Rating Group: Gun Owners of America

2011 Key Votes Alignment on Gun Rights - Federal Vote Scorecard - 112th Congress, First Session

Issues: Guns
State Office Name Party Rating
AK U.S. Senate-Sr Lisa Murkowski R 25%
AK U.S. House-At-Large Donald Young R 75%
AL U.S. House-2 Martha Roby R 75%
AL U.S. House-3 Mike Rogers R 75%
AL U.S. House-4 Robert Aderholt R 75%
AL U.S. House-5 Mo Brooks R 75%
AL U.S. House-7 Terri Sewell D 33%
AL U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Shelby R 75%
AR U.S. House-1 Rick Crawford R 75%
AR U.S. House-3 Steve Womack R 75%
AR U.S. Senate-Sr John Boozman R 71%
AR Lieutenant Governor Tim Griffin R 75%
AZ U.S. House-3 Raul Grijalva D 25%
AZ U.S. House-4 Paul Gosar R 75%
AZ U.S. House-6 David Schweikert R 75%
AZ U.S. House-8 Trent Franks R 100%
AZ U.S. Senate-Sr John McCain III R 50%
AZ U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Flake R 75%
CA U.S. House-3 John Garamendi D 25%
CA U.S. House-4 Tom McClintock R 75%
CA U.S. House-5 Mike Thompson D 0%
CA U.S. House-6 Doris Matsui D 25%
CA U.S. House-9 Jerry McNerney D 25%
CA U.S. House-10 Jeff Denham R 75%
CA U.S. House-12 Nancy Pelosi D 25%
CA U.S. House-13 Barbara Lee D 25%
CA U.S. House-14 Jackie Speier D 0%
CA U.S. House-16 Jim Costa D 0%
CA U.S. House-18 Anna Eshoo D 25%
CA U.S. House-19 Zoe Lofgren D 25%
CA U.S. House-22 Devin Nunes R 75%
CA U.S. House-23 Kevin McCarthy R 75%
CA U.S. House-27 Judy Chu D 25%
CA U.S. House-28 Adam Schiff D 0%
CA U.S. House-30 Brad Sherman D 0%
CA U.S. House-32 Grace Napolitano D 33%
CA U.S. House-37 Karen Bass D 25%
CA U.S. House-38 Linda Sánchez D 25%
CA U.S. House-39 Ed Royce R 75%
CA U.S. House-40 Lucille Roybal-Allard D 25%
CA U.S. House-42 Ken Calvert R 75%
CA U.S. House-43 Maxine Waters D 25%
CA U.S. House-48 Dana Rohrabacher R 75%
CA U.S. House-49 Darrell Issa R 75%
CA U.S. House-50 Duncan Hunter R 75%
CA U.S. House-53 Susan Davis D 0%
CA U.S. Senate-Sr Dianne Feinstein D 0%
CA Attorney General Xavier Becerra D 25%
CO U.S. House-1 Diana DeGette D 0%
CO U.S. House-2 Jared Polis D 0%
CO U.S. House-3 Scott Tipton R 100%
CO U.S. House-5 Doug Lamborn R 100%
CO U.S. House-6 Michael Coffman R 75%
CO U.S. House-7 Ed Perlmutter D 0%
CO U.S. Senate-Sr Michael Bennet D 0%
CO U.S. Senate-Jr Cory Gardner R 75%
CT U.S. House-1 John Larson D 25%
CT U.S. House-2 Joe Courtney D 0%
CT U.S. House-3 Rosa DeLauro D 25%
CT U.S. House-4 Jim Himes D 0%
CT U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Blumenthal D 0%
CT U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Murphy D 0%
DE U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Carper D 0%
DE U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Coons D 0%
DE Governor John Carney, Jr. D 0%
FL U.S. House-8 Bill Posey R 75%
FL U.S. House-11 Daniel Webster R 75%
FL U.S. House-12 Gus Bilirakis R 75%
FL U.S. House-14 Kathy Castor D 0%
FL U.S. House-15 Dennis Ross R 100%
FL U.S. House-16 Vern Buchanan R 75%
FL U.S. House-17 Tom Rooney R 75%
FL U.S. House-20 Alcee Hastings, Sr. D 25%
FL U.S. House-22 Ted Deutch D 0%
FL U.S. House-23 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D 0%
FL U.S. House-24 Frederica Wilson D 33%
FL U.S. House-25 Mario Diaz-Balart R 75%
FL U.S. House-27 Ileana Ros-Lehtinen R 75%
FL U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Nelson, Sr. D 0%
FL U.S. Senate-Jr Marco Rubio R 100%
GA U.S. House-2 Sanford Bishop, Jr. D 0%
GA U.S. House-4 Hank Johnson, Jr. D 25%
