Rating Group: National Journal

2011 Liberal on Social Policy

State Office Name Party Rating
Gary Ackerman 73%
Sandy Adams 17%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 52%
Todd Akin 31%
Rodney Alexander 44%
Jason Altmire 58%
Rob Andrews 73%
Steve Austria 31%
Kelly Ayotte 25%
Joe Baca, Sr. 61%
Michele Bachmann 0%
Spencer Bachus 39%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 27%
John Barrow 58%
Roscoe Bartlett 39%
Charlie Bass 52%
Max Baucus 47%
Mark Begich 52%
Dan Benishek 0%
Rick Berg 17%
Shelley Berkley 62%
Howard Berman 80%
Judy Biggert 55%
Brian Bilbray 49%
Jeff Bingaman 52%
Tim Bishop 73%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 39%
Mary Bono Mack 49%
Dan Boren 54%
Leonard Boswell 61%
Charles Boustany, Jr. 17%
Barbara Boxer 52%
Bruce Braley 80%
Paul Broun 35%
Corrine Brown 70%
Scott Brown 44%
Ann Marie Buerkle 0%
Dan Burton 29%
Dave Camp 27%
John Campbell III 42%
Francisco Canseco 0%
Eric Cantor 27%
Lois Capps 80%
Dennis Cardoza 60%
Russ Carnahan 64%
Saxby Chambliss 20%
Ben Chandler III 59%
Hansen Clarke 80%
Dan Coats 12%
Howard Coble 0%
Thomas Coburn 0%
Kent Conrad 52%
Jerry Costello 58%
Chip Cravaack 39%
Ander Crenshaw 17%
Mark Critz 58%
Geoff Davis 37%
James DeMint 0%
Norm Dicks 68%
John Dingell 66%
Bob Dold 55%
David Dreier 35%
Donna Edwards 80%
Renee Ellmers 0%
Jo Ann Emerson 51%
Sam Farr 80%
Chaka Fattah, Sr. 80%
Bob Filner 80%
Stephen Fincher 0%
Mike Fitzpatrick 52%
John Fleming, Jr. 17%
Randy Forbes 17%
Barney Frank 80%
Elton Gallegly 17%
Scott Garrett 0%
Jim Gerlach 46%
Chris Gibson 55%
Phil Gingrey 0%
Charlie Gonzalez 71%
Michael Grimm 54%
Frank Guinta 17%
Kay Hagan 52%
Ralph Hall 17%
Richard Hanna 56%
Tom Harkin 52%
Doc Hastings 27%
Nan Hayworth 48%
Joe Heck, Jr. 47%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Maurice Hinchey 65%
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 78%
Thomas Holden 57%
Rush Holt, Jr. 80%
Mike Honda 80%
Tim Huelskamp 0%
Robert Hurt 0%
Daniel Inouye 52%
Steve Israel 68%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 80%
Mike Johanns 33%
Timothy Johnson 52%
Tim Johnson 54%
John Kerry 52%
Dale Kildee 70%
Jack Kingston 39%
Mark Kirk 42%
Larry Kissell 59%
John Kline 17%
Herb Kohl 52%
Dennis Kucinich 80%
Jon Kyl 38%
Mary Landrieu 52%
Tom Latham 35%
Steve LaTourette 54%
Frank Lautenberg 52%
Carl Levin 50%
Jerry Lewis 17%
Joe Lieberman 52%
Dick Lugar 41%
Cynthia Lummis 0%
Dan Lungren 37%
Connie Mack IV 42%
Don Manzullo 30%
Jim Matheson 57%
Carolyn McCarthy 70%
Thaddeus McCotter 37%
Jim McDermott 80%
Mike McIntyre 56%
Buck McKeon 31%
John Mica 27%
Mike Michaud 63%
Barbara Mikulski 52%
Candice Miller 17%
Gary Miller 0%
George Miller 80%
Jeff Miller 0%
Brad Miller 68%
Jim Moran, Jr. 77%
Sue Myrick 29%
Ben Nelson 49%
Randy Neugebauer 0%
Rich Nugent 0%
Alan Nunnelee 17%
John Olver 80%
Bill Owens 61%
Ed Pastor 71%
Ron Paul 48%
Donald Payne 80%
Tom Petri 44%
Joe Pitts 0%
Todd Platts 47%
Mike Pompeo 0%
Mark Pryor 47%
Ben Quayle 0%
Nick Rahall II 58%
Charlie Rangel 80%
Denny Rehberg 48%
Harry Reid 50%
Silvestre Reyes 61%
Reid Ribble 0%
Laura Richardson 77%
Scott Rigell 17%
David Rivera 47%
Jay Rockefeller IV 52%
Mike Rogers 0%
Mike Ross 55%
Steve Rothman 70%
Jon Runyan 48%
Loretta Sanchez 80%
Bobby Schilling 46%
Jean Schmidt 29%
Aaron Schock 43%
Allyson Schwartz 71%
Heath Shuler 56%
Olympia Snowe 42%
Steve Southerland 0%
Pete Stark 80%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Marlin Stutzman 0%
John Sullivan 29%
Betty Sutton 80%
Lee Terry 44%
John Tierney 80%
Ed Towns 80%
Mark Udall 52%
David Vitter 0%
Joe Walsh 17%
Mel Watt 80%
Henry Waxman 80%
Jim Webb, Jr. 52%
Allen West 31%
Lynn Westmoreland 0%
Ed Whitfield 31%
Frank Wolf 31%
Lynn Woolsey 80%
David Wu 75%
Bill Young 37%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 80%
CA U.S. House-37 Karen Bass D 80%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 80%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Michael Bennet D 52%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 60%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 80%
CT U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Blumenthal D 52%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 80%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 52%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 72%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 52%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 80%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Ben Cardin D 52%
DE Governor John Carney, Jr. D 68%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 52%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 77%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 52%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 71%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 80%
RI U.S. House-1 David Cicilline D 80%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 80%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 80%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 80%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 80%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 80%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 64%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 80%
DE U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Coons D 52%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 59%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 60%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 64%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 80%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 57%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 79%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 80%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 73%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 61%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 80%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 80%
FL U.S. House-22 Ted Deutch D 73%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 80%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 56%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 80%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 52%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison D 80%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 80%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 80%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 52%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken D 52%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 80%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 80%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 52%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 80%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 62%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raul Grijalva D 80%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 70%
