Rating Group: Concerned Women for America

2011 Positions

State Office Name Party Rating
NA Vice President Mike Pence R 96%
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 50%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 91%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 91%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 81%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 88%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 0%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Michael Bennet D 8%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Cory Gardner R 92%
CT U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Blumenthal D 0%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 3%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 8%
DE U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Coons D 0%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 8%
FL U.S. Senate-Jr Marco Rubio R 100%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 90%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 3%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 91%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 100%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 100%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 0%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 33%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Todd Young R 96%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 91%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 90%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 100%
KY U.S. Senate-Jr Rand Paul R 91%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Cassidy R 100%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 3%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Ben Cardin D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 11%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 66%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Gary Peters D 16%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar D 0%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken D 0%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 8%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 100%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 91%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 91%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 0%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 91%
ND U.S. Senate-Sr John Hoeven R 91%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 0%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 0%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 0%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 14%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Dean Heller R 83%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 0%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 8%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 91%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 100%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr James Lankford R 100%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 0%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 0%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 90%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 0%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 81%
SC U.S. Senate-Jr Tim Scott R 92%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 83%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 83%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 91%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 91%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 63%
UT U.S. Senate-Jr Mike Lee R 90%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 0%
WI U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Johnson R 91%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 3%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Manchin III D 9%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 92%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 91%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 90%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Donald Young R 95%
AL U.S. House-2 Martha Roby R 96%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 96%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 96%
AL U.S. House-5 Mo Brooks R 100%
AL U.S. House-7 Terri Sewell D 15%
AR U.S. House-1 Rick Crawford R 96%
AR U.S. House-3 Steve Womack R 96%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raul Grijalva D 3%
AZ U.S. House-4 Paul Gosar R 100%
AZ U.S. House-6 David Schweikert R 96%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 96%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 4%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 88%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 7%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 3%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 11%
CA U.S. House-10 Jeff Denham R 100%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 11%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 3%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 7%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 18%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 7%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 3%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 96%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 96%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 3%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 14%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 11%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 3%
CA U.S. House-37 Karen Bass D 7%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 7%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 96%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 7%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 100%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 7%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 92%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 100%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 100%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 14%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 3%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 4%
CO U.S. House-3 Scott Tipton R 92%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 96%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 100%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 14%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 3%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 14%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 7%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 11%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 100%
FL U.S. House-11 Daniel Webster R 96%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 96%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 12%
