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Access Candidates' and Representatives' Biographies, Voting Records, Interest Group Ratings, Issue Positions, Public Statements, and Campaign Finances

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Selected Sponsorships

Date Bill No. Bill Title Outcome Vote
June 4, 2014 S 2432 Bank on Students Emergency Loan Refinancing Act Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 14, 2014 S 1926 Delays the Implementation of Certain Provisions of the Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012 and Amends the National Association of Registered Agents and Brokers Senate Co-sponsor
April 25, 2013 S 815 Employment Non-Discrimination Act of 2013 Senate Co-sponsor
April 16, 2013 S 743 Marketplace Fairness Act of 2013 Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 22, 2013 S 47 Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 Senate Co-sponsor
July 10, 2012 S 3369 DISCLOSE Act Senate Co-sponsor
May 22, 2012 S 3220 Paycheck Fairness Act Senate Co-sponsor
March 26, 2012 S 2237 Small Business Jobs and Tax Relief Act Senate Co-sponsor
March 15, 2012 S Amdt 1836 Reauthorizing the Export-Import Bank of the United States Senate Co-sponsor
March 8, 2012 S Amdt 1537 Approving the Keystone XL Pipeline Project Senate Co-sponsor
Nov. 30, 2011 S 1925 Reauthorizing the Violence Against Women Act Senate Co-sponsor
May 12, 2011 S 990 Patriot Act Extension Senate Sponsor
Sept. 13, 2010 S 3772 Paycheck Fairness Act Senate Co-sponsor
July 27, 2010 S Amdt 4519 Small Business Lending Fund and Tax Law Amendments Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 21, 2010 S J Res 26 Statement of Opposition to EPA Greenhouse Gas Rule Senate Co-sponsor
Oct. 1, 2009 S Amdt 2588 Prohibiting Federal Funding of Mandatory Arbitration Contracts Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 8, 2009 S 181 Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009 Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 6, 2009 S 160 Washington DC Voting Act Senate Co-sponsor
June 24, 2008 S 3186 Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Funding Senate Co-sponsor
May 7, 2008 S Amdt 4719 Optional Wind Damage Insurance Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 19, 2007 S Amdt 2909 Time Between Troop Deployments Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 10, 2007 S Amdt 2792 Bridge Repair Funding Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 10, 2007 S Amdt 2797 Limiting Mexican Trucks to Commercial Zones Near the Border Between the U.S. and Mexico Senate Co-sponsor
July 26, 2007 S Amdt 2480 Border Fence and Customs Appropriations Senate Co-sponsor
May 1, 2007 S 1257 District of Columbia House Voting Rights Act of 2007 Senate Co-sponsor
March 8, 2007 S J Res 9 United States Policy in Iraq Resolution of 2007 Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 9, 2007 S 214 United States Attorneys Act of 2007 Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 2007 S 4 Implementing the 9/11 Commission Recommendations Act Senate Co-sponsor
July 20, 2006 S 3711 Gulf of Mexico Energy Security Act of 2006 Senate Co-sponsor
March 16, 2006 S AMDT 3071 Education Funding Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Nov. 17, 2005 S AMDT 2601 Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Nov. 1, 2005 S AMDT 2356 Hurricane Health Care for Survivors Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Oct. 5, 2005 S AMDT 1937 Health Care for Veterans Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
April 14, 2005 S J Res 12 Flag Desecration Constitutional Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 16, 2005 S 397 Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 25, 2005 S 5 Class Action Fairness Act of 2005 Senate Co-sponsor
May 10, 2004 S Res 356 Resolution Condemning Abuse of Iraqi Prisoners House Co-sponsor
April 21, 2004 S 2329 Victims' Rights Bill Senate Co-sponsor
June 10, 2003 S Amdt 871 Reduction of Foreign Oil Dependence Amendment Senate Sponsor
April 10, 2003 S 877 Reduction of SPAM bill Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 26, 2002 S Amdt 2937 Allowing Signatures for Voter Registration by Mail Senate Co-sponsor
March 27, 2001 S 625 Hate Crimes Bill Senate Co-sponsor
March 19, 2001 S 565 Equal Protection of Voting Rights Act of 2001 Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 22, 2001 S 27 Campaign Reform Act of 2001 Senate Co-sponsor
May 26, 1999 S Amdt 397 Overseas Military Abortions Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
July 21, 1998 S Amdt 3230 Gun Lock Requirement Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Nov. 9, 1997 S 1502 Washington, D.C. School Vouchers bill Senate Co-sponsor
July 9, 1997 S Amdt 771 Base Closure Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
June 26, 1997 S Amdt 527 Family Tax Relief Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
March 20, 1997 S Amdt 25 U.S.- Mexico Drug Trafficking Prevention Amendment Senate Co-sponsor

About the Selection and Descriptions of Key Votes

Project Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and State voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Key votes typically include the initial passage of legislation and final conference report vote versions (the compromised versions of bills passed in separate House and Senate versions). Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Descriptions of the votes are written by Vote Smart staff and based on information included in the Congressional Record, State House Journals, or Senate Journals, with additional background information from newspapers, magazines, etc. Vote Smart provides summaries for each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the final version of the bill.

The Key Votes Program follows Project Vote Smart's strict policies, procedures and structure that guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. In order to ensure that all Key Votes are non-partisan in their selection and language, each is approved by a group of over 160 political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

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