Registration Deadline: The deadline for regular registration is 5 pm 30 days before any election. Individuals can late-register for most elections at the county election office or the designated location beginning 29 days before election day, and ending at the close of polls on election day (except from noon until 5:00 p.m. on the day before election day).
Party Affiliation: There is no party registration in Montana. Individuals who vote in a primary election are given all the parties' ballots, and can choose in private which party ballot they wish to vote. Voters in a primary election cannot vote more than one party's ballots.
VOTER REGISTRATION QUALIFICATIONS
Age: Must be at least 18 years old on or before Election Day
Citizenship: Must be a United States citizen
Residency: Must have lived in Montana for at least 30 days
Mental Competency: Not judged in a court of law to be of unsound mind
Felony Convictions: Not be a convicted felon serving a sentence in a penal institution.
ID requirements for Voter Registration: You must provide your Montana driver’s license number or Montana MVD ID number when you register. If you do not have a Montana driver’s license number or MVD ID number, you will need to provide the last 4 digits of your Social Security number. If you have neither number, you will need to provide another form of identification.
OBTAINING A VOTER REGISTRATION FORM
Online: Montana Voter pre-registration Application note: you will not be legally registered until you appear at the County Election Office and sign the electronically submitted application
In person: You can register in person at the following locations:
- Your county election office between the hours of 8 a.m and 5 pm
-Fill out and sign a registration form when you apply for or renew your driver’s license or Montana ID
By mail/ in writing: Obtain a registration form online and mail it to your county election office
By fax: Contact your county election office faxing options.
VERIFYING YOUR VOTER REGISTRATION STATUS
Online: Montana online voter registration verification
Phone: Contact your county election office for registration verification
ABSENTEE BALLOT QUALIFICATIONS
Who can vote absentee: Any registered voter may vote by absentee ballot.
OBTAINING AN ABSENTEE BALLOT
In person: Applications may be downloaded online and dropped off at your county election office.
By mail: Download and fill out an Application for Absentee Ballot and mail it to your county election office.
Applications must be received by the county election office by noon the day before the election. If you drop off the application you will be able to pick up the absentee ballot at the same time.
Military and overseas voting: Any of the following are defined as UOCAVA voters:
-Member of the Uniformed Services or Merchant Marine on active duty
-Spouse or dependent of a member of the Uniformed Services or Merchant Marine on active duty
-U.S. citizen residing outside the U.S.
-Other individuals meeting definitions of "absent uniformed services voter" and "overseas voter" in Montana law(13-21-102, MCA) As such, UOCAVA voters may annually apply for absentee ballots using the Electronic Absentee System to register to vote up to and including election day. More information is available here. By mail: complete and return the Federal Post Card Application found here.
SUBMITTING AN ABSENTEE BALLOT
Location and time: Ballots mailed to the county election office or polling place must be received no later than 8:00 p.m. on election day.
Other absentee ballot submission information: UOCAVA voters who have received and marked a ballot may return their absentee ballot by email, fax or mail. All ballots must be received by the county election office by 8 p.m. on Election Day, unless returning electronically. If returning an absentee ballot electronically, it must be sent to the county election office by 8 p.m. on Election Day, and received by 5 p.m. the next day.
Montana does not have true early voting, but does have in-person absentee voting that allows electors, as soon as absentee ballots are available, to receive, mark and submit an absentee ballot in person at the election office or by mail to the election office. However, ballots are not counted until election day. Early-in person absentee voting does not require a reason and starts as soon as ballots are available – by not later than 30 days before an election.
Deciding how to vote: https://votesmart.org
Polling Place: online polling place locator
ID Requirements:When voting at the polls, you must present one of the following:
-a current photo ID showing the elector’s name
-a current utility bill
-bank statement, paycheck
-voter registration confirmation
-government check or other government document showing the elector’s current name and current address
If you do not have any of the items listed above, you can still vote by requesting and filling out a “Polling Place Elector ID” form. Or, you can vote a provisional ballot. Your provisional ballot will be counted if you provide one of the items on the list to the county election office by 5:00 p.m. the day after the election, or mail it to the county election office postmarked by the day after the election.
How to Vote: View Montana's voter information page.
Getting your vote counted: For more information about voting call your local election office or call the Secretary of State's toll free voter hotline: 1-888-884-VOTE (8683)
Problems with voting: Montana Secretary of State Elections Complaint Form
Verifying absentee ballot status: absentee ballot status verification
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