Registration Deadline: You must be registered for at least 29 days before you can vote in an election.
Party Affiliation: Florida is a closed primary state. Only voters who are registered members of a political parties may vote for their respective party's candidates in a primary election. Voters without party affiliation are not eligible to vote for party candidates in a primary election. However, a constitutional amendment adopted in 1998 states that IF all candidates for an office have the same party affiliation and the winner will have no opposition in the general election, all qualified voters, regardless of party affiliation, may vote in the primary election for that office. Party changes must be made by the end of the 29th day before the Primary Election. If you are not registered to vote in the political party for which the primary election is being held, you may vote for nonpartisan candidates and issues.
VOTER REGISTRATION QUALIFICATIONS
Age: Be 18 years old by the next election (you may preregister if you are 16 years old, but you cannot vote until you are 18 years old).
Citizenship: Must be a United States citizen
Residency: Must be a resident of Florida
Mental Competency: Not now be adjudicated mentally incapacitated with respect to voting in Florida or any other state without having the right to vote restored;
Felony Convictions: Not have been convicted of a felony without your civil rights having been restored;
ID Requirements: New applicants require one of the following:
-A current and valid Florida driver's license number;
-A current and valid Florida identification card number;
-Last four numbers of your Social Security number;
If you have none of the above, you must include one of the following with application or at a later time before you vote:
-A copy of an ID that shows your name and photo (U.S. Passport, debit or credit card, military ID, student ID, retirement center ID, neighborhood association ID, or public assistance ID); or
-A copy of an ID that shows your name and current residential address (utility bill, bank statement, government check, paycheck, or other government document)
OBTAINING A VOTER REGISTRATION FORM
Online: Florida online voter registration application or download a form to fill out physically.
In person: Request or pick up a Florida voter registration application from the office of your county supervisor of elections or any of the following:
-Florida driver's license office
-Tax collector's office that issues driver's licenses of Florida identification cards
-Any office that provides public assistance (e.g. Department of Children and Families Food Assistance Program and the Temporary Cash Assistance Program and Department of Health's WIC Program)
-Any office that primarily serves persons with disabilities (e.g. Department of Education's Division of Blind Services and Division of Vocational Rehabilitation, any center for independent living, any office within an educational institute that serves persons with disabilities);
-Any military recruitment office (Air Force, Army, Coast Guard, Marines, Navy)
-Any public library;
-Obtain a Florida Voter Registration Application form from any entity authorized by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission to issue permits for fishing, hunting, or trapping.
By mail/ in writing: Download a form and send it completed to your local board supervisor.
By fax: Contact your Supervisor of Elections to ask for a faxed voter registration form.
VERIFYING YOUR VOTER REGISTRATION STATUS
Online:Florida online voter registration verification
Phone: Contact the Bureau of Voter Registration Services’ Voter Assistance Hotline (in English and Español) at toll-free 1-866-308-6739.
ABSENTEE BALLOT QUALIFICATIONS
Who can vote absentee: All qualified (registered) voters are permitted to vote absentee under Florida law.
Other absentee voter qualifications:A voter, or, if directly instructed by the voter, a member of the voter's immediate family or the voter's legal guardian, may request an absentee ballot from the Supervisor of Elections. The request must be made in person, by mail, by fax, by telephone, or online through the Supervisor of Elections’ website. One request can serve as a request to receive a ballot in all elections occurring from the date of the initial request through the end of the calendar year following the second ensuing regularly scheduled general election.
OBTAINING AN ABSENTEE BALLOT
Online: You, a member of your immediate family or your legal guardian (if instructed by you), may request an absentee ballot by submitting an online or email request directly through your county Supervisor of Elections' website.
In person: You, a member of your immediate family or your legal guardian (if instructed by you), may request an absentee ballot by submitting an in-person request at your county Supervisor of Elections' office.
By mail: You, a member of your immediate family or your legal guardian (if instructed by you), may request an absentee ballot by submitting a mailed request to your county Supervisor of Elections' office.
