Following the events of September 11, U.S. Sen. Dick Lugar wrote The Lugar Doctrine which states that the United States will use all of its military, diplomatic and economic power -- without question -- to ensure that life threatening weapons of mass destruction everywhere are accounted, contained and hopefully destroyed.
"Throughout much of the last decade, vulnerability to the use of weapons of mass destruction has been the number one national security dilemma confronting the United States, even as it received scant attention" Lugar said. "The events of September 11 and the subsequent public discovery of al-Qaeda's methods, capabilities, and intentions has finally brought our vulnerability to the forefront. Eleven years later, the Nunn-Lugar Global Program continues to progress towards the goal of dismantling and destroying weapons and materials of mass destruction."
This August, Lugar went to Russia, Ukraine and Georgia to oversee Nunn-Lugar security and dismantlement operations, and discussed continuation and global expansion of the program.
During July, the latest month of reporting, Nunn-Lugar Global secured six nuclear weapons train transport shipments and destroyed 103.02 metric tons of chemical weapons nerve agent.
The Nunn-Lugar scorecard now totals 7,659 strategic nuclear warheads deactivated, 902 intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) destroyed, 498 ICBM silos eliminated, 191 ICBM mobile launchers destroyed, 155 bombers eliminated, 906 nuclear air-to-surface missiles (ASMs) destroyed, 492 SLBM launchers eliminated, 684 submarine launched ballistic missiles (SLBMs) eliminated, 33 nuclear submarines capable of launching ballistic missiles destroyed, 194 nuclear test tunnels eliminated, 3023.550 metric tons of Russian and Albanian chemical weapons agent destroyed, 584 nuclear weapons transport train shipments secured, security at 24 nuclear weapons storage sites upgraded, 39 biological threat monitoring stations built and equipped.
Perhaps most importantly, Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Belarus are nuclear weapons free as a result of cooperative efforts under the Nunn-Lugar program. Those countries were the third, fourth and eighth largest nuclear weapons powers in the world.
In November 1991, Lugar (R-IN) and Sen. Sam Nunn (D-GA) authored the Nunn-Lugar Act, which established the Cooperative Threat Reduction Program. This program has provided U.S. support and expertise to help the former Soviet Union safeguard and dismantle its enormous stockpiles of nuclear, chemical and biological weapons, related materials, and delivery systems. In 2003, Congress adopted Senator Lugar's Nunn-Lugar Expansion Act, which authorized operations outside the former Soviet Union to address proliferation threats. In 2004, Nunn-Lugar funds were committed for the first time outside of the former Soviet Union to destroy chemical weapons in Albania.
The Nunn-Lugar program: http://lugar.senate.gov/nunnlugar/index.html