HI U.S. House-1 Colleen Hanabusa D 80%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 79%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 61%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 61%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 80%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 80%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 68%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 73%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 76%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 80%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 80%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 65%
MA U.S. House-9 Bill Keating D 67%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 63%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar D 52%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 68%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 70%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 80%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 52%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 80%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 73%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 80%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 58%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 76%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 78%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 68%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 66%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 68%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 79%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Manchin III D 52%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 77%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 80%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 52%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum D 80%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 80%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 64%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 80%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 52%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 52%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 80%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 71%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 52%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 80%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 80%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 80%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 52%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 80%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 71%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 80%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 63%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Gary Peters D 64%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson D 57%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 80%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 76%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 77%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 73%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 52%
LA U.S. House-2 Cedric Richmond D 80%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 80%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 63%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 75%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 66%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 80%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 77%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 80%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 64%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 66%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 52%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 73%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 79%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 80%
AL U.S. House-7 Terri Sewell D 64%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 52%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 77%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 73%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 80%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 62%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 80%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 52%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 52%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 80%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 80%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 80%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 67%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 52%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 68%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 80%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 80%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz D 66%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 52%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 79%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 80%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 76%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 52%
FL U.S. House-24 Frederica Wilson D 80%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 52%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 73%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 52%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 38%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 38%
MI U.S. House-3 Justin Amash R 53%
PA U.S. House-11 Lou Barletta R 44%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 25%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 27%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 45%
TN U.S. House-6 Diane Black R 0%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 0%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 33%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 12%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
AL U.S. House-5 Mo Brooks R 17%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 37%
IN U.S. House-8 Larry Bucshon R 17%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 17%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 50%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Cassidy R 31%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 17%
UT U.S. House-3 Jason Chaffetz R 29%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 29%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 17%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 39%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 44%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 0%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 29%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 36%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
