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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Journal

1999 Liberal on Defense/Foreign Policy Score

State Office District Name Party Rating
AK U.S. House At-Large Donald Young Republican 23%
AL U.S. Senate Sr Richard Shelby Republican 40%
AL U.S. House 4 Robert Aderholt Republican 15%
AR Governor Asa Hutchinson Republican 23%
CA U.S. Senate Sr Dianne Feinstein Democratic 87%
CA U.S. House 5 Mike Thompson Democratic 78%
CA U.S. House 12 Nancy Pelosi Democratic 89%
CA U.S. House 13 Barbara Lee Democratic 53%
CA U.S. House 18 Anna Eshoo Democratic 78%
CA U.S. House 19 Zoe Lofgren Democratic 64%
CA U.S. House 30 Brad Sherman Democratic 61%
CA U.S. House 32 Grace Napolitano Democratic 93%
CA U.S. House 40 Lucille Roybal-Allard Democratic 95%
CA U.S. House 42 Ken Calvert Republican 46%
CA U.S. House 43 Maxine Waters Democratic 95%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra Democratic 95%
CO U.S. House 1 Diana DeGette Democratic 74%
CO Commissioner 2 Scott McInnis 10%
CT U.S. House 1 John Larson Democratic 74%
CT U.S. House 3 Rosa DeLauro Democratic 85%
FL U.S. House 20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. Democratic 83%
FL Chief Justice of the Supreme Court Charles Canady 10%
GA U.S. Senate Sr Johnny Isakson Republican 35%
GA U.S. House 2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. Democratic 68%
GA U.S. House 5 John Lewis Democratic 95%
IA U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Grassley Republican 10%
ID U.S. Senate Sr Mike Crapo Republican 0%
ID U.S. House 2 Mike Simpson Republican 28%
IL U.S. Senate Sr Dick Durbin Democratic 71%
IL U.S. House 1 Bobby Rush Democratic 95%
IL U.S. House 7 Danny Davis Democratic 93%
IL U.S. House 9 Jan Schakowsky Democratic 78%
IL U.S. House 15 John Shimkus Republican 15%
IL Board Member At-Large David Phelps 57%
IN U.S. House 1 Pete Visclosky Democratic 54%
KS U.S. Senate Sr Pat Roberts Republican 34%
KS U.S. Senate Jr Jerry Moran Republican 10%
KY U.S. Senate Sr Mitch McConnell Republican 46%
KY U.S. House 5 Hal Rogers Republican 15%
MA U.S. Senate Jr Ed Markey Democratic 78%
MA U.S. House 1 Richard Neal Democratic 89%
MA U.S. House 2 Jim McGovern Democratic 78%
MD U.S. Senate Sr Ben Cardin Democratic 85%
MD U.S. House 5 Steny Hoyer Democratic 74%
MD U.S. House 7 Elijah Cummings Democratic 95%
ME U.S. Senate Sr Susan Collins Republican 16%
ME Councilor At-Large Joseph Baldacci Democratic 78%
MI U.S. Senate Sr Debbie Stabenow Democratic 68%
MI U.S. House 6 Fred Upton Republican 23%
MN U.S. House 7 Collin Peterson Democratic 27%
MO U.S. Senate Sr Roy Blunt Republican 15%
MS U.S. Senate Sr Roger Wicker Republican 23%
MS U.S. House 2 Bennie Thompson Democratic 88%
NC U.S. Senate Sr Richard Burr Republican 28%
NC U.S. House 4 David Price Democratic 71%
NJ U.S. Senate Sr Bob Menendez Democratic 65%
NJ U.S. House 4 Chris Smith Republican 40%
NJ U.S. House 6 Frank Pallone, Jr. Democratic 67%
NJ U.S. House 9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. Democratic 61%
NM U.S. Senate Sr Tom Udall Democratic 78%
NY U.S. Senate Sr Chuck Schumer Democratic 87%
NY U.S. House 2 Pete King Republican 52%
NY U.S. House 5 Gregory Meeks Democratic 95%
NY U.S. House 7 Nydia Velázquez Democratic 89%
NY U.S. House 10 Jerry Nadler Democratic 93%
NY U.S. House 12 Carolyn Maloney Democratic 78%
NY U.S. House 15 José Serrano Democratic 57%
NY U.S. House 16 Eliot Engel Democratic 78%
NY U.S. House 17 Nita Lowey Democratic 78%
