Rating Group: National Journal

2011 Liberal on Foreign Policy Score

State Office Name Party Rating
Gary Ackerman 68%
Sandy Adams 0%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 87%
Todd Akin 14%
Rodney Alexander 37%
Jason Altmire 52%
Rob Andrews 64%
Steve Austria 9%
Kelly Ayotte 16%
Joe Baca, Sr. 72%
Michele Bachmann 9%
Spencer Bachus 37%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 13%
John Barrow 57%
Roscoe Bartlett 47%
Charlie Bass 52%
Max Baucus 74%
Mark Begich 65%
Dan Benishek 43%
Rick Berg 41%
Shelley Berkley 61%
Howard Berman 72%
Judy Biggert 32%
Brian Bilbray 37%
Jeff Bingaman 76%
Tim Bishop 72%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 32%
Mary Bono Mack 31%
Dan Boren 52%
Leonard Boswell 64%
Charles Boustany, Jr. 43%
Barbara Boxer 92%
Bruce Braley 84%
Paul Broun 32%
Corrine Brown 70%
Scott Brown 44%
Ann Marie Buerkle 0%
Dan Burton 0%
Dave Camp 25%
John Campbell III 54%
Francisco Canseco 9%
Eric Cantor 26%
Lois Capps 78%
Dennis Cardoza 60%
Russ Carnahan 70%
Jason Chaffetz 53%
Saxby Chambliss 26%
Ben Chandler III 57%
Hansen Clarke 88%
Dan Coats 23%
Howard Coble 54%
Thomas Coburn 0%
Kent Conrad 59%
Jerry Costello 60%
Chip Cravaack 27%
Ander Crenshaw 47%
Mark Critz 62%
Geoff Davis 50%
James DeMint 6%
Norm Dicks 64%
John Dingell 59%
Bob Dold 51%
David Dreier 32%
Donna Edwards 88%
Renee Ellmers 0%
Jo Ann Emerson 52%
Sam Farr 82%
Chaka Fattah, Sr. 78%
Bob Filner 88%
Stephen Fincher 0%
Mike Fitzpatrick 54%
John Fleming, Jr. 16%
Randy Forbes 16%
Barney Frank 88%
Elton Gallegly 32%
Scott Garrett 38%
Jim Gerlach 43%
Chris Gibson 46%
Phil Gingrey 0%
Charlie Gonzalez 64%
Michael Grimm 52%
Frank Guinta 0%
Kay Hagan 76%
Ralph Hall 32%
Richard Hanna 49%
Tom Harkin 92%
Doc Hastings 16%
Nan Hayworth 38%
Joe Heck, Jr. 41%
Wally Herger, Jr. 9%
Maurice Hinchey 88%
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 72%
Thomas Holden 56%
Rush Holt, Jr. 88%
Mike Honda 88%
Tim Huelskamp 0%
Robert Hurt 27%
Daniel Inouye 51%
Steve Israel 62%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 88%
Mike Johanns 36%
Timothy Johnson 68%
Tim Johnson 54%
John Kerry 68%
Dale Kildee 70%
Jack Kingston 32%
Mark Kirk 39%
Larry Kissell 57%
John Kline 27%
Herb Kohl 67%
Dennis Kucinich 88%
Jon Kyl 6%
Mary Landrieu 52%
Tom Latham 16%
Steve LaTourette 55%
Frank Lautenberg 87%
Carl Levin 54%
Jerry Lewis 43%
Joe Lieberman 45%
Dick Lugar 24%
Cynthia Lummis 32%
Dan Lungren 27%
Connie Mack IV 25%
Don Manzullo 16%
Jim Matheson 50%
Carolyn McCarthy 61%
Thaddeus McCotter 16%
Jim McDermott 78%
Mike McIntyre 55%
Buck McKeon 43%
John Mica 9%
Mike Michaud 84%
Barbara Mikulski 86%
Candice Miller 32%
Gary Miller 25%
George Miller 88%
Jeff Miller 0%
Brad Miller 70%
Jim Moran, Jr. 77%
Sue Myrick 26%
Ben Nelson 49%
Randy Neugebauer 0%
Rich Nugent 32%
Alan Nunnelee 9%
John Olver 88%
Bill Owens 58%
Ed Pastor 88%
Ron Paul 60%
Donald Payne 88%
Tom Petri 52%
Joe Pitts 27%
Todd Platts 51%
Mike Pompeo 0%
Tom Price 0%
Mark Pryor 50%
Ben Quayle 0%
Nick Rahall II 60%
Charlie Rangel 88%
Denny Rehberg 32%
Harry Reid 87%
Silvestre Reyes 67%
Reid Ribble 30%
Laura Richardson 84%
Scott Rigell 41%
David Rivera 16%
Jay Rockefeller IV 92%
Mike Rogers 9%
Mike Ross 51%
Steve Rothman 64%
Jon Runyan 16%
Loretta Sanchez 68%
Bobby Schilling 32%
Jean Schmidt 0%
Aaron Schock 32%
Allyson Schwartz 62%
Heath Shuler 62%
Olympia Snowe 46%
Steve Southerland 0%
Pete Stark 88%
Cliff Stearns 47%
Marlin Stutzman 16%
John Sullivan 31%
Betty Sutton 78%
Lee Terry 9%
John Tierney 84%
Ed Towns 83%
Mark Udall 76%
David Vitter 0%
Joe Walsh 43%
Mel Watt 83%
Henry Waxman 88%
Jim Webb, Jr. 65%
Allen West 38%
Lynn Westmoreland 0%
Ed Whitfield 50%
Frank Wolf 55%
Lynn Woolsey 88%
David Wu 74%
Bill Young 32%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 88%
CA U.S. House-37 Karen Bass D 88%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 78%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Michael Bennet D 68%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 62%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 83%
CT U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Blumenthal D 60%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 78%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 92%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 70%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 55%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 88%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Ben Cardin D 87%
DE Governor John Carney, Jr. D 62%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 68%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 73%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 62%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 68%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 88%
RI U.S. House-1 David Cicilline D 88%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 84%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 88%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 88%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 78%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 88%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 64%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 88%
DE U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Coons D 83%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 56%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 59%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 78%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 77%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 58%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 78%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 88%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 64%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 75%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 88%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 84%
FL U.S. House-22 Ted Deutch D 70%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 78%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 57%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 88%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 87%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison D 88%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 64%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 88%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 76%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken D 92%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 82%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 88%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 92%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 70%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 57%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raul Grijalva D 88%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 88%
