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Registration Deadline: You may register at any time. However, to be eligible to vote in a specific election, you must register 21 days before that election.

Party Affiliation: West Virginia has a closed primary, meaning that if you are a member of one of the major parties (Democratic, Mountain, Republican) you may only vote the ballot of the party in which you are registered. Some major parties allow members of minor parties and unaffiliated voters to vote their ballots upon request.


Age: At least 17 years old, and 18 before the next General Election. Seventeen year-olds may register and vote in primary elections, if they turn 18 by the next General Election.

Citizenship: Must be a United States citizen

Residency: Must be a resident of West Virginia and the county where you register

Mental Competency: Not under a court ruling of mental incompetence

Felony Convictions: Not currently under conviction for a felony, including probation or parole. Voting rights are restored when the term of conviction ends.

ID Requirements: You must submit a copy of a current and valid ID that includes proof of your physical address with your application or the first time you vote. To submit with this form, include:
   -A copy of a current and valid photo ID; or
   -A copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck, or other government document that shows your name and current residence address.


Online: You may download a form online, however, it must be submitted in person or by mail.

In person:You may register in person at the office of the Secretary of State. 
   -You may submit a registration form at any of these offices. If it is close to an election, registering at the County Clerks office is the best place to go to ensure that you will be registered on Election Day.
   -You may also take advantage of the Motor Voter program, which allows citizens to register to vote at the Division of Motor Vehicles.
   -The County Clerks office at your county courthouse.
   -Drivers license offices.
   -Public assistance offices.
   -Agencies who serve people with disabilities.
   -Marriage license offices (at your County Clerks office).
   -Military recruiting offices.

By mail/ in writing: Request an application from your County Clerk, Secretary of State, or by downloading the mail-in application form and return it completed to your county clerk's office.


Online: West Virginia Voter Registration Verification

Phone: (866) SOS-VOTE


Who can vote absentee:
To Vote Absentee, one of the following must keep you from voting in person during the early voting period or election day:
   -Personal or business travel
   -Attendance at a college, university, or other place of education or training;
   -Illness, injury, or other medical reason which keeps you confined;
   -Immobility due to advanced age or a physical disability;
   -Incarceration or detention in jail or home;
   -Absent uniformed service member, spouse or dependent, or an overseas voter as defined by the Uniformed and Overseas Citizens Absentee Voting Act of 1986;
   -Employment which because of hours worked and distance from the county seat makes voting in person impossible;
   -Service as an elected or appointed state or federal officer;
   -Temporary assignment by your employer for a specific period of four years or less;
   -The county absentee voting office and your polling place are inaccessible due to physical disability


Online: West Virginia Absentee Ballot Application

In person: Mail ballot applications may only be returned by mail, fax, or e-mail

By mail: Download or request an application by telephone, fax, or e-mail from your county clerk.

Military and overseas voting: Special Applications and instructions for military and overseas voters.

Emergency Voting: A ballot can be brought to you at the hospital or nursing facility if you have been admitted because of an emergency during the last week before the election. Your County Commission may adopt this service, which is available at all hospitals within your home county. Your county may also adopt a policy to extend this service to other hospitals in adjacent counties or within 30 miles from the county seat. Check with the County Clerk to determine what hospitals are served. See the Absentee Calendar for specific dates. The voter's emergency admission must have occurred no earlier than the 7th day before the election. The ballot must be requested no later than noon of election day.

Other absentee ballot information: Your application to vote by mail must be received no later than the 6th day before the election. You may apply as early as eighty-four days before the election.


Location and time: Check with your county clerk for official deadlines and locations to mail your absentee ballot.


Early voting qualifications: Any eligible voter may vote early in person

Other information for early voting: The location will be in the county courthouse, annex, or on the property of the courthouse. The regular period of Early Voting begins thirteen days before the election and continues until three days before the election. For more information go here.


Verifying Registration: West Virginia Voter Registration Verification

Deciding how to vote:

Time off to vote: Employees who do not have 3 hours of their own time during polling hours are entitled to up to 3 paid hours leave to vote. The employee must demand leave in writing at least three days before Election Day. In certain essential operations, employers receiving written request can schedule the hours when employees will be allowed to leave to vote.

Polling Place: West Virginia Polling Place Locator

ID Requirements: If you registered by mail, remember to take your driver's license or other ID that shows proof of residency and age to the polls the first time you vote.
Acceptable IDs include:
   -A copy of a current & valid photo ID with current residence address or
   -A copy of a current utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck, or other government document that shows your name and current residence address

How to Vote: Voting Systems by County

Getting your vote counted: Know your Voting Rights.

Problems with voting: Election complaint process and form

Verifying provisional ballot status: Track provisional ballot status.

Verifying absentee ballot status: You can track the status of your ballot here or call 866-767-8683 for more information.


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