Rating Group: National Journal

2011 Liberal on Social Policy

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 46%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Donald Young R 52%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 12%
AL U.S. House-2 Martha Roby R 31%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 39%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 38%
AL U.S. House-5 Mo Brooks R 17%
AL U.S. House-7 Terri Sewell D 64%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 12%
AR U.S. House-1 Rick Crawford R 31%
AR U.S. House-3 Steve Womack R 17%
AR Lieutenant Governor Tim Griffin R 31%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 40%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 0%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raul Grijalva D 80%
AZ U.S. House-4 Paul Gosar R 31%
AZ U.S. House-6 David Schweikert R 31%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 17%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 52%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 80%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 39%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 80%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 80%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 64%
CA U.S. House-10 Jeff Denham R 0%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 80%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 80%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 80%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 60%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 80%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 78%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 35%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 0%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 80%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 64%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 77%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 80%
CA U.S. House-37 Karen Bass D 80%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 80%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 0%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 80%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 17%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 80%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 39%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 17%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 0%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 73%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 80%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Michael Bennet D 52%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Cory Gardner R 0%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 80%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 76%
CO U.S. House-3 Scott Tipton R 0%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 0%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 17%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 63%
CT U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Blumenthal D 52%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 71%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 80%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 64%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 80%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 80%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 52%
DE U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Coons D 52%
DE Governor John Carney, Jr. D 68%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 52%
FL U.S. Senate-Jr Marco Rubio R 0%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 0%
FL U.S. House-11 Daniel Webster R 29%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 27%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 71%
FL U.S. House-15 Dennis Ross R 0%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 37%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 17%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 79%
FL U.S. House-22 Ted Deutch D 73%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 79%
FL U.S. House-24 Frederica Wilson D 80%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 52%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 53%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 20%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 60%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 80%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 80%
GA U.S. House-7 Rob Woodall R 50%
GA U.S. House-8 Austin Scott R 17%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 73%
GA U.S. House-14 Tom Graves, Jr. R 31%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 80%
HI U.S. House-1 Colleen Hanabusa D 80%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 22%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 76%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 0%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 0%
ID U.S. House-1 Raúl Labrador R 42%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 51%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 52%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 75%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 58%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 70%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 73%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 27%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 80%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 80%
IL U.S. House-14 Randy Hultgren R 39%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 49%
IL U.S. House-16 Adam Kinzinger R 39%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 56%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Todd Young R 26%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 80%
IN U.S. House-4 Todd Rokita R 0%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 77%
IN U.S. House-8 Larry Bucshon R 17%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 19%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 0%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 0%
KS U.S. House-3 Kevin Yoder R 17%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 22%
KY U.S. Senate-Jr Rand Paul R 0%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 17%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 73%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 17%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Cassidy R 31%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 0%
LA U.S. House-2 Cedric Richmond D 80%
LA Attorney General Jeff Landry R 31%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 77%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 80%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 80%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 67%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 80%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 68%