HI U.S. House-1 Colleen Hanabusa D 76%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 78%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 72%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 70%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 68%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 84%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 64%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 75%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 84%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 76%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 69%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 73%
MA U.S. House-9 Bill Keating D 74%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 59%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar D 76%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 63%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 61%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 88%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 76%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 88%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 67%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 88%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 58%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 73%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 88%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 67%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 78%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 68%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 88%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Manchin III D 53%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 88%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 88%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 48%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum D 78%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 88%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 78%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 68%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 68%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 92%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 88%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 84%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 55%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 84%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 88%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 84%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 55%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 88%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 64%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 76%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 73%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Gary Peters D 60%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson D 59%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 88%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 76%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 72%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 84%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 62%
LA U.S. House-2 Cedric Richmond D 78%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 78%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 61%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 88%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 76%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 84%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 84%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 78%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 73%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 67%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 83%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 70%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 78%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 88%
AL U.S. House-7 Terri Sewell D 64%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 61%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 84%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 74%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 88%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 62%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 88%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 55%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 76%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 84%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 88%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 88%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 78%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 92%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 68%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 88%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 77%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz D 64%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 68%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 63%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 84%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 82%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 62%
FL U.S. House-24 Frederica Wilson D 74%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 74%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 82%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 83%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 9%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 16%
MI U.S. House-3 Justin Amash R 57%
PA U.S. House-11 Lou Barletta R 16%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 9%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 0%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 46%
TN U.S. House-6 Diane Black R 0%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 0%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 30%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 29%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 27%
AL U.S. House-5 Mo Brooks R 16%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 14%
IN U.S. House-8 Larry Bucshon R 9%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 24%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 32%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 43%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 9%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Cassidy R 32%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 0%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 40%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 0%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 52%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 47%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 16%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 12%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 11%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 16%
AR U.S. House-1 Rick Crawford R 27%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 26%
CA U.S. House-10 Jeff Denham R 30%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 38%
