Rating Group: Americans for Tax Reform

2001 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 5%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 90%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 95%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 100%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 55%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 95%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 20%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 5%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 5%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 15%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 15%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 100%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 80%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 90%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 85%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 95%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 95%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 100%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 15%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 100%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 5%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 0%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 55%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 0%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 95%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 80%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 100%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 90%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 0%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 0%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 10%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 15%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 100%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 95%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 15%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 5%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 90%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 20%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 95%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 15%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 10%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 5%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Jay Rockefeller IV D 5%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 85%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 80%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 90%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 100%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 5%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 15%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 0%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 0%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 10%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 5%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 5%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 10%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 15%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 100%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 20%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 10%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 100%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 5%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 5%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 5%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 95%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 100%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 0%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 15%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 95%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 90%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 20%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 5%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 10%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 5%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 100%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 100%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 10%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 100%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 5%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 90%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 95%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 40%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 95%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 95%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 5%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 5%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 5%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 0%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 95%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 10%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 100%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 80%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 5%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 5%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 0%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 0%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 0%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 5%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 0%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 100%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 95%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 95%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 10%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 5%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 10%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 5%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 25%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 10%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 95%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 5%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 90%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 5%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 90%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 40%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 70%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 70%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 10%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 5%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 90%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 15%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 85%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 20%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 30%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 10%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 5%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 5%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 10%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 5%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 5%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 5%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 5%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 100%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 100%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 5%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 100%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 95%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 95%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 0%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 0%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 10%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 0%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 92%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 15%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 100%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 5%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 100%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 15%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 85%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 95%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 90%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 95%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 100%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 95%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 100%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 20%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 10%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 100%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 20%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 15%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 5%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 25%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 10%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 100%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 20%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 85%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 20%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 100%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 5%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 35%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 100%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 10%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 95%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 95%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 85%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 10%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 95%
