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Public Statements

U.S.-Japan Relations

Location: Washington, DC


Mr. CRAIG. Mr. President, I rise today to discuss the contribution that one of America's closest and most important allies is making to our Nation's efforts to help the Iraqi people build a safe and stable democracy.

In the very public discussions that we hear every day about Iraq we often do not hear about the extraordinary efforts of the United States' closest security ally in the Asia-Pacific Region. That ally is, of course, Japan. We are all aware of the limitations that Japan has imposed on its own military since World War II. What many of us are not aware of is the actions Japan has taken to work with the United States and other nations to bring peace and stability to Iraq.

One document published by the Japanese Embassy outlines the deployment of Japanese Self-Defense Forces to provide humanitarian assistance in Iraq. Many Americans would be interested to learn that there are about 1,000 Japanese troops in Iraq, including almost 600 ground troops. In addition, Japan has undertaken a very substantial humanitarian relief effort.
Through the end of September, Japan's Air Self-Defense Force C-130 aircraft flew 66 missions between Kuwait and Iraq and delivered over 175 tons of relief supplies.

Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent to print that paper and two others-one on Japan's very substantial financial assistance for Iraq and the other describing Japan's cultural assistance for Iraq-in the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD. Taken together, these papers demonstrate that one of America's most reliable security allies is truly dedicated to bringing stability and freedom to Iraq.

There being no objection, the material was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, as follows:


(Note: All figures are approximate.)

1. Overview

At the International Donors' Conference on Reconstruction of Iraq held in Madrid on 24 October 2003, Japan announced its financial assistance package totaling up to $5 billion.

The package comprises (a) $1.5 billion grants for the immediate needs through 2004, and (b) up to $3.5 billion, mainly in ODA loans, in order to meet the medium-term needs for a period approximately through 2007.

It's Japan's policy to make its financial assistance by ODA and the humanitarian and reconstruction activities by the Self-Defense Forces work in tandem for the reconstruction of Iraq.

2. $1.5 billion grant

In the grant assistance, Japan gives priority to areas such as power generation, education, water and sanitation, health and employment, as well as others including improvement of the security, culture, sports and capacity buildings.

Out of $1.5 billion, more than $1150 million have already been disbursed or decided as following:

$180 million have already been disbursed. (Attachment A);

$490 million have been committed to the International Reconstruction Fund Facility for Iraq of the UNDG ($360 million) and the
World Bank ($130 million). (Attachment B) $10 million have been disbursed into IFC small business finance facility; and

$470 million worth of bilateral projects have been identified and decided including a new package of projects totaling $290 million announced on 29 June (Attachment C).

3. Up to $3.5 billion mainly through ODA loans

Japan will provide up to $3.5 billion mainly through concessionary loans (ODA loans) to meet the mid-term reconstruction needs between 2005-2007, taking account of the advancement of the political process, developments toward the solution of outstanding debt issues and the improvement of the security situation.

With regard to areas of this assistance, in addition to areas mentioned above, Japan will also focus on infrastructure development, including telecommunications and transportation.

A. Japan's assistance disbursed so far ($180 million)

(1) Humanitarian Assistance for Iraq (WFP, UNICEF, ICRC, UNHCR).

(2) Assistance through the international organizations for the following projects:

Umm Qasr Port Project (UNDP);

Iraq Reconstruction and Employment Program m Baghdad (UNDP);

Rehabilitation of the National Dispatch Centre (UNDP);

Emergency Rehabilitation of Al-Kadhimiya Hospital (UNDP);

Emergency Rehabilitation of the Hartha Power Station (UNDP);

IREP2 in North and South of Iraq (UNDP);

Reactivation of Primary Education in Iraq (UNICEF);

School rehabilitation Project (UN-HABITAT);

Community rehabilitation Project (UN-HABITAT);

Contribution to the IFC Fund (assistance to Micro- and small-scale enterpises).

(3) Direct assistance to Iraq and Grassroots assistance for the following projects:

Provisions of 1,150 Police vehicles;

Provision of 70 fire-trucks to Baghdad, Al Basra and Al-Mutharma;

Humanitarian operation in the Umm Qasr Community;

Equipment supply for Rashid District in Baghdad;

Improving Hibatoallah Institute for Down Syndrome; and

Provisions of ambulances in Nineveh Governorate.

(4) Assistance in won with NGOs:

Medical projects and emergency rehabilitation of public facilities (Japanese NGO);

Medical project in Baghdad run by Hashemite Charity Organization (Jordanian NGO); and

Project distributing medical equipment run by CARE International (International NGO).

(5) Assistance in Samawah and Governorate of Al-Muthanna, where Japanese Self-Defense Forces are dispatched, for the following projects:

Provisions of Water Tanks;

Provisions of Emergency Medical Supplies to the Samawa General Hospital;

Emergency Aid of medical equipment to the Samawa Maternity and Children Hospital;

Improvement of Access to Safe Drinking Water;

School rehabilitation Project (UN-HABITAT);

Iraq Reconstruction and Employment Program (UNDP);

Provision of water treatment facilities; and

Provision of medical equipment to the Al-Rumaytha and Al-Khidhur Hospitals.

