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Access Candidates' and Representatives' Biographies, Voting Records, Interest Group Ratings, Issue Positions, Public Statements, and Campaign Finances

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Selected Sponsorships

Date Bill No. Bill Title Outcome Vote
April 1, 2014 S 2199 Paycheck Fairness Act Senate Co-sponsor
April 25, 2013 S 815 Employment Non-Discrimination Act of 2013 Senate Co-sponsor
April 17, 2013 S Amdt 714 Limits Firearm Magazine Capacity Senate Co-sponsor
April 16, 2013 S 743 Marketplace Fairness Act of 2013 Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 22, 2013 S 47 Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 Senate Co-sponsor
Nov. 30, 2012 S Amdt 3025 Requires Sufficient Sizing of Civilian and Contract Services Workforces Senate Sponsor
Nov. 29, 2012 S Amdt 3096 Accelerated Transition of US Military Operations to the Government of Afghanistan Senate Co-sponsor
July 10, 2012 S 3369 DISCLOSE Act Senate Co-sponsor
July 9, 2012 S 3364 Bring Jobs Home Act Senate Co-sponsor
June 19, 2012 S Amdt 2156 Increases Funding for the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Program Senate Co-sponsor
May 22, 2012 S 3220 Paycheck Fairness Act Senate Co-sponsor
March 19, 2012 S 2204 Amends Energy-Related Tax Credits Senate Co-sponsor
Nov. 30, 2011 S 1925 Reauthorizing the Violence Against Women Act Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 22, 2011 S 1619 Currency Exchange Rate Oversight Act of 2011 Senate Sponsor
May 10, 2011 S 940 Amending Oil Company Tax Laws Senate Co-sponsor
Feb. 1, 2011 S Amdt 9 Repealing the IRS 1099 Provision from the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 13, 2010 S 3772 Paycheck Fairness Act Senate Co-sponsor
May 12, 2010 S Amdt 3989 Debit Card Fee Regulations Senate Co-sponsor
Nov. 30, 2009 S Amdt 2791 Preventive Services Coverage Requirements Senate Co-sponsor
Oct. 1, 2009 S Amdt 2588 Prohibiting Federal Funding of Mandatory Arbitration Contracts Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 8, 2009 S 181 Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act of 2009 Senate Co-sponsor
June 24, 2008 S 3186 Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Funding Senate Co-sponsor
June 4, 2008 S Amdt 4825 Carbon Emissions Cap and Trade Plan Senate Co-sponsor
May 20, 2008 S 3044 Increasing Taxes on Profits, Rescinding Certain Tax Deductions, and Increasing Tax Incentives for Alternative Energy Programs for Oil Companies Senate Co-sponsor
Dec. 7, 2007 S Amdt 3711 Government Sponsored Farm Insurance Policies Senate Co-sponsor
Sept. 10, 2007 S Amdt 2792 Bridge Repair Funding Senate Co-sponsor
July 11, 2007 S Amdt 2087 Iraq Troop Reduction Senate Co-sponsor
March 8, 2007 S J Res 9 United States Policy in Iraq Resolution of 2007 Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 16, 2007 S 294 Amtrak Reauthorization Senate Co-sponsor
Jan. 4, 2007 S 5 Stem Cell Research Act of 2007 Senate Co-sponsor
May 2, 2006 HR 9 Voting Rights Act Reauthorization House Co-sponsor
Feb. 15, 2005 HR 810 Stem Cell Research Bill of 2005 House Co-sponsor
Nov. 20, 2003 HR 3550 Highway Trust Fund Bill House Co-sponsor
Feb. 12, 2003 HR 743 Social Security Protection Act of 2003 House Co-sponsor
Nov. 14, 2001 HR 3295 Help America Vote Act of 2002 House Co-sponsor
July 19, 2001 HR 2563 Bipartisan Patient Protection Act House Co-sponsor
May 23, 2001 HR 1954 Iran and Libya Sanctions House Co-sponsor
Aug. 5, 1999 HR 2723 Patient Protection bill House Co-sponsor
March 4, 1999 HR 975 Steel Import Limitation bill House Co-sponsor
Feb. 10, 1999 HR 701 Conservation and Reinvestment Act of 1999 House Co-sponsor
Jan. 19, 1999 HR 417 Campaign Finance Reform bill House Co-sponsor
Oct. 23, 1997 HR 2709 Iran Missile Sanctions bill House Co-sponsor
April 25, 1994 HR 4296 Regulation of Semi-Automatic Assault Weapons House Co-sponsor
May 6, 1993 HR 2010 National Service Bill House Co-sponsor
Feb. 23, 1993 HR 1036 Prevailing Wage Pre-emptions House Co-sponsor
Feb. 22, 1993 HR 1025 Brady Handgun Bill House Co-sponsor
Feb. 3, 1993 HR 796 Abortion Clinic Access Bill House Co-sponsor
Jan. 5, 1993 HR 1 Family & Medical Leave Bill House Co-sponsor
Jan. 5, 1993 HR 20 Hatch Act Reform Bill House Co-sponsor
Jan. 5, 1993 HR 3 Campaign Spending Limits Bill House Co-sponsor

About the Selection and Descriptions of Key Votes

Project Vote Smart provides easy access to Congressional and State voting records and maintains a collection of key votes grouped by issue. Key votes typically include the initial passage of legislation and final conference report vote versions (the compromised versions of bills passed in separate House and Senate versions). Vote Smart uses the following criteria to select key votes:

  1. The vote should be helpful in portraying how a member stands on a particular issue
  2. The vote should be clear for any person to understand
  3. The vote has received media attention
  4. The vote was passed or defeated by a very close margin
  5. Occasionally, if a specific bill is consistently inquired about on the Voter's Research Hotline, the vote will be added

Descriptions of the votes are written by Vote Smart staff and based on information included in the Congressional Record, State House Journals, or Senate Journals, with additional background information from newspapers, magazines, etc. Vote Smart provides summaries for each selected key vote. The summary does not necessarily reflect the final version of the bill.

The Key Votes Program follows Project Vote Smart's strict policies, procedures and structure that guarantee absolute impartiality and accuracy. In order to ensure that all Key Votes are non-partisan in their selection and language, each is approved by a group of over 160 political scientists and journalists from all fifty states.

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