OH U.S. Senate Sr Sherrod Brown Democratic 77%
OH U.S. Senate Jr Rob Portman Republican 39%
OH U.S. House 1 Steve Chabot Republican 3%
OH U.S. House 9 Marcy Kaptur Democratic 68%
OH Governor Mike DeWine Republican 40%
OK U.S. Senate Sr Jim Inhofe Republican 0%
OK U.S. House 3 Frank Lucas Republican 0%
OR U.S. Senate Sr Ron Wyden Democratic 87%
OR U.S. House 2 Greg Walden Republican 23%
OR U.S. House 3 Earl Blumenauer Democratic 89%
OR U.S. House 4 Peter DeFazio Democratic 55%
PA U.S. Senate Jr Pat Toomey Republican 28%
PA U.S. House 18 Mike Doyle, Jr. Democratic 57%
RI U.S. Senate Sr Jack Reed Democratic 78%
SC U.S. Senate Sr Lindsey Graham Republican 34%
SC U.S. House 6 Jim Clyburn Democratic 95%
SD U.S. Senate Sr John Thune Republican 3%
TX U.S. House 8 Kevin Brady Republican 20%
TX U.S. House 12 Kay Granger Republican 31%
TX U.S. House 13 Mac Thornberry Republican 39%
TX U.S. House 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 71%
TX U.S. House 30 Eddie Johnson Democratic 95%
TX U.S. House 35 Lloyd Doggett II Democratic 71%
VA U.S. House 3 Bobby Scott Democratic 78%
VT U.S. Senate Sr Patrick Leahy Democratic 78%
VT U.S. Senate Jr Bernie Sanders Independent 61%
WA U.S. Senate Sr Patty Murray Democratic 78%
WA U.S. House 9 Adam Smith Democratic 58%
WA Governor Jay Inslee Democratic 58%
WI U.S. Senate Jr Tammy Baldwin Democratic 61%
WI U.S. House 3 Ron Kind Democratic 67%
WI U.S. House 5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. Republican 10%
WI Mayor At-Large Tom Barrett 77%
WY U.S. Senate Sr Mike Enzi Republican 10%
Neil Abercrombie 55%
Edmond Spencer Abraham 40%
Gary Ackerman 83%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 78%
Wayne Allard 10%
Thomas Allen 95%
Rob Andrews 55%
Bill Archer 9%
Richard Armey 35%
John Ashcroft 16%
Spencer Bachus 15%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 16%
Brian Baird 71%
Richard Hugh Baker 10%
Cass Ballenger 27%
James Barcia 49%
Bob Barr, Jr. 0%
Bill Barrett 31%
Roscoe Bartlett 10%
Joe Barton 3%
Charlie Bass 28%
Herbert Bateman, Sr. 41%
Max Baucus 87%
Evan Bayh 56%
Bob Bennett 23%
Kenneth Bentsen, Jr. 68%
Douglas Bereuter 40%
Shelley Berkley 71%
Howard Berman 84%
Marion Berry 74%
Joe Biden, Jr. 87%
Judy Biggert 41%
Brian Bilbray 15%
Michael Bilirakis 3%
Jeff Bingaman 62%
Rod Blagojevich 61%
Thomas Bliley, Jr. 42%
Sherwood Boehlert 53%
John Boehner 42%
Kit Bond 33%
Henry Bonilla 10%
David Edward Bonior 89%
Mary Bono Mack 45%
Robert Borski, Jr. 73%
Leonard Boswell 65%
Rick Boucher 68%
Barbara Boxer 87%
Allen Boyd, Jr. 68%
Bob Brady 70%
John Breaux 62%
Corrine Brown 74%
Sam Brownback 23%
Richard Bryan 62%
Ed Bryant 3%
Jim Bunning 0%
Conrad Burns 16%
Dan Burton 9%
Steve Buyer 42%
Robert Byrd 53%
Herbert Callahan 50%
Dave Camp 28%
Ben Campbell 23%
Thomas Campbell 41%
Chris Cannon 0%
Lois Capps 77%
Mike Capuano 89%
Julia Carson 89%
Mike Castle 48%
Lincoln Chafee 60%
Saxby Chambliss 23%
Helen Chenoweth-Hage 15%
William Clay, Sr. 84%
Eva Clayton 92%
Joseph Maxwell Cleland 56%
Robert Clement 63%
Howard Coble 0%
Thomas Coburn 10%
Thad Cochran 37%
Michael Collins 10%
Larry Combest 10%
Gary Condit 48%
Kent Conrad 62%
John Conyers, Jr. 83%
Merrill Cook 20%
John Cooksey 46%
Jerry Costello 57%
Paul Coverdell 16%
Christopher Cox 38%
William Coyne 93%
Larry Craig 0%
Robert Cramer 54%
Philip Crane 3%
Joe Crowley 85%
Barbara Cubin 15%
Randall Cunningham 15%
Patsy Ann Danner 43%
Thomas Daschle 87%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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