
2006 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 38%
2006 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 25%
2006 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 40%
2006 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 44%
2006 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 25%
2006 United Auto Workers - Positions 38%
2005-2006 American Road and Transportation Builders Association - Positions 100%
2005-2006 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 38%
2005-2006 National Farmers Union - Positions 33%
2005 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 33%
2005 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 29%
2005 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 50%
2005 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 0%
2005 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 33%
2005 International Sleep Products Association - Positions 100%
2005 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 31%
2005 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 0%
2005 United Auto Workers - Positions 21%
2005 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 0%
2004 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 25%
2004 American Postal Workers Union - Positions 25%
2004 Communications Workers of America - Positions 17%
2004 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 17%
2004 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 0%
2004 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 33%
2004 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 17%
2004 United Auto Workers - Positions 9%
2004 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 0%
2003-2004 American Federation of Government Employees - Positions 0%
2003-2004 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 9%
2003-2004 American Road and Transportation Builders Association - Positions 100%
2003-2004 Bakery, Confectionery, Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers - Positions 15%
2003-2004 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 7%
2003-2004 National Farmers Union - Positions 44%
2003 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 0%
2003 American Federation of State, County & Municipal Employees (AFSCME) - Positions 9%
2003 Communications Workers of America - Positions 0%
2003 International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers - Positions 0%
2003 International Brotherhood of Boilermakers - Positions 14%
2003 International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers - Positions 9%
2003 Service Employees International Union (SEIU) - Positions 17%
2003 Transportation Communications Union - Positions 0%
2003 United Auto Workers - Positions on Workplace Rights 17%
2003 United Electrical Radio and Machine Workers - Positions 0%
1999 American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) - Positions 0%

Marriage, Family, and Children

2008 Eagle Forum - Positions 71%
2007-2008 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 90%
2007-2008 Family Research Council - Positions 88%
2007-2008 Population Action International - Positions 100%
2007 American Academy of Family Physicians - Positions 100%
2007 Eagle Forum - Positions 76%
2007 Family Research Council - Positions 85
2007 League of Women Voters - Children's Health Issues Score 100%
2007 Population Connection - Positions on Population Stabilization 0%
2006 Eagle Forum - Positions 56%
2006 Family Research Council - Positions 87%
2006 Population Connection - Positions 14%
2005-2006 American Family Association - Positions 100%
2005-2006 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 88%
2005-2006 Population Action International - Positions on Reproductive Health 0%
2005 Eagle Forum - Positions 50%
2005 Population Connection - Positions 0%
2004 American Family Association - Positions 100%
2004 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
2004 Eagle Forum - Positions 100%
2004 Family Research Council - Positions 67%
2003-2004 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 95%
2003-2004 National Parent Teacher Association - Positions 7%
2003-2004 Population Action International - Positions 0%
2003-2004 Population Connection - Positions 14%
2003 American Family Association - Positions 100%
2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 97%
2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 80%
2003 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2003 Population Action International - Positions 0%
2003 Population Connection - Positions 17%

Religion

2007-2008 ACT! for America - Positions 100%
2007-2008 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 90%
2007-2008 Concerned Women for America - Positions 60%
2007-2008 Family Research Council - Positions 88%
2007-2008 The John Birch Society - Positions 24%
2007 Family Research Council - Positions 85
2007 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions on Social Justice and Peace 43
2007 The John Birch Society - Conservative Index Score 60%
2007 Traditional Values Coalition - Positions 66
2006 Americans United for the Separation of Church and State - Positions 0%
2006 Family Research Council - Positions 87%
2006 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 62%
2006 Secular Coalition for America - Positions 0%
2006 The John Birch Society - Positions 20%
2006 Traditional Values Coalition - Positions 80%
2005-2006 ACT! for America - Positions 75%
2005-2006 American Family Association - Positions 100%
2005-2006 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2005-2006 St. Joseph Health System - Positions 40%
2005 Mennonite Central Committee - Positions 20%
2005 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 0%
2004 American Family Association - Positions 100%
2004 Christian Action Network - Lifetime Score 90%
2004 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
2004 Family Research Council - Positions 67%
2004 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 14%
2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Fall) 80%
2003-2004 ACT! for America - Positions 100%
2003-2004 American Muslims for Jerusalem - Positions on International Middle East Policy Advocacy -6
2003-2004 Bread for the World - Positions 100%
2003-2004 Concerned Women for America - Positions 93%
2003 American Family Association - Positions 100%
2003 Center for Reclaiming America - Positions 100%
2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2003 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 20%

Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

2007-2008 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 65%
2005-2006 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 22%
2003-2004 Human Rights Campaign - Positions 38%

Socially Conservative

2008 Eagle Forum - Positions 71%
2008 Eagle Forum - Positions 71%
2008 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 65%
2008 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 65%
2007-2008 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 90%
2007-2008 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 90%
2007-2008 Concerned Women for America - Positions 60%
2007-2008 Concerned Women for America - Positions 60%
2007-2008 Family Research Council - Positions 88%
2007-2008 Family Research Council - Positions 88%
2007-2008 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 85%
2007-2008 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 85%
2007-2008 The John Birch Society - Positions 24%
2007-2008 The John Birch Society - Positions 24%
2007 Eagle Forum - Positions 76%
2007 Eagle Forum - Positions 76%
2007 Family Research Council - Positions 85
2007 Family Research Council - Positions 85
2007 GOPUSA - Positions 29%
2007 GOPUSA - Positions 29%
2007 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 60%
2007 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 60%
2007 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 61%
2007 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 64%
2007 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 61%
2007 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 64%
2007 The John Birch Society - Conservative Index Score 60%
2007 The John Birch Society - Conservative Index Score 60%
2007 Traditional Values Coalition - Positions 66
2007 Traditional Values Coalition - Positions 66
2006 Eagle Forum - Positions 56%
2006 Eagle Forum - Positions 56%
2006 Family Research Council - Positions 87%
2006 Family Research Council - Positions 87%
2006 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 59%
2006 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 59%
2006 The John Birch Society - Positions 20%
2006 The John Birch Society - Positions 20%
2006 Traditional Values Coalition - Positions 80%
2006 Traditional Values Coalition - Positions 80%
2005-2006 American Family Association - Positions 100%
2005-2006 American Family Association - Positions 100%
2005-2006 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 88%
2005-2006 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 88%
2005-2006 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2005-2006 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2005-2006 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
2005-2006 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
2005-2006 Partnership for America - Positions 55%
2005-2006 Partnership for America - Positions 55%
2005 Eagle Forum - Positions 50%
2005 Eagle Forum - Positions 50%
2005 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 58%
2005 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 58%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 64%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 74%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 74%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 55%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 55%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 64%
2004 American Family Association - Positions 100%
2004 American Family Association - Positions 100%
2004 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
2004 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
2004 Eagle Forum - Positions 100%
2004 Eagle Forum - Positions 100%
2004 Family Research Council - Positions 67%
2004 Family Research Council - Positions 67%
2004 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 63%
2004 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 63%
2004 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 78%
2004 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 78%
2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Fall) 80%
2004 The John Birch Society - Positions (Fall) 80%
2003-2004 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 95%
2003-2004 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 95%
2003-2004 Concerned Women for America - Positions 93%
2003-2004 Concerned Women for America - Positions 93%
2003-2004 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
2003-2004 National Right to Life Committee - Positions 100%
2003 American Family Association - Positions 100%
2003 American Family Association - Positions 100%
2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 97%
2003 Campaign for Working Families - Positions 97%
2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
2003 Christian Coalition of America - Positions 100%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 80%
2003 Eagle Forum - Positions 80%
2003 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2003 Family Research Council - Positions 100%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 59%
2003 National Journal - Conservative on Social Policy Score 59%
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85

