Rating Group: Friends Committee on National Legislation

2011 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 60%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Donald Young R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 60%
AL U.S. House-2 Martha Roby R 17%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 0%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 0%
AL U.S. House-5 Mo Brooks R 0%
AL U.S. House-7 Terri Sewell D 33%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 60%
AR U.S. House-1 Rick Crawford R 17%
AR U.S. House-3 Steve Womack R 17%
AR Lieutenant Governor Tim Griffin R 17%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 60%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 25%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raul Grijalva D 83%
AZ U.S. House-4 Paul Gosar R 17%
AZ U.S. House-6 David Schweikert R 17%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 100%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 67%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 17%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 67%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 67%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 50%
CA U.S. House-10 Jeff Denham R 17%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 80%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 100%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 83%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 50%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 83%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 83%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 0%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 0%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 67%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 50%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 50%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 83%
CA U.S. House-37 Karen Bass D 83%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 83%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 50%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 33%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 0%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 83%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 67%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 0%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 0%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 50%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 83%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Michael Bennet D 100%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Cory Gardner R 17%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 50%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 83%
CO U.S. House-3 Scott Tipton R 17%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 0%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 17%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 50%
CT U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Blumenthal D 100%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 67%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 67%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 50%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 60%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 50%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 100%
DE U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Coons D 100%
DE Governor John Carney, Jr. D 33%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 100%
FL U.S. Senate-Jr Marco Rubio R 60%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 33%
FL U.S. House-11 Daniel Webster R 17%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 0%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 50%
FL U.S. House-15 Dennis Ross R 0%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 17%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 17%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 83%
FL U.S. House-22 Ted Deutch D 50%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 40%
FL U.S. House-24 Frederica Wilson D 60%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 20%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 60%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 50%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 50%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 80%
GA U.S. House-7 Rob Woodall R 0%
GA U.S. House-8 Austin Scott R 17%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 33%
GA U.S. House-14 Tom Graves, Jr. R 17%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 67%
HI U.S. House-1 Colleen Hanabusa D 50%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 60%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 33%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 60%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 60%
ID U.S. House-1 Raúl Labrador R 33%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 0%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 100%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 67%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 33%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 80%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 67%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 0%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 83%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 83%
IL U.S. House-14 Randy Hultgren R 0%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 0%
IL U.S. House-16 Adam Kinzinger R 17%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 17%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Todd Young R 0%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 50%
IN U.S. House-4 Todd Rokita R 33%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 33%
IN U.S. House-8 Larry Bucshon R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 60%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 60%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 17%
KS U.S. House-3 Kevin Yoder R 17%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 60%
KY U.S. Senate-Jr Rand Paul R 60%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 0%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 33%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 0%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Cassidy R 17%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 0%
LA U.S. House-2 Cedric Richmond D 33%
LA Attorney General Jeff Landry R 17%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 67%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 67%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 67%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 50%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 67%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 60%
