Rating Group: National Journal

2006 Liberal on Social Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
HI Governor Neil Abercrombie D 97%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 97%
Bob Filner 97%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raúl Grijalva D 97%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 97%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 97%
John Olver 97%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 97%
Pete Stark 97%
Diane Watson 97%
Lynn Woolsey 97%
Gary Ackerman 96%
CA U.S. House-20 Sam Farr D 96%
IA U.S. Senate-Jr Tom Harkin D 96%
Dennis Kucinich 96%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 96%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Carl Levin D 96%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 96%
WA U.S. House-7 Jim McDermott D 96%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 96%
AZ U.S. House-7 Ed Pastor D 96%
NY U.S. House-13 Charlie Rangel D 96%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 96%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 95%
CA U.S. House-11 George Miller D 95%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 95%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 95%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutierrez D 94%
Donald Payne 94%
Chris Dodd 93%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 93%
CA U.S. House-17 Mike Honda D 93%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 93%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 93%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 93%
Hilda Solis 93%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 93%
CA U.S. Senate-Jr Barbara Boxer D 92%
Julia Carson 92%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 92%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 92%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 91%
Howard Berman 91%
CA U.S. House-24 Lois Capps D 91%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 91%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 91%
CA U.S. House-34 Xavier Becerra D 90%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 90%
NJ U.S. House-12 Rush Holt, Jr. D 90%
Mel Watt 90%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 89%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 89%
NA U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry D 89%
Frank Lautenberg 89%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 89%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 89%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 89%
CA U.S. House-33 Henry Waxman D 89%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 88%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 88%
Edward Kennedy, Sr. 88%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 88%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 88%
Martin Meehan 87%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 86%
Bill Delahunt 86%
Russ Feingold 86%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 86%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 86%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 86%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 86%
Maurice Hinchey 85%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 85%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 84%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum DFL 84%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 84%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 84%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 84%
Tom Lantos 83%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 83%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 83%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 83%
Robert Wexler 83%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 82%
Barney Frank 82%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 82%
Patrick Kennedy 82%
Ed Towns 82%
PA U.S. House-2 Chaka Fattah, Sr. D 81%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 81%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 81%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 80%
Hillary Clinton 80%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 80%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 80%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Barbara Mikulski D 80%
Steve Rothman 80%
CA U.S. House-46 Loretta Sanchez D 80%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 80%
Stephanie Tubbs Jones 80%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 80%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 79%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 79%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 79%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 79%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 78%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 78%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 78%
MA U.S. House-6 John Tierney D 78%
MD U.S. House-8 Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 78%
Anthony Weiner 78%
Norm Dicks 77%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 77%
NA President Barack Obama II D 77%
Rob Andrews 76%
Jeff Bingaman 76%
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 76%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 76%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 76%
Ellen Tauscher 76%
FL U.S. House-5 Corrine Brown D 75%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Ben Cardin D 75%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 75%
Daniel Inouye 75%
NY U.S. House-3 Steve Israel D 75%
VA U.S. House-8 Jim Moran, Jr. D 75%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 75%
Thomas Allen 74%
Shelley Berkley 74%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 74%
William Jefferson 74%
Joe Lieberman 74%
David Wu 74%
NA Vice President Joe Biden, Jr. D 73%