Socially Liberal

2008 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 45%
2008 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 45%
2008 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 34%
2008 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 34%
2007-2008 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Progressive Action Score 6%
2007-2008 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Oath of Office Score 0%
2007-2008 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Oath of Office Score 0%
2007-2008 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Right Wing Index Score 75%
2007-2008 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Right Wing Index Score 75%
2007-2008 Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress - Progressive Action Score 6%
2007 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 50%
2007 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 50%
2007 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2007 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2007 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 39%
2007 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 39%
2007 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions on Social Justice and Peace 43
2007 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions on Social Justice and Peace 43
2006 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 25%
2006 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 25%
2006 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2006 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2006 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 40%
2006 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 40%
2006 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 62%
2006 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 62%
2005-2006 Campaign for America's Future - Energy Score 50%
2005-2006 Campaign for America's Future - Energy Score 50%
2005 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 30%
2005 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 30%
2005 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2005 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2005 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 25%
2005 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 25%
2005 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 39%
2005 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 39%
2005 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 0%
2005 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 0%
2004 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 30%
2004 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 30%
2004 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2004 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2004 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 34%
2004 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 34%
2004 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 14%
2004 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 14%
2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 15%
2003 Americans for Democratic Action - Positions 15%
2003 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2003 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2003 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 5%
2003 National Committee for an Effective Congress - Positions 5%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 0%
2003 National Journal - Liberal on Social Policy Score 0%
2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 20%
2003 NETWORK, A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby - Positions 20%

Taxes

2008 Americans for Fair Taxation - Positions on the FairTax 0
2008 FreedomWorks - Positions 29%
2008 National Tax Limitation Committee - Fiscally Conservative Score A
2008 The Club for Growth - Positions 38%
2007-2008 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 75%
2007 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 75%
2007 FreedomWorks - Positions 25%
2007 National Taxpayers Union - Fiscally Conservative Score C-
2007 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 61%
2007 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 64%
2007 The Club for Growth - Positions 33%
2006 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 75%
2006 FreedomWorks - Positions 42%
2006 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 58%
2006 The Club for Growth - Positions 44%
2005-2006 Citizens for Tax Justice - Positions 0%
2005-2006 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 67%
2005 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 75%
2005 FreedomWorks - Positions 50%
2005 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 51%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 64%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Personal Liberties 74%
2005 Republican Liberty Caucus - Economic Liberties Score 55%
2004 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 95%
2004 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 60%
2004 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions 78%
2003-2004 FreedomWorks - Positions 79%
2003-2004 National Tax Limitation Committee - Positions 88%
2003 Americans for Tax Reform - Positions 95%
2003 National Taxpayers Union - Positions 69%
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85
2003 Republican Liberty Caucus - Positions on Conservative Issues 85

Women

2007-2008 American Association of University Women - Positions 70%
2007-2008 Concerned Women for America - Positions 60%
2007-2008 National Organization for Women - Positions 33%
2007 American Association of University Women - Positions 83
2007 Federally Employed Women - Positions 50%
2007 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2006 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2005-2006 American Association of University Women - Positions 30%
2005-2006 Business and Professional Women USA - Positions 83%
2005-2006 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2005-2006 Federally Employed Women - Positions 30%
2005-2006 National Organization for Women - Positions 17%
2005 American Association of University Women - Positions 33%
2005 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2005 National Organization for Women - Positions 25%
2005 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and-WILL - Positions 0%
2004 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%
2003-2004 American Association of University Women - Positions 25%
2003-2004 Business and Professional Women USA - Positions 54%
2003-2004 Concerned Women for America - Positions 93%
2003-2004 Federally Employed Women - Positions 30%
2003-2004 Women's Action for New Directions (WAND) and-WILL - Positions 34%
2003 American Association of University Women - Positions 20%
2003 American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists - Positions 0%
2003 Business and Professional Women USA - Positions 40%
2003 Concerned Women for America - Positions 100%
2003 NARAL Pro-Choice America - Positions 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Project Vote Smart displays all known interest group ratings for each candidate and official, regardless of issue or bias.

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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