MA U.S. House-9 Bill Keating D 40%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Ben Cardin D 100%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 50%
MD U.S. House-1 Andy Harris R 17%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 17%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 33%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 50%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 83%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 80%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 83%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 80%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Gary Peters D 40%
MI U.S. House-2 Bill Huizenga R 17%
MI U.S. House-3 Justin Amash R 83%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 33%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 0%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 33%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 80%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar D 60%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken D 100%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz D 50%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 17%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum D 60%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison D 100%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson D 50%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 80%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 60%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 83%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 0%
MO U.S. House-4 Vicky Hartzler R 0%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 60%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 17%
MO U.S. House-7 Billy Long R 25%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 60%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 60%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 50%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 0%
MS U.S. House-4 Steven Palazzo R 0%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 100%
NA Vice President Mike Pence R 0%
NA U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions III R 60%
NA U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Tom Price R 0%
NA Director of the Office of Management & Budget Mick Mulvaney R 17%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 60%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 50%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 67%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 33%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 0%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 0%
ND U.S. Senate-Sr John Hoeven R 60%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 17%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 0%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 100%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 0%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 33%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 83%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 17%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 67%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 50%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 0%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 100%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 50%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 17%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 50%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Dean Heller R 0%
NV U.S. House-2 Mark Amodei R 0%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 100%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 17%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 60%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 83%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 67%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 83%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 67%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 50%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 67%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 33%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 50%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 50%
NY U.S. House-23 Tom Reed II R 17%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 67%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 33%
NY Lieutenant Governor Kathy Hochul Other 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 80%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 60%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 0%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 0%
OH U.S. House-6 Bill Johnson R 0%
OH U.S. House-7 Bob Gibbs R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 33%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 0%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 67%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 0%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 33%
OH U.S. House-15 Steve Stivers R 0%
OH U.S. House-16 Jim Renacci R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 60%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr James Lankford R 17%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 33%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 100%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 100%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 17%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 100%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 83%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 50%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 80%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 60%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 67%
PA U.S. House-3 Mike Kelly R 0%
PA U.S. House-5 G.T. Thompson, Jr. R 17%
PA U.S. House-7 Pat Meehan R 17%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 0%
PA U.S. House-10 Tom Marino R 0%
PA U.S. House-11 Lou Barletta R 0%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 67%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 33%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 100%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 100%
RI U.S. House-1 David Cicilline D 83%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 50%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 40%
SC U.S. Senate-Jr Tim Scott R 17%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 0%
SC U.S. House-3 Jeff Duncan R 17%
SC U.S. House-4 Trey Gowdy III R 0%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 50%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 60%
SD U.S. House-At-Large Kristi Noem R 17%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 60%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 60%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 17%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 83%
TN U.S. House-3 Chuck Fleischmann R 17%
