Rating Group: Drum Major Institute

2008 Positions on Middle Class Advocacy

State Office Name Party Rating
Neil Abercrombie 90
Gary Ackerman 90
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 50
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 90
Todd Akin 30
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 22
Rodney Alexander 30
Wayne Allard 30
Thomas Allen 90
Jason Altmire 100
Rob Andrews 90
Michael Arcuri 90
Joe Baca, Sr. 90
Michele Bachmann 40
Spencer Bachus 30
Kay Bailey Hutchison 40
Brian Baird 78
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 90
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 30
J. Gresham Barrett 20
John Barrow 100
Roscoe Bartlett 40
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 60
Max Baucus 70
Evan Bayh 80
Melissa Bean 80
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 100
Bob Bennett 30
Shelley Berkley 90
Howard Berman 89
Marion Berry 80
Joe Biden, Jr. 88
Judy Biggert 40
Brian Bilbray 40
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 50
Jeff Bingaman 90
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 30
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 90
Tim Bishop 90
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 30
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 20
John Boehner 20
Kit Bond 56
Jo Bonner, Jr. 30
Mary Bono Mack 56
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 40
Dan Boren 80
Leonard Boswell 90
Rick Boucher 89
Charles Boustany, Jr. 40
Barbara Boxer 89
Allen Boyd, Jr. 70
Nancy Boyda 100
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 20
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 90
Bruce Braley 89
Paul Broun 11
Corrine Brown 89
Henry Brown, Jr. 40
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 80
KS Governor Sam Brownback R 50
Ginny Brown-Waite 50
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 60
Jim Bunning 40
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 30
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 30
Dan Burton 30
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 90
Steve Buyer 67
Robert Byrd 78
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 30
Dave Camp 50
John Campbell III 14
Chris Cannon 20
Eric Cantor 20
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 100
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 90
Lois Capps 90
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 90
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Ben Cardin D 90
Dennis Cardoza 80
Russ Carnahan 90
Christopher Carney 100
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 70
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 88
Julia Carson 88
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 44
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 90
Mike Castle 70
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 100
Donald Cazayoux, Jr. 100
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 40
Saxby Chambliss 40
Ben Chandler III 100
Travis Childers 83
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 90
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 100
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 90
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 90
Howard Coble 22
Thomas Coburn 0
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 40
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 89
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 30
Norm Coleman 43
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 70
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 30
Kent Conrad 78
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 100
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 67
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 20
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 38
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 89
Jerry Costello 100
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 100
Larry Craig 38
Robert Cramer 89
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 40
Ander Crenshaw 50
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 90
Barbara Cubin 0
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 90
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 50
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 90
Artur Davis 80
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 89
David Davis 50
Geoff Davis 40
Lincoln Davis 100
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 90
Thomas Davis III 38
GA Governor Nathan Deal R 20
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 100
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 89
Bill Delahunt 100
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 90
James DeMint 11
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 70
Lincoln Diaz-Balart 70
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 70
Norm Dicks 89
John Dingell 90
Chris Dodd 90
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 100
Elizabeth Dole 70
Pete Domenici, Jr. 38
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 80
John Doolittle 33
Byron Dorgan 90
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 90
Thelma Drake 50
David Dreier 30
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 40
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 90
Chet Edwards 90
Vern Ehlers 60
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison D 89
Brad Ellsworth 80
IL Mayor-At-Large Rahm Emanuel D 89
Jo Ann Emerson 70
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 90
Philip English 90
John Ensign 20
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 30
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 90
Bob Etheridge 90
Terry Everett 29
OK Governor Mary Fallin R 30
Sam Farr 89
Chaka Fattah, Sr. 90
Tom Feeney 40
Russ Feingold 100
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 80
Michael Ferguson 40
Bob Filner 90
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 20
Randy Forbes 40
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 44
Vito Fossella, Jr. 50
IL U.S. House-11 Bill Foster D 88
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 30
Barney Frank 90
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 30
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 40
Elton Gallegly 50
Scott Garrett 20
Jim Gerlach 67
Gabrielle Giffords 80
Wayne Gilchrest 89
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 88
Phil Gingrey 20
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 30
Charlie Gonzalez 90
Virgil Goode, Jr. 40
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 40
Bart Gordon 88
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 38
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 30
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 30
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 50
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 90
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 100
Judd Gregg 22
AZ U.S. House-3 Raul Grijalva D 100
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 88
Charles Hagel 14
John Hall 90
Ralph Hall 50
Phil Hare 90
Tom Harkin 90
Jane Harman 90
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 89
Doc Hastings 40
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 30
Robert Hayes 70
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Dean Heller R 40
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 30
Wally Herger, Jr. 20
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin 80
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 90
Baron Hill 100
Maurice Hinchey 100
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 89
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 90
David Lee Hobson 50
Paul Hodes 100
Pete Hoekstra 30
Thomas Holden 100
Rush Holt, Jr. 90
Mike Honda 90
Darlene Hooley 89
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 90
Kenny Hulshof 33
Duncan Hunter 50
Bob Inglis, Sr. 30
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 30
Daniel Inouye 78
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 100
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 30
Steve Israel 90
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 40
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 90
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 90
William Jefferson 100
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 89
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 100
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 40
Tim Johnson 60
Timothy Johnson 70
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 70
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 30
Steve Kagen 90
Paul Kanjorski 90
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 100
Richard Keller 56
Patrick Kennedy 89
John Kerry 89
Dale Kildee 90
Carolyn Kilpatrick 90
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 90
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 60
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 30
Jack Kingston 20
Mark Kirk 60
Ron Klein 90
John Kline 30
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar D 88
