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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Civil Liberties Union

1997 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 33%
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican 33%
AL U.S. Senate Jr Jeff Sessions III Republican 33%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 0%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 67%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 67%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 33%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 0%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 67%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Daniel Coats Republican 33%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 33%
KS U.S. Senate Jr Jerry Moran Republican 0%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 33%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 100%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 67%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 83%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 33%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 50%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 0%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 33%
MS U.S. Senate Jr Roger Wicker Republican 0%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 0%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 83%
NV U.S. Senate Sr Harry Reid Democratic 33%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 100%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 67%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 0%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 33%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 67%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 67%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 0%
SD U.S. Senate Sr John Thune Republican 0%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 33%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 0%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 100%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 67%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 33%
AK U.S. House At-Large Don Young Republican 0%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 0%
AZ U.S. House 5 Matt Salmon Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 83%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 80%
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 67%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 50%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 0%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 100%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 83%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 7 John Mica Republican 0%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 0%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 50%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 80%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutiérrez Democratic 80%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 15 John Shimkus Republican 0%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 50%
KY U.S. House 1 Ed Whitfield Republican 0%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 0%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 67%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 83%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 83%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 17%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 100%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic/Farmer/Labor 17%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 83%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 0%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 67%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 17%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 0%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 83%
NJ U.S. House 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 50%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 17%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 0%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 83%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic, Working Families 100%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 83%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 83%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 100%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 0%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 0%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 60%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 0%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 100%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 100%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle Democratic 33%
PA U.S. House 16 Joe Pitts Republican 0%
SC U.S. House 1 Mark Sanford, Jr. Republican 17%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 67%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 17%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 17%
TX U.S. House 15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. Democratic 33%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 100%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 50%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 83%
TX U.S. House 32 Pete Sessions Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 100%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 100%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 0%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 100%
WA U.S. House 9 Adam Smith Democratic 67%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 67%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 0%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 0%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 33%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 0%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 100%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 33%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 67%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 67%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 80%
Neil Abercrombie 83%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 33%
Gary Ackerman 100%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 67%
Wayne Allard 33%
Thomas Allen 83%
Rob Andrews 67%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 33%
Spencer Bachus 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 33%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 17%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 17%
Herbert Bateman 0%
Max Baucus 67%
Bob Bennett 33%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 67%
Douglas Bereuter 0%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 50%
Brian Bilbray 17%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 67%
Rod Blagojevich 67%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 67%
Kit Bond 33%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 83%
Robert Borski, Jr. 50%
Leonard Boswell 50%
Rick Boucher 67%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 33%
John Breaux 0%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
Richard Bryan 67%
Ed Bryant 0%
Dale Bumpers 67%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 33%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 20%
Robert Byrd 33%
Herbert Callahan 0%
Dave Camp 0%
Ben Campbell 33%
Thomas Campbell 67%
Chris Cannon 17%
Julia Carson 75%
Mike Castle 33%
John Chafee 67%
Saxby Chambliss 0%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 67%
Robert Clement 20%
Howard Coble 0%
Thomas Coburn 0%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 33%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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