TN U.S. House-4 Scott DesJarlais R 0%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 33%
TN U.S. House-6 Diane Black R 0%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 17%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 83%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 60%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 17%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 17%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 17%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 17%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 17%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 20%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 17%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 50%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 0%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 33%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 17%
TX U.S. House-17 Bill Flores R 17%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 67%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 0%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 17%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 17%
TX U.S. House-27 Blake Farenthold R 33%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 50%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 33%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 100%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 17%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 67%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 60%
UT U.S. Senate-Jr Mike Lee R 60%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 0%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 100%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 0%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 50%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VA U.S. House-9 Morgan Griffith R 0%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 33%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 100%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 100%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 67%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 100%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 100%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 33%
WA U.S. House-3 Jaime Herrera Beutler R 0%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 0%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 0%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 33%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 67%
WI U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Johnson R 60%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 83%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 33%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 33%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 83%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 17%
WI U.S. House-7 Sean Duffy R 17%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Manchin III D 60%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 17%
WV U.S. House-1 David McKinley R 17%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 60%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 60%
Gary Ackerman 50%
Sandy Adams 17%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 100%
Todd Akin 0%
Rodney Alexander 0%
Jason Altmire 17%
Rob Andrews 33%
Steve Austria 0%
Kelly Ayotte 60%
Joe Baca, Sr. 67%
Michele Bachmann 0%
Spencer Bachus 0%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 60%
John Barrow 33%
Roscoe Bartlett 17%
Charlie Bass 17%
Max Baucus 80%
Mark Begich 60%
Dan Benishek 17%
Rick Berg 0%
Shelley Berkley 33%
Howard Berman 50%
Judy Biggert 0%
Brian Bilbray 0%
Jeff Bingaman 100%
Tim Bishop 50%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 0%
Mary Bono Mack 0%
Dan Boren 17%
Leonard Boswell 50%
Charles Boustany, Jr. 25%
Barbara Boxer 100%
Bruce Braley 83%
Paul Broun 17%
Corrine Brown 50%
Scott Brown 40%
Ann Marie Buerkle 17%
Dan Burton 0%
Dave Camp 17%
John Campbell III 67%
Francisco Canseco 17%
Eric Cantor 0%
Lois Capps 50%
Dennis Cardoza 50%
Russ Carnahan 50%
Jason Chaffetz 17%
Saxby Chambliss 60%
Ben Chandler III 33%
Hansen Clarke 50%
Dan Coats 60%
Howard Coble 60%
Thomas Coburn 60%
Kent Conrad 40%
Jerry Costello 50%
Chip Cravaack 0%
Ander Crenshaw 0%
Mark Critz 33%
Geoff Davis 17%
James DeMint 60%
Norm Dicks 50%
John Dingell 17%
Bob Dold 17%
David Dreier 0%
Donna Edwards 83%
Renee Ellmers 17%
Jo Ann Emerson 17%
John Ensign 75%
Sam Farr 67%
Chaka Fattah, Sr. 83%
Bob Filner 100%
Stephen Fincher 17%
Mike Fitzpatrick 33%
John Fleming, Jr. 0%
Randy Forbes 0%
Barney Frank 83%
Elton Gallegly 0%
Scott Garrett 33%
Jim Gerlach 0%
Chris Gibson 17%
Phil Gingrey 17%
Charlie Gonzalez 50%
Michael Grimm 0%
Frank Guinta 0%
Kay Hagan 80%
Janice Hahn 0%
Ralph Hall 17%
Richard Hanna 0%
Tom Harkin 100%
Jane Harman 100%
Doc Hastings 0%
Nan Hayworth 33%
Joe Heck, Jr. 17%
Wally Herger, Jr. 17%
Maurice Hinchey 50%
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 80%
Thomas Holden 50%
Rush Holt, Jr. 83%
Mike Honda 83%
Tim Huelskamp 17%
Robert Hurt 0%
Daniel Inouye 100%
Steve Israel 33%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 75%
Mike Johanns 60%
Tim Johnson 67%
Timothy Johnson 40%
John Kerry 100%
Dale Kildee 33%
Jack Kingston 0%
Mark Kirk 60%
Larry Kissell 17%
John Kline 0%
Herb Kohl 100%
Dennis Kucinich 83%
Jon Kyl 60%
Mary Landrieu 40%
Tom Latham 0%
Steve LaTourette 20%
Frank Lautenberg 100%
Carl Levin 80%
Jerry Lewis 0%
Joe Lieberman 100%
Dick Lugar 60%
Cynthia Lummis 17%
Dan Lungren 17%
Connie Mack IV 17%
Don Manzullo 0%
Jim Matheson 17%
Carolyn McCarthy 33%
Thaddeus McCotter 0%
Jim McDermott 83%
Mike McIntyre 17%
Buck McKeon 0%
John Mica 17%
Mike Michaud 67%
Barbara Mikulski 100%
Candice Miller 17%
Gary Miller 0%
George Miller 80%
Jeff Miller 17%
Brad Miller 33%
Jim Moran, Jr. 50%
Sue Myrick 0%
Ben Nelson 40%
Randy Neugebauer 17%
Rich Nugent 17%
Alan Nunnelee 0%
John Olver 100%
Bill Owens 33%
Ed Pastor 67%
Ron Paul 75%
Donald Payne 67%
Tom Petri 50%
Joe Pitts 0%
Todd Platts 17%
Mike Pompeo 17%
Mark Pryor 40%
Ben Quayle 20%
Nick Rahall II 50%
Charlie Rangel 83%
Denny Rehberg 17%
Harry Reid 100%
Silvestre Reyes 50%
Reid Ribble 17%
Laura Richardson 50%
Scott Rigell 17%
David Rivera 0%
Jay Rockefeller IV 80%
Mike Rogers 0%
Mike Ross 17%
Steve Rothman 33%
Jon Runyan 0%
Loretta Sanchez 80%
Bobby Schilling 0%
Jean Schmidt 0%
Aaron Schock 17%
Allyson Schwartz 50%
Heath Shuler 50%
Olympia Snowe 80%
Steve Southerland 17%
Pete Stark 100%
Cliff Stearns 33%
Marlin Stutzman 0%
John Sullivan 17%
Betty Sutton 33%
Lee Terry 0%
John Tierney 67%
Ed Towns 83%
Bob Turner 0%
Mark Udall 100%
David Vitter 60%
Joe Walsh 33%
Mel Watt 80%
Henry Waxman 83%
Jim Webb, Jr. 80%
Anthony Weiner 100%
Allen West 17%
Lynn Westmoreland 17%
Ed Whitfield 33%
Frank Wolf 17%
Lynn Woolsey 100%
David Wu 60%
Bill Young 0%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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