Rating Group: American Public Health Association

2009 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 29%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Donald Young R 25%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 14%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 33%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 11%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 11%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 14%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 0%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raul Grijalva D 100%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 11%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 100%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 100%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 11%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 100%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 100%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 100%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 100%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 78%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 100%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 100%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 11%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 22%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 100%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 100%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 11%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 11%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 100%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 11%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 11%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 11%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 100%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 100%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Michael Bennet D 100%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 100%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 100%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 11%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 11%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 100%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 100%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 100%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 100%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 100%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 100%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 100%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 11%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 33%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 100%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 44%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 11%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 100%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 33%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 44%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 0%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 88%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 100%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 100%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 100%
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 22%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 14%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 100%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 11%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 14%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 14%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 33%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 100%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 88%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 100%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 100%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 33%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 100%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 100%
IL U.S. House-11 Bill Foster D 78%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 33%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 78%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 89%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 100%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 22%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 11%
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 22%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 100%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 22%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Cassidy R 22%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 22%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 89%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 100%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 100%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 100%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 89%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 100%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 100%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 100%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 100%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 100%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 57%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 89%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 100%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Gary Peters D 100%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 44%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 100%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar D 100%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken D 100%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz D 100%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 44%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum D 100%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison D 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson D 56%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 100%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 13%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 100%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 11%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 100%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 11%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 14%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 14%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 22%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 100%
NA Vice President Mike Pence R 11%
NA U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions III R 14%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 100%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 11%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 100%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 0%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 11%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 33%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 11%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 100%
NH U.S. House-1 Carol Shea-Porter D 100%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 56%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 56%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 56%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 100%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 100%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 44%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 89%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 88%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Dean Heller R 11%
NV U.S. House-1 Dina Titus D 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 44%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 100%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 100%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 100%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 100%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 100%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 100%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 100%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 100%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 100%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 100%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 100%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 11%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 11%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 89%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 44%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 100%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 44%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 89%
OH State House-59 John Boccieri D 78%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 11%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 11%
