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Access Candidates' and Representatives' Biographies, Voting Records, Interest Group Ratings, Issue Positions, Public Statements, and Campaign Finances

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Selected Sponsorships

Date Bill No. Bill Title Outcome Vote
April 1, 2014 S 2199 Paycheck Fairness Act Senate Co-sponsor
April 25, 2013 S 815 Employment Non-Discrimination Act of 2013 Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 22, 2013 S 47 Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 Senate Co-sponsor
Nov. 29, 2012 S Amdt 3096 Accelerated Transition of US Military Operations to the Government of Afghanistan Senate Co-sponsor
Nov. 28, 2012 S Amdt 2985 Repeals the Limit on the Use of Funds to Procure Alternative Fuel Senate Co-sponsor
May 23, 2012 S Amdt 2108 Prohibits FDA Approval of Genetically Engineered Fish Senate Co-sponsor
May 22, 2012 S 3220 Paycheck Fairness Act Senate Co-sponsor
March 15, 2012 S Amdt 1836 Reauthorizing the Export-Import Bank of the United States Senate Sponsor
Nov. 30, 2011 S 1925 Reauthorizing the Violence Against Women Act Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 22, 2011 S 1619 Currency Exchange Rate Oversight Act of 2011 Senate Sponsor
Feb. 1, 2011 S Amdt 9 Repealing the IRS 1099 Provision from the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 13, 2010 S 3772 Paycheck Fairness Act Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 8, 2009 S 181 Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009 Senate Co-sponsor
June 24, 2008 S 3186 Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Funding Senate Co-sponsor
April 4, 2008 S Amdt 4419 to S Amdt 4387 to HR 3221 Energy Tax Credits Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 6, 2008 S Amdt 3910 FISA as Exclusive Means for Conducting Electronic Surveillance Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 19, 2007 S Amdt 2909 Time Between Troop Deployments Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 17, 2007 S Amdt 2022 Habeas Corpus for Detainees of the United States Senate Co-sponsor
June 19, 2007 S Amdt 1704 Alternative Energy Subsidies Senate Co-sponsor
April 24, 2007 S 1200 Health Care for Indigenous Peoples Senate Co-sponsor
March 8, 2007 S J Res 9 United States Policy in Iraq Resolution of 2007 Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 9, 2007 S 214 United States Attorneys Act of 2007 Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 2007 S 1 Lobbying and Donation Regulations Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 2007 S 4 Implementing the 9/11 Commission Recommendations Act Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 2007 S 5 Stem Cell Research Act of 2007 Senate Co-sponsor
March 16, 2006 S AMDT 3071 Education Funding Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
March 16, 2006 S AMDT 3074 LIHEAP Funding Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Dec. 21, 2005 S Con Res 74 Removal of ANWR Provision from HR 2863 Senate Sponsor
Nov. 17, 2005 S AMDT 2612 Price-Gouging During Emergencies Amendment Senate Sponsor
Nov. 3, 2005 S AMDT 2400 Alaska Judicial Review of Oil Revenue Amendment Senate Sponsor
Nov. 2, 2005 S AMDT 2358 ANWR Amendment Senate Sponsor
Nov. 1, 2005 S AMDT 2357 Medicare Premiums Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Oct. 25, 2005 S AMDT 2194 Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Oct. 25, 2005 S AMDT 2213 Federal Pell Grant Increase Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Oct. 5, 2005 S Amdt 2033 Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
June 29, 2005 S J Res 20 EPA's Clean Air Mercury Rule Senate Co-sponsor
June 16, 2005 S AMDT 791 Renewable Portfolio Standard (RPS) Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
June 15, 2005 S AMDT 784 Reduction in Dependence on Foreign Oil Senate Sponsor
March 17, 2005 S AMDT 177 Education Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
March 17, 2005 S AMDT 211 Native American Funding Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
March 16, 2005 S Amdt 214 Prescription Drugs Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
March 15, 2005 S AMDT 168 Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Drilling Amendment Senate Sponsor
May 10, 2004 S Res 356 Resolution Condemning Abuse of Iraqi Prisoners House Co-sponsor
May 4, 2004 S Amdt 3114 Unemployment Benefits Amendment Senate Sponsor
Sept. 18, 2003 S 1637 Jumpstart Our Business Strength (JOBS) Act Senate Co-sponsor
July 15, 2003 S J Res 17 FCC Media Ownership bill Senate Co-sponsor
June 9, 2003 S Amdt 865 Hydrogen Fuel Cell Amendment Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 7, 2003 S 23 Unemployment Benefits bill Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 26, 2002 S Amdt 2937 Allowing Signatures for Voter Registration by Mail Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 21, 2001 S 1447 Federalize Aviation Security bill Senate Co-sponsor

About the Selection and Descriptions of Key Votes

Project Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and State voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Key votes typically include the initial passage of legislation and final conference report vote versions (the compromised versions of bills passed in separate House and Senate versions). Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Descriptions of the votes are written by Vote Smart staff and based on information included in the Congressional Record, State House Journals, or Senate Journals, with additional background information from newspapers, magazines, etc. Vote Smart provides summaries for each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the final version of the bill.

The Key Votes Program follows Project Vote Smart's strict policies, procedures and structure that guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. In order to ensure that all Key Votes are non-partisan in their selection and language, each is approved by a group of over 160 political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

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