(6) Capacity building programs of JICA (Japan International Cooperation Agency) as following:

Vice-minister and other officials of the Ministry of Health;

Training of Iraqi doctors and nurses in Cairo as the Japan-Egypt Joint Medical Cooperation for Iraq;

Training of Iraqi experts (ex. electricity) in Jordan;

Director General of Governorate of Al-Muthannah Health Department and Directors of Four Hospitals in Samawa and
Neighboring Areas.

(7) Others:

Humananitarian and Reconstruction Assistance by the Japanese Self-Defense Force (SDF) in Samawah and Governorate of Al-Muthanna;

Consolidating broad based solidarity among the international community;

Cooperation with Arab and neighboring countries;

Cooperation with Germany and France;

Conservation of cultural heritage and promotion of sports in Iraq; and

Assistance for supplying Japanese TV program.

B. Japan's assistance through International Reconstruction Fund Facility for Iraq ($490 million)

$450 million has been paid into the respective IRFFI (International Reconstruction Fund Facility for Iraq) holding accounts of the UNDG Trust Fund ($360 million) and the World Bank Trust Fund ($90 million). Additionally, $40 million will be paid into WB
TF in the near future.

Japan has already authorized UNDG to use $260 million out of $360 million for UNDG TF by signing the document, and will authorize WB to use $40 million for WB TF in the near future (totally $300 million).

The relevant international organizations will start some projects in the fields of electricity, transportation, education, water resources, environment and so on by using part of Japanese contribution.

C. Japan's assistance through bilateral channel ($470 million)

(1)) Following projects totaling $490 million was decided on 26 March and 29 June:

(i) Electricity: Provision of 27 mobile substations throughout Iraq and rehabilitation of Taji Gas Turbine Power Station, Mosul Gas Turbine Power Station and Mosul Hydroelectric Power Station.

(ii) Health: Rehabilitation and provision of equipment to 4 general hospitals in South (Nasiriyah, Najaf, Diwaniyah, and Samawah) constructed by Japanese companies and rehabilitation and provision of equipment to 4 general hospitals in North (Kirkuk, Arbil, Mosul, Dabuk) constructed by Japanese companies.

(iii) Water/sanitation: Provision of 30 compact units to the city of Baghdad, and provision of special vehicles for garbage disposal and sewage cleaning throughout Iraq.

(iv) Others: Provision of Armored vehicles in Baghdad and Al-Muthanna.

[From the Embassy of Japan, Oct. 4, 2004]


The total number of Japan Self-Defense Force (JSDF) personnel participating in the effort for the reconstruction of Iraq is approximately 1,000, including up to 600 Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force (GSDF) troops, several Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (MSDF) vessels and Japan Air Self-Defense Force (ASDF) aircraft.

The third contingent of GSDF was dispatched to Iraq on August 8. These new forces represent Japan's firm commitment to the hands-on reconstruction of Iraq.

Japan's ASDF, with its C-130 aircraft, started to transport humanitarian relief supplies between Kuwait and Iraq on March 3, 2004. During the period between March 3 and September 30, over the course of 66 missions, the supplies carried amounted to 175.6 tons.


The Government of Japan (GOJ) is determined to offer the most possible support to the continued tenacious efforts by the Iraqi people, who still face very difficult circumstances.

It is important that the Iraqi people maintain hope and improve their prospects for the future while tackling their difficulties. Japan's assistance in the fields of culture and sports is expected to provide moral support for the Iraqi efforts to reconstruct their country. The rich history represented by the cultural heritage in Iraq is a credit to the country, and sports contribute to their solidarity.

Cultural assistance may also serve to elicit more understanding of Japan by diffusing soft images of Japan (e.g. politeness, kindness) throughout Iraq.

As can be seen from Japan's experience of reconstruction after World War II, it is extremely important and pressing for the future development of Iraq, to improve the quality of education in order to nurture human resources.


(1) Provision of "Oshin":

"Oshin" is a TV drama depicting the life of a Japanese woman who overcame poverty and difficulties before, during, and after WWII. "Oshin" has been broadcast in 59 countries and has been very popular in many countries, in particular in Middle Eastern countries.

In October 2003, the GOJ (the Japan Foundation), in cooperation with Egyptian R & T.V Union, provided 96 episodes (mainly about the woman's childhood) of "Oshin" with subtitles in Arabic to the Iraqi Media Network (IMN) free of charge.

(2) Provision of other TV programs:

In April, the Japan Foundation provided the TV program "Project X" to the Lebanon-based Future Satellite TV. (It is a satellite TV station with viewers primarily from Arabic speaking countries including Iraq.)

(1) Donation of football equipment by the Japan Football Association (JFA):

In November 2003, the JFA donated football equipment (1214 balls, 4853 uniforms, and 394 pairs of spiked shoes) to the Iraq Football Association (IFA). The equipment was collected from all over Japan on the initiative of the JFA.

