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Registration Deadline: North Dakota is the only state without voter registration. North Dakota law still provides cities with the ability to register voters for city elections.

Party Affiliation: Voters may choose privately in which primary to vote. In other words, voters may choose which party’s ballot to vote, but this decision is private and does not register the voter with that party.



Age: Must be at least 18 years old on Election Day

Citizenship: Must be a United States citizen

Residency: Must be a legal resident of North Dakota and a resident in the precinct for 30 days preceding the election

Mental Competency: No developmentally disabled person may be presumed to be incompetent or may be deprived of any constitutional, civil, or legal right solely because of admission to or residence at an institution or facility or solely because of receipt of services for developmentally disabled persons... The constitutional, civil or legal rights which may not be varied or modified under the provisions of this section include the right to vote at elections...(25-01.2-03)

Felony Convictions: A person sentenced for a felony to a term of imprisonment, during the term of actual incarceration under such sentence, may not vote in an election.


ID Requirements: There are no ID requirements necessary to register (except if you are registering for absentee or by mail voting) since North Dakota does not have voters register before Election Day. However, you must bring ID in order to vote. Acceptable forms of identification must include a street address (PO Boxes do not establish residency):

-Current driver’s license or non-driver’s identification card

-Tribal government issued identification   

-Long-term care certificate (provided by ND facility)

-Voter's Affidavit 



North Dakota is the only state in which voter registration is not necessary to vote.



Who can vote absentee: All eligible North Dakotans have the option to request a ballot before the day of an election.


Absentee or by mail voting ID requirements:


-North Dakota form of identification listed above in the “Voter Registration Qualifications” section

-Military ID – Only for uniformed service or family member stationed away from North Dakota residence

-Passport – Only for North Dakota residents outside the United States

-Attester – An applicant without a valid form of identification may use an attester. The attester must provide his or her name, North Dakota driver’s license, non-driver’s, or tribal identification number, and sign the absentee/mail ballot application form to attest to the applicant’s North Dakota residency and voting eligibility.

-Voter's Affidavit




Online: Download a form or complete the online application.

In person: You may obtain and complete an absentee ballot request in person at your county auditor's office.


By mail: Mail a completed form to your county auditor's office.


Military and overseas voting: Military and Overseas voters may obtain a ballot by means of the absentee/mail ballot application See North Dakota's guide for military and overseas voters for more information.

Emergency Voting: North Dakota does not register voters, therefore any eligible voter that arrives at the polls on election day with proper identification may vote at the polls.

Other absentee ballot information: You may also fax or email a completed form to your county auditor's office.



Location and time: Whether you vote absentee or by mail ballot your return envelope must be postmarked no later than the day before the election. If you are unable to meet this deadline then you will have to go to your appropriate polling place on Election Day to cast your ballot.

Other absentee ballot submission information: Uniformed service members stationed away from home and citizens living outside the United States may also receive and return voted ballots by fax or electronic means.



Early voting qualifications: Voting early is the same process as voting absentee in North Dakota. Contact your county auditor for election locations and times.




Deciding how to vote:

Polling Place: polling precinct locator

ID Requirements: Acceptable ID for verification at the polling place:

  -Valid drivers license

  -Valid non-driver's identification card

  -Valid tribal government issued identification card

  -Valid student identification certificate (provided by ND college or university)

How to Vote: North Dakota voting information


Problems with voting: North Dakota HAVA Complaint Form


Verifying absentee ballot status: absentee ballot verification

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