Rating Group: National Journal

2011 Liberal on Economic Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 42%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Donald Young R 30%
AL U.S. House-2 Martha Roby R 10%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 27%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 10%
AL U.S. House-5 Mo Brooks R 47%
AL U.S. House-7 Terri Sewell D 62%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 22%
AR U.S. House-1 Rick Crawford R 10%
AR U.S. House-3 Steve Womack R 10%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 19%
AR Lieutenant Governor Tim Griffin R 10%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raul Grijalva D 92%
AZ U.S. House-4 Paul Gosar R 23%
AZ U.S. House-6 David Schweikert R 18%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 21%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 7%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 51%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 89%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 47%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 67%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 86%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 70%
CA U.S. House-10 Jeff Denham R 18%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 82%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 92%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 79%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 57%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 73%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 78%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 18%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 10%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 92%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 76%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 80%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 92%
CA U.S. House-37 Karen Bass D 87%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 92%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 10%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 92%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 23%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 86%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 37%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 34%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 0%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 76%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 81%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 90%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 80%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 78%
CO U.S. House-3 Scott Tipton R 18%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 0%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 23%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 62%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Michael Bennet D 59%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Cory Gardner R 23%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 72%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 67%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 91%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 67%
CT U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Blumenthal D 69%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 73%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 64%
DE U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Coons D 69%
DE Governor John Carney, Jr. D 64%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 10%
FL U.S. House-11 Daniel Webster R 0%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 46%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 83%
FL U.S. House-15 Dennis Ross R 0%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 49%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 0%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 88%
FL U.S. House-22 Ted Deutch D 84%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 91%
FL U.S. House-24 Frederica Wilson D 92%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 40%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 47%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 56%
FL U.S. Senate-Jr Marco Rubio R 25%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 59%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 89%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 90%
GA U.S. House-7 Rob Woodall R 34%
GA U.S. House-8 Austin Scott R 0%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 65%
GA U.S. House-14 Tom Graves, Jr. R 30%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 18%
HI U.S. House-1 Colleen Hanabusa D 83%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 92%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 64%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 46%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 10%
ID U.S. House-1 Raúl Labrador R 18%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 23%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 9%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 90%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 63%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 87%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 65%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 0%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 87%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 92%
IL U.S. House-14 Randy Hultgren R 10%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 30%
IL U.S. House-16 Adam Kinzinger R 37%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 88%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 66%
IN U.S. House-4 Todd Rokita R 21%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 92%
IN U.S. House-8 Larry Bucshon R 23%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 58%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Todd Young R 10%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 10%
KS U.S. House-3 Kevin Yoder R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 32%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 38%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 27%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 85%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 23%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 10%
KY U.S. Senate-Jr Rand Paul R 28%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 0%
LA U.S. House-2 Cedric Richmond D 67%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Cassidy R 27%
LA Attorney General Jeff Landry R 0%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 82%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 90%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 79%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 92%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 82%
