Rating Group: National Journal

2011 Conservative on Foreign Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 65%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Donald Young R 49%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 66%
AL U.S. House-2 Martha Roby R 86%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 54%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 86%
AL U.S. House-5 Mo Brooks R 75%
AL U.S. House-7 Terri Sewell D 33%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 70%
AR U.S. House-1 Rick Crawford R 70%
AR U.S. House-3 Steve Womack R 70%
AR Lieutenant Governor Tim Griffin R 75%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 89%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 91%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raul Grijalva D 0%
AZ U.S. House-4 Paul Gosar R 91%
AZ U.S. House-6 David Schweikert R 91%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 70%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 17%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 0%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 63%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 0%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 0%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 18%
CA U.S. House-10 Jeff Denham R 69%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 23%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 0%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 0%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 41%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 0%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 0%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 75%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 86%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 0%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 26%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 12%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 0%
CA U.S. House-37 Karen Bass D 0%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 12%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 60%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 18%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 63%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 12%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 45%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 75%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 86%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 33%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 22%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Michael Bennet D 26%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Cory Gardner R 86%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 0%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 23%
CO U.S. House-3 Scott Tipton R 75%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 91%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 91%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 26%
CT U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Blumenthal D 39%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 16%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 0%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 18%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 12%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 31%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 26%
DE U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Coons D 14%
DE Governor John Carney, Jr. D 38%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 41%
FL U.S. Senate-Jr Marco Rubio R 79%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 51%
FL U.S. House-11 Daniel Webster R 75%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 91%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 32%
FL U.S. House-15 Dennis Ross R 91%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 85%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 91%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 18%
FL U.S. House-22 Ted Deutch D 28%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 37%
FL U.S. House-24 Frederica Wilson D 25%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 53%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 60%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 61%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 37%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 30%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 0%
GA U.S. House-7 Rob Woodall R 63%
GA U.S. House-8 Austin Scott R 57%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 28%
GA U.S. House-14 Tom Graves, Jr. R 63%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 12%
HI U.S. House-1 Colleen Hanabusa D 23%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 71%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 26%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 91%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 79%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 79%
ID U.S. House-1 Raúl Labrador R 51%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 86%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 8%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 0%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 42%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 0%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 12%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 69%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 0%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 18%
IL U.S. House-14 Randy Hultgren R 75%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 59%
IL U.S. House-16 Adam Kinzinger R 53%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 43%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Todd Young R 75%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 23%
IN U.S. House-4 Todd Rokita R 50%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 26%
IN U.S. House-8 Larry Bucshon R 86%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 78%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 68%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 75%
KS U.S. House-3 Kevin Yoder R 75%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 89%
KY U.S. Senate-Jr Rand Paul R 57%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 63%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 17%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 75%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Cassidy R 63%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 86%
LA U.S. House-2 Cedric Richmond D 18%
LA Attorney General Jeff Landry R 91%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 12%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 0%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 18%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 0%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 31%
