In addition to his indispensable work on Israel, Iran and the Middle East, Howard has been a major force on a wide range of other foreign policy and national security issues.
As a junior member of Congress, Howard demonstrated his effectiveness by passing a law prohibiting the export of crowd control technology and lethal equipment to the South African military and police -- the first time Congress passed sanctions on the Apartheid regime in South Africa.
Working closely with Senators John McCain and Al Gore, Howard passed the Missile Technology Control Act of 1990, which imposed sanctions against persons that transferred sensitive missile technology in violation of U.S. law.
Following the Iran-contra scandal, Howard partnered with Congressman Henry Hyde to author sweeping legislation to prevent future administrations from providing arms to nations that support international terrorism.
Soon after becoming Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee in 2008, Howard negotiated and passed a five-year reauthorization of our global HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria programs. Later that year, he authored the William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008, which combats human trafficking in foreign countries
As Chairman, Howard also authored and passed legislation imposing conditions on military assistance to Pakistan, while providing assistance to strengthen Pakistan's civilian government and civil society.
He passed legislation removing Nelson Mandela and other senior African National Congress leaders from the U.S. terrorism list.
And he played a key role in passing the Congo Conflict Minerals Act, part of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street reform bill, which requires companies to report on measures they are taking to ensure that their products do not include "conflict minerals" from the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Since his election to the House of Representatives in 1982, Howard has been a stalwart supporter of efforts to recognize the Armenian Genocide. He has always cosponsored and voted for the Armenian Genocide resolution, and as Chairman of the Foreign Affairs Committee, he worked hand-in-hand with the Armenian-American community to line up the votes necessary to overcome fierce opposition and pass the resolution through the Committee.
This year, Howard is the chief Democratic sponsor of H.Res. 306, a resolution that calls on Turkey to return confiscated churches and allow true freedom of worship for all Christian minorities. When the Foreign Affairs Committee considered legislation to fund the State Department, Howard offered key parts of H.Res. 306 as an amendment, and it passed the Committee by an overwhelming vote of 43-1.
This year, Howard was the was the lead Democratic author of the Kate Puzey Peace Corps Volunteer Protection Act, legislation that requires the Peace Corps to improve support for volunteers that are victims of violent crimes.
And he is currently engaged in three-year effort to rewrite the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, with the goal of making U.S. foreign aid more efficient, effective and transparent.