Registration Deadline: For any election, the last day to register to vote or update your voter registration is the 15th day prior to the election.
Party Affiliation: No party registration required for primary voting
VOTER REGISTRATION QUALIFICATIONS
Age: Must be at least 18 years old
Citizenship: Must be a United States citizen
Residency: Must be a resident of Alabama
Mental Competency: Have not been legally declared "mentally incompetent" by a court
Felony Convictions: You must not be barred from voting by reason of a disqualifying felony conviction.
ID Requirements: Voters can use any of the following forms of photo ID at the polls:
- Valid Driver's License
- Valid Non-driver ID
- Valid Alabama Photo Voter ID
- Valid State Issued ID (Alabama or any other state)
- Valid Federal Issued ID
- Valid US Passport
- Valid Employee ID from Federal Government, State of Alabama, County Government, Municipality, Board, Authority, or other entity of this state
- Valid student or employee ID from a college or university in the State of Alabama (including postgraduate technical or professional schools)
- Valid Military ID
- Valid Tribal ID
If a voter possesses any of these forms of ID, he/she is not eligible to receive a free Alabama photo voter ID card. The voter must bring one of these photo IDs to the polls on Election Day or place a copy of the ID in absentee ballot materials.
A voter who is required to present valid photo identification but who does not do so will be allowed to vote a provisional ballot as provided for by law.
In addition, a voter who does not have a valid photo ID in his or her possession at the polls shall be permitted to vote if the individual is positively identified by two election officials as a voter on the poll list who is eligible to vote and the election officials sign a sworn affidavit so stating.
For more information, download the Alabama Photo Voter ID Guide.
OBTAINING A VOTER REGISTRATION FORM
Online: click here
- Driver's licensing office
- County and select municipal public libraries
- Department of Human Resources
- WIC Program, Department of Public Health
- Medicaid Agency
- Department of Rehabilitation Services
The postcard voter registration form is also available at:
- Public 4-year universities
- Select private 4-year universities
-Driver's licensing office
-County and select municipal public libraries
-Department of Human Resources
-Wic Program, Department of Public Health
-Department of Rehabilitation Services
By mail/ in writing :
600 Dexter Avenue, Room E-210
Montgomery Alabama 36130
By fax: 334-242-2444
Other Voter Registration Application Information: Alabama Voter Hotline: 1-800-274-8683
VERIFYING YOUR VOTER REGISTRATION STATUS
ABSENTEE BALLOT QUALIFICATIONS
Who can vote absentee?
A voter may cast an absentee ballot if he or she:
- Will be absent from the county on election day
- Is ill or has a physical disability that prevents a trip to the polling place
- Is a registered Alabama voter living outside the county, such as a member of the armed forces, a voter employed outside the United States, a college student, or a spouse or child of such a person
- Is an appointed election officer or poll watcher at a polling place other than his or her regular polling place
- Works a required shift, 10-hours or more, that coincides with polling hours
Other absentee voter qualifications: Business/Medical Emergency Voting application can be made after the absentee deadline but no later than 5 PM on the day before the election, if the voter is required by an employer under unforeseen circumstances to be out of the county on election day for an emergency business trip, or has a medical emergency requiring treatment from a licensed physician.
In addition to application information outlined in the next section, the business emergency application contains an affidavit acknowledging that the voter was not aware of the out-of-county business trip prior to the normal absentee ballot deadline. The medical emergency application requires that the attending physician describe and certify the circumstances as constituting an emergency.
Get an emergency absentee ballot here.
OBTAINING AN ABSENTEE BALLOT
In person: Visit your local Absentee Election Manager (usually the Circuit Clerk) to request an absentee ballot, and provide the following:
-name and residential address (or other such information in order to verify voter registration)
-election for which the ballot is requested
-reason for absence from polls on election day
-party choice, if the election is a party primary. (It is not necessary to give a party choice for a general election; however, in a party primary a voter may participate in only one political party's primary; thus a choice must be designated so that the appropriate ballot can be provided. If the voter declines or fails to designate a choice for a primary or primary runoff ballot, the absentee election manager may send only the ballot for constitutional amendments.)
-address to which the ballot should be mailed
-voter signature (If a mark is made in place of a signature, it must be witnessed)
By mail: Contact your local election office
The absentee ballot application must be returned to the Absentee Election Manager by the voter in person (or by the voter's designee in the case of medical emergency voting) or by U.S. Mail. No absentee ballot application may be mailed in the same envelope as another voter's absentee ballot application.
Upon receiving the absentee ballot application, the Absentee Election Manager may request additional evidence on the reason for voting absentee if the voter has a history of absentee voting. The absentee ballot applications must turned in no later than the fifth calendar day before the election.
ABSENTEE BALLOT PROCEDURE
The absentee ballot comes with three envelopes -- one plain (the secrecy envelope), one with an affidavit, or oath, printed on the outside, and one plain envelope, preaddressed (the outer envelope). Once the voter casts the ballot, the procedure is as follows:
-Seal the ballot in the plain envelope
-Place the plain envelope inside the accompanying affidavit envelope
-Seal the affidavit envelope and complete the affidavit that is on the outside of the envelope
-Sign the affidavit and have the signature witnessed by either a notary public or two witnesses 18 years of age or older
-Place the affidavit envelope and a COPY of voter identification inside the outer envelope
-Remember to place a copy of your I.D. (NOT THE ORIGINAL) inside the outer envelope
SUBMITTING AN ABSENTEE BALLOT
An absentee ballot returned by mail must be postmarked no later than the day prior to the election and received by the Absentee Election Manager no later than noon on election day. If hand-delivered, the ballot must be in the office of the Absentee Election Manager by the close of business (but no later than 5 p.m.) on the day prior to the election.
Other absentee ballot submission information: An absentee ballot cannot be counted unless the affidavit is notarized or has the signature of two witnesses.
Military and overseas voting: For more info on military and overseas absentee voting click here.
Early voting qualifications: There is no early voting in Alabama. See absentee voting section if unable to vote on election day.
Verifying provisional ballot status: Provisional ballot verification
Verifying absentee ballot status: Absentee ballot status
Verifying Registration: Registration verification
Deciding how to vote: votesmart.org
Polling Place: Polling place locator
ID Requirements for the polls: Photo ID or HAVA approved ID
Problems with voting: Alabama Voter Complaint form