MA U.S. House-9 Bill Keating D 74%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 92%
MD U.S. House-1 Andy Harris R 37%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 67%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 92%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 77%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 92%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Ben Cardin D 81%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 86%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 78%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 46%
MI U.S. House-2 Bill Huizenga R 0%
MI U.S. House-3 Justin Amash R 52%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 44%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 23%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 74%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 79%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 88%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Gary Peters D 69%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz D 61%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 21%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum D 87%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison D 92%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson D 56%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar D 54%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken D 69%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 92%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 10%
MO U.S. House-4 Vicky Hartzler R 29%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 87%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 0%
MO U.S. House-7 Billy Long R 0%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 49%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 43%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 64%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 10%
MS U.S. House-4 Steven Palazzo R 30%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 40%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 33%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 50%
NA Director of the Office of Management & Budget Mick Mulvaney R 30%
NA Vice President Mike Pence R 0%
NA U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions III R 6%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 71%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 56%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 74%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 10%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
ND U.S. Senate-Sr John Hoeven R 39%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 54%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 37%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 62%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 53%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 55%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 92%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 52%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 70%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 82%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 50%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 66%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 0%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 79%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 81%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 72%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Dean Heller R 29%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 43%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 92%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 92%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 92%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 92%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 79%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 84%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 92%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 84%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 85%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 92%
NY U.S. House-23 Tom Reed II R 41%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 84%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 71%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 79%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 88%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 35%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 0%
OH U.S. House-6 Bill Johnson R 10%
OH U.S. House-7 Bob Gibbs R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 72%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 41%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 88%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 30%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 67%
OH U.S. House-15 Steve Stivers R 37%
OH U.S. House-16 Jim Renacci R 10%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 81%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 17%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 30%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 36%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 14%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr James Lankford R 10%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 23%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 75%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 63%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 60%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 81%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 88%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 78%
PA U.S. House-3 Mike Kelly R 41%
PA U.S. House-5 GT Thompson, Jr. R 44%
PA U.S. House-7 Pat Meehan R 47%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 37%
PA U.S. House-10 Tom Marino R 10%
PA U.S. House-11 Lou Barletta R 41%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 72%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 47%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 36%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 80%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 23%
RI U.S. House-1 David Cicilline D 80%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 74%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 88%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 88%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 35%
SC U.S. House-3 Jeff Duncan R 30%
SC U.S. House-4 Trey Gowdy III R 30%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 70%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 36%
SC U.S. Senate-Jr Tim Scott R 30%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 15%
SD U.S. House-At-Large Kristi Noem R 18%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 23%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 41%