TN U.S. House-4 Scott DesJarlais R 27%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 46%
WI U.S. House-7 Sean Duffy R 41%
SC U.S. House-3 Jeff Duncan R 32%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 56%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
TX U.S. House-27 Blake Farenthold R 43%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 0%
TN U.S. House-3 Chuck Fleischmann R 0%
TX U.S. House-17 Bill Flores R 0%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 52%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 16%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 27%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 38%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Cory Gardner R 9%
OH U.S. House-7 Bob Gibbs R 16%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 25%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 38%
AZ U.S. House-4 Paul Gosar R 0%
SC U.S. House-4 Trey Gowdy III R 16%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 43%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 43%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 26%
GA U.S. House-14 Tom Graves, Jr. R 32%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 41%
AR Lieutenant Governor Tim Griffin R 16%
VA U.S. House-9 Morgan Griffith R 38%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 32%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 16%
MD U.S. House-1 Andy Harris R 38%
MO U.S. House-4 Vicky Hartzler R 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 6%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Dean Heller R 35%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 0%
WA U.S. House-3 Jaime Herrera Beutler R 46%
ND U.S. Senate-Sr John Hoeven R 37%
MI U.S. House-2 Bill Huizenga R 16%
IL U.S. House-14 Randy Hultgren R 16%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 9%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 13%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 37%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 16%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 16%
OH U.S. House-6 Bill Johnson R 9%
WI U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 15%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 64%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 0%
PA U.S. House-3 Mike Kelly R 16%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 43%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
IL U.S. House-16 Adam Kinzinger R 46%
ID U.S. House-1 Raúl Labrador R 49%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 0%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 16%
LA Attorney General Jeff Landry R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr James Lankford R 16%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Jr Mike Lee R 22%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 46%
MO U.S. House-7 Billy Long R 16%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 50%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 9%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 40%
PA U.S. House-10 Tom Marino R 16%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 6%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 9%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 9%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 32%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 6%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 15%
WV U.S. House-1 David McKinley R 43%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 16%
PA U.S. House-7 Pat Meehan R 50%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 31%
NA Director of the Office of Management & Budget Mick Mulvaney R 43%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 34%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 16%
SD U.S. House-At-Large Kristi Noem R 27%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 16%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 16%
MS U.S. House-4 Steven Palazzo R 9%
KY U.S. Senate-Jr Rand Paul R 42%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 27%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 0%
NA Vice President Mike Pence R 14%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 27%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 41%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 47%
NY U.S. House-23 Tom Reed II R 27%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 32%
OH U.S. House-16 Jim Renacci R 27%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 16%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 21%
AL U.S. House-2 Martha Roby R 9%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 32%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 16%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 43%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 55%
IN U.S. House-4 Todd Rokita R 49%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 0%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 30%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 38%
FL U.S. House-15 Dennis Ross R 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 38%
FL U.S. Senate-Jr Marco Rubio R 16%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 41%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 9%
AZ U.S. House-6 David Schweikert R 0%
GA U.S. House-8 Austin Scott R 41%
SC U.S. Senate-Jr Tim Scott R 16%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 32%
NA U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions III R 26%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 9%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 32%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 40%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 16%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 9%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 16%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 56%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 25%
OH U.S. House-15 Steve Stivers R 30%
PA U.S. House-5 GT Thompson, Jr. R 47%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 47%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 15%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 38%
CO U.S. House-3 Scott Tipton R 16%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 0%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 41%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 46%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 9%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 27%
FL U.S. House-11 Daniel Webster R 16%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 32%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 15%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 16%
AR U.S. House-3 Steve Womack R 27%
GA U.S. House-7 Rob Woodall R 32%
KS U.S. House-3 Kevin Yoder R 16%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Donald Young R 51%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Todd Young R 16%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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