Joseph Knollenberg 60
Herb Kohl 80
Dennis Kucinich 100
John Kuhl, Jr. 33
Jon Kyl 0
Ray LaHood 78
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 30
Nicholas Lampson 80
Mary Landrieu 70
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 90
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 90
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 90
Tom Latham 60
Steve LaTourette 100
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 40
Frank Lautenberg 90
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 90
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 90
Carl Levin 90
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 90
Jerry Lewis 30
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 90
Ron Lewis 56
Joe Lieberman 70
Blanche Lincoln 60
John Linder 20
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 100
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 80
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 89
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 90
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 89
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 44
Dick Lugar 40
Dan Lungren 10
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 100
Connie Mack IV 33
Tim Mahoney 80
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 88
Don Manzullo 50
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 30
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 90
Jim Marshall 70
Melquiades Martinez 50
Jim Matheson 80
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 90
Carolyn McCarthy 90
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 40
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 70
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 50
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum D 90
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 30
Thaddeus McCotter 60
James McCrery III 50
Jim McDermott 100
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 90
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 30
John McHugh 80
Mike McIntyre 90
Buck McKeon 30
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 50
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 90
Michael McNulty 90
Kendrick Meek, Sr. 90
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 90
Charlie Melancon, Sr. 90
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 90
John Mica 50
Mike Michaud 100
Barbara Mikulski 80
Candice Miller 90
Gary Miller 38
George Miller 90
Jeff Miller 30
Brad Miller 90
Harry Mitchell 80
Alan Mollohan 90
Dennis Moore 90
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 90
Jim Moran, Jr. 90
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 33
Frank Murkowski 33
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 90
Patrick Murphy 90
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 90
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 90
Jack Murtha 90
Marilyn Musgrave 40
Sue Myrick 33
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 90
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 100
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 90
Ben Nelson 67
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 90
Randy Neugebauer 44
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 40
Jim Oberstar 90
Dave Obey 90
John Olver 90
Solomon Ortiz, Sr. 90
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 90
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 90
Ed Pastor 90
Ron Paul 10
Donald Payne 100
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 40
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 83
NA Vice President Mike Pence R 30
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 90
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson D 80
John Peterson 44
Tom Petri 70
Charles Pickering, Jr. 40
Joe Pitts 33
Todd Platts 80
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 20
Earl Pomeroy 90
Jon Porter, Sr. 89
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 90
NA U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Tom Price R 20
Deborah Pryce 75
Mark Pryor 70
Adam Putnam 30
George Radanovich 40
Nick Rahall II 78
James Ramstad 80
Charlie Rangel 89
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 90
Ralph Regula 70
Denny Rehberg 60
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 60
Harry Reid 70
Richard Renzi 78
Silvestre Reyes 89
Thomas Reynolds 22
Laura Richardson 89
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 50
Jay Rockefeller IV 80
Ciro Rodriguez 90
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 40
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 50
Mike Rogers 60
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 22
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 40
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 70
Mike Ross 90
Steve Rothman 100
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 100
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 30
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 89
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 83
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 30
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 90
John Salazar 100
Ken Salazar 80
William Sali 30
Loretta Sanchez 100
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 100
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 90
Jim Saxton 40
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 38
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 90
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 90
Jean Schmidt 30
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 90
Allyson Schwartz 90
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 90
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 100
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 25
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 100
NA U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions III R 20
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 30
Joe Sestak, Jr. 90
John Shadegg 10
Christopher Shays 80
NH U.S. House-1 Carol Shea-Porter D 100
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 40
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 100
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 50
Heath Shuler 90
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 30
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 40
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 90
Ike Skelton 90
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 90
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 89
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 40
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 90
Gordon Smith 67
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 30
Olympia Snowe 67
Vic Snyder 89
CA Supervisor-1 Hilda Solis 89
Mark Souder 50
Zack Space 90
Arlen Specter 56
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 88
John Spratt, Jr. 90
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 100
Pete Stark 90
Cliff Stearns 50
Ted Stevens 50
Bart Stupak 100
John Sullivan 30
John Sununu 56
Betty Sutton 90
Tom Tancredo 11
John Tanner 89
Ellen Tauscher 90
Gene Taylor 90
Lee Terry 30
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 80
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 100
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 90
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 30
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 40
Todd Tiahrt 44
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 50
John Tierney 90
Ed Towns 90
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 90
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 70
Mark Udall 100
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 80
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 90
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 90
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 100
David Vitter 50
George Voinovich 40
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 44
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 40
James Walsh 70
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz D 90
Zach Wamp 40
John Warner 60
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 90
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 90
Diane Watson 89
Mel Watt 90
Henry Waxman 90
Jim Webb, Jr. 80
Anthony Weiner 90
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 90
David Weldon 22
Gerald Weller 40
Lynn Westmoreland 20
Robert Wexler 89
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 90
Ed Whitfield 60
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 50
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 30
Charlie Wilson, Jr. 89
Heather Wilson 50
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 50
Frank Wolf 50
Lynn Woolsey 89
David Wu 90
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 90
Bill Young 60
AK U.S. House-At-Large Donald Young R 78

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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