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Tim Walz's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (MN) - District 1, Democratic
Project Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Tim Walz has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2016 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Historically, candidates have failed to complete our test due to the advice they receive from their parties and advisors and out of fear of negative attack ads. Tim Walz is still welcome to submit the test at any time.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Project Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 100% by Planned Parenthood http://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/65443/tim-walz/2 (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "To continue this recovery we need to ensure that middle class Americans aren’t overly burdened by an unfair tax rate. We cannot go back to the same failed policies that got us into this mess. We must continue to advocate for policies that create jobs and prosperity for all Americans, not just the wealthiest among us. That is why I voted to ensure income tax rates won’t go up on 98% of Americans. Doing so puts more money into the pockets of middle class families, which in turn puts more money into our local economy." http://walz.house.gov/issues/economy (walz.house.gov)
  • "By cutting taxes for the middle-class, we put money into the pockets of small businesses and hard-working families who will spend it at the local grocery store or on fixing up their homes. Growing our economy and creating jobs will help us tackle the long-term national debt facing our country." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/572750/walz-votes-to-cut-middle-class-taxes#.VZxKwnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Crime: Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Project Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.R. 2847 "Employment, Infrastructure, and Transportation Appropriations and Tax Credits ('Senate Jobs Bill')" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/28969#.VZWAwPlViko (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of H.R. 1 "Appropriations, Tax Law Amendments, and Unemployment Benefit Amendments ('Stimulus Bill')" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/23644#.VZV___lViko (votesmart.org)
  • "Middle class families and small businesses across Minnesota know that the key to balancing a budget is paying for what you spend and making smart, targeted investments for the future. I believe government needs to adhere to the same principles and as we move toward economic recovery, we need to put our country back on the path to fiscal discipline as well." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/570695/issue-position-fiscal-responsibility#.VZxLwXUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "By cutting taxes for the middle-class, we put money into the pockets of small businesses and hard-working families who will spend it at the local grocery store or on fixing up their homes. Growing our economy and creating jobs will help us tackle the long-term national debt facing our country." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/572750/walz-votes-to-cut-middle-class-taxes#.VZxKwnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of H.R. 636 "America's Small Business Tax Relief Act of 2015" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/51297#.VZV_GvlViko (votesmart.org)
  • "To continue this recovery we need to ensure that middle class Americans aren’t overly burdened by an unfair tax rate. We cannot go back to the same failed policies that got us into this mess. We must continue to advocate for policies that create jobs and prosperity for all Americans, not just the wealthiest among us. That is why I voted to ensure income tax rates won’t go up on 98% of Americans." http://walz.house.gov/issues/economy (walz.house.gov)
No Inferred Answer Education: Do you generally support requiring states to adopt federal education standards? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Today, Representative Tim Walz, a former high school social studies teacher, released the following statement after voting against the partisan, underfunded, and unaccountable reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act […] 'Unfortunately this bill, like so many others we've seen this Congress, is another partisan step backward and is bad for teachers, students, principals, and parents.'" http://votesmart.org/public-statement/799465/walz-statement-on-hr-5/?search=no%20child%20left%20behind#.VhZ_XHUViko (votesmart.org)
  • "No one is better qualified to make decisions about education than the parents, teachers and administrators that know their students best. I support a bigger role for state and local decision-making in how are schools are run." http://walz.house.gov/issues/education (walz.house.gov)
  • "I applaud both the Republican and Democratic members of the Minnesota House who stood up for parents, teachers, students and schools by voting for legislation to withdraw Minnesota from the punitive mandates of No Child Left Behind." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/331333/walz-statement-on-minnesota-houses-bipartisan-decision-to-opt-out-of-no-child-left-behind#.VZxMkHUVhHw (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I support the Keystone project." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/850906/issue-position-environment-and-conservation/?search=xl#.VZxNF3UVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of S.1 "A Bill to Approve the Keystone XL Pipeline" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/50944#.VZV9i_lViko (votesmart.org)