MA U.S. House-9 Bill Keating D 25%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Ben Cardin D 8%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 31%
MD U.S. House-1 Andy Harris R 60%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 38%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 12%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 33%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 18%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 52%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 41%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Gary Peters D 40%
MI U.S. House-2 Bill Huizenga R 75%
MI U.S. House-3 Justin Amash R 42%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 53%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 86%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 32%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar D 17%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken D 0%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz D 33%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 70%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum D 18%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison D 0%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson D 41%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 51%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 69%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 0%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 86%
MO U.S. House-4 Vicky Hartzler R 91%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 0%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 57%
MO U.S. House-7 Billy Long R 84%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 59%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 66%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 12%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 75%
MS U.S. House-4 Steven Palazzo R 86%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 17%
NA Vice President Mike Pence R 85%
NA U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions III R 71%
NA Director of the Office of Management & Budget Mick Mulvaney R 54%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 74%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 28%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 33%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 27%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 75%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 84%
ND U.S. Senate-Sr John Hoeven R 61%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 48%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 75%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 38%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 26%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 53%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 44%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 0%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 75%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 26%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 33%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 60%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 0%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 27%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 91%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 18%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Dean Heller R 64%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 14%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 0%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 54%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 31%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 0%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 12%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 16%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 0%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 23%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 0%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 33%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 32%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 0%
NY U.S. House-23 Tom Reed II R 70%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 0%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 28%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 58%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 91%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 91%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 91%
OH U.S. House-6 Bill Johnson R 86%
OH U.S. House-7 Bob Gibbs R 75%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 26%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 57%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 18%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 60%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 23%
OH U.S. House-15 Steve Stivers R 70%
OH U.S. House-16 Jim Renacci R 70%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 85%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr James Lankford R 75%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 49%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 47%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 24%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 0%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 70%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 16%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 24%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 32%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 35%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 94%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 22%
PA U.S. House-3 Mike Kelly R 75%
PA U.S. House-5 GT Thompson, Jr. R 51%
PA U.S. House-7 Pat Meehan R 49%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 75%
PA U.S. House-10 Tom Marino R 75%
PA U.S. House-11 Lou Barletta R 75%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 0%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 60%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 75%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 35%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 35%
RI U.S. House-1 David Cicilline D 0%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 36%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 56%
SC U.S. Senate-Jr Tim Scott R 75%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 84%
SC U.S. House-3 Jeff Duncan R 63%
SC U.S. House-4 Trey Gowdy III R 75%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 18%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 84%
SD U.S. House-At-Large Kristi Noem R 70%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 79%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 87%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 63%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 43%
TN U.S. House-3 Chuck Fleischmann R 91%
TN U.S. House-4 Scott DesJarlais R 70%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 44%