The GOJ provided transportation for the football equipment to Baghdad (under the framework of Grant Assistance for Cultural Grassroots Projects).

(2) Provision of football equipment to the southern Iraq including Samawah:

The GOJ has decided to provide football equipment (1000 balls, 3000 game jackets, and 20 inflators) to the Department of Youth and Sports in the Governorate of Al-Muthanna (under the framework of Grant Assistance for Cultural Grassroots Projects). Part of equipment provided by the Government was transported from Kuwait to Samawah by C-130H of the Self-Defense Forces (SDF). The handover ceremony took place on May 23 at the SDF camp in Samawah. An exchange soccer match was convened between three soccer clubs in Samawah and the SDF team on June 10, using soccer balls provided.

(3) Cooperation Relating to the International Friendly Football Match between Japanese and Iraqi National Football Teams on February 12, 2004:

The GOJ provided travel expenses for the Iraqi National Team members through the Japan Foundation.

The GOJ provided assistance for the Iraqi Media Network (IMN) to conduct a live broadcast of the friendly football match so that as many people in Iraq as possible could watch the game. The GOJ also provided coverage assistance to the Lebanon-based Future Satellite TV, which was visiting Japan at the invitation of the MOFA.

On February 12, Senior Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs Aisawa held a ceremony to present footballs (the design of the balls is same as that of the balls provided to southern Iraq) to the Vice President of the Iraqi Football Association, Mr. Ahmed Radhi, as a token of appreciation for his visit.

(4) Assistance involving Judo:

The GOJ, in cooperation with the Kodokan Judo Institute, invited the President of the Iraq Judo Federation (IJF) Sameir S. al-Mousoy to visit Japan from February 22 to March 6 as a part of a sports exchange assistance program.

Taking advantage of this opportunity, the GOJ decided to provide the IJF with 50 blue judo uniforms for international matches
and transportation assistance for judo equipment (100 white judo uniforms and 2 sets of tatami mats for official matches (approximately 200 mats)) donated by the All Japan Judo Federation (AJJF) under the framework of Grant Assistance for Cultural Grassroots Projects.

On March 3, Senior Vice-Minister for Foreign Affairs Abe held a ceremony to present the list of judo equipment donated by the GOJ and AJJF to the President of IJF, Sameir S. al-Mousoy.

(5) Assistance for athletes aiming to participate in international competitions:

The Government invited Chairman Ahmed al-Samarrai of the National Olympic Committee of Iraq to Japan (April 13-17). Chairman al-Samarrai paid courtesy calls on Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi and Minister for Foreign Affairs Yoriko Kawaguchi, and exchanged opinions with the officials from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the members of the Japanese Olympic Committee on Japan's assistance for the Iraqi athletes aiming to participate in international games such as the Athens Olympics 2004. He then observed the training and other facilities which will accept the Iraqi athletes.

Trying to provide hope and solidarity towards reconstruction among Iraqi nationals, Japan is considering the provision of
assistance for Iraqi athletes aiming to participate in international games such as the Athens Olympic Games in August 2004, the Pan-Arab Sports Games in September 2004, and the Asia Sports Games in 2006.


(1) Assistance to the Iraq National Museum:

The assistance for the recovery of the restoration laboratory of the Iraqi National Museum of Iraq (provision of equipment, human resources development, and management of facility) is being implemented based on an additional contribution from the GOJ to the UNESCO/Japan Trust Fund. The Japan Foundation invited Director General of the Iraqi National Museum Donny George to Japan from March 30 to April 6. Mr. Donny George held several meetings with government officials.

(2) Provision of vehicles for protection of cultural heritage, etc.:

The GOJ has earmarked part of the contributions which it provided to the UN Trust Fund to assist the reconstruction of Iraq to be used in cultural projects of UNESCO and a project to provide vehicles for protection of cultural heritage is
scheduled to be implemented.


The GOJ decided to contribute approximately $1 million through the Japanese Fund-in-Trust for the capacity-building of Human Resources in UNESCO to conduct research on the local needs and to start emergency assistance (training of staff members and launching of Web sites) for the Ministry of Education of Iraq.

The GOJ has appropriated part of the contributions it provided to the UN Trust Fund to assist the reconstruction of Iraq for educational projects of UNESCO, and projects such as assistance for literacy education and capacity building of educational personnel are scheduled to be implemented.


In early February 2004, Special Advisor to Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, Yukio Okamura visited France and agreed with the French Government to pursue Franco-Japanese cooperation on sports and cultural assistance for Iraq.

After discussions at working levels, Japanese Foreign Minister Kawaguchi and French Foreign Minister de Villepin agreed to move forward on the following cooperative projects:

Provision of support, inter alia, for the exhibition of Iraq National Museum and rehabilitation of Iraq National Library and Iraq National Archives.

Provision of support for Iraqi athletes aiming to participate in international competitions.

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