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Registration Deadline: The registration deadline to vote in the primary and general election is 22 days before the election. If there is a special election the registration deadline is 13 days before the election and if the Governor calls a special election the deadline is 7 days.

Party Affiliation: Virginia is an open primary state which means that any qualified voter can vote in either party's primary election. Virginia does not have party registration in its voter registration process. In other words, citizens do not designate a political party affiliation when registering to vote in Virginia. The only restriction is when more than one political primary is held on the same day, also known as a dual primary. While Virginia election law stipulates that any qualified voter may vote in either political party's primary, no voter may vote in more than one political party's primary on the same election day.


Age: Must be 18 years old (Any person who is 17 years old and will be 18 years of age at the next general election shall be permitted to register in advance and also vote in any intervening primary or special election)

Citizenship: Must be a United States citizen

Residency: Must be a resident of Virginia (A person who has come to Virginia for temporary purposes and intends to return to another state is not considered a resident for voting purposes)

Mental Competency: Not currently declared mentally incompetent by a court of law

Felony Convictions: If convicted of a felony, your right to vote must have been restored.

ID Requirements: If you are registering for the first time by mail, federal law(the Help America Vote Act) requires you to provide identification. To avoid delays, please enclose a copy of one of the following documents that shows your name and address with your application:
   -Current and valid photo ID;
   -Current utility bill;
   -Bank statement;
   -Government check;
   -Paycheck; or
   -Other government document.
  You can also present this required information at the polls but may experience delays.


Online: Virginia Voter Registration

In person: Registration can be completed at any of the following places:

   -Local voter registration office
   -State or local government offices when applying or re-certifying for Aid to Dependent Children, Food Stamps, WIC, Medicaid, or Rehabilitation Services
   -Government offices in the State that provide State-funded programs primarily engaged in providing services to person with disabilities
   -Armed forces recruitment offices
   -Public libraries
   -State Board of Elections office 
   -Department of Motor Vehicles offices
   -Voter Registration Drives 

By mail/ in writing: The completed application can be filed with the local registration office or mailed to the address printed on the form. If mailed, the application must be postmarked no later than the deadline.

Other Voter Registration Application Information: Registration deadlines are different before different election types. To ensure your registration, know which election you are registering before and your deadline to do so.


Online: Virginia Voter Registration Verification

Phone: Contact your local Registrar's Office to make sure that your application has been processed.


Who can vote absentee:
 The Code of Virginia authorizes the following registered voters to vote by absentee ballot in any election in which they are qualified to vote:
   -Any person who, in the regular and orderly course of his business, profession, or occupation or while on personal business or vacation, will be absent from the county or city in which he is entitled to vote.
   -Any person who is (i) a member of a uniformed service of the United States on active duty or (ii) a ember of the merchant marine of the United States, or (iii) who temporarily resides outside of the United States, or (iv) the spouse or dependent residing with any person listed in (i), (ii), or (iii), and who will be absent on the day of the election from the county or city in which he is entitled to vote.
   -Any student attending a school or institution of learning, or his spouse, who will be absentee on the day of election from the county or city in which he is entitled to vote;
   -Any person who is unable to go in person to the polls on the day of election because of a disability, illness or pregnancy;
   -Any person who is unable to go in person to the polls on the day of election because of a disability, illness or pregnancy;
   -Any person who is unable to go in person to the polls on the day of election because of a disability, illness, or pregnancy;
   -Any person who is confined while awaiting trial or for having been convicted of a misdemeanor, provided that the trial or release date is scheduled on or after the third day preceding the election. Any person who is awaiting trial and is a resident of the county or city where he is confined shall, on his request, be taken to the polls to vote on election day if his trial date is postponed and he did not have an opportunity to vote absentee;
   -Any person who is a member of an electoral board, registrar, officer of election, or custodian of voting equipment;
   -Any person serving as a designated representative of a political party, independent candidate or candidate in a political party;
   -Any duly registered person who is unable to go in person to the polls on the day of the election because he is primarily and personally responsible for the care of an ill or disabled family member who is confined at home; 
   -Any duly registered person who is unable to go in person to the polls on the day of the election because of an obligation occasioned by his religion;
   -Any person who, in the regular and orderly course of his business, profession, or occupation, will be at his place of work and commuting to and from his home to his place of work for eleven or more hours of the thirteen that the polls are open.
   -Certain first responders who meet code definitions for law-enforcement officers, firefighters, search and rescue personnel and emergency medical services personnel. 
   -Any registered and qualified voter may request a mail ballot for presidential and vice-presidential electors only by writing across the top of their absentee application "request ballot for presidential electors only". A voter who votes a "presidential only" ballot may not later decide to vote the rest of the ballot. The same procedures and deadlines apply as for other absentee applications and ballots


Online: Virginia Online Absentee Ballot Application

In person: An application completed in person shall be made not less than three days prior to the election in which the applicant offers to vote and completed only in the office of the local general registrar. The applicant shall sign the application in the presence of a registrar or the secretary of the electoral board.

By mail: Download an absentee application or contact your local Voter Registration Office to request an absentee ballot application and return the application to your local Voter Registrar by mail or fax. The signed and completed application must be received by the general registrar located in the city or county that you are registered to vote by 5:00 p.m., eastern standard time on the Tuesday prior to the election in which the applicant offers to vote.

Military and overseas voting: Virginia Military and Overseas Voter absentee procedures

Emergency Voting: There are a few, very limited, situations in which a voter can vote an “emergency” absentee ballot in his/her local registrar’s office up until 2:00 on the day before the election. Certain hospitalized and incapacitated voters are also eligible to have someone pickup a ballot for them, deliver it to them in the hospital or at home, and return it to the registrar’s office by close of polls on election day.

Other absentee ballot information: You must complete a separate absentee ballot application for each election in which you intend to vote absentee.


Location and time: Absentee voting in person begins at least 45 day before most elections and ends on the Saturday before the election. All mailed absentee ballots must be received by the electoral board by 7:00 p.m., on election day.


Early voting qualifications: Virginia offers absentee in-person voting for qualified voters.


Verifying Registration: Virginia Voter Registration Verification

Deciding how to vote: http://www.votesmart.org/

Time off to vote: Time off to vote is subject to the employer. Virginia state law does not require employers to grant time off to vote for employees.

Polling Place: Virgina Polling Place Locator

ID Requirements:If you do not have an ID with you at the polling place, you may still vote if you sign an "Affirmation of Identity" statement, depending on your registration status. You would then vote a provisional ballot. Virginia ID Requirements

How to Vote: 
Virginia Voter Rights and Responsibilities
   -Punch card

Problems with voting: File a Voter Complaint

Verifying provisional ballot status: Provisional voters are allowed to be present when the Electoral Board meets to determine if their vote was valid, and can ask for a one day extension to gather evidence. The election officials will tell each provisional voter when and where the Electoral Board will meet, and provide a phone number to call to find out if their Provisional Ballot was counted. 
Verify your status online.

Verifying absentee ballot status: Virginia Absentee Ballot Status Verification

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