TN U.S. House-6 Diane Black R 91%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 91%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 0%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 88%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 74%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 70%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 84%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 91%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 86%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 73%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 70%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 28%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 86%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 75%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 54%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 51%
TX U.S. House-17 Bill Flores R 91%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 12%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 74%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 75%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 59%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 91%
TX U.S. House-27 Blake Farenthold R 54%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 42%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 43%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 24%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 86%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 86%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 18%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 89%
UT U.S. Senate-Jr Mike Lee R 77%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 53%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 26%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 84%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 18%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 60%
VA U.S. House-9 Morgan Griffith R 60%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 33%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 17%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 14%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 17%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 41%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 41%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 38%
WA U.S. House-3 Jaime Herrera Beutler R 53%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 75%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 63%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 37%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 24%
WI U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Johnson R 94%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 0%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 57%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 41%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 0%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 63%
WI U.S. House-7 Sean Duffy R 57%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Manchin III D 46%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 54%
WV U.S. House-1 David McKinley R 54%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 94%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 94%
Gary Ackerman 31%
Sandy Adams 91%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 8%
Todd Akin 85%
Rodney Alexander 63%
Jason Altmire 47%
Rob Andrews 33%
Steve Austria 86%
Kelly Ayotte 79%
Joe Baca, Sr. 28%
Michele Bachmann 86%
Spencer Bachus 62%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 85%
John Barrow 42%
Roscoe Bartlett 51%
Charlie Bass 47%
Max Baucus 24%
Mark Begich 33%
Dan Benishek 54%
Rick Berg 57%
Shelley Berkley 38%
Howard Berman 28%
Judy Biggert 63%
Brian Bilbray 62%
Jeff Bingaman 17%
Tim Bishop 27%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 63%
Mary Bono Mack 68%
Dan Boren 47%
Leonard Boswell 33%
Charles Boustany, Jr. 57%
Barbara Boxer 0%
Bruce Braley 12%
Paul Broun 63%
Corrine Brown 28%
Scott Brown 55%
Ann Marie Buerkle 91%
Dan Burton 91%
Dave Camp 75%
John Campbell III 45%
Francisco Canseco 86%
Eric Cantor 74%
Lois Capps 18%
Dennis Cardoza 40%
Russ Carnahan 28%
Jason Chaffetz 46%
Saxby Chambliss 71%
Ben Chandler III 43%
Hansen Clarke 0%
Dan Coats 76%
Howard Coble 45%
Thomas Coburn 94%
Kent Conrad 40%
Jerry Costello 39%
Chip Cravaack 70%
Ander Crenshaw 51%
Mark Critz 37%
Geoff Davis 49%
James DeMint 89%
Norm Dicks 33%
John Dingell 40%
Bob Dold 48%
David Dreier 63%
Donna Edwards 0%
Renee Ellmers 91%
Jo Ann Emerson 48%
Sam Farr 17%
Chaka Fattah, Sr. 22%
Bob Filner 0%
Stephen Fincher 91%
Mike Fitzpatrick 46%
John Fleming, Jr. 75%
Randy Forbes 75%
Barney Frank 0%
Elton Gallegly 63%
Scott Garrett 60%
Jim Gerlach 54%
Chris Gibson 53%
Phil Gingrey 91%
Charlie Gonzalez 33%
Michael Grimm 48%
Frank Guinta 91%
Kay Hagan 17%
Ralph Hall 63%
Richard Hanna 50%
Tom Harkin 0%
Doc Hastings 84%
Nan Hayworth 60%
Joe Heck, Jr. 57%
Wally Herger, Jr. 86%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 28%
Thomas Holden 44%
Rush Holt, Jr. 0%
Mike Honda 0%
Tim Huelskamp 91%
Robert Hurt 70%
Daniel Inouye 48%
Steve Israel 37%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 0%
Mike Johanns 63%
Timothy Johnson 26%
Tim Johnson 45%
John Kerry 26%
Dale Kildee 28%
Jack Kingston 63%
Mark Kirk 60%
Larry Kissell 43%
John Kline 70%
Herb Kohl 32%
Dennis Kucinich 0%
Jon Kyl 89%
Mary Landrieu 47%
Tom Latham 75%
Steve LaTourette 45%
Frank Lautenberg 8%
Carl Levin 45%
Jerry Lewis 54%
Joe Lieberman 54%
Dick Lugar 74%
Cynthia Lummis 63%
Dan Lungren 70%
Connie Mack IV 74%
Don Manzullo 75%
Jim Matheson 49%
Carolyn McCarthy 39%
Thaddeus McCotter 75%
Jim McDermott 18%
Mike McIntyre 44%
Buck McKeon 57%
John Mica 86%
Mike Michaud 12%
Barbara Mikulski 13%
Candice Miller 63%
Gary Miller 75%
George Miller 0%
Jeff Miller 91%
Brad Miller 28%
Jim Moran, Jr. 23%
Sue Myrick 74%
Ben Nelson 50%
Randy Neugebauer 91%
Rich Nugent 63%
Alan Nunnelee 86%
John Olver 0%
Bill Owens 41%
Ed Pastor 0%
Ron Paul 40%
Donald Payne 0%
Tom Petri 47%
Joe Pitts 70%
Todd Platts 49%
Mike Pompeo 91%
Tom Price 91%
Mark Pryor 49%
Ben Quayle 91%
Nick Rahall II 39%
Charlie Rangel 0%
Denny Rehberg 63%
Harry Reid 8%
Silvestre Reyes 32%
Reid Ribble 69%
Laura Richardson 12%
Scott Rigell 57%
David Rivera 75%
Jay Rockefeller IV 0%
Mike Rogers 86%
Mike Ross 49%
Steve Rothman 33%
Jon Runyan 75%
Loretta Sanchez 32%
Bobby Schilling 63%
Jean Schmidt 91%
Aaron Schock 63%
Allyson Schwartz 37%
Heath Shuler 37%
Olympia Snowe 53%
Steve Southerland 91%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 51%
Marlin Stutzman 75%
John Sullivan 69%
Betty Sutton 18%
Lee Terry 86%
John Tierney 12%
Ed Towns 16%
Mark Udall 17%
David Vitter 94%
Joe Walsh 54%
Mel Watt 16%
Henry Waxman 0%
Jim Webb, Jr. 33%
Anthony Weiner 22%
Allen West 60%
Lynn Westmoreland 91%
Ed Whitfield 49%
Frank Wolf 45%
Lynn Woolsey 0%
David Wu 25%
Bill Young 63%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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