MA U.S. House-9 Bill Keating D 67%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Ben Cardin D 52%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 68%
MD U.S. House-1 Andy Harris R 17%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 63%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 77%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 68%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 79%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 44%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 80%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 52%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Gary Peters D 64%
MI U.S. House-2 Bill Huizenga R 17%
MI U.S. House-3 Justin Amash R 53%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 43%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 0%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 73%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 80%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar D 52%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken D 52%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz D 66%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 17%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum D 80%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison D 80%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson D 57%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 52%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 33%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 80%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 17%
MO U.S. House-4 Vicky Hartzler R 27%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 80%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 39%
MO U.S. House-7 Billy Long R 27%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 29%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 17%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 80%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 35%
MS U.S. House-4 Steven Palazzo R 0%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 52%
NA Vice President Mike Pence R 0%
NA U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions III R 12%
NA U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Tom Price R 0%
NA Director of the Office of Management & Budget Mick Mulvaney R 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 72%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 54%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 77%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 17%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 0%
ND U.S. Senate-Sr John Hoeven R 17%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 44%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 0%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 52%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 52%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 48%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 50%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 80%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 49%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 73%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 71%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 45%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 52%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 61%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 31%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 66%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Dean Heller R 0%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 52%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 52%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 53%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 80%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 80%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 80%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 80%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 79%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 80%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 80%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 80%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 68%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 80%
NY U.S. House-23 Tom Reed II R 44%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 80%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 61%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 52%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 29%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 17%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 0%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 0%
OH U.S. House-6 Bill Johnson R 17%
OH U.S. House-7 Bob Gibbs R 0%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 65%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 49%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 80%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 48%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 66%
OH U.S. House-15 Steve Stivers R 39%
OH U.S. House-16 Jim Renacci R 17%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr James Lankford R 17%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 0%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 39%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 52%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 52%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 46%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 80%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 61%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 66%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 52%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 32%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 80%
PA U.S. House-3 Mike Kelly R 17%
PA U.S. House-5 G.T. Thompson, Jr. R 39%
PA U.S. House-7 Pat Meehan R 51%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 26%
PA U.S. House-10 Tom Marino R 35%
PA U.S. House-11 Lou Barletta R 44%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 80%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 51%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 43%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 52%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 52%
RI U.S. House-1 David Cicilline D 80%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 68%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 37%
SC U.S. Senate-Jr Tim Scott R 0%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 17%
SC U.S. House-3 Jeff Duncan R 0%
SC U.S. House-4 Trey Gowdy III R 0%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 80%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 33%
SD U.S. House-At-Large Kristi Noem R 31%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 38%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 29%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 31%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 39%