Russ Carnahan 73%
Jane Harman 73%
PA U.S. House-13 Allyson Schwartz D 73%
Albert Wynn 73%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 72%
MI U.S. House-12 John Dingell D 72%
Charlie Gonzalez 72%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Harry Reid D 72%
Evan Bayh 71%
NY U.S. House-1 Tim Bishop D 71%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle, Jr. D 71%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 71%
ME U.S. House-2 Mike Michaud D 71%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 71%
Brian Baird 70%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 70%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 70%
NY U.S. House-4 Carolyn McCarthy D 70%
Dennis Moore 69%
Ken Salazar 69%
Joe Baca, Sr. 68%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 68%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 68%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 68%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 68%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Debbie Stabenow D 68%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 68%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 68%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Udall D 68%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 67%
Dale Kildee 67%
Herb Kohl 67%
Michael McNulty 67%
Max Baucus 66%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 66%
Brad Miller 66%
Dave Obey 66%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 66%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 65%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 65%
Jim Oberstar 65%
Silvestre Reyes 65%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 65%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 64%
TX U.S. House-15 Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. D 64%
Darlene Hooley 64%
Blanche Lincoln 64%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 64%
Vic Snyder 64%
Dennis Cardoza 63%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 63%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 63%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 63%
Bart Stupak 63%
Rick Boucher 62%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 62%
Artur Davis 62%
Jack Murtha 62%
Melissa Bean 61%
Bob Etheridge 61%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr Timothy Johnson D 61%
Paul Kanjorski 61%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 61%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 60%
Jerry Costello 60%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Mary Landrieu D 60%
Earl Pomeroy 60%
Christopher Shays 60%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 59%
Alan Mollohan 59%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Pryor D 59%
CO Commissioner of Agriculture John Salazar N/A 59%
John Tanner 59%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 58%
Leonard Boswell 58%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 58%
Ben Chandler III 58%
Kent Conrad 58%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 58%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 57%
Byron Dorgan 57%
Thomas Holden 57%
WV U.S. House-3 Nick Rahall II D 57%
Chet Edwards 56%
Ron Paul 56%
Arlen Specter 56%
John Spratt, Jr. 56%
Wayne Gilchrest 55%
IL U.S. Senate-Jr Mark Kirk R 55%
NC U.S. House-7 Mike McIntyre D 55%
Olympia Snowe 55%
Marion Berry 54%
Mike Castle 54%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 54%
Mike Ross 54%
Ike Skelton 54%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 53%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 53%
Bart Gordon 53%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 53%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 53%
Judy Biggert 52%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 52%
Mary Bono Mack 51%
Robert Byrd 51%
Robert Cramer 51%
Jim Marshall 51%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 51%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Don Young R 51%
UT U.S. House-4 Jim Matheson D 50%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 50%
James Walsh 50%
Heather Wilson 50%
GA U.S. House-12 John Barrow D 49%
Dan Boren 49%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 49%
James Ramstad 49%
Vern Ehlers 48%
Tim Johnson 48%
Dick Lugar 48%
Thomas Davis III 47%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 47%
NA U.S. Secretary of Defense Charles Hagel R 47%
Jerry Lewis 47%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 47%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 46%
Lincoln Davis 46%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 46%
Michael Ferguson 46%
Jon Porter, Sr. 46%
Vito Fossella, Jr. 45%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 45%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 45%
George Voinovich 45%
Roscoe Bartlett 44%
Philip English 44%
PA U.S. House-6 Jim Gerlach R 44%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson DFL 44%
Joseph Knollenberg 43%
Steve LaTourette 43%
Connie Mack IV 43%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 43%
Deborah Pryce 43%
John Warner 43%
Chris Cannon 42%
Melquiades Martinez 42%
WV U.S. House-2 Shelley Capito R 41%
David Dreier 41%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 41%
NJ U.S. House-5 Scott Garrett R 41%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 41%
Ted Stevens 41%
Gene Taylor 41%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 41%
Norm Coleman 40%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 40%
Jim Saxton 40%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 39%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 39%
Gordon Smith 39%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 39%
WI U.S. House-6 Tom Petri R 38%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 38%
VA U.S. House-10 Frank Wolf R 38%
Larry Craig 37%
Pete Domenici, Jr. 37%
