Rating Group: Irregular Times/Progressive Patriots/That's My Congress

2011-2012 Liberal Action Score

State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 19%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Donald Young R 14%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 6%
AL U.S. House-2 Martha Roby R 5%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 2%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 2%
AL U.S. House-5 Mo Brooks R 5%
AL U.S. House-7 Terri Sewell D 49%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 0%
AR U.S. House-1 Rick Crawford R 5%
AR U.S. House-3 Steve Womack R 5%
AR Lieutenant Governor Tim Griffin R 2%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 0%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 12%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raul Grijalva D 84%
AZ U.S. House-4 Paul Gosar R 9%
AZ U.S. House-6 David Schweikert R 16%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 2%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 63%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 72%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 23%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 72%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 72%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 60%
CA U.S. House-10 Jeff Denham R 2%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 56%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 88%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 77%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 30%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 79%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 79%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 0%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 0%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 72%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 60%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 63%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 77%
CA U.S. House-37 Karen Bass D 67%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 70%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 19%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 72%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 2%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 72%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 23%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 2%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 56%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 72%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Michael Bennet D 63%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Cory Gardner R 5%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 67%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 77%
CO U.S. House-3 Scott Tipton R 7%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 2%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 7%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 47%
CT U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Blumenthal D 56%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 60%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 58%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 58%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 63%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 58%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 44%
DE U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Coons D 63%
DE Governor John Carney, Jr. D 56%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 38%
FL U.S. Senate-Jr Marco Rubio R 0%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 9%
FL U.S. House-11 Daniel Webster R 9%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 5%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 65%
FL U.S. House-15 Dennis Ross R 2%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 5%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 5%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 72%
FL U.S. House-22 Ted Deutch D 53%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 60%
FL U.S. House-24 Frederica Wilson D 53%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 9%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 12%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 6%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 30%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 63%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 72%
GA U.S. House-7 Rob Woodall R 16%
GA U.S. House-8 Austin Scott R 5%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 47%
GA U.S. House-14 Tom Graves, Jr. R 12%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 70%
HI U.S. House-1 Colleen Hanabusa D 58%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 6%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 53%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 2%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 6%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 6%
ID U.S. House-1 Raúl Labrador R 21%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 9%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 88%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 65%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 44%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 72%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 70%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 5%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 72%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 84%
IL U.S. House-14 Randy Hultgren R 9%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 5%
IL U.S. House-16 Adam Kinzinger R 5%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 23%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Todd Young R 0%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 58%
IN U.S. House-4 Todd Rokita R 7%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 58%
IN U.S. House-8 Larry Bucshon R 7%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 0%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 6%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 2%
KS U.S. House-3 Kevin Yoder R 5%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 0%
KY U.S. Senate-Jr Rand Paul R 25%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 2%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 63%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 2%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Cassidy R 9%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 2%
LA U.S. House-2 Cedric Richmond D 58%
LA Attorney General Jeff Landry R 7%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 74%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 67%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 84%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 58%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 74%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 63%
MA U.S. House-9 Bill Keating D 65%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Ben Cardin D 75%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 67%
