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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Civil Liberties Union

1997 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie Democratic 83%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 33%
Gary Ackerman 100%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 0%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 67%
Wayne Allard 33%
Thomas Allen 83%
Rob Andrews 67%
Bill Archer 0%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 33%
AL U.S. House 6 Spencer Bachus Republican 0%
Henry Scott Baesler 33%
Richard Hugh Baker 0%
ME Councilor At-Large John Baldacci Democratic 80%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 17%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett Democratic 67%
Bill Barrett 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 0%
Charlie Bass 17%
Herbert Bateman 0%
Max Baucus 67%
CA U.S. House 34 Xavier Becerra Democratic 100%
Bob Bennett 33%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 67%
Douglas Bereuter 0%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 50%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. Democratic 33%
Brian Bilbray 17%
Michael Bilirakis 0%
Jeff Bingaman 67%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 50%
Rod Blagojevich 67%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 100%
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican 0%
Sherwood Boehlert 67%
OH U.S. House 8 John Boehner Republican 0%
Kit Bond 33%
Henry Bonilla 0%
David Edward Bonior 83%
Robert Borski, Jr. 50%
Leonard Boswell 50%
Rick Boucher 67%
CA U.S. Senate Jr Barbara Boxer Democratic 67%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 33%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 0%
John Breaux 0%
FL U.S. House 5 Corrine Brown Democratic 100%
George Brown, Jr. 100%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 67%
KS Governor Sam Brownback Republican 33%
Richard Bryan 67%
Ed Bryant 0%
Dale Bumpers 67%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 33%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Steve Buyer 20%
Robert Byrd 33%
Herbert Callahan 0%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 0%
MI U.S. House 4 Dave Camp Republican 0%
Ben Campbell 33%
Thomas Campbell 67%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 0%
Chris Cannon 17%
MD U.S. Senate Jr Ben Cardin Democratic 83%
Julia Carson 75%
Mike Castle 33%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 0%
John Chafee 67%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Saxby Chambliss Republican 0%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
William Clay, Sr. 100%
Eva Clayton 100%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 67%
Robert Clement 20%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 67%
IN U.S. Senate Sr Daniel Coats Republican 33%
NC U.S. House 6 Howard Coble Republican 0%
OK U.S. Senate Jr Thomas Coburn Republican 0%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 33%
Michael Collins 0%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 33%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 33%
Kent Conrad 33%
MI U.S. House 13 John Conyers, Jr. Democratic 100%
Merrill Cook 0%
John Cooksey 0%
Jerry Costello 20%
Paul Coverdell 33%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 100%
Larry Craig 33%
Robert Cramer 33%
Philip Crane 0%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 0%
Barbara Cubin 0%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 100%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Alfonse D'Amato 33%
Patsy Ann Danner 33%
Thomas Daschle 33%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 100%
James Davis 33%
Thomas Davis III 17%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 0%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 100%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 100%
Bill Delahunt 83%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 83%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Peter Deutsch 67%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 33%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 0%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 83%
MI U.S. House 12 John Dingell Democratic 67%
Julian Dixon 100%
Chris Dodd 67%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 100%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 33%
Calvin Dooley 60%
John Doolittle 0%
Byron Dorgan 33%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 33%
David Dreier 0%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 17%
Jennifer Dunn 0%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 67%
Chet Edwards 60%
Vern Ehlers 33%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 17%
Jo Ann Emerson 0%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 83%
Philip English 0%
John Ensign 0%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 33%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 83%
Bob Etheridge 33%
Lane Evans 100%
Terry Everett 0%
Thomas Ewing 0%
Duncan McLauchlin Faircloth 33%
CA U.S. House 20 Sam Farr Democratic 80%
PA U.S. House 2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. Democratic 100%
Harris Fawell 17%
Victor Fazio 100%
Russ Feingold 67%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 67%
Bob Filner 80%
Mark Foley 17%
Michael Patrick Forbes 0%
Harold Ford, Jr. 67%
Wendell Ford 33%
Tillie Fowler 17%
Jon David Fox 0%
Barney Frank 100%
Robert Franks 33%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 17%
William Frist 33%
Jonas Frost III 67%
Elizabeth Furse 100%
Elton Gallegly 0%
John Ganske 17%
Sam Gejdenson 100%
George Gekas 17%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 67%
Jim Gibbons 17%
Wayne Gilchrest 33%
Paul Gillmor 0%
Benjamin Gilman 50%
Newt Gingrich 0%
John Glenn 67%
Henry Gonzalez 100%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 17%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 0%
William Goodling 0%
Bart Gordon 33%
Slade Gorton 33%
Porter Goss 0%
Daniel Graham 67%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 0%
William Phillip Gramm 33%
Rodney Grams 33%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 0%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 33%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 50%
James Greenwood 50%
Judd Gregg 33%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutierrez Democratic 80%
Gilbert Gutknecht 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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