MI U.S. House-10 Candice Miller R 37%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 37%
Judd Gregg 36%
OH U.S. House-8 John Boehner R 35%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 35%
WA U.S. House-4 Doc Hastings R 35%
Ray LaHood 35%
Dan Lungren 35%
Ralph Regula 35%
Richard Renzi 35%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 34%
Jo Ann Emerson 34%
John McHugh 34%
Todd Platts 34%
Thomas Reynolds 34%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 34%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 33%
Bob Bennett 33%
John Sununu 33%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 32%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 32%
David Lee Hobson 32%
Kenny Hulshof 32%
John Kuhl, Jr. 32%
Don Manzullo 32%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 32%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 32%
James McCrery III 31%
John Shadegg 31%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 31%
Bill Young 31%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 30%
IN Governor Mike Pence R 30%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 29%
Ben Nelson 29%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 28%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 28%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 28%
Geoff Davis 28%
Paul Gillmor 28%
Kay Hutchison 28%
MN U.S. House-2 John Kline R 28%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 28%
Charles Pickering, Jr. 28%
FL Commissioner of Agriculture and Consumer Services Adam Putnam R 28%
Brian Bilbray 27%
VA U.S. House-4 Randy Forbes R 27%
Trent Lott, Sr. 27%
John Peterson 26%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 26%
Denny Rehberg 26%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 26%
Gerald Weller 26%
AR U.S. Senate-Jr John Boozman R 23%
LA U.S. House-3 Charles Boustany, Jr. R 23%
Thelma Drake 23%
Tom Feeney 23%
IA U.S. House-3 Tom Latham R 23%
John Linder 23%
Thaddeus McCotter 23%
GA U.S. House-6 Tom Price R 23%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 23%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 23%
NE U.S. House-2 Lee Terry R 23%
Zach Wamp 23%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 21%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 21%
Terry Everett 21%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 21%
Wayne Allard 18%
Kit Bond 18%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 18%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 18%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 18%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 18%
Jon Kyl 18%
Rodney Alexander 17%
Richard Hugh Baker 17%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 17%
Henry Brown, Jr. 17%
MI U.S. House-4 Dave Camp R 17%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 17%
Jo Ann Davis 17%
GA U.S. House-11 Phil Gingrey R 17%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 17%
CA U.S. House-25 Buck McKeon R 17%
Jean Schmidt 17%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 17%
Mark Souder 17%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 17%
CA U.S. House-45 John Campbell III R 16%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 16%
Todd Tiahrt 16%
Ginny Brown-Waite 15%
Dan Burton 15%
Elton Gallegly 15%
PA U.S. House-16 Joe Pitts R 15%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 15%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 11%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 11%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 11%
Steve Buyer 11%
Eric Cantor 11%
NC U.S. House-6 Howard Coble R 11%
FL U.S. House-4 Ander Crenshaw R 11%
Robert Hayes 11%
Ron Lewis 11%
FL U.S. House-7 John Mica R 11%
MI U.S. House-8 Mike Rogers R 11%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 11%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 11%
Tom Tancredo 11%
David Weldon 11%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 11%
Barbara Cubin 10%
Duncan Hunter 10%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 10%
GA U.S. House-1 Jack Kingston R 9%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 9%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 8%
Wally Herger, Jr. 8%
FL U.S. House-1 Jefferson Miller R 8%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 8%
Todd Akin 6%
AL U.S. House-6 Spencer Bachus R 6%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 6%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 6%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 6%
Pete Hoekstra 6%
LA Governor Bobby Jindal R 6%
Marilyn Musgrave 6%
GA U.S. House-3 Lynn Westmoreland R 6%
KY U.S. House-1 Ed Whitfield R 6%
J. Gresham Barrett 0%
Jim Bunning 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Saxby Chambliss R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr Thomas Coburn R 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 0%
James DeMint 0%
Elizabeth Dole 0%
John Doolittle 0%
John Ensign 0%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 0%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 0%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
Virgil Goode, Jr. 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 0%
TX U.S. House-4 Ralph Hall R 0%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Jr Johnny Isakson R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
Ric Keller 0%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 0%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 0%
CA U.S. House-31 Gary Miller R 0%
Sue Myrick 0%
TX U.S. House-19 Randy Neugebauer R 0%
George Radanovich 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Sessions III R 0%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
Cliff Stearns 0%
John Sullivan 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Jr John Thune R 0%
LA U.S. Senate-Jr David Vitter R 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.