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Access Candidates' and Representatives' Biographies, Voting Records, Interest Group Ratings, Issue Positions, Public Statements, and Campaign Finances

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National Key Votes

Date Bill No. Bill Title Outcome Vote
May 16, 2002 HR 4737 Temporary Aid to Needy Families Bill Passed - House
(229 - 197)
Nay
May 2, 2002 HR 2646 Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 Conference Report Adopted - House
(280 - 141)
Nay
Oct. 5, 2001 HR 2646 Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 Bill Passed - House
(291 - 120)
Nay
Oct. 21, 1999 HR 2 Education Funding for Disadvantaged Students-Passage Bill Passed - House
(358 - 67)
Nay
Oct. 1, 1999 HR 1906 FY 2000 Agriculture Appropriations bill Conference Report Adopted - House
(240 - 175)
Nay
June 8, 1999 HR 1906 FY 2000 Agriculture Appropriations bill Bill Passed - House
(246 - 183)
Nay
March 11, 1999 H Amdt 22 High Needs District Amendment Amendment Rejected - House
(195 - 223)
Nay
Aug. 6, 1998 H Amdt 874 Low Income Educational Scholarship Amendment Amendment Adopted - House
(214 - 208)
Nay
April 30, 1998 S 1502 Washington, D.C. School Vouchers bill Bill Passed - House
(214 - 206)
Did Not Vote
Nov. 4, 1997 HR 2746 HELP Scholarships bill Bill Failed - House
(191 - 228)
Yea
May 16, 1997 HR 1385 Training Programs bill Bill Passed - House
(343 - 60)
Nay

About the Selection and Descriptions of Key Votes

Project Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and State voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Key votes typically include the initial passage of legislation and final conference report vote versions (the compromised versions of bills passed in separate House and Senate versions). Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Descriptions of the votes are written by Vote Smart staff and based on information included in the Congressional Record, State House Journals, or Senate Journals, with additional background information from newspapers, magazines, etc. Vote Smart provides summaries for each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the final version of the bill.

The Key Votes Program follows Project Vote Smart's strict policies, procedures and structure that guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. In order to ensure that all Key Votes are non-partisan in their selection and language, each is approved by a group of over 160 political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

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