FL U.S. House-15 Dennis Ross R 96%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 92%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 96%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 11%
FL U.S. House-22 Ted Deutch D 11%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 16%
FL U.S. House-24 Frederica Wilson D 12%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 95%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 96%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 22%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 14%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 3%
GA U.S. House-7 Rob Woodall R 96%
GA U.S. House-8 Austin Scott R 100%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 18%
GA U.S. House-14 Tom Graves, Jr. R 96%
HI U.S. House-1 Colleen Hanabusa D 14%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 11%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 92%
ID U.S. House-1 Raúl Labrador R 96%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 88%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 3%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 44%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 3%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 3%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 96%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 3%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 3%
IL U.S. House-14 Randy Hultgren R 96%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 96%
IL U.S. House-16 Adam Kinzinger R 96%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 14%
IN U.S. House-4 Todd Rokita R 100%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 11%
IN U.S. House-8 Larry Bucshon R 96%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 96%
KS U.S. House-3 Kevin Yoder R 92%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 96%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 3%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 96%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 100%
LA U.S. House-2 Cedric Richmond D 3%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 7%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 3%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 14%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 3%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 3%
MA U.S. House-9 Bill Keating D 8%
MD U.S. House-1 Andy Harris R 96%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 15%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 7%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 14%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 11%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 3%
MI U.S. House-2 Bill Huizenga R 96%
MI U.S. House-3 Justin Amash R 74%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 96%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 100%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 14%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 7%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz D 14%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 96%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum D 9%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison D 3%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson D 44%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 7%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 96%
MO U.S. House-4 Vicky Hartzler R 100%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 4%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 92%
MO U.S. House-7 Billy Long R 95%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 11%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 100%
MS U.S. House-4 Steven Palazzo R 100%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 11%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 84%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 7%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 100%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 96%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 96%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 100%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 92%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 96%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 3%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 96%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 14%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 15%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 86%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 92%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 3%
NV U.S. House-2 Mark Amodei R 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 96%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 15%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 3%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 7%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 0%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 3%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 7%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 3%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 11%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 14%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 3%
NY U.S. House-23 Tom Reed II R 96%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 8%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 11%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 96%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 96%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 100%
OH U.S. House-6 Bill Johnson R 96%
OH U.S. House-7 Bob Gibbs R 96%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 14%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 92%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 3%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 88%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 11%
OH U.S. House-15 Steve Stivers R 92%
OH U.S. House-16 Jim Renacci R 96%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 96%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 100%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 92%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 3%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 7%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 11%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 11%
PA U.S. House-3 Mike Kelly R 96%
PA U.S. House-5 GT Thompson, Jr. R 96%
PA U.S. House-7 Pat Meehan R 88%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 96%
PA U.S. House-10 Tom Marino R 96%
PA U.S. House-11 Lou Barletta R 92%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 3%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 81%
RI U.S. House-1 David Cicilline D 7%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 14%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 96%
SC U.S. House-3 Jeff Duncan R 96%
SC U.S. House-4 Trey Gowdy III R 96%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 7%