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The basic premise behind my bipartisan energy bill is simple: take the royalties from the expansion of responsible drilling here in America, and reinvest them into clean energy jobs and infrastructure improvements here at home." http://walz.house.gov/issues/economy (walz.house.gov)
  • "I introduced a bipartisan energy bill that would represent one of the largest investments in renewable energy in history." http://walz.house.gov/issues/environment-and-conservation (walz.house.gov)
Yes Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.R.2454 "Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ('Cap and Trade')" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/26496#.VZWBWflViko (votesmart.org)
  • "In addition, I have supported legislation to restrict carbon emissions and create a free-market based system to incentivize the development of renewable energy, and introduced legislation that would encourage local ownership of wind energy turbines, creating homegrown jobs developing and servicing wind farms." http://walz.house.gov/issues/environment-and-conservation (walz.house.gov)
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.Amdt.1098 "Prohibits District of Columbia from Implementing Certain Firearm Laws" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/49464 (votesmart.org)
  • "Sportsmen and women contribute over $3 billion annually to Minnesota's economy and support over 40,000 jobs. By supporting efforts to promote safe firearm practices, we're supporting Minnesota's rich outdoor and hunting heritage and the economy at the same time." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/793505/udall-bipartisan-coalition-introduce-plan-to-create-safe-public-shooting-ranges-promote-firearm-safety#.VZxOC3UVhHw3 (votesmart.org)
  • Rated 93% by National Rifle Association http://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/65443/tim-walz/37 (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "While the law is not perfect, it is working; more Americans have health insurance today than ever before. […] In other words, because of the Affordable Care Act, 95 percent of Minnesotans now have health insurance." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/994903/walz-statement-on-supreme-court-decision/?search=Affordable%20Care%20Act#.VhaFP3UViko (votesmart.org)
  • "The Affordable Care Act (ACA) is the law of the land. The historic passage of this health care reform law in 2010 works to bring more transparency and accountability to the health care industry and ensure you and your family have access to the patient-protections and high-quality health care you deserve." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/370847/issue-position-health-care (votesmart.org)
  • Voted in favor of H.R.3590 "Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/29181#.VZWCKflViko (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favorof H.R. 5281 "DREAM Act" http://votesmart.org/bill/votes/32955#.VZqYwPlViko (votesmart.org)
  • "I support the DREAM Act in Congress. In this country if a young person excels in school our serves in our nation's military, I believe they should be given an opportunity to stay in the only home they've ever known." http://walz.house.gov/issues/immigration (walz.house.gov)
Yes Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I've always believed in marriage equality and applaud the Supreme Court’s ruling. Today’s decision makes clear that our LGBT brothers and sisters are entitled to the same rights as the rest of us; that the pursuit of happiness cannot be limited because of who you love." http://walz.house.gov/media-center/press-releases/walz-statement-on-supreme-court-decision-in-obergefell-v-hodges (walz.house.gov)
  • Rated 100% by Human Rights Campaign http://votesmart.org/candidate/evaluations/65443/tim-walz/76 (votesmart.org)
  • "I am a strong supporter of marriage equality and legislation that provides civil rights protections for the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) community. No one should be discriminated against because of who they love." http://walz.house.gov/issues/civil-rights (walz.house.gov)
Yes Inferred Answer National Security: Do you support increased American intervention in Iraq and Syria beyond air support? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "While the previous war in Iraq that has concluded was a war of choice, the threat from ISIL is real. America and our allies must take proactive action to degrade and destroy ISIL and let it be known that any country who provides a safe haven to these radical terrorists is an enemy of the United States. The President has the authority to launch expanded airstrikes against ISIL in Iraq, he must come to Congress for authorization before taking any warranted action in Syria against ISIL." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/1084917/issue-position-foreign-affairs (votesmart.org)
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "We have seen this President try this before. He tried to sell this Nation on privatized Social Security, and this body said no." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/298398/schip/?search=social%20security#.VhaLkXUViko (votesmart.org)
  • "Today, Rep. Tim Walz commemorated Social Security's 75th anniversary by pledging to protect the middle class way of life Social Security provides for many retired seniors. More than 50 million Americans rely on Social Security's guaranteed benefits for retirement security or to make ends meet, put food on the table and stay in their homes." http://votesmart.org/public-statement/545845/congressman-walz-celebrates-social-securitys-75th-anniversary#.VZxPOnUVhHw (votesmart.org)
  • Bluestern Prairie "With the economy in turmoil, I will oppose any attempt to gamble Social Security away on the stock market I will protect Social Security for southern Minnesotan seniors." http://www.bluestemprairie.com/a_bluestem_prairie/2008/10/walz-meet-with.html (www.bluestemprairie.com)

