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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Civil Liberties Union

1997 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
Gary Ackerman 100%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
Howard Berman 100%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 100%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 100%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
William Coyne 100%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 100%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 100%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 100%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 100%
Julian Dixon 100%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 100%
Lane Evans 100%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 100%
Victor Fazio 100%
Barney Frank 100%
Elizabeth Furse 100%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
Henry Gonzalez 100%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 100%
Maurice Hinchey 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 100%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 100%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 100%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 100%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 100%
Robert Matsui 100%
WA U.S. House 7 Jim McDermott Democratic 100%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 100%
Martin Meehan 100%
Carrie Meek 100%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 100%
CA U.S. House 11 George Miller Democratic 100%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 100%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 100%
John Olver 100%
Major Owens 100%
AZ U.S. House 7 Ed Pastor Democratic 100%
Donald Payne 100%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 13 Charlie Rangel Democratic 100%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 100%
OH State Senate 28 Thomas Sawyer Democratic 100%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 100%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 100%
David Skaggs 100%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 100%
Vic Snyder 100%
Pete Stark 100%
Louis Stokes 100%
MA U.S. House 6 John Tierney Democratic 100%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 100%
Bruce Vento 100%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 100%
Mel Watt 100%
CA U.S. House 33 Henry Waxman Democratic 100%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Sidney Yates 100%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 83%
Thomas Allen 83%
David Edward Bonior 83%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 83%
Bill Delahunt 83%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 83%
Norm Dicks 83%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 83%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 83%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 83%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 83%
Joseph Kennedy II 83%
Patrick Kennedy 83%
Barbara Bailey Kennelly 83%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 83%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 83%
NY U.S. House 4 Carolyn McCarthy Democratic 83%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 83%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 83%
Constance Morella 83%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 83%
Ellen Tauscher 83%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 83%
Karen Thurman 83%
Bob Weygand 83%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 80%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 80%
Bob Filner 80%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 80%
Tom Lantos 80%
Karen McCarthy 80%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 80%
Esteban Edward Torres 80%
Bob Wise, Jr. 80%
Julia Carson 75%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 75%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 67%
Rob Andrews 67%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 67%
Max Baucus 67%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 67%
Jeff Bingaman 67%
Rod Blagojevich 67%
Sherwood Boehlert 67%
Rick Boucher 67%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 67%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 67%
Richard Bryan 67%
Dale Bumpers 67%
Thomas Campbell 67%
John Chafee 67%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 67%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 67%
Peter Deutsch 67%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 67%
Chris Dodd 67%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 67%
Russ Feingold 67%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 67%
Harold Ford, Jr. 67%
Jonas Frost III 67%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 67%
John Glenn 67%
Daniel Graham 67%
IA U.S. Senate Jr Tom Harkin Democratic 67%
Jane Harman 67%
Darlene Hooley 67%
Daniel Inouye 67%
William Jefferson 67%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 67%
Bob Kerrey 67%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry Democratic 67%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 67%
Gerald Kleczka 67%
Ronald Klink 67%
Herb Kohl 67%
Frank Lautenberg 67%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Carl Levin Democratic 67%
William Luther 67%
Matthew Martinez 67%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Barbara Mikulski Democratic 67%
David Minge 67%
Carol Moseley Braun 67%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 67%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 67%
Jim Oberstar 67%
Dave Obey 67%
Owen Pickett 67%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 67%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 67%
Charles Robb 67%
WV U.S. Senate Sr Jay Rockefeller IV Democratic 67%
Steve Rothman 67%
Paul Sarbanes 67%
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 67%
WA U.S. House 9 Adam Smith Democratic 67%
Robert Torricelli 67%
Paul Wellstone 67%
Robert Wexler 67%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 67%
Albert Wynn 67%
Calvin Dooley 60%
Chet Edwards 60%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 60%
John Moakley 60%
Ted Strickland 60%
Ed Towns 60%
Marion Berry 50%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 50%
Robert Borski, Jr. 50%
Leonard Boswell 50%
Benjamin Gilman 50%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 50%
James Greenwood 50%
Stephen Horn 50%
Paul Kanjorski 50%
James Kolbe 50%
Dennis Kucinich 50%
John LaFalce 50%
James Leach 50%
Frank Mascara 50%
Paul McHale 50%
Michael McNulty 50%
NJ U.S. House 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 50%
Earl Pomeroy 50%
Ciro Rodriguez 50%
CA U.S. House 46 Loretta Sanchez Democratic 50%
MI U.S. Senate Jr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 50%
Bart Stupak 50%
John Tanner 50%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 50%
John Edward Porter 40%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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