Military and overseas voting: If you are a United States uniformed services member on active duty, a Merchant Marine member, spouse or dependent thereof, or a United States citizen residing outside of the United States, you can use the statewide voter registration application, the national mail-in application or the Federal Post Card Application (FPCA). The FPCA is unique in that it can be used as a voter registration application, a request for an absentee ballot or both. The FPCA request for an absentee ballot will be effective as a request to receive an absentee ballot for all elections occurring from the date you submitted your initial request through the end of the calendar year of the second ensuing regularly scheduled general election. This request is referred to as a ‘standing request’ to receive absentee ballots during that period for all elections for which you are eligible. The FPCA is available online on the Federal Voting Assistance Program’s website at: www.fvap.gov or by contacting your Voting Assistance Officer. Alternatively, you may still submit a request by phone, mail, fax, or e-mail to the Supervisor of Elections to receive a voter registration application or request an absentee ballot be sent to you by mail, fax or email.
Emergency Voting: Provided you are otherwise qualified, you can register to vote after bookclosing if you have:
-Been discharged or separated from the uniformed services or the U.S. Merchant Marine,
-Returned from a military deployment or activation, or
-Separated from employment outside the territorial limits of the United States.
You have until 5:00 p.m. on the Friday before that election to register. This also applies to an accompanying family member. You will have to produce sufficient documentation showing evidence of qualifying for the late registration. Contact your Supervisor of Elections for more information and to obtain the form you have to complete.
Other absentee ballot information: In order to receive an absentee ballot by mail the request must be received by the Supervisor of Elections no later than 5 p.m. on the 6th day before an election. Otherwise, you can obtain an absentee ballot in person up until and including Election Day. However, it must still be returned by no later than 7 p.m. on Election Day if the voted ballot is to count.
SUBMITTING AN ABSENTEE BALLOT
Location and time: Once you receive your absentee ballot, carefully follow the instructions sent to you with your absentee ballot or else your ballot may not count. Sign and date the ballot certificate to ensure that your ballot is counted. Return the voted ballot so that the Supervisor of Elections receives it no later than 7 p.m. on Election Day. A 10-day extension exists only for overseas voters in a presidential preference primary or general election. The ballot will be counted, provided the ballot is:
-Postmarked or dated no later than the date of the election,
-Received by the supervisor of elections of the county in which you are registered to vote no later than 10 days after the date of the election, and
-Proper (including complete).
Only overseas voters can return their voted ballot by fax or mail. Otherwise, the voted ballot must be returned by mail.
You can track the status of your absentee ballot request and the ballot through the online voter registration lookup link at: http://elections.myflorida.com or through your Supervisor of Elections’ website.
Early voting qualifications: All voters may vote early with no further registration or qualifications.
If there is an election that contains a state or federal race, early voting must begin 10 days before an election and end on the 3rd day before an election. In addition, early voting may be offered at the discretion of the supervisor of elections on one or more of the following days: the 15th, 14th, 13th, 12th, 11th, or 2nd day (Sunday) before the election. Early voting must be offered for at least 8 hours but not more than 12 hours per day. Early voting is optional in elections not held in conjunction with a state or federal office. Contact your board supervisor to find out the specific times and locations for early voting if and when offered in an election in your county.
Verifying Registration: Florida Voter Registration Verification
Deciding how to vote: http://www.votesmart.org/
Time off to vote: Time off to vote is subject to the employer. Florida state law does not require employers to grant time off to vote for employees.
Polling Place: Polling Place Finder. Polling places are also found by contacting your local County Supervisor of Elections
ID Requirements: Approved forms of picture identification are:
- Florida driver's license;
- Florida identification card issued by the Department of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles;
- United States passport;
- debit or credit card;
- military identification;
- student identification;
- retirement center identification;
- neighborhood association identification;
- and public assistance identification
- If the picture identification does not contain a signature, you will be asked to provide an additional identification with your signature.
How to Vote:
- Optical scan
See more detailed guides on the Florida voting systems and voting procedures.
Problems with voting: Florida HAVA Complaint Form or report any election fraud you know of.
Verifying provisional ballot status: If your ballot is provisional, you will be given a Notice of Rights which will include instructions on how to find out if your provisional ballot was counted, and if not, the reason(s) why will be contained in your notice of rights handed to you at the time that you vote a provisional ballot. Information as to whether your provisional ballot was counted or not must be made available no later than 30 days following the election. You have the right to present further evidence of your eligibility if you want up to two days after the election.
Verifying absentee ballot status: You can access your absentee ballot status indirectly through the portal on the Division of Elections Voter Information Lookup.