GA U.S. House-5 John Lewis D 25%
GA U.S. House-7 Rob Woodall R 75%
GA U.S. House-8 Austin Scott R 75%
GA U.S. House-13 David Scott D 25%
GA U.S. House-14 Tom Graves, Jr. R 100%
GA U.S. Senate-Sr Johnny Isakson R 63%
HI U.S. House-1 Colleen Hanabusa D 25%
HI U.S. Senate-Jr Mazie Hirono D 25%
IA U.S. House-2 Dave Loebsack D 0%
IA U.S. House-4 Steve King R 100%
IA U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Grassley R 75%
ID U.S. House-1 Raúl Labrador R 100%
ID U.S. House-2 Mike Simpson R 75%
ID U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Crapo R 88%
ID U.S. Senate-Jr James Risch R 88%
IL U.S. House-1 Bobby Rush D 25%
IL U.S. House-3 Daniel Lipinski D 0%
IL U.S. House-4 Luis Gutiérrez D 25%
IL U.S. House-5 Mike Quigley D 0%
IL U.S. House-6 Peter Roskam R 75%
IL U.S. House-7 Danny Davis D 25%
IL U.S. House-9 Jan Schakowsky D 25%
IL U.S. House-14 Randy Hultgren R 75%
IL U.S. House-15 John Shimkus R 75%
IL U.S. House-16 Adam Kinzinger R 75%
IL U.S. Senate-Sr Dick Durbin D 0%
IN U.S. House-1 Pete Visclosky D 0%
IN U.S. House-4 Todd Rokita R 75%
IN U.S. House-7 André Carson D 0%
IN U.S. House-8 Larry Bucshon R 75%
IN U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Donnelly, Sr. D 0%
IN U.S. Senate-Jr Todd Young R 75%
KS U.S. House-2 Lynn Jenkins R 75%
KS U.S. House-3 Kevin Yoder R 75%
KS U.S. Senate-Sr Pat Roberts R 71%
KS U.S. Senate-Jr Jerry Moran R 83%
KY U.S. House-2 Brett Guthrie R 75%
KY U.S. House-3 John Yarmuth D 25%
KY U.S. House-5 Hal Rogers R 75%
KY U.S. Senate-Sr Mitch McConnell R 63%
KY U.S. Senate-Jr Rand Paul R 88%
LA U.S. House-1 Steve Scalise R 75%
LA U.S. House-2 Cedric Richmond D 25%
LA U.S. Senate-Sr Bill Cassidy R 75%
LA Attorney General Jeff Landry R 100%
MA U.S. House-1 Richard Neal D 25%
MA U.S. House-2 Jim McGovern D 25%
MA U.S. House-3 Niki Tsongas D 25%
MA U.S. House-7 Mike Capuano D 25%
MA U.S. House-8 Stephen Lynch D 25%
MA U.S. House-9 Bill Keating D 0%
MA U.S. Senate-Jr Ed Markey D 25%
MD U.S. House-1 Andy Harris R 100%
MD U.S. House-2 Dutch Ruppersberger D 0%
MD U.S. House-3 John Sarbanes D 0%
MD U.S. House-5 Steny Hoyer D 0%
MD U.S. House-7 Elijah Cummings D 25%
MD U.S. Senate-Sr Ben Cardin D 0%
MD U.S. Senate-Jr Chris Van Hollen, Jr. D 0%
ME U.S. House-1 Chellie Pingree D 0%
ME U.S. Senate-Sr Susan Collins R 38%
MI U.S. House-2 Bill Huizenga R 100%
MI U.S. House-3 Justin Amash R 100%
MI U.S. House-6 Fred Upton R 75%
MI U.S. House-7 Tim Walberg R 100%
MI U.S. House-9 Sandy Levin D 25%
MI U.S. House-13 John Conyers, Jr. D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Sr Debbie Stabenow D 0%
MI U.S. Senate-Jr Gary Peters D 0%
MN U.S. House-1 Tim Walz D 0%
MN U.S. House-3 Erik Paulsen R 75%
MN U.S. House-4 Betty McCollum D 33%
MN U.S. House-5 Keith Ellison D 25%
MN U.S. House-7 Collin Peterson D 25%
MN U.S. Senate-Sr Amy Klobuchar D 0%
MN U.S. Senate-Jr Al Franken D 0%
MO U.S. House-1 Lacy Clay, Jr. D 25%
MO U.S. House-3 Blaine Luetkemeyer R 75%
MO U.S. House-4 Vicky Hartzler R 75%
MO U.S. House-5 Emanuel Cleaver II D 25%
MO U.S. House-6 Sam Graves R 75%
MO U.S. House-7 Billy Long R 100%
MO U.S. Senate-Sr Claire McCaskill D 0%
MO U.S. Senate-Jr Roy Blunt R 63%
MS U.S. House-2 Bennie Thompson D 25%
MS U.S. House-3 Gregg Harper R 75%
MS U.S. House-4 Steven Palazzo R 75%
MS U.S. Senate-Sr Thad Cochran R 63%
MS U.S. Senate-Jr Roger Wicker R 63%
MT U.S. Senate-Sr Jon Tester D 13%
NA Director of the Office of Management & Budget