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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: English First

2007-2008 Positions on English as the Official Language

Issues: Immigration
State Office District Name Party Rating
Neil Abercrombie F
Gary Ackerman F
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican A
Daniel Akaka, Sr. F
Todd Akin A
Rodney Alexander A
Wayne Allard A
Thomas Allen F
Jason Altmire A
Rob Andrews F
Michael Arcuri F
Joe Baca, Sr. F
Michele Bachmann A
Spencer Bachus A
Kay Bailey Hutchison A
Brian Baird D
WI U.S. Senate Jr Tammy Baldwin Democratic F
WY U.S. Senate Jr John Barrasso Republican A
J. Gresham Barrett A
John Barrow A
Roscoe Bartlett A
TX U.S. House 6 Joe Barton Republican C
Max Baucus C
Evan Bayh F+
Melissa Bean D
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra Democratic F
Bob Bennett C
Shelley Berkley F
Howard Berman F
Marion Berry F
Joe Biden, Jr. F
Judy Biggert A
Brian Bilbray A
FL U.S. House 12 Gus Bilirakis Republican B
Jeff Bingaman F
UT U.S. House 1 Rob Bishop Republican B
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic D-
Tim Bishop F
TN U.S. House 7 Marsha Blackburn Republican B+
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic F
MO U.S. Senate Jr Roy Blunt Republican B
John Boehner A
Kit Bond A
Jo Bonner, Jr. A
Mary Bono Mack A
AR U.S. Senate Sr John Boozman Republican A
Dan Boren B
Leonard Boswell F
Rick Boucher F
Charles Boustany, Jr. B
Barbara Boxer F
Allen Boyd, Jr. F
Nancy Boyda F
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican B
PA U.S. House 1 Bob Brady Democratic F
Bruce Braley F
Paul Broun A+
Corrine Brown F
Henry Brown, Jr. B
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic F
Sam Brownback D
Ginny Brown-Waite A
FL U.S. House 16 Vern Buchanan Republican A
Jim Bunning A
TX U.S. House 26 Michael Burgess Republican B
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican A
Dan Burton B
NC U.S. House 1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. Democratic F
Steve Buyer B
Robert Byrd B
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican B
Dave Camp A
John Campbell III A
Chris Cannon B
Eric Cantor B
WA U.S. Senate Jr Maria Cantwell Democratic F
WV U.S. Senate Jr Shelley Capito Republican A
Lois Capps F
MA U.S. House 7 Mike Capuano Democratic F
MD U.S. Senate Sr Ben Cardin Democratic D
Dennis Cardoza F
Russ Carnahan C
Christopher Carney A
DE U.S. Senate Sr Tom Carper Democratic F+
IN U.S. House 7 André Carson Democratic F
TX U.S. House 31 John Carter Republican C
PA U.S. Senate Sr Bob Casey, Jr. Democratic F
Mike Castle B
FL U.S. House 14 Kathy Castor Democratic D-
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican A
Saxby Chambliss A
Ben Chandler III F
NY U.S. House 9 Yvette Clarke Democratic D-
MO U.S. House 1 Lacy Clay, Jr. Democratic F
MO U.S. House 5 Emanuel Cleaver II Democratic F
Hillary Clinton F
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic F
Howard Coble B
Thomas Coburn A
MS U.S. Senate Sr Thad Cochran Republican A
TN U.S. House 9 Steve Cohen Democratic F
OK U.S. House 4 Tom Cole Republican A
Norm Coleman C
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican C
TX U.S. House 11 Mike Conaway Republican B
Kent Conrad D
John Conyers, Jr. C-
TN U.S. House 5 Jim Cooper Democratic F
TN U.S. Senate Jr Robert Corker Republican A
TX U.S. Senate Sr John Cornyn Republican A
CA U.S. House 16 Jim Costa Democratic F
Jerry Costello C
CT U.S. House 2 Joe Courtney Democratic F
Larry Craig B+
Robert Cramer D
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican A
Ander Crenshaw B
NY U.S. House 14 Joe Crowley Democratic F
Barbara Cubin A
TX U.S. House 28 Henry Cuellar Democratic F
TX U.S. House 7 John Culberson Republican A
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic D-
Artur Davis F
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic F
David Davis C
Geoff Davis A
Lincoln Davis A
CA U.S. House 53 Susan Davis Democratic F
GA Governor Nathan Deal Republican A
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic F
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic F
Bill Delahunt F
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic F
James DeMint A+
PA U.S. House 15 Charlie Dent Republican B
Lincoln Diaz-Balart F
FL U.S. House 25 Mario Diaz-Balart Republican F
Norm Dicks F
John Dingell F
Chris Dodd F
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic F
Elizabeth Dole A+
Pete Domenici, Jr. D
IN U.S. Senate Sr Joe Donnelly, Sr. Democratic A
John Doolittle B+
Byron Dorgan D
PA U.S. House 14 Mike Doyle Democratic F
Thelma Drake A
David Dreier A
TN U.S. House 2 John Duncan, Jr. Republican A
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic F
Chet Edwards F
Vern Ehlers A
MN U.S. House 5 Keith Ellison Democratic F
Brad Ellsworth A
IL Mayor At-Large Rahm Emanuel Democratic F
Jo Ann Emerson A
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic F
Philip English B
John Ensign A
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican A
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic F
Bob Etheridge F
Terry Everett A
OK Governor Mary Fallin Republican B
Sam Farr F
Chaka Fattah, Sr. F
Tom Feeney B
Russ Feingold F
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic F
Michael Ferguson A
Bob Filner F
AZ U.S. Senate Jr Jeff Flake Republican B
Randy Forbes A
NE U.S. House 1 Jeff Fortenberry Republican A
Vito Fossella, Jr. C
NC U.S. House 5 Virginia Foxx Republican A
Barney Frank F
Trent Franks A
NJ U.S. House 11 Rodney Frelinghuysen Republican A+
Elton Gallegly A
Scott Garrett A
Jim Gerlach B
Gabrielle Giffords D
Wayne Gilchrest B
NY U.S. Senate Jr Kirsten Gillibrand Democratic A
Phil Gingrey A
TX U.S. House 1 Louie Gohmert Republican A
Charlie Gonzalez F
Virgil Goode, Jr. A
VA U.S. House 6 Bob Goodlatte Republican A
Bart Gordon C
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican A
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican B
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican A
MO U.S. House 6 Sam Graves Republican A
TX U.S. House 9 Al Green Democratic F
TX U.S. House 29 Gene Green Democratic F
Judd Gregg A
AZ U.S. House 3 Raul Grijalva Democratic F

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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