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 15%
ID Governor Butch Otter R 95%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 100%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 100%
MN Governor Mark Dayton DFL 0%
RI Governor Linc Chafee D 30%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 5%
OH State Senate-28 Thomas Sawyer D 0%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine R 75%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 95%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 5%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 95%
KY Commissioner of the Department of Veterans' Affairs Ken Lucas D 85%
WI Mayor-At-Large Tom Barrett D 10%
PA Commissioner-At-Large Joseph Hoeffel 0%
ME Councilor-At-Large John Baldacci D 0%
Gary Ackerman 5%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 10%
Todd Akin 95%
Wayne Allard 95%
George Allen 100%
Thomas Allen 10%
Rob Andrews 30%
Richard Armey 100%
Joe Baca, Sr. 10%
Brian Baird 20%
Richard Hugh Baker 100%
Cass Ballenger 100%
James Barcia 30%
Bob Barr, Jr. 90%
Roscoe Bartlett 90%
Charlie Bass 90%
Max Baucus 15%
Evan Bayh 10%
Bob Bennett 95%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 15%
Douglas Bereuter 70%
Shelley Berkley 20%
Howard Berman 5%
Marion Berry 40%
Judy Biggert 95%
Michael Bilirakis 85%
Jeff Bingaman 5%
Rod Blagojevich 10%
Sherwood Boehlert 60%
Kit Bond 90%
Henry Bonilla 100%
David Edward Bonior 5%
Mary Bono Mack 100%
Robert Borski, Jr. 0%
Leonard Boswell 30%
Rick Boucher 20%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 30%
John Breaux 20%
Henry Brown, Jr. 100%
Ed Bryant 100%
Jim Bunning 100%
Conrad Burns 85%
Dan Burton 95%
Steve Buyer 85%
Robert Byrd 10%
Herbert Callahan 100%
Ben Campbell 85%
Chris Cannon 100%
Eric Cantor 100%
Jean Carnahan 5%
Brad Carson 35%
Julia Carson 10%
Mike Castle 75%
Eva Clayton 0%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 15%
Robert Clement 35%
Hillary Clinton 5%
Michael Collins 95%
Larry Combest 100%
Gary Condit 40%
Kent Conrad 5%
John Cooksey 95%
Jon Corzine 10%
Jerry Costello 15%
Christopher Cox 95%
William Coyne 0%
Larry Craig 95%
Robert Cramer 80%
Philip Crane 100%
Barbara Cubin 95%
Randall Cunningham 100%
Thomas Daschle 10%
James Davis 15%
Jo Ann Davis 95%
Thomas Davis III 95%
Bill Delahunt 0%
Thomas DeLay 100%
James DeMint 100%
Peter Deutsch 10%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 95%
Norm Dicks 10%
Chris Dodd 10%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 65%
Calvin Dooley 35%
John Doolittle 95%
Byron Dorgan 5%
David Dreier 90%
Jennifer Dunn 100%
John Edwards 15%
Chet Edwards 20%
Vern Ehlers 80%
Bob Ehrlich, Jr. 90%
Jo Ann Emerson 95%
Philip English 90%
John Ensign 100%
Bob Etheridge 35%
Lane Evans 0%
Terry Everett 95%
Russ Feingold 20%
Michael Ferguson 80%
Bob Filner 5%
Peter Fitzgerald 85%
Ernest Fletcher 100%
Mark Foley 95%
Harold Ford, Jr. 20%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 100%
Barney Frank 0%
William Frist 95%
Jonas Frost III 10%
Elton Gallegly 100%
John Ganske 85%
George Gekas 95%
Richard Andrew Gephardt 5%
Jim Gibbons 95%
Wayne Gilchrest 85%
Paul Gillmor 80%
Benjamin Gilman 65%
Charlie Gonzalez 10%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 90%
Bart Gordon 45%
Porter Goss 100%
Daniel Graham 5%
William Phillip Gramm 85%
Mark Green 100%
James Greenwood 90%
Judd Gregg 100%
Felix Grucci, Jr. 90%
Gilbert Gutknecht 100%
Tony Hall 10%
James Hansen 95%
Jane Harman 35%
Melissa Hart 95%
J. Dennis Hastert 100%
Robert Hayes 95%
J.D. Hayworth, Jr. 95%
Joel Hefley 85%
Jesse Helms 85%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Baron Hill 30%
Van Hilleary 95%
Earl Hilliard, Jr. 5%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
David Lee Hobson 90%
Pete Hoekstra 95%
Thomas Holden 15%
Ernest Hollings 0%
Darlene Hooley 15%
Stephen Horn 75%
John Nathan Hostettler 70%
Amory Houghton, Jr. 60%
Kenny Hulshof 95%
Duncan Hunter 95%
Y. Tim Hutchinson 80%
Kay Hutchison 95%
Henry Hyde 85%
Daniel Inouye 5%
Ernest Istook, Jr. 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
William Jefferson 20%
James Merrill Jeffords 25%
William Lewis Jenkins 95%
Christopher John 65%
Nancy Johnson 65%
Tim Johnson 85%
Paul Kanjorski 10%
Ric Keller 100%
Sue Kelly 85%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 10%
Mark Kennedy 95%
Patrick Kennedy 0%
Brian Kerns 100%
Dale Kildee 5%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 5%
Gerald Kleczka 5%
Joseph Knollenberg 100%
Herb Kohl 20%
James Kolbe 100%
Dennis Kucinich 0%
Jon Kyl 95%
John LaFalce 10%
Ray LaHood 85%
Nicholas Lampson 10%
Tom Lantos 0%
Steve LaTourette 75%
James Leach 75%
Jerry Lewis 100%
Ron Lewis 100%
Joe Lieberman 25%
Blanche Lincoln 15%
John Linder 100%
William Lipinski 30%
Trent Lott, Sr. 95%
Dick Lugar 90%
William Luther 10%
James Maloney 45%
Don Manzullo 95%
Frank Mascara 25%
Robert Matsui 5%
Karen McCarthy 10%
James McCrery III 100%
John McHugh 65%
Scott McInnis 95%
Cynthia Ann McKinney 5%
Michael McNulty 5%
Martin Meehan 5%
Carrie Meek 10%
Juanita Millender-McDonald 0%
Dan Miller 95%
Zell Bryan Miller 30%
Patsy Takemoto Mink 0%
Alan Mollohan 20%
Dennis Moore 30%
Constance Morella 45%
Frank Murkowski 80%
Jack Murtha 20%
Sue Myrick 100%
Ben Nelson 35%
George Nethercutt, Jr. 100%
Robert William Ney 90%
Don Nickles 100%
Anne Northup 100%
Charles Norwood, Jr. 85%
James Nussle 100%
Jim Oberstar 5%
Dave Obey 0%
John Olver 0%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 25%
Thomas William Osborne 95%
Doug Ose 95%
Major Owens 5%
Michael Oxley 90%
Ron Paul 70%
Donald Payne 0%
John Peterson 100%
David Phelps 25%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 95%
Todd Platts 80%
Richard Pombo 85%
Earl Pomeroy 10%
Deborah Pryce 95%
Jack Quinn 85%
George Radanovich 95%
James Ramstad 85%
Ralph Regula 75%
Denny Rehberg 95%
Silvestre Reyes 10%
Thomas Reynolds 90%
Bob Riley 95%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 5%
Ciro Rodriguez 20%
Timothy Roemer 30%
Mike Ross 20%
Steve Rothman 0%
Marge Roukema 80%
Jim Ryun 100%
Martin Olav Sabo 0%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 30%
Rick Santorum 90%
Paul Sarbanes 5%
Jim Saxton 75%
Robert Schaffer 95%
Edward Schrock 100%
John Shadegg 100%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 90%
Christopher Shays 75%
Donald Sherwood 100%
Ronnie Shows 60%
Robert Ruhl Simmons 85%
Joseph Skeen 90%
Ike Skelton 60%
Gordon Smith 75%
Nick Smith 100%
Bob Smith 95%
Olympia Snowe 50%
Vic Snyder 10%
Hilda Solis 0%
Mark Souder 95%
Arlen Specter 70%
John Spratt, Jr. 10%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 95%
Charles Stenholm 35%
Ted Stevens 80%
Ted Strickland 5%
Bob Stump 90%
Bart Stupak 10%
John Sununu 100%
John Sweeney 85%
Tom Tancredo 95%
John Tanner 40%
Ellen Tauscher 15%
William Tauzin 100%
Charles Taylor 90%
Gene Taylor 45%
Craig Thomas 90%
William Thomas 80%
Fred Thompson 90%
Karen Thurman 5%
Strom Thurmond 90%
Todd Tiahrt 100%
Robert Torricelli 30%
Ed Towns 10%
James Traficant, Jr. 80%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 5%
James Turner 25%
George Voinovich 80%
James Walsh 90%
Zach Wamp 90%
John Warner 85%
Wesley Watkins 100%
Diane Watson 0%
Mel Watt 5%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 100%
Anthony Weiner 5%
David Weldon 95%
W. Curtis Weldon 70%
Gerald Weller 100%
Paul Wellstone 5%
Robert Wexler 0%
Heather Wilson 95%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
David Wu 5%
Albert Wynn 10%
Bill Young 90%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.