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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1996 Liberal on Economic Policy Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House At-Large Donald Young Republican 33%
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican 21%
AZ U.S. Senate Sr John McCain III Republican 15%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 67%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 89%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 69%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 65%
CA U.S. House 39 Ed Royce Republican 33%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 89%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 0%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 89%
CA U.S. House 48 Dana Rohrabacher Republican 24%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra Democratic 89%
CO Commissioner 2 Scott McInnis 0%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 79%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 89%
FL U.S. House 27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen Republican 55%
FL Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 42%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 64%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 89%
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican 20%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 26%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 0%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 89%
IL U.S. House 4 Luis Gutiérrez Democratic 89%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 65%
IN Council Member At-Large John Myers Republican 36%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 26%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 33%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 89%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 82%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Ben Cardin Democratic 67%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 76%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 82%
ME Councilor At-Large Joseph Baldacci Democratic 79%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 33%
MI U.S. House 9 Sandy Levin Democratic 85%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic 60%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican 24%
MS U.S. Senate Jr Roger Wicker Republican 0%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 78%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 0%
NC U.S. House 3 Walter Jones, Jr. Republican 0%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 73%
NJ U.S. House 2 Frank LoBiondo Republican 50%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 47%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 70%
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican 42%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 70%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 45%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 89%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 89%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 85%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 85%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 82%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 73%
NY U.S. House 25 Louise Slaughter Democratic 73%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 85%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 20%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 24%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 68%
OH Governor John Kasich Republican 20%
OH Attorney General Mike DeWine Republican 40%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 0%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 0%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 73%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 79%
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle Democratic 62%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 0%
SC U.S. House 1 Mark Sanford, Jr. Republican 30%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 76%
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican 32%
TX U.S. House 3 Sam Johnson Republican 20%
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican 24%
TX U.S. House 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 0%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 79%
TX U.S. House 21 Lamar Smith Republican 24%
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic 72%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 85%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 73%
UT U.S. Senate Sr Orrin Hatch Republican 26%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 76%
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican 33%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 82%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 85%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 96%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 39%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett 85%
Neil Abercrombie 85%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 34%
Gary Ackerman 70%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 89%
Rob Andrews 65%
Bill Archer 20%
Richard Armey 0%
John Ashcroft 11%
Spencer Bachus 30%
Henry Scott Baesler 60%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 11%
Richard Hugh Baker 29%
William Baker 0%
Cass Ballenger 0%
James Barcia 59%
Bob Barr, Jr. 27%
Bill Barrett 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 0%
Charlie Bass 0%
Herbert Bateman, Sr. 37%
Max Baucus 53%
Anthony Beilenson 78%
Bob Bennett 17%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 65%
Douglas Bereuter 45%
Howard Berman 89%
Tom Bevill 59%
Joe Biden, Jr. 57%
Brian Bilbray 47%
Michael Bilirakis 20%
Jeff Bingaman 89%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 0%
Peter Blute 51%
Sherwood Boehlert 56%
John Boehner 0%
Kit Bond 42%
Henry Bonilla 30%
David Edward Bonior 85%
Sonny Bono 20%
Robert Borski, Jr. 89%
Rick Boucher 65%
Barbara Boxer 74%
Bill Bradley 90%
John Breaux 54%
Bill Brewster 54%
Glen Browder 59%
Corrine Brown 79%
George Brown, Jr. 89%
Hank Brown 0%
Richard Bryan 61%
Ed Bryant 0%
John Bryant 74%
Dale Bumpers 88%
Jim Bunn 47%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 22%
Dan Burton 20%
Steve Buyer 30%
Robert Byrd 74%
Herbert Callahan 18%
Dave Camp 27%
Ben Campbell 46%
Thomas Campbell 39%
Mike Castle 50%
John Chafee 52%
Saxby Chambliss 0%
Jim Chapman 61%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 0%
Jon Lynn Christensen 0%
Dick Chrysler 0%
William Clay, Sr. 89%
Eva Clayton 89%
Robert Clement 58%
William Clinger 34%
Dan Coats 25%
Howard Coble 27%
Thomas Coburn 39%
William Cohen 53%
Ronald Coleman 85%
Barbara-Rose Collins 94%
Cardiss Collins 94%
Michael Collins 0%
Larry Combest 0%
Gary Condit 52%
Kent Conrad 74%
John Conyers, Jr. 89%
Wes Cooley 0%
Jerry Costello 68%
Paul Coverdell 0%
Christopher Cox 0%
William Coyne 89%
Larry Craig 6%
Robert Cramer 52%
Philip Crane 0%
Frank Arnold Cremeans 34%
Barbara Cubin 0%
Randall Cunningham 0%
Alfonse D'Amato 44%
Patsy Ann Danner 61%
Thomas Daschle 70%
Thomas Davis III 48%
Eligio de la Garza II 62%
Thomas DeLay 0%
Ronald Dellums 89%
Peter Deutsch 64%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 55%
Jay Dickey 0%
Norm Dicks 75%
John Dingell 70%
Julian Dixon 89%
Chris Dodd 89%
Robert Dole 04%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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