Rating Group: National Association of Manufacturers

2011-2012 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 93%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Donald Young R 82%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 71%
AL U.S. House-2 Martha Roby R 92%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 100%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 88%
AL U.S. House-5 Mo Brooks R 88%
AL U.S. House-7 Terri Sewell D 56%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 93%
AR U.S. House-1 Rick Crawford R 96%
AR U.S. House-3 Steve Womack R 96%
AR Lieutenant Governor Tim Griffin R 96%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 75%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 84%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raul Grijalva D 8%
AZ U.S. House-4 Paul Gosar R 92%
AZ U.S. House-6 David Schweikert R 92%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 88%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 57%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 12%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 88%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 24%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 16%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 12%
CA U.S. House-10 Jeff Denham R 92%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 23%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 8%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 17%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 84%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 20%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 8%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 96%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 100%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 12%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 24%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 12%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 8%
CA U.S. House-37 Karen Bass D 17%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 13%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 92%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 12%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 100%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 8%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 88%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 96%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 84%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 32%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 20%
CA Supervisor-4 Janice Hahn 13%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Michael Bennet D 64%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Cory Gardner R 96%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 16%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 30%
CO U.S. House-3 Scott Tipton R 92%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 88%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 92%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 44%
CT U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Blumenthal D 36%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 12%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 20%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 20%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 12%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 33%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 64%
DE U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Coons D 57%
DE Governor John Carney, Jr. D 32%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 57%
FL U.S. Senate-Jr Marco Rubio R 85%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 88%
FL U.S. House-11 Daniel Webster R 92%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 92%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 32%
FL U.S. House-15 Dennis Ross R 92%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 96%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 96%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 16%
FL U.S. House-22 Ted Deutch D 16%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 29%
FL U.S. House-24 Frederica Wilson D 17%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 96%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 88%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 100%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 75%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 20%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 13%
GA U.S. House-7 Rob Woodall R 96%
GA U.S. House-8 Austin Scott R 88%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 36%
GA U.S. House-14 Tom Graves, Jr. R 88%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 12%
HI U.S. House-1 Colleen Hanabusa D 24%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 79%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 20%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 88%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 93%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 92%
ID U.S. House-1 Raúl Labrador R 92%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 96%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 50%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 12%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 24%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 17%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 32%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 100%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 20%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 12%
IL U.S. House-14 Randy Hultgren R 88%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 100%
IL U.S. House-16 Adam Kinzinger R 96%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 64%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Todd Young R 100%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 21%
IN U.S. House-4 Todd Rokita R 92%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 13%
IN U.S. House-8 Larry Bucshon R 96%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 93%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 93%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 100%
KS U.S. House-3 Kevin Yoder R 92%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 93%
KY U.S. Senate-Jr Rand Paul R 71%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 100%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 17%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 100%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Cassidy R 100%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 96%
LA U.S. House-2 Cedric Richmond D 40%
LA Attorney General Jeff Landry R 88%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 8%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 20%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 12%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 16%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 13%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 20%