TN U.S. House-3 Chuck Fleischmann R 17%
TN U.S. House-4 Scott DesJarlais R 0%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 59%
TN U.S. House-6 Diane Black R 0%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 0%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 80%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 36%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 0%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 17%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 35%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 0%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 0%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 30%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 0%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 80%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 31%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 0%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-17 Bill Flores R 0%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 76%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 0%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 0%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 46%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 0%
TX U.S. House-27 Blake Farenthold R 17%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 57%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 62%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 80%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 0%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 80%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 28%
UT U.S. Senate-Jr Mike Lee R 12%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 45%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 52%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 37%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 79%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 0%
VA U.S. House-9 Morgan Griffith R 43%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 64%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 52%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 52%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 76%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 52%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 52%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 70%
WA U.S. House-3 Jaime Herrera Beutler R 44%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 31%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 53%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 62%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 73%
WI U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Johnson R 0%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 80%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 17%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 63%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 80%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 0%
WI U.S. House-7 Sean Duffy R 37%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Manchin III D 52%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 50%
WV U.S. House-1 David McKinley R 47%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 22%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 25%
Gary Ackerman 73%
Sandy Adams 17%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 52%
Todd Akin 31%
Rodney Alexander 44%
Jason Altmire 58%
Rob Andrews 73%
Steve Austria 31%
Kelly Ayotte 25%
Joe Baca, Sr. 61%
Michele Bachmann 0%
Spencer Bachus 39%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 27%
John Barrow 58%
Roscoe Bartlett 39%
Charlie Bass 52%
Max Baucus 47%
Mark Begich 52%
Dan Benishek 0%
Rick Berg 17%
Shelley Berkley 62%
Howard Berman 80%
Judy Biggert 55%
Brian Bilbray 49%
Jeff Bingaman 52%
Tim Bishop 73%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 39%
Mary Bono Mack 49%
Dan Boren 54%
Leonard Boswell 61%
Charles Boustany, Jr. 17%
Barbara Boxer 52%
Bruce Braley 80%
Paul Broun 35%
Corrine Brown 70%
Scott Brown 44%
Ann Marie Buerkle 0%
Dan Burton 29%
Dave Camp 27%
John Campbell III 42%
Francisco Canseco 0%
Eric Cantor 27%
Lois Capps 80%
Dennis Cardoza 60%
Russ Carnahan 64%
Jason Chaffetz 29%
Saxby Chambliss 20%
Ben Chandler III 59%
Hansen Clarke 80%
Dan Coats 12%
Howard Coble 0%
Thomas Coburn 0%
Kent Conrad 52%
Jerry Costello 58%
Chip Cravaack 39%
Ander Crenshaw 17%
Mark Critz 58%
Geoff Davis 37%
James DeMint 0%
Norm Dicks 68%
John Dingell 66%
Bob Dold 55%
David Dreier 35%
Donna Edwards 80%
Renee Ellmers 0%
Jo Ann Emerson 51%
Sam Farr 80%
Chaka Fattah, Sr. 80%
Bob Filner 80%
Stephen Fincher 0%
Mike Fitzpatrick 52%
John Fleming, Jr. 17%
Randy Forbes 17%
Barney Frank 80%
Elton Gallegly 17%
Scott Garrett 0%
Jim Gerlach 46%
Chris Gibson 55%
Phil Gingrey 0%
Charlie Gonzalez 71%
Michael Grimm 54%
Frank Guinta 17%
Kay Hagan 52%
Ralph Hall 17%
Richard Hanna 56%
Tom Harkin 52%
Doc Hastings 27%
Nan Hayworth 48%
Joe Heck, Jr. 47%
Wally Herger, Jr. 0%
Maurice Hinchey 65%
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 78%
Thomas Holden 57%
Rush Holt, Jr. 80%
Mike Honda 80%
Tim Huelskamp 0%
Robert Hurt 0%
Daniel Inouye 52%
Steve Israel 68%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 80%
Mike Johanns 33%
Timothy Johnson 52%
Tim Johnson 54%
John Kerry 52%
Dale Kildee 70%
Jack Kingston 39%
Mark Kirk 42%
Larry Kissell 59%
John Kline 17%
Herb Kohl 52%
Dennis Kucinich 80%
Jon Kyl 38%
Mary Landrieu 52%
Tom Latham 35%
Steve LaTourette 54%
Frank Lautenberg 52%
Carl Levin 50%
Jerry Lewis 17%
Joe Lieberman 52%
Dick Lugar 41%
Cynthia Lummis 0%
Dan Lungren 37%
Connie Mack IV 42%
Don Manzullo 30%
Jim Matheson 57%
Carolyn McCarthy 70%
Thaddeus McCotter 37%
Jim McDermott 80%
Mike McIntyre 56%
Buck McKeon 31%
John Mica 27%
Mike Michaud 63%
Barbara Mikulski 52%
Candice Miller 17%
Gary Miller 0%
George Miller 80%
Jeff Miller 0%
Brad Miller 68%
Jim Moran, Jr. 77%
Sue Myrick 29%
Ben Nelson 49%
Randy Neugebauer 0%
Rich Nugent 0%
Alan Nunnelee 17%
John Olver 80%
Bill Owens 61%
Ed Pastor 71%
Ron Paul 48%
Donald Payne 80%
Tom Petri 44%
Joe Pitts 0%
Todd Platts 47%
Mike Pompeo 0%
Mark Pryor 47%
Ben Quayle 0%
Nick Rahall II 58%
Charlie Rangel 80%
Denny Rehberg 48%
Harry Reid 50%
Silvestre Reyes 61%
Reid Ribble 0%
Laura Richardson 77%
Scott Rigell 17%
David Rivera 47%
Jay Rockefeller IV 52%
Mike Rogers 0%
Mike Ross 55%
Steve Rothman 70%
Jon Runyan 48%
Loretta Sanchez 80%
Bobby Schilling 46%
Jean Schmidt 29%
Aaron Schock 43%
Allyson Schwartz 71%
Heath Shuler 56%
Olympia Snowe 42%
Steve Southerland 0%
Pete Stark 80%
Cliff Stearns 0%
Marlin Stutzman 0%
John Sullivan 29%
Betty Sutton 80%
Lee Terry 44%
John Tierney 80%
Ed Towns 80%
Mark Udall 52%
David Vitter 0%
Joe Walsh 17%
Mel Watt 80%
Henry Waxman 80%
Jim Webb, Jr. 52%
Allen West 31%
Lynn Westmoreland 0%
Ed Whitfield 31%
Frank Wolf 31%
Lynn Woolsey 80%
David Wu 75%
Bill Young 37%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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