Key

Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Project Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Project Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Project Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 2006 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding abortion.
a) Abortions should always be illegal.
Xb) Abortions should always be legal.
c) Abortions should be legal only within the first trimester of pregnancy.
Xd) Abortions should be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape.
Xe) Abortions should be legal when the life of the woman is endangered.
f) Prohibit public funding of abortions and to organizations that advocate or perform abortions.
g) Other or expanded principles
Using the key, indicate what federal funding levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category, you can use a number more than once.
Budget Priorities
Maintain Statusa) Agriculture
Maintain Statusb) Arts
Maintain Statusc) Defense
Greatly Increased) Education
Greatly Increasee) Environment
Slightly Increasef) Homeland security
Slightly Increaseg) International aid
Slightly Increaseh) Law enforcement
Greatly Increasei) Medical research
Slightly Increasej) National parks
Greatly Increasek) Public health services
Greatly Increasel) Scientific research
Maintain Statusm) Space exploration programs
Greatly Increasen) Transportation and highway infrastructure
Maintain Statuso) Welfare
Slightly Increasep) Emergency preparedness
q) Other or expanded categories
Defense Spending
Maintain Statusa) Armed forces personnel training
Greatly Increaseb) Intelligence operations
Maintain Statusc) Military hardware
Maintain Statusd) Modernization of weaponry and equipment
Eliminatee) National missile defense
Greatly Increasef) Pay for active duty personnel
Greatly Increaseg) Programs to improve troop retention rates
Maintain Statush) Research and development of new weapons
Slightly Increasei) Troop and equipment readiness
j) Other or expanded categories
Using the key above, indicate what federal tax levels you support for the following general categories. Select one number per category.
Taxes
Income Taxes:
Family Income
Eliminatea) Less than $25,000
Maintain Statusb) $25,000-$75,000
Slightly Increasec) $75,000-$150,000
Slightly Increased) Over $150,000
e) Other or expanded categories
Retiree Income
f) Over $40,000
g) Other or expanded categories
Other Taxes:
Maintain Statusa) Alcohol taxes
Slightly Increaseb) Capital gains taxes
Maintain Statusc) Cigarette taxes
Maintain Statusd) Corporate taxes
Slightly Increasee) Gasoline taxes
Maintain Statusf) Inheritance taxes
g) Other or expanded categories
Deductions/Credits:
Greatly Increasea) Charitable contributions
Greatly Increaseb) Child tax credit
Maintain Statusc) Earned income tax credit
Greatly Increased) Medical expense deduction
Maintain Statuse) Mortgage deduction
Greatly Increasef) Student loan credit
g) Other or expanded categories
No4) Do you support the permanent repeal of the federal estate tax?
No5) Do you support making President Bush's tax cuts permanent?
6) Discuss your proposals for balancing the federal budget. (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)

I propose returning to the PAYGO system of budgeting. I will also vote to repeal recent tax cuts for the wealthiest Americans and to close tax loopholes that currently allow American companies to avoid their tax obligations.

7) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding campaign finance and government reform.
Xa) Support public taxpayer funding for federal candidates who comply with campaign spending limits.
b) Increase the amount individuals are permitted to contribute to federal campaigns.
c) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
d) Allow unregulated soft money campaign contributions to political parties or committees.
e) Remove all contribution limits on federal campaigns and parties.
Xf) Require Section 527 organizations to register with the Federal Election Commission as Political Action Committees.
Yesg) Do you support instant run-off voting?
Yesh) Should Election Day be a national holiday?
Undecidedi) Do you support a constitutional amendment that would define marriage as a union between a man and woman?
j) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding crime.
a) Support the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xb) Eliminate the use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
Xc) Support programs to provide prison inmates with educational, vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xd) Support programs to provide prison inmates with drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
e) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
Xf) Require that crimes based on gender, sexual orientation, and disability be prosecuted as federal hate crimes.
Xg) Impose stricter penalties for those convicted of corporate crimes.
h) Minors accused of a violent crime should be prosecuted as adults.
i) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding drugs.
a) Support mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xb) Expand federally sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
c) Decriminalize the possession of small amounts of marijuana.
Xd) Allow doctors to recommend marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes.
Xe) Increase border security to stop the flow of illegal drugs into the United States.
f) Eliminate federal funding for programs associated with the "war on drugs."
g) Support a federal law to standardize testing and penalties for steroid use in professional sports.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding education.
a) Support national standards for and testing of public school students.
Xb) Allow parents to use vouchers, (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any public school.
c) Allow parents to use vouchers, (equal opportunity scholarships) to send their children to any private or religious school.
d) Allow teachers and professionals to receive authorization and funding to establish charter schools.
e) Reward teachers with merit pay for working in low-income schools.
Xf) Increase funding for school capital improvements (e.g. buildings, infrastructure, technology).
g) Support affirmative action in public college admissions.
Xh) Increase funding of programs such as Pell grants and Stafford loans to help students pay for college.
Xi) Support federal tax incentives to help families save for college.
j) Other or expanded principles
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding employment.
Xa) Increase funding for national job-training programs that re-train displaced workers or teach skills needed in today's job market.
b) Reduce government regulation of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xc) Provide tax credits or grants to businesses that offer child care services to employees.
Xd) Encourage employers to offer flex-time scheduling, comp-time, and unpaid leave for family emergencies.
e) Eliminate all federal programs designed to reduce unemployment.
Xf) Increase the federal minimum wage.
Xg) Support the right of workers to strike without fear of being permanently replaced.
Xh) Include sexual orientation in federal anti-discrimination laws.
i) Other or expanded principles
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding affirmative action.
a) The federal government should consider race and gender in government contracting decisions.
b) The federal government should discontinue affirmative action programs.
c) The federal government should continue affirmative action programs.
d) Other or expanded principles

Affirmative Action should continue in sectors where research clearly shows unequal representation.

Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the environment and energy.
Xa) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Water Act.
Xb) Strengthen the regulation and enforcement of the Clean Air Act.
c) Support Clear Skies Act to reduce power plant emissions by setting a national cap on pollutants.
d) Require states to compensate citizens when environmental regulations limit uses of privately-owned land.
e) Relax logging restrictions on federal lands.
f) Relax standards on federal lands to allow increased recreational usage.
g) Support increased development of traditional energy resources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil).
Xh) Strengthen emission controls and fuel efficiency standards on all gasoline and diesel-powered engines, including cars, trucks, and sport utility vehicles.
i) Support opening a portion of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil exploration.
Xj) Encourage further development and use of alternative fuels to reduce pollution.
Xk) Support the use of ethanol as an alternative fuel.
l) Allow energy producers to trade pollution credits.
Xm) Support the Kyoto Protocol to limit global warming.
n) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding guns.
a) Reauthorize the ban on the sale or transfer of semi-automatic guns, except those used for hunting.
b) Maintain and strengthen the current level of enforcement of existing federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
c) Ease federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
d) Repeal federal restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns.
Xe) Allow citizens to carry concealed guns.
f) Require background checks on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows.
g) Require a license for gun possession.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding health care.
a) Providing health care is not a responsibility of the federal government.
Xb) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
c) Expand eligibility for tax-free medical savings accounts.
d) Establish limits on the amount of punitive damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
Xe) Support expanding prescription drug coverage under Medicare.
Xf) Offer tax credits to individuals and small businesses to offset the cost of insurance coverage.
Xg) Support automatic enrollment of children in federal health care programs such as CHIP and Medicaid.
Xh) Support stem cell research on existing lines of stem cells.
Xi) Allow laboratories to create new lines of stem cells for additional research.
j) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding immigration.
a) Decrease the number of legal immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Establish English as the official national language.
c) Support a temporary worker program that would enable illegal immigrants to work in the United States legally.
d) Relax restrictions barring legal immigrants from using government funded social programs (e.g. public housing, food stamps).
e) Support amnesty for illegal immigrants already working in the United States.
f) Other or expanded principles
International Aid
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding United States economic assistance.
Xa) Aid should be granted to countries when extraordinary circumstances cause disaster and threaten civilian lives.
Xb) Aid should be granted to countries when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Aid should be eliminated for any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) International Aid programs should be scaled back and eventually eliminated.
e) Other or expanded principles
International Policy
1) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the Middle East.
Yesa) Should the United States continue to provide leadership in the Israeli-Palestinian peace process?
Yesb) Should the United States support the creation of a Palestinian state?
c) Should the United States withdraw its troops from Iraq?
d) Should the United States send more troops to Iraq?
e) Discuss your proposals for an exit strategy in Iraq. (75 words or less. Please use an attached page if the space below is not adequate.)