MA U.S. House-9 Bill Keating D 20%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Ben Cardin D 43%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 28%
MD U.S. House-1 Andy Harris R 92%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 24%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 12%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 28%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 12%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 64%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 12%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 43%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Gary Peters D 16%
MI U.S. House-2 Bill Huizenga R 96%
MI U.S. House-3 Justin Amash R 88%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 100%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 100%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 24%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 12%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar D 50%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken D 43%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz D 48%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 100%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum D 16%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison D 13%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson D 79%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 43%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 100%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 16%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 100%
MO U.S. House-4 Vicky Hartzler R 87%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 13%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 96%
MO U.S. House-7 Billy Long R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 100%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 28%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 96%
MS U.S. House-4 Steven Palazzo R 96%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 36%
NA Vice President Mike Pence R 100%
NA U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions III R 75%
NA Director of the Office of Management & Budget Mick Mulvaney R 88%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 93%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 20%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 56%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 28%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 92%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 96%
ND U.S. Senate-Sr John Hoeven R 100%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 92%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 96%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 57%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 50%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 68%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 64%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 12%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 92%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 35%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 25%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 91%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 43%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 20%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 88%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 8%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Dean Heller R 82%
NV U.S. House-2 Mark Amodei R 91%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 50%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 43%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 92%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 27%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 12%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 12%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 13%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 24%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 25%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 12%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 21%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 24%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 12%
NY U.S. House-23 Tom Reed II R 100%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 11%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 24%
NY Lieutenant Governor Kathy Hochul Other 39%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 36%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 100%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 96%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 91%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 96%
OH U.S. House-6 Bill Johnson R 100%
OH U.S. House-7 Bob Gibbs R 100%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 8%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 92%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 16%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 100%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 12%
OH U.S. House-15 Steve Stivers R 100%
OH U.S. House-16 Jim Renacci R 100%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 86%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr James Lankford R 96%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 100%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 100%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 57%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 29%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 100%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 21%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 24%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 52%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 36%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 86%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 16%
PA U.S. House-3 Mike Kelly R 100%
PA U.S. House-5 GT Thompson, Jr. R 96%
PA U.S. House-7 Pat Meehan R 96%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 100%
PA U.S. House-10 Tom Marino R 100%
PA U.S. House-11 Lou Barletta R 100%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 21%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 36%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 36%
RI U.S. House-1 David Cicilline D 20%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 20%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 93%
SC U.S. Senate-Jr Tim Scott R 92%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 88%
SC U.S. House-3 Jeff Duncan R 84%
SC U.S. House-4 Trey Gowdy III R 88%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 36%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 86%
SD U.S. House-At-Large Kristi Noem R 96%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 86%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 92%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 100%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 79%
TN U.S. House-3 Chuck Fleischmann R 92%
TN U.S. House-4 Scott DesJarlais R 92%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 52%
