Registration Deadline: The deadline for regular registration is 30 days before any election. If you miss that deadline, you can still register and vote in the election by late registering at your county election office. You can late-register right up until close of polls on election day.
Party Affiliation: There is no party registration in Montana. Individuals who vote in a primary election are given all the parties' ballots, and can choose in private which party ballot they wish to vote. They return the voted ballots to an election judge in one sleeve, and the unvoted party ballots in a separate sleeve. Voters in a primary election cannot vote more than one party's ballots.
VOTER REGISTRATION QUALIFICATIONS
Age: Must be at least 18 years old on or before Election Day
Citizenship: Must be a United States citizen
Residency: Must be a resident of Montana and of the county in which you intend to vote for at least 30 days
Mental Competency: Not judged in a court of law to be of unsound mind
Felony Convictions: Voting rights restored automatically after release from prison
ID Requirements: You must provide your Montana driver's license or Montana ID number when you register. If you do not provide either of these numbers you will need to provide the last four digits of your social security number. If you have none of these numbers you will need to provide another form of identification. An acceptable ID shows your name and current address(paycheck stub, utility bill, bank statement, or government document)
OBTAINING A VOTER REGISTRATION FORM
Online: Montana voter registration application
In person: You can register in person at the following locations:
-County Election Office
-Where and when you apply for or renew your driver's license or Montana ID
By mail/ in writing: Obtain a registration form online and mail it to your county election office.
By fax: Contact your county election administrator for faxing options.
Other Voter Registration Application Information: Be sure to keep your voter registration current by filling out a new card if your name or address changes. If you move and become a resident of another Montana county, you must re-register in that county.
VERIFYING YOUR VOTER REGISTRATION STATUS
Online: Montana online voter registration verification
Phone: Verify registration by contacting your county elections office
ABSENTEE BALLOT QUALIFICATIONS
Who can vote absentee: Any registered voter may vote by absentee ballot.
Other absentee voter qualifications: In order to remain on the annual absentee list and continually receive absentee ballots you must complete, sign, and return a confirmation notice mailed by the county election office each year.
OBTAINING AN ABSENTEE BALLOT
Online: Montana absentee ballot application and/or sign up for the Annual absentee list.
In person: Applications may be downloaded online or picked up at a county election office, and must be turned into the county election office by noon the day before the election. If the application is submitted in person you may pick up the absentee ballot at the same time, once ballots are available.
By mail: Download an application and mail it to the county election office. An absentee ballot will be mailed to the mail-to address indicated on the form.
Military and overseas voting: Any of the following are defined as UOCAVA voters:
-Member of the Uniformed Services or Merchant Marine on active duty
-Spouse or dependent of a member of the Uniformed Services or Merchant Marine on active duty
-U.S. citizen residing outside the U.S.
-Other individuals meeting definitions of "absent uniformed services voter" and "overseas voter" in Montana law(13-21-102, MCA)
As such, UOCAVA voters may annually apply for absentee ballots using the FPCA(Federal Post Card Application) to register to vote up to and including election day. More information available here.
Other absentee ballot information: Be sure to sign the affirmation on the signature envelope before sending back or dropping of an application.
SUBMITTING AN ABSENTEE BALLOT
Location and time: Ballots mailed to the county election office must be received no later than 8:00 p.m. on election day.
Other absentee ballot submission information: UOCAVA voters who have received and marked a paper ballot may return their absentee ballot by email, fax, and mail. All ballots must be received by the county election office by 8 p.m. on Election Day, unless returning electronically. If returning an absentee ballot electronically, it must be sent to the county election office by 8 p.m. on Election Day, and received by 5 p.m. the next day.
Early voting qualifications: Any registered voter may fill out an absentee application and vote in person at their county election office.
Verifying Registration: Montana online voter registration verification
Deciding how to vote: http://www.votesmart.org/
Time off to vote: Time off to vote is subject to the employer. Montana state law does not require employers to grant time off to vote for employees.
Polling Place: Montana online polling place finder
Before you will be permitted to receive a ballot, you will need to present a current ID. If you do not have a photo ID, you can provide one of the following:
- a current utility bill
- bank statement
- voter confirmation notice
- government check or other government document that shows your name and current address. If you do not have any of the items listed above, you can still vote by requesting and filling out a “Polling Place Elector ID” form.
Or, you can vote a provisional ballot and provide one of the items listed above. Your provisional ballot will be counted if you provide one of the items on the list to the county election office by 5:00 p.m. the day after the election, or mail it to the county election office postmarked by the day after the election.
How to Vote: View Montana's How to Vote guide.
Getting your vote counted: For more information about voting call your local election office or call the Secretary of State's toll free voter hotline: 1-888-884-VOTE (8683)
Problems with voting: HAVA/Montana elections complaint form
Verifying provisional ballot status: Provisional Ballot Instructions
Verifying absentee ballot status: Montana absentee ballot status verification