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 22%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 100%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 25%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 78%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 100%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 86%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 100%
PA U.S. House-5 GT Thompson, Jr. R 22%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 11%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 89%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 44%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 100%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 89%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 0%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 11%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 100%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 14%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 14%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 29%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 11%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 11%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 89%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 11%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 100%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 14%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 11%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 11%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 22%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 11%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 11%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 100%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 22%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 11%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 13%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 11%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 100%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 22%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 11%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 11%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 25%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 89%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 100%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 100%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 11%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 11%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 100%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 22%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 11%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 89%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 100%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 100%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 22%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 56%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 100%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 100%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 100%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 11%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 89%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 100%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 11%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 44%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 14%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 14%
Neil Abercrombie 100%
Gary Ackerman 100%
John Adler 88%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Todd Akin 13%
Rodney Alexander 11%
Jason Altmire 67%
Rob Andrews 100%
Michael Arcuri 78%
Steve Austria 33%
Joe Baca, Sr. 89%
Michele Bachmann 22%
Spencer Bachus 22%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 29%
Brian Baird 89%
J. Gresham Barrett 11%
John Barrow 56%
Roscoe Bartlett 22%
Max Baucus 100%
Evan Bayh 71%
Melissa Bean 100%
Mark Begich 100%
Bob Bennett 0%
Shelley Berkley 100%
Howard Berman 100%
Marion Berry 78%
Judy Biggert 33%
Brian Bilbray 22%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Tim Bishop 100%
John Boehner 11%
Kit Bond 0%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 11%
Mary Bono Mack 44%
Dan Boren 56%
Leonard Boswell 100%
Rick Boucher 88%
Charles Boustany, Jr. 11%
Barbara Boxer 100%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 89%
Bruce Braley 100%
Bobby Bright 11%
Paul Broun 0%
Corrine Brown 100%
Henry Brown, Jr. 22%
Ginny Brown-Waite 33%
Jim Bunning 0%
Roland Burris 100%
Dan Burton 11%
Steve Buyer 22%
Robert Byrd 100%
Dave Camp 33%
John Campbell III 13%
Eric Cantor 22%
Joseph Cao 56%
Lois Capps 100%
Dennis Cardoza 88%
Russ Carnahan 100%
Christopher Carney 75%
Mike Castle 56%
Jason Chaffetz 11%
Saxby Chambliss 0%
Ben Chandler III 78%
Travis Childers 44%
Howard Coble 11%
Thomas Coburn 0%
Kent Conrad 86%
Jerry Costello 78%
Ander Crenshaw 25%
Kathy Dahlkemper 78%
Artur Davis 67%
Geoff Davis 11%
Lincoln Davis 44%
Bill Delahunt 100%
James DeMint 0%
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 33%
Norm Dicks 100%
John Dingell 100%
Chris Dodd 100%
Byron Dorgan 86%
David Dreier 22%
Steve Driehaus 89%
Donna Edwards 100%
Chet Edwards 78%
Vern Ehlers 44%
Brad Ellsworth 78%
Jo Ann Emerson 33%
John Ensign 0%
Bob Etheridge 88%
Sam Farr 100%
Chaka Fattah, Sr. 100%
Russ Feingold 100%
Bob Filner 100%
John Fleming, Jr. 22%
Randy Forbes 11%
Barney Frank 100%
Elton Gallegly 22%
Scott Garrett 11%
Jim Gerlach 44%
Gabrielle Giffords 100%
Phil Gingrey 22%
Charlie Gonzalez 100%
Bart Gordon 78%
Alan Grayson 100%
Judd Gregg 14%
Parker Griffith, Jr. 33%
Kay Hagan 86%
John Hall 100%
Ralph Hall 22%
Debbie Halvorson 100%
Phil Hare 100%
Tom Harkin 100%
Jane Harman 100%
Doc Hastings 22%
Wally Herger, Jr. 11%
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 78%
Baron Hill 89%
Maurice Hinchey 89%
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 100%
Paul Hodes 100%
Pete Hoekstra 11%
Thomas Holden 67%
Rush Holt, Jr. 100%
Mike Honda 100%
Bob Inglis, Sr. 11%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Steve Israel 100%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 100%
Mike Johanns 14%
Tim Johnson 22%
Timothy Johnson 100%
Steve Kagen 100%
Paul Kanjorski 89%
Ted Kaufman 86%
Patrick Kennedy 100%
John Kerry 100%
Dale Kildee 89%
Carolyn Kilpatrick 100%
Mary Jo Kilroy 100%
Jack Kingston 11%
Mark Kirk 56%
Paul Kirk, Jr. 100%
Ann Kirkpatrick 78%
Larry Kissell 67%
Ron Klein 100%
John Kline 22%
Herb Kohl 100%
Suzanne Kosmas 89%
Frank Kratovil, Jr. 67%
Dennis Kucinich 67%
Jon Kyl 0%
Mary Landrieu 100%
Tom Latham 11%
Steve LaTourette 44%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Chris Lee 50%
George LeMieux 0%
Carl Levin 100%
Jerry Lewis 11%
Joe Lieberman 100%
Blanche Lincoln 100%
John Linder 13%
Dick Lugar 29%
Cynthia Lummis 0%
Dan Lungren 11%
Connie Mack IV 11%
Dan Maffei 100%
Don Manzullo 22%
Betsy Markey 67%
Jim Marshall 33%
Eric Massa 67%
Jim Matheson 56%
Carolyn McCarthy 100%
Thaddeus McCotter 33%
Jim McDermott 100%
Mike McIntyre 44%
Buck McKeon 22%
Michael McMahon 89%
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 100%
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 67%
John Mica 11%
Mike Michaud 89%
Barbara Mikulski 100%
Candice Miller 44%
Gary Miller 13%
George Miller 100%
Jeff Miller 11%
Brad Miller 100%
Walt Minnick 44%
Harry Mitchell 78%
Alan Mollohan 78%
Dennis Moore 100%
Jim Moran, Jr. 100%
Patrick Murphy 100%
Scott Murphy 80%
Tim Murphy 44%
Jack Murtha 88%
Sue Myrick 22%
Ben Nelson 71%
Randy Neugebauer 11%
Glenn Nye III 67%
Jim Oberstar 89%
Dave Obey 89%
John Olver 100%
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 78%
Bill Owens 100%
Ed Pastor 100%
Ron Paul 0%
Donald Payne 100%
Tom Perriello 63%
Tom Petri 22%
Joe Pitts 11%
Todd Platts 44%
Earl Pomeroy 78%
Tom Price 0%
Mark Pryor 86%
Adam Putnam 33%
George Radanovich 11%
Nick Rahall II 78%
Charlie Rangel 100%
Denny Rehberg 33%
Harry Reid 100%
Silvestre Reyes 89%
Laura Richardson 100%
Jay Rockefeller IV 100%
Ciro Rodriguez 78%
Mike Rogers 22%
Mike Ross 67%
Steve Rothman 100%
John Salazar 71%
Loretta Sanchez 100%
Mark Schauer 100%
Jean Schmidt 11%
Aaron Schock 22%
Allyson Schwartz 100%
Joe Sestak, Jr. 100%
John Shadegg 0%
Heath Shuler 44%
Ike Skelton 78%
Olympia Snowe 57%
Vic Snyder 88%
Mark Souder 11%
Zack Space 89%
Arlen Specter 86%
John Spratt, Jr. 89%
Pete Stark 88%
Cliff Stearns 11%
Bart Stupak 89%
John Sullivan 14%
Betty Sutton 100%
John Tanner 67%
Gene Taylor 44%
Harry Teague 56%
Lee Terry 33%
Todd Tiahrt 11%
John Tierney 100%
Ed Towns 100%
Mark Udall 100%
David Vitter 14%
George Voinovich 17%
Zach Wamp 22%
Diane Watson 100%
Mel Watt 100%
Henry Waxman 100%
Jim Webb, Jr. 100%
Anthony Weiner 100%
Lynn Westmoreland 13%
Robert Wexler 100%
Ed Whitfield 22%
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 78%
Frank Wolf 44%
Lynn Woolsey 89%
David Wu 100%
Bill Young 44%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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