TN U.S. House-6 Diane Black R 96%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 96%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 20%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 93%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 88%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 92%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 100%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 96%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 100%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 96%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 36%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 96%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 96%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 96%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 96%
TX U.S. House-17 Bill Flores R 96%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 36%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 100%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 100%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 96%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 92%
TX U.S. House-27 Blake Farenthold R 100%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 92%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 46%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 40%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 96%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 20%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 86%
UT U.S. Senate-Jr Mike Lee R 64%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 76%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 69%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 92%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 16%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 96%
VA U.S. House-9 Morgan Griffith R 92%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 32%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 43%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 23%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 20%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 57%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 57%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 36%
WA U.S. House-3 Jaime Herrera Beutler R 100%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 100%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 92%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 28%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 32%
WI U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Johnson R 79%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 13%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 100%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 36%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 13%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 92%
WI U.S. House-7 Sean Duffy R 100%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Manchin III D 57%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 100%
WV U.S. House-1 David McKinley R 84%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 100%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 100%
Gary Ackerman 29%
Sandy Adams 96%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 43%
Todd Akin 88%
Rodney Alexander 100%
Jason Altmire 68%
Rob Andrews 16%
Steve Austria 96%
Kelly Ayotte 79%
Joe Baca, Sr. 43%
Michele Bachmann 87%
Spencer Bachus 100%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 93%
John Barrow 80%
Roscoe Bartlett 96%
Charlie Bass 92%
Max Baucus 69%
Mark Begich 50%
Dan Benishek 96%
Rick Berg 100%
Shelley Berkley 24%
Howard Berman 28%
Judy Biggert 96%
Brian Bilbray 100%
Jeff Bingaman 57%
Tim Bishop 20%
John Boehner 100%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 100%
Mary Bono Mack 96%
Dan Boren 96%
Leonard Boswell 64%
Charles Boustany, Jr. 100%
Barbara Boxer 36%
Bruce Braley 18%
Paul Broun 88%
Corrine Brown 16%
Scott Brown 93%
Ann Marie Buerkle 88%
Dan Burton 88%
Dave Camp 100%
John Campbell III 96%
Francisco Canseco 100%
Eric Cantor 100%
Lois Capps 16%
Dennis Cardoza 64%
Russ Carnahan 22%
Jason Chaffetz 88%
Saxby Chambliss 86%
Ben Chandler III 64%
Hansen Clarke 8%
Dan Coats 93%
Howard Coble 91%
Thomas Coburn 64%
Kent Conrad 57%
Jerry Costello 42%
Chip Cravaack 92%
Ander Crenshaw 100%
Mark Critz 68%
Geoff Davis 92%
James DeMint 64%
Norm Dicks 29%
John Dingell 20%
Bob Dold 92%
David Dreier 100%
Donna Edwards 8%
Renee Ellmers 92%
Jo Ann Emerson 91%
John Ensign 100%
Sam Farr 16%
Chaka Fattah, Sr. 28%
Bob Filner 9%
Stephen Fincher 96%
Mike Fitzpatrick 92%
John Fleming, Jr. 92%
Randy Forbes 96%
Barney Frank 12%
Elton Gallegly 100%
Scott Garrett 88%
Jim Gerlach 100%
Chris Gibson 88%
Gabrielle Giffords 100%
Phil Gingrey 91%
Charlie Gonzalez 43%
Michael Grimm 88%
Frank Guinta 96%
Kay Hagan 38%
Ralph Hall 91%
Richard Hanna 100%
Tom Harkin 29%
Jane Harman 0%
Doc Hastings 100%
Nan Hayworth 88%
Joe Heck, Jr. 96%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Maurice Hinchey 9%
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 46%
Thomas Holden 65%
Rush Holt, Jr. 12%
Mike Honda 8%
Tim Huelskamp 88%
Robert Hurt 96%
Daniel Inouye 50%
Steve Israel 20%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 12%
Mike Johanns 100%
Timothy Johnson 57%
Tim Johnson 84%
John Kerry 64%
Dale Kildee 13%
Jack Kingston 88%
Mark Kirk 86%
Larry Kissell 40%
John Kline 100%
Herb Kohl 50%
Dennis Kucinich 8%
Jon Kyl 93%
Mary Landrieu 79%
Tom Latham 96%
Steve LaTourette 76%
Frank Lautenberg 43%
Chris Lee 100%
Carl Levin 43%
Jerry Lewis 100%
Joe Lieberman 69%
Dick Lugar 100%
Cynthia Lummis 92%
Dan Lungren 96%
Connie Mack IV 96%
Don Manzullo 92%
Jim Matheson 92%
Carolyn McCarthy 28%
Thaddeus McCotter 96%
Jim McDermott 20%
Mike McIntyre 71%
Buck McKeon 100%
John Mica 100%
Mike Michaud 20%
Barbara Mikulski 43%
Candice Miller 100%
Gary Miller 96%
George Miller 8%
Jeff Miller 92%
Brad Miller 12%
Jim Moran, Jr. 24%
Tim Murphy 96%
Sue Myrick 96%
Ben Nelson 71%
Randy Neugebauer 92%
Rich Nugent 96%
Alan Nunnelee 92%
John Olver 18%
Bill Owens 56%
Ed Pastor 16%
Ron Paul 85%
Donald Payne 8%
Tom Petri 96%
Joe Pitts 96%
Todd Platts 96%
Mike Pompeo 96%
Tom Price 96%
Mark Pryor 64%
Ben Quayle 92%
Nick Rahall II 64%
Charlie Rangel 17%
Denny Rehberg 92%
Harry Reid 36%
Silvestre Reyes 33%
Reid Ribble 96%
Laura Richardson 24%
Scott Rigell 92%
David Rivera 96%
Jay Rockefeller IV 31%
Mike Rogers 100%
Mike Ross 96%
Steve Rothman 21%
Jon Runyan 88%
Loretta Sanchez 22%
Bobby Schilling 96%
Jean Schmidt 96%
Aaron Schock 96%
Allyson Schwartz 24%
Heath Shuler 46%
Olympia Snowe 54%
Steve Southerland 88%
Pete Stark 8%
Cliff Stearns 92%
Marlin Stutzman 92%
John Sullivan 96%
Betty Sutton 16%
Lee Terry 96%
John Tierney 12%
Ed Towns 12%
Bob Turner 100%
Mark Udall 64%
David Vitter 71%
Joe Walsh 92%
Mel Watt 16%
Henry Waxman 13%
Jim Webb, Jr. 64%
Anthony Weiner 0%
Allen West 92%
Lynn Westmoreland 92%
Ed Whitfield 100%
Frank Wolf 88%
Lynn Woolsey 8%
David Wu 25%
Bill Young 87%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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