By Jim DeMint
Our nation was born from the idea of "no taxation without representation"--that citizens should not be taxed by governments in which they have no political voice. Yet now lawmakers in Washington want to overturn that bedrock principle in order to extract more revenues from American consumers.
The Marketplace Fairness Act recently introduced in the Senate would require online retailers to collect and pay sales taxes to states where they have no physical presence or democratic recourse. Overstock.com, eBay and the like could have to pay sales taxes to any state from which an Internet user placed an order, even if the company's headquarters, warehouses and sales staff are located entirely in other states.
Such online sales tax proposals are taxation without representation. The proposed federal law tells businesses that there is no escape from the clutches of tax-hungry politicians. That concept is antithetical to our federalist system, which promotes competition among our states for the best economic policies.
The Supreme Court ruled (in Quill Corp. v. North Dakota, 1992) that retailers can be required to collect sales taxes only in states where they have a physical presence. The proposal before Congress, however, would give a federal blessing for states to chase revenues far outside their borders.
Consider the absurdity of such a law. When a customer buys a product in a store, does the cashier ask for the customer's home address? Of course not. The store simply charges the state and local sales taxes applicable for its physical location, no questions asked.
The proposed law would hold online sellers to an entirely different standard. Websites would have to add taxes to a sale based on the shipping destination of the product, which may be a state in which neither the seller nor the buyer resides. We would never ask mom-and-pop store owners to do such a thing.
Politicians want this bill passed to raise new tax revenue for broken state governments facing budget shortfalls. But legislators in state capitals don't want to make the hard decisions to cut spending or raise taxes on their constituents--they fear the voter backlash. So they'd like their allies in Washington to make it legal for them to tax people who can't vote against them.
At its core, this is a nationally mandated Internet sales tax on businesses. Once a single state demands these sales tax collections under the new law, businesses in every other state would be forced to comply with that state's tax laws. Dozens of states are eagerly waiting to raise those taxes, as soon as Washington opens the floodgates.
The burden on Internet entrepreneurs could be staggering. There are already nearly 10,000 state, local and municipal tax jurisdictions to navigate nationwide.
Just complying with a single state's tax laws costs small businesses disproportionately more than larger firms that can afford accounting and technology teams to help them work through these arcane laws. A 2006 PricewaterhouseCoopers study found that tax-compliance costs for small businesses (those having $1 million to $10 million in annual sales) are nearly 2.5 times greater than those of larger firms. For businesses under $1 million in sales, those costs explode to 16 cents on every dollar of revenue.
And woe to online sellers if they have a dispute with one of the many states that will be unleashed to tax them. A small business owner in South Carolina could face simultaneous audits from California, New Jersey and Hawaii, with no political recourse.
Who would want to do business in this environment? That's a problem that the Senate bill's authors implicitly acknowledge, since they included an exemption for companies with less than $500,000 in annual sales. But that is a very low threshold to cross. Businesses will be discouraged from growing, encouraged to locate overseas, or even regulated out of business.
Nor would these new Internet taxes satisfy tax-hungry politicians. Already Maryland Gov. Martin O'Malley, a Democrat, has called for a 6% tax on all downloads--music, movies, e-books and more--from vendors like iTunes. It probably wouldn't be long before the burdens of complying with myriad state sales tax laws led to talk of a streamlined national sales tax to replace it, with Washington taking a cut and destroying our nation's healthy tradition of state tax competition.
Today's origin-based sales tax system, which allows states to tax purchases made at any business within their borders, is fair. I believe that states should focus on cutting spending, lowering taxes and creating the best business environment to attract new companies and new jobs. If states want to raise taxes they have the power to do so--yet only on citizens and businesses within their political jurisdiction.
The nexus among Americans, their taxes, and their votes must remain as tight as possible. It is the essence of our democracy.