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Small Community Options for Regulatory Equity Act

Location: Washington, DC

SMALL COMMUNITY OPTIONS FOR REGULATORY EQUITY ACT -- (Extensions of Remarks - June 25, 2004)


FRIDAY, JUNE 25, 2004

Mr. OTTER. Mr. Speaker, I rise today to introduce the Small Community Options for Regulatory Equity Act. Rural
communities across my state and elsewhere are being unfairly burdened by Environmental Protection Agency
regulations that have questionable benefit.

While we all want to ensure a clean, safe drinking water supply for our communities, we must remember that fiscal
restraints sometimes require tradeoffs and accommodations. Many small communities believe that EPA regulations will
do more harm than good by wasting limited public health funds complying with standards that do little to advance the
interests of public health.

For those of you who may have forgotten the arsenic debate of just a few years ago, let me refresh your memory. The
Safe Drinking Water Act was used in the past to clean up pollution caused by previous business practices. Now the
EPA is using the act to clean up Mother Nature herself. Arsenic is a naturally occurring component in the soil and
water of many Western states, including Idaho. Using questionable science, the EPA has committed to ensuring all
domestic water systems meet the arbitrary 10 parts-per-billion standard for arsenic-no matter how small those systems
are. This is down from the 50 parts-per-billion standard set in 1975.

When the Safe Drinking Water Act was passed, Congress provided flexibility for EPA to determine whether it is
economically or technologically feasible to obtain a certain level of reduced contamination. Essentially, the act states
that if it's too expensive, smaller systems simply need to get as close to the standard as they reasonably can.
Unfortunately EPA has decided not to use that flexibility. EPA has determined that paying $1,000 per year per user for
the smaller water systems to meet the arsenic standard is affordable.

We know that many of our rural communities have low-income residents who make difficult decisions each month.
They must choose which bills to pay and which to put off. These folks aren't worried about the cable bill; they're
worried about being able to cover their heat, food, power and even prescription drug costs every month. And when
faced with those choices, they'll choose to pay their water bill first. But the EPA-in its infinite wisdom-has decided
to place a higher priority on marginal reductions in arsenic level than such basic needs as food and shelter.

That is unacceptable, which is why I am introducing legislation today to allow small and rural communities, those
under 10,000 in population, to choose whether they want EPA to enforce regulations on naturally occurring
contaminants. If the eligible community determines it is too costly to comply with the rule it can request an exemption
from the regulation, which EPA must grant.

No one is talking about removing all the arsenic from the water. We are talking about removing parts per billion, which
is removing a very small amount of something that is barely even there. There is no bright line of concentration at the
parts-per-billion level beyond which arsenic becomes unsafe. EPA views 9.9 parts-per-billion as safe and 10.1 as
unsafe, despite the fact that there is little health difference between such small differences. EPA can't determine how
much arsenic ingestion above the federal standard is harmful. While EPA has said that arsenic concentrations above its
standard don't necessarily present an unreasonable risk to health, concentrations above 10 parts-per-billion do create a
significant financial burden for small communities.

This mandate doesn't consider the unintended consequences and it can't balance competing local priorities. Local
communities are in the best position to determine where their scarce resources need to go. EPA is not going to the
communities and suggesting ways they can comply or technology they can use. Rather than being a good partner, EPA
is once again just an enforcer, and is waiting until 2006 to impose fines on communities that are not in compliance.
Such one-size-fits-all government "solutions" do nothing to make the water cleaner. They only provoke bitterness and
stifle cooperation.

One small community in Idaho already has had to lay off its only police officer in order to afford studies and other
requirements related to complying with the arsenic regulation. Now we are asking people to choose between real public
safety and a theoretical health benefit. Further compounding the problem for this rural community, the EPA recently
denied its request for a compliance extension, as provided for in the agency's own regulation. Community leaders
know they can't comply by 2006 and are trying to do the right thing-but EPA refuses to help them.

We are supposed to have a democratic process here in the United States. In this case, the EPA is overriding the will of
local citizens. I believe it's time to put the power back into the hands of those most impacted to determine what truly is
best for them.
I remain concerned that this regulation will have very adverse economic impacts on thousands of rural communities across the nation, without addressing legitimate human health concerns. Since there is no economically feasible way for
small communities to meet this standard and the standard may result in no health benefits, I support allowing each
eligible rural community to decide whether to comply. I encourage you to join me in cosponsoring the Small Community Options for Regulatory Equity Act

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