MD U.S. House-1 Andy Harris R 9%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 51%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 67%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 51%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 65%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 38%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 79%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 38%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Gary Peters D 47%
MI U.S. House-2 Bill Huizenga R 9%
MI U.S. House-3 Justin Amash R 35%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 12%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 5%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 51%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 81%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar D 50%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken D 75%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz D 56%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 7%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum D 56%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison D 74%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson D 21%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 50%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 0%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 77%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 0%
MO U.S. House-4 Vicky Hartzler R 0%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 74%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 5%
MO U.S. House-7 Billy Long R 2%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 6%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 0%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 60%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 5%
MS U.S. House-4 Steven Palazzo R 2%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 56%
NA Vice President Mike Pence R 2%
NA U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions III R 0%
NA U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Tom Price R 2%
NA Director of the Office of Management & Budget Mick Mulvaney R 7%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 0%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 53%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 37%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 70%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 2%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 5%
ND U.S. Senate-Sr John Hoeven R 0%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 12%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 2%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 63%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 63%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 26%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 19%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 81%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 16%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 53%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 56%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 7%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 75%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 53%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 9%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 63%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Dean Heller R 13%
NV U.S. House-2 Mark Amodei R 0%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 63%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 69%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 7%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 53%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 74%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 65%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 81%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 74%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 58%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 72%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 58%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 65%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 70%
NY U.S. House-23 Tom Reed II R 12%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 65%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 56%
NY Lieutenant Governor Kathy Hochul Other 26%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 88%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 2%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 2%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 2%
OH U.S. House-6 Bill Johnson R 5%
OH U.S. House-7 Bob Gibbs R 2%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 58%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 9%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 65%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 7%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 53%
OH U.S. House-15 Steve Stivers R 12%
OH U.S. House-16 Jim Renacci R 9%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 0%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr James Lankford R 5%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 2%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 7%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 81%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 94%
OR U.S. House-1 Suzanne Bonamici D 14%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 9%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 77%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 70%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 58%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 56%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 0%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 63%
PA U.S. House-3 Mike Kelly R 5%
PA U.S. House-5 G.T. Thompson, Jr. R 7%
PA U.S. House-7 Pat Meehan R 14%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 2%
PA U.S. House-10 Tom Marino R 0%
PA U.S. House-11 Lou Barletta R 2%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 65%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 14%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 7%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 50%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 56%
RI U.S. House-1 David Cicilline D 65%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 47%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 6%
SC U.S. Senate-Jr Tim Scott R 7%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 0%
SC U.S. House-3 Jeff Duncan R 9%
SC U.S. House-4 Trey Gowdy III R 5%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 56%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 0%
SD U.S. House-At-Large Kristi Noem R 9%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 0%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 0%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 12%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 35%