If data shows that American troops are a catalyst for violence then it is imperative that all of our troops are brought home immediately. However, if it is possible to stabilize Iraq before leaving then we must work to achieve measurable milestones such as clean drinking water and improved electricity. We must then turn over responsibility to a regional security force before bringing our troops home.

f) Other or expanded principles
2) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Central and East Asia.
Yesa) Should the United States use diplomatic and economic pressure to encourage North Korea to abandon its nuclear weapons program?
Nob) Should the United States use military force to dismantle the North Korean nuclear weapons program?
Noc) Should the United States remove the North Korean government from power?
Yesd) Should the United States increase financial support to Afghanistan?
Yese) Should the United States increase military support to Afghanistan?
f) Other or expanded principles
3) Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding the United Nations.
Yesa) Should the United States maintain its financial support of the United Nations?
Nob) Should the United States decrease its financial support of the United Nations?
Yesc) Should the United States commit troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions?
d) Other or expanded principles
Yes4) Should the United States lift the travel ban to Cuba?
No5) Should the United States increase its financial support to Colombia to combat "the war on drugs?"
Yes6) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund distribution of contraceptives?
Yes7) Should aid to African nations for AIDS prevention programs fund abstinence education?
8) Other or expanded principles
International Trade
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding international trade.
No1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
No2) Do you support the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA)?
Undecided3) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes4) Do you support continued U.S. membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Yes5) Should a nation's human rights record affect its normal trade relations (most favored nation) status with the United States?
No6) Do you support the trade embargo against Cuba?
Yes7) Should trade agreements include provisions to address environmental concerns and to protect workers' rights?
8) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding national security.
Yesa) Do you support using military tribunals to try suspected terrorists when ordinary civilian courts are deemed inappropriate or impractical?
Nob) Should the United States grant law enforcement agencies greater discretion to read mail and email, tap phones, and conduct random searches to prevent future terrorist attacks?
Yesc) Should the United States hold foreign states accountable for terrorists who operate in their country?
Yesd) Should the federal government increase funding to states and cities for homeland security?
Yese) Do you support the prohibition of torture or cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment of prisoners in U.S. custody?
Nof) Do you support a policy of pre-emptive military strikes against countries deemed to be a threat to U.S. national security?
g) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding Social Security.
a) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts which they manage themselves.
b) Allow workers to invest a portion of their payroll tax in private accounts managed by private firms contracted by the government.
c) Invest a portion of Social Security assets collectively in stocks and bonds instead of United States Treasury securities.
Xd) Increase the payroll tax to better finance Social Security in its current form.
e) Lower the annual cost-of-living increases.
f) Raise the retirement age for individual eligibility to receive full Social Security benefits.
g) Other of expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding technology and communication.
Xa) Collect taxes on commercial Internet transactions.
b) Continue the moratorium on Internet taxation.
c) Implement government regulation of Internet content.
d) Support government mandates to curtail violent and sexual content on television.
Xe) Support strict penalties for Internet crimes (e.g. hacking, identity theft, worms/viruses).
Xf) Support legislation to detail how personal information can be collected and used on the Internet.
g) Regulating the Internet is not a responsibility of the federal government.
h) Other or expanded principles
Indicate which principles you support (if any) regarding welfare and poverty.
Xa) Require welfare recipients to spend at least 40 hours a week in a combination of work and training programs.
Xb) Increase funding for child care programs.
c) Continue to give states and local governments flexibility in and responsibility for welfare programs through federal block grants.
d) Direct federal poverty aid through religious, community-based, or other non-profit organizations.
e) Abolish all federal welfare programs.
Xf) Support housing assistance for welfare recipients.
g) Other or expanded principles
On an attached page, disk, or via email, please explain in a total of 75 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

My top three legislative priories include (1) implementing common sense federal education policy, (2) ensuring our soldiers in Iraq have an achievable mission and that promises made to our veterans are kept, and (3) addressing the urgent need for national health care reform.

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