SD U.S. House-At-Large Kristi Noem R 96%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 100%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 88%
TN U.S. House-3 Chuck Fleischmann R 100%
TN U.S. House-4 Scott DesJarlais R 92%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 18%
TN U.S. House-6 Diane Black R 96%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 96%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 3%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 96%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 96%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 100%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 100%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 95%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 100%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 100%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 11%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 100%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 100%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 100%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 100%
TX U.S. House-17 Bill Flores R 100%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 7%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 100%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 100%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 96%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 100%
TX U.S. House-27 Blake Farenthold R 96%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 22%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 11%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 11%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 100%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 100%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 11%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 100%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 96%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 11%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 100%
VA U.S. House-9 Morgan Griffith R 88%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 14%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 3%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 14%
WA U.S. House-3 Jaime Herrera Beutler R 96%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 96%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 80%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 14%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 96%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 14%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 3%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 96%
WI U.S. House-7 Sean Duffy R 92%
WV U.S. House-1 David McKinley R 88%
DE Governor John Carney, Jr. D 14%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 14%
AR Lieutenant Governor Tim Griffin R 96%
NY Lieutenant Governor Kathy Hochul Other 50%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 3%
LA Attorney General Jeff Landry R 100%
NA U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions III R 91%
CA Supervisor-4 Janice Hahn 33%
NA Director of the Office of Management & Budget Mick Mulvaney R 92%
Gary Ackerman 7%
Sandy Adams 92%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Todd Akin 100%
Rodney Alexander 96%
Jason Altmire 44%
Rob Andrews 16%
Steve Austria 100%
Kelly Ayotte 91%
Joe Baca, Sr. 14%
Michele Bachmann 92%
Spencer Bachus 100%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 90%
John Barrow 18%
Roscoe Bartlett 96%
Charlie Bass 80%
Max Baucus 0%
Mark Begich 8%
Dan Benishek 92%
Rick Berg 96%
Shelley Berkley 15%
Howard Berman 11%
Judy Biggert 74%
Brian Bilbray 92%
Jeff Bingaman 0%
Tim Bishop 14%
John Boehner 100%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 96%
Mary Bono Mack 85%
Dan Boren 77%
Leonard Boswell 14%
Charles Boustany, Jr. 96%
Barbara Boxer 0%
Bruce Braley 4%
Paul Broun 92%
Corrine Brown 15%
Scott Brown 66%
Ann Marie Buerkle 100%
Dan Burton 100%
Dave Camp 96%
John Campbell III 91%
Francisco Canseco 92%
Eric Cantor 96%
Lois Capps 3%
Dennis Cardoza 15%
Russ Carnahan 14%
Jason Chaffetz 88%
Saxby Chambliss 83%
Ben Chandler III 18%
Hansen Clarke 3%
Dan Coats 91%
Howard Coble 100%
Thomas Coburn 90%
Kent Conrad 0%
Jerry Costello 29%
Chip Cravaack 92%
Ander Crenshaw 96%
Mark Critz 33%
Geoff Davis 96%
James DeMint 91%
Norm Dicks 14%
John Dingell 14%
Bob Dold 77%
David Dreier 96%
Donna Edwards 7%
Renee Ellmers 96%
Jo Ann Emerson 96%
John Ensign 100%
Sam Farr 3%
Chaka Fattah, Sr. 7%
Bob Filner 4%
Stephen Fincher 96%
Mike Fitzpatrick 96%
John Fleming, Jr. 96%
Randy Forbes 88%
Barney Frank 3%
Elton Gallegly 100%
Scott Garrett 96%
Jim Gerlach 92%
Chris Gibson 77%
Gabrielle Giffords 0%
Phil Gingrey 96%
Charlie Gonzalez 11%
Michael Grimm 88%
Frank Guinta 100%
Kay Hagan 0%
Ralph Hall 100%
Richard Hanna 66%
Tom Harkin 0%
Jane Harman 0%
Doc Hastings 95%
Nan Hayworth 96%
Joe Heck, Jr. 88%
Wally Herger, Jr. 100%
Maurice Hinchey 0%
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 19%
Thomas Holden 29%
Rush Holt, Jr. 3%
Mike Honda 3%
Tim Huelskamp 96%
Robert Hurt 92%
Daniel Inouye 0%
Steve Israel 14%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 4%
Mike Johanns 91%
Timothy Johnson 0%
Tim Johnson 88%
John Kerry 0%
Dale Kildee 22%
Jack Kingston 96%
Mark Kirk 75%
Larry Kissell 18%
John Kline 100%
Herb Kohl 8%
Dennis Kucinich 3%
Jon Kyl 91%
Mary Landrieu 0%
Tom Latham 96%
Steve LaTourette 77%
Frank Lautenberg 0%
Chris Lee 100%
Carl Levin 0%
Jerry Lewis 96%
Joe Lieberman 10%
Dick Lugar 81%
Cynthia Lummis 100%
Dan Lungren 96%
Connie Mack IV 92%
Don Manzullo 100%
Jim Matheson 30%
Carolyn McCarthy 13%
Thaddeus McCotter 92%
Jim McDermott 3%
Mike McIntyre 70%
Buck McKeon 96%
John Mica 100%
Mike Michaud 7%
Barbara Mikulski 0%
Candice Miller 92%
Gary Miller 100%
George Miller 3%
Jeff Miller 100%
Brad Miller 11%
Jim Moran, Jr. 14%
Tim Murphy 96%
Sue Myrick 100%
Ben Nelson 16%
Randy Neugebauer 96%
Rich Nugent 96%
Alan Nunnelee 100%
John Olver 4%
Bill Owens 14%
Ed Pastor 7%
Ron Paul 73%
Donald Payne 4%
Tom Petri 96%
Joe Pitts 96%
Todd Platts 92%
Mike Pompeo 100%
Tom Price 100%
Mark Pryor 0%
Ben Quayle 95%
Nick Rahall II 33%
Charlie Rangel 11%
Denny Rehberg 88%
Harry Reid 8%
Silvestre Reyes 15%
Reid Ribble 100%
Laura Richardson 11%
Scott Rigell 92%
David Rivera 96%
Jay Rockefeller IV 0%
Mike Rogers 96%
Mike Ross 55%
Steve Rothman 14%
Jon Runyan 96%
Loretta Sanchez 11%
Bobby Schilling 96%
Jean Schmidt 96%
Aaron Schock 92%
Allyson Schwartz 14%
Heath Shuler 44%
Olympia Snowe 66%
Steve Southerland 96%
Pete Stark 4%
Cliff Stearns 100%
Marlin Stutzman 96%
John Sullivan 100%
Betty Sutton 11%
Lee Terry 100%
John Tierney 3%
Ed Towns 7%
Bob Turner 100%
Mark Udall 8%
David Vitter 100%
Joe Walsh 96%
Mel Watt 3%
Henry Waxman 0%
Jim Webb, Jr. 0%
Anthony Weiner 0%
Allen West 92%
Lynn Westmoreland 100%
Ed Whitfield 96%
Frank Wolf 96%
Lynn Woolsey 3%
David Wu 0%
Bill Young 96%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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