TN U.S. House-3 Chuck Fleischmann R 7%
TN U.S. House-4 Scott DesJarlais R 5%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 49%
TN U.S. House-6 Diane Black R 0%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 2%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 74%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 0%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 5%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 5%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 5%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 2%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 9%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 7%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 5%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 49%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 2%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 0%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 5%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 0%
TX U.S. House-17 Bill Flores R 2%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 56%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 2%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 2%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 9%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 12%
TX U.S. House-27 Blake Farenthold R 2%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 28%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 40%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 63%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 5%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 0%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 63%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 0%
UT U.S. Senate-Jr Mike Lee R 31%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 7%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 38%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 7%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 65%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 9%
VA U.S. House-9 Morgan Griffith R 21%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 53%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 75%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 94%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 70%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 81%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 69%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 58%
WA U.S. House-3 Jaime Herrera Beutler R 7%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 2%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 23%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 53%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 58%
WI U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Johnson R 0%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 77%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 7%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 58%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 74%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 12%
WI U.S. House-7 Sean Duffy R 12%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Manchin III D 31%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 12%
WV U.S. House-1 David McKinley R 14%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 0%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 0%
Gary Ackerman 60%
Sandy Adams 7%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 69%
Todd Akin 2%
Rodney Alexander 7%
Jason Altmire 28%
Rob Andrews 58%
Steve Austria 2%
Kelly Ayotte 0%
Joe Baca, Sr. 44%
Michele Bachmann 5%
Spencer Bachus 2%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 0%
Ron Barber 0%
John Barrow 30%
Roscoe Bartlett 14%
Charlie Bass 23%
Max Baucus 50%
Mark Begich 56%
Dan Benishek 7%
Rick Berg 5%
Shelley Berkley 51%
Howard Berman 65%
Judy Biggert 12%
Brian Bilbray 5%
Jeff Bingaman 63%
Tim Bishop 60%
John Boehner 2%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 2%
Mary Bono Mack 5%
Dan Boren 16%
Leonard Boswell 49%
Charles Boustany, Jr. 7%
Barbara Boxer 63%
Bruce Braley 65%
Paul Broun 12%
Corrine Brown 51%
Scott Brown 19%
Ann Marie Buerkle 5%
Dan Burton 5%
Dave Camp 9%
John Campbell III 35%
Francisco Canseco 2%
Eric Cantor 0%
Lois Capps 72%
Dennis Cardoza 33%
Russ Carnahan 49%
Jason Chaffetz 14%
Saxby Chambliss 0%
Ben Chandler III 33%
Hansen Clarke 67%
Dan Coats 0%
Howard Coble 14%
Thomas Coburn 6%
Kent Conrad 38%
Jerry Costello 44%
Chip Cravaack 2%
Ander Crenshaw 2%
Mark Critz 26%
Geoff Davis 5%
James DeMint 13%
Norm Dicks 49%
John Dingell 53%
Bob Dold 14%
David Dreier 5%
Donna Edwards 72%
Renee Ellmers 5%
Jo Ann Emerson 9%
Sam Farr 77%
Chaka Fattah, Sr. 67%
Bob Filner 72%
Stephen Fincher 7%
Mike Fitzpatrick 30%
John Fleming, Jr. 2%
Randy Forbes 5%
Barney Frank 81%
Elton Gallegly 2%
Scott Garrett 9%
Jim Gerlach 9%
Chris Gibson 28%
Gabrielle Giffords 0%
Phil Gingrey 2%
Charlie Gonzalez 47%
Michael Grimm 2%
Frank Guinta 5%
Kay Hagan 44%
Janice Hahn 21%
Ralph Hall 7%
Richard Hanna 21%
Tom Harkin 94%
Doc Hastings 2%
Nan Hayworth 19%
Joe Heck, Jr. 9%
Wally Herger, Jr. 2%
Maurice Hinchey 70%
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 37%
Thomas Holden 26%
Rush Holt, Jr. 91%
Mike Honda 84%
Tim Huelskamp 14%
Duncan Hunter 2%
Robert Hurt 5%
Daniel Inouye 38%
Steve Israel 53%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 77%
Mike Johanns 6%
Tim Johnson 47%
Timothy Johnson 44%
John Kerry 56%
Dale Kildee 56%
Jack Kingston 5%
Mark Kirk 13%
Larry Kissell 30%
John Kline 0%
Herb Kohl 44%
Dennis Kucinich 79%
Jon Kyl 0%
Mary Landrieu 25%
Tom Latham 5%
Steve LaTourette 21%
Frank Lautenberg 56%
Carl Levin 50%
Jerry Lewis 5%
Joe Lieberman 44%
Dick Lugar 6%
Cynthia Lummis 14%
Dan Lungren 5%
Connie Mack IV 14%
Don Manzullo 7%
Jim Matheson 30%
Carolyn McCarthy 44%
Thaddeus McCotter 7%
Jim McDermott 74%
Mike McIntyre 30%
Buck McKeon 2%
John Mica 2%
Mike Michaud 72%
Barbara Mikulski 63%
Candice Miller 14%
Gary Miller 2%
George Miller 79%
Jeff Miller 5%
Brad Miller 53%
Jim Moran, Jr. 72%
Sue Myrick 5%
Ben Nelson 25%
Randy Neugebauer 2%
Rich Nugent 5%
Alan Nunnelee 0%
John Olver 70%
Bill Owens 44%
Ed Pastor 56%
Ron Paul 33%
Donald Payne 60%
Tom Petri 23%
Joe Pitts 2%
Todd Platts 9%
Mike Pompeo 2%
Mark Pryor 31%
Ben Quayle 2%
Nick Rahall II 44%
Charlie Rangel 72%
Denny Rehberg 12%
Harry Reid 31%
Silvestre Reyes 47%
Reid Ribble 9%
Laura Richardson 56%
Scott Rigell 7%
David Rivera 7%
Jay Rockefeller IV 50%
Mike Rogers 2%
Mike Ross 21%
Steve Rothman 60%
Jon Runyan 7%
Loretta Sanchez 58%
Bobby Schilling 12%
Jean Schmidt 9%
Aaron Schock 9%
Allyson Schwartz 60%
Heath Shuler 37%
Olympia Snowe 25%
Steve Southerland 9%
Pete Stark 84%
Cliff Stearns 9%
Marlin Stutzman 7%
John Sullivan 5%
Betty Sutton 58%
Lee Terry 7%
John Tierney 77%
Ed Towns 72%
Bob Turner 0%
Mark Udall 69%
David Vitter 6%
Joe Walsh 14%
Mel Watt 70%
Henry Waxman 72%
Jim Webb, Jr. 44%
Allen West 5%
Lynn Westmoreland 5%
Ed Whitfield 9%
Frank Wolf 14%
Lynn Woolsey 91%
Bill Young 7%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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