TN U.S. House-3 Chuck Fleischmann R 0%
TN U.S. House-4 Scott DesJarlais R 44%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 60%
TN U.S. House-6 Diane Black R 0%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 30%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 82%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 40%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 19%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 46%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 10%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 37%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 21%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 18%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 63%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 10%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 23%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 10%
TX U.S. House-17 Bill Flores R 18%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 65%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 27%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 10%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 29%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 34%
TX U.S. House-27 Blake Farenthold R 29%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 58%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 61%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 68%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 76%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 0%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 15%
UT U.S. Senate-Jr Mike Lee R 26%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 45%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 86%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 18%
VA U.S. House-9 Morgan Griffith R 44%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 69%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 61%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 88%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 56%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 66%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 64%
WA U.S. House-3 Jaime Herrera Beutler R 51%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 22%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 55%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 71%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 88%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 75%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 69%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 30%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 61%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 87%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 30%
WI U.S. House-7 Sean Duffy R 27%
WI U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Johnson R 8%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 90%
WV U.S. House-1 David McKinley R 50%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Manchin III D 48%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 37%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 0%
Gary Ackerman 77%
Sandy Adams 10%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 88%
Todd Akin 27%
Rodney Alexander 23%
Jason Altmire 57%
Rob Andrews 80%
Steve Austria 18%
Kelly Ayotte 12%
Joe Baca, Sr. 62%
Michele Bachmann 50%
Spencer Bachus 40%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 34%
John Barrow 57%
Roscoe Bartlett 47%
Charlie Bass 55%
Max Baucus 68%
Mark Begich 62%
Dan Benishek 17%
Rick Berg 30%
Shelley Berkley 70%
Howard Berman 92%
Judy Biggert 47%
Brian Bilbray 50%
Jeff Bingaman 67%
Tim Bishop 76%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 10%
Mary Bono Mack 27%
Dan Boren 54%
Leonard Boswell 59%
Charles Boustany, Jr. 0%
Barbara Boxer 81%
Bruce Braley 66%
Paul Broun 43%
Corrine Brown 80%
Scott Brown 44%
Ann Marie Buerkle 10%
Dan Burton 0%
Dave Camp 40%
John Campbell III 44%
Francisco Canseco 30%
Eric Cantor 0%
Lois Capps 74%
Dennis Cardoza 58%
Russ Carnahan 76%
Jason Chaffetz 37%
Saxby Chambliss 21%
Ben Chandler III 57%
Hansen Clarke 92%
Dan Coats 30%
Howard Coble 41%
Thomas Coburn 0%
Kent Conrad 69%
Jerry Costello 60%
Chip Cravaack 37%
Ander Crenshaw 23%
Mark Critz 59%
Geoff Davis 18%
James DeMint 26%
Norm Dicks 79%
John Dingell 69%
Bob Dold 51%
David Dreier 41%
Donna Edwards 92%
Renee Ellmers 10%
Jo Ann Emerson 30%
Sam Farr 79%
Chaka Fattah, Sr. 72%
Bob Filner 92%
Stephen Fincher 0%
Mike Fitzpatrick 51%
John Fleming, Jr. 18%
Randy Forbes 30%
Barney Frank 88%
Elton Gallegly 23%
Scott Garrett 45%
Jim Gerlach 41%
Chris Gibson 52%
Phil Gingrey 0%
Charlie Gonzalez 65%
Michael Grimm 43%
Frank Guinta 10%
Kay Hagan 56%
Ralph Hall 0%
Richard Hanna 53%
Tom Harkin 81%
Doc Hastings 23%
Nan Hayworth 54%
Joe Heck, Jr. 50%
Wally Herger, Jr. 21%
Maurice Hinchey 92%
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 62%
Thomas Holden 58%
Rush Holt, Jr. 83%
Mike Honda 92%
Tim Huelskamp 46%
Robert Hurt 0%
Daniel Inouye 88%
Steve Israel 76%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 92%
Mike Johanns 35%
Timothy Johnson 69%
Tim Johnson 53%
John Kerry 78%
Dale Kildee 85%
Jack Kingston 23%
Mark Kirk 37%
Larry Kissell 61%
John Kline 0%
Herb Kohl 65%
Dennis Kucinich 83%
Jon Kyl 12%
Mary Landrieu 55%
Tom Latham 44%
Steve LaTourette 54%
Frank Lautenberg 75%
Carl Levin 69%
Jerry Lewis 29%
Joe Lieberman 51%
Dick Lugar 30%
Cynthia Lummis 36%
Dan Lungren 10%
Connie Mack IV 47%
Don Manzullo 27%
Jim Matheson 56%
Carolyn McCarthy 68%
Thaddeus McCotter 37%
Jim McDermott 88%
Mike McIntyre 57%
Buck McKeon 10%
John Mica 10%
Mike Michaud 65%
Barbara Mikulski 88%
Candice Miller 41%
Gary Miller 0%
George Miller 87%
Jeff Miller 0%
Brad Miller 74%
Jim Moran, Jr. 73%
Sue Myrick 0%
Ben Nelson 47%
Randy Neugebauer 30%
Rich Nugent 27%
Alan Nunnelee 18%
John Olver 92%
Bill Owens 60%
Ed Pastor 69%
Ron Paul 55%
Donald Payne 92%
Tom Petri 37%
Joe Pitts 0%
Todd Platts 46%
Mike Pompeo 10%
Tom Price 0%
Mark Pryor 53%
Ben Quayle 0%
Nick Rahall II 60%
Charlie Rangel 87%
Denny Rehberg 47%
Harry Reid 88%
Silvestre Reyes 63%
Reid Ribble 21%
Laura Richardson 67%
Scott Rigell 52%
David Rivera 23%
Jay Rockefeller IV 75%
Mike Rogers 37%
Mike Ross 56%
Steve Rothman 79%
Jon Runyan 46%
Loretta Sanchez 73%
Bobby Schilling 35%
Jean Schmidt 18%
Aaron Schock 37%
Allyson Schwartz 76%
Heath Shuler 59%
Olympia Snowe 45%
Steve Southerland 30%
Pete Stark 92%
Cliff Stearns 41%
Marlin Stutzman 0%
John Sullivan 36%
Betty Sutton 71%
Lee Terry 10%
John Tierney 92%
Ed Towns 92%
Mark Udall 60%
David Vitter 23%
Joe Walsh 34%
Mel Watt 90%
Henry Waxman 85%
Jim Webb, Jr. 52%
Allen West 37%
Lynn Westmoreland 0%
Ed Whitfield 47%
Frank Wolf 53%
Lynn Woolsey 92%
David Wu 73%
Bill Young 53%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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