Registration Deadline: The last day to register to vote is 29 days before an election.
Party Affiliation: Florida is a closed primary state. Only voters who are registered members of political parties may vote for respective party candidates for an office in a primary election.
However, there are times when all registered voters can vote in a primary election, regardless of which major or minor political party they are registered or even if they are registered without a specific party affiliation:
- If all the candidates for an office have the same party affiliation and the winner of the primary election will not face any opposition in the general election (i.e. no write-in candidates have qualified), then all registered voters can vote for any of the candidates for that office in the primary election.
- If races for nonpartisan (i.e., free from party affiliation) judicial and school board offices, nonpartisan special districts or local referendum questions are on the primary election ballot, then all registered voters, including those without party affiliation are entitled to vote those races on the ballot.
At a general election, all registered voters receive the same ballot and may vote for any candidate or question on the ballot. If there are write-in candidates who have qualified for a particular office, a space will be left on the ballot where their name can be written.
VOTER REGISTRATION QUALIFICATIONS
Age: Be 18 years old by the next election (you may preregister if you are 16 years old, but you cannot vote until you are 18 years old).
Citizenship: Must be a United States citizen
Residency: Must be a resident of Florida
Mental Competency: Not have been adjudicated mentally incapacitated with respect to voting in Florida or any other state without having the right to vote restored;
Felony Convictions: Not have been convicted of a felony without your civil rights having been restored;
ID Requirements: New applicants require one of the following:
- A current and valid Florida driver's license number;
- A current and valid Florida identification card number;
- Last four numbers of your Social Security number;
OBTAINING A VOTER REGISTRATION FORM
Online: Florida does not have online voter registration.
In person: Request or pick up a Florida voter registration application from the office of your county supervisor of elections or any of the following:
- Any office that provides public assistance (e.g. Department of Children and Families' Food Assistance Program and the Temporary Cash Assistance Program and Department of Health's WIC Program)
- Any office that primarily serves persons with disabilities (e.g., Department of Education's Division of Blind Services and Division of Vocational Rehabilitation, any center for independent living, any office within an educational institute that serves persons with disabilities).
- Any military recruitment office (Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marines, Navy, Marines)
- Any public library
- Any entity authorized by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission to issue permits for fishing, hunting or trapping.
VERIFYING YOUR VOTER REGISTRATION STATUS
Phone: Contact the Florida Voter Assistance Hotline (in English and Español) at toll-free 1-866-308-6739.
ABSENTEE BALLOT QUALIFICATIONS
Who can vote absentee: A voter does not have to be absent from the county of residence or have an excuse in order to vote-by-mail except on Election Day.
OBTAINING AN ABSENTEE BALLOT
Online: You may apply online through your county Supervisor of Elections website.
In person: You may request an absentee ballot by submitting an in-person request at your county Supervisor of Elections' office.
By mail, email and fax: You may request an absentee ballot by submitting a mailed, faxed or emailed request to your county Supervisor of Elections' office.
Military and overseas voting: MIlitary and Overseas Citizens Registering and Voting Absentee
SUBMITTING AN ABSENTEE BALLOT
Location and time: Instructions for completing the absentee ballot are included with the ballot. The voted ballot must be returned and received by the Supervisor of Elections no later than 7 p.m. on Election Day.
You can track the status of your absentee ballot request and the ballot through the online voter registration lookup link at:
https://registration.elections.myflorida.com/CheckVoterStatus or through your Supervisor of Elections’ website.
Early voting qualifications: All voters may vote early with no further registration or qualifications.
If there is an election that contains a state or federal race, early voting must begin 10 days before an election and end on the 3rd day before an election. In addition, early voting may be offered at the discretion of the supervisor of elections on one or more of the following days: the 15th, 14th, 13th, 12th, 11th, or 2nd day before the election. Early voting must be offered for at least 8 hours but not more than 12 hours per day. Early voting is optional in elections not held in conjunction with a state or federal office. Contact your board supervisor to find out the specific times and locations for early voting if and when offered in an election in your county.
Verifying Registration: Florida Voter Registration Verification
Deciding how to vote: http://www.votesmart.org/
- Florida driver's license;
- Florida identification card issued by the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles;
- United States passport;
- debit or credit card;
- military identification;
- student identification;
- retirement center identification;
- neighborhood association identification;
- and public assistance identification
- Veteran health identification card issued by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs
- License to carry a concealed weapon or firearm issued pursuant to s. 790.06
- Employee identification card issued by any branch, department, agency, or entity of the Federal Government, the state, a county, or a municipality.
If your photo ID does not include your signature, you will be asked to provide another ID that has your signature.
Florida voting systems and voting procedures.
Verifying absentee ballot status: You can access your absentee ballot status indirectly through the portal on the Division of Elections Voter Information Lookup.