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Access Candidates' and Representatives' Biographies, Voting Records, Interest Group Ratings, Issue Positions, Public Statements, and Campaign Finances

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Selected Sponsorships

Date Bill No. Bill Title Outcome Vote
May 27, 2010 S Amdt 4204 Requiring Afghanistan Troop Redeployment Plan and Timetable Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 8, 2009 S 181 Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009 Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 19, 2007 S Amdt 2909 Time Between Troop Deployments Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 17, 2007 S Amdt 2022 Habeas Corpus for Detainees of the United States Senate Co-sponsor
July 26, 2007 S Amdt 2480 Border Fence and Customs Appropriations Senate Co-sponsor
May 24, 2007 S J Res 14 Attorney General No Confidence Vote Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 28, 2006 S Amdt 5104 Military Commissions Amendment Senate Sponsor
July 12, 2006 S Amdt 4615 Firearm Confiscation Prohibition Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
May 17, 2006 S AMDT 4064 English As National Language Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
March 14, 2006 S AMDT 3013 Reinstate Pay-As-You-Go through 2011 Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Nov. 9, 2005 S AMDT 2476 Investigating Contracts in Iraq Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Oct. 26, 2005 S AMDT 2275 Elementary and Secondary Education Act Amendment Senate Sponsor
Oct. 25, 2005 S AMDT 2194 Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Oct. 5, 2005 S Amdt 2033 Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
April 15, 2005 S AMDT 464 Future Military Funding for Iraq Amendment Senate Sponsor
Feb. 16, 2005 S 397 Firearms Manufacturers Protection Bill Senate Co-sponsor
May 10, 2004 S Res 356 Resolution Condemning Abuse of Iraqi Prisoners House Co-sponsor
March 19, 2001 S 565 Equal Protection of Voting Rights Act of 2001 Senate Co-sponsor
March 23, 1999 S Con Res 21 Kosovo Resolution Senate Co-sponsor
June 25, 1998 S Amdt 3011 Separate Housing Amendment Senate Sponsor
June 21, 1995 S Amdt 1446 Drinking and Driving Minors Amendment Senate Sponsor
March 22, 1995 S Amdt 350 Pay-As-You-Go Amendment Senate Sponsor
Sept. 9, 1993 S Amdt 790 U.S. Policy Towards Somalia Amendment Senate Sponsor
Jan. 21, 1993 S 55 Striker Replacement Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 14, 1991 S 3 Congressional Campaign Finance Reform Senate Co-sponsor

About the Selection and Descriptions of Key Votes

Project Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and State voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Key votes typically include the initial passage of legislation and final conference report vote versions (the compromised versions of bills passed in separate House and Senate versions). Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Descriptions of the votes are written by Vote Smart staff and based on information included in the Congressional Record, State House Journals, or Senate Journals, with additional background information from newspapers, magazines, etc. Vote Smart provides summaries for each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the final version of the bill.

The Key Votes Program follows Project Vote Smart's strict policies, procedures and structure that guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. In order to ensure that all Key Votes are non-partisan in their selection and language, each is approved by a group of over 160 political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

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