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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: American Public Health Association

1998 Positions

State Office District Name Party Rating
Nick Rahall II 50%
James Ramstad 63%
Charlie Rangel 100%
Ralph Regula 25%
Harry Reid 67%
Silvestre Reyes 57%
Bob Riley 13%
Lynn Nancy Rivers 100%
Charles Robb 67%
Jay Rockefeller IV 100%
Ciro Rodriguez 88%
Timothy Roemer 50%
James Rogan 13%
William Roth, Jr. 33%
Steve Rothman 100%
Marge Roukema 50%
Jim Ryun 13%
Martin Olav Sabo 100%
Matt Salmon 0%
Loretta Sanchez 100%
Max Sandlin, Jr. 50%
Rick Santorum 0%
Paul Sarbanes 100%
Thomas Sawyer 100%
Jim Saxton 25%
Joe Scarborough 0%
Robert Schaffer 0%
John Shadegg 0%
E. Clay Shaw, Jr. 25%
Christopher Shays 75%
E.G. Shuster 0%
Norman Sisisky 63%
Joseph Skeen 13%
Ike Skelton 25%
Gordon Smith 17%
Nick Smith 25%
Bob Smith 0%
Olympia Snowe 50%
Vic Snyder 100%
Mark Souder 13%
Arlen Specter 60%
Floyd Spence, Sr. 0%
John Spratt, Jr. 75%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Charles Stenholm 25%
Ted Stevens 17%
Ted Strickland 63%
Bob Stump 13%
Bart Stupak 63%
John Sununu 0%
James Talent 13%
John Tanner 50%
Ellen Tauscher 100%
William Tauzin II 0%
Charles Taylor 0%
Gene Taylor 38%
Craig Thomas 0%
William Thomas 25%
Fred Thompson 0%
Karen Thurman 100%
Strom Thurmond 0%
Todd Tiahrt 0%
John Tierney 100%
Robert Torricelli 100%
Ed Towns 100%
James Traficant, Jr. 13%
James Turner 50%
Bruce Vento 100%
James Walsh 25%
Zach Wamp 0%
John Warner 33%
Wesley Watkins 13%
Mel Watt 100%
Julius Caesar Watts, Jr. 13%
Henry Waxman 100%
David Weldon 13%
W. Curtis Weldon 38%
Gerald Weller 25%
Paul Wellstone 100%
Robert Wexler 100%
Bob Weygand 88%
Ed Whitfield 0%
Heather Wilson 14%
Bob Wise, Jr. 75%
Frank Wolf 13%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
Albert Wynn 100%
Bill Young 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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