AR U.S. House-1 Rick Crawford R 31%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 30%
CA U.S. House-10 Jeff Denham R 0%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 51%
TN U.S. House-4 Scott DesJarlais R 0%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 52%
WI U.S. House-7 Sean Duffy R 37%
SC U.S. House-3 Jeff Duncan R 0%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 39%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 22%
TX U.S. House-27 Blake Farenthold R 17%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 0%
TN U.S. House-3 Chuck Fleischmann R 17%
TX U.S. House-17 Bill Flores R 0%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 44%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 17%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 17%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 45%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Cory Gardner R 0%
OH U.S. House-7 Bob Gibbs R 0%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
AZ U.S. House-4 Paul Gosar R 31%
SC U.S. House-4 Trey Gowdy III R 0%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 37%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 22%
GA U.S. House-14 Tom Graves, Jr. R 31%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 39%
AR Lieutenant Governor Tim Griffin R 31%
VA U.S. House-9 Morgan Griffith R 43%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 17%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 35%
MD U.S. House-1 Andy Harris R 17%
MO U.S. House-4 Vicky Hartzler R 27%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 28%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Dean Heller R 0%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 0%
WA U.S. House-3 Jaime Herrera Beutler R 44%
ND U.S. Senate-Sr John Hoeven R 17%
MI U.S. House-2 Bill Huizenga R 17%
IL U.S. House-14 Randy Hultgren R 39%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 20%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 17%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 0%
OH U.S. House-6 Bill Johnson R 17%
WI U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Johnson R 0%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 35%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 54%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 0%
PA U.S. House-3 Mike Kelly R 17%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 53%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
IL U.S. House-16 Adam Kinzinger R 39%
ID U.S. House-1 Raúl Labrador R 42%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 0%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 49%
LA Attorney General Jeff Landry R 31%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr James Lankford R 17%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Jr Mike Lee R 12%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 48%
MO U.S. House-7 Billy Long R 27%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 17%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 46%
PA U.S. House-10 Tom Marino R 35%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 40%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 0%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 31%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 39%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 22%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 0%
WV U.S. House-1 David McKinley R 47%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 31%
PA U.S. House-7 Pat Meehan R 51%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 0%
NA Director of the Office of Management & Budget Mick Mulvaney R 0%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 46%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 43%
SD U.S. House-At-Large Kristi Noem R 31%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 35%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 0%
MS U.S. House-4 Steven Palazzo R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Jr Rand Paul R 0%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 17%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 31%
NA Vice President Mike Pence R 0%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 17%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 29%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Tom Price R 0%
NY U.S. House-23 Tom Reed II R 44%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 53%
OH U.S. House-16 Jim Renacci R 17%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 19%
AL U.S. House-2 Martha Roby R 31%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 31%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 17%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 39%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 39%
IN U.S. House-4 Todd Rokita R 0%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 17%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 27%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 53%
FL U.S. House-15 Dennis Ross R 0%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
FL U.S. Senate-Jr Marco Rubio R 0%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 17%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 0%
AZ U.S. House-6 David Schweikert R 31%
GA U.S. House-8 Austin Scott R 17%
SC U.S. Senate-Jr Tim Scott R 0%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
NA U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions III R 12%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 12%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 49%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 26%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 51%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 0%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 50%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
OH U.S. House-15 Steve Stivers R 39%
PA U.S. House-5 G.T. Thompson, Jr. R 39%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 33%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 48%
CO U.S. House-3 Scott Tipton R 0%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 32%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 49%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 43%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 0%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 46%
FL U.S. House-11 Daniel Webster R 29%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 17%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 17%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 37%
AR U.S. House-3 Steve Womack R 17%
GA U.S. House-7 Rob Woodall R 50%
KS U.S. House-3 Kevin Yoder R 17%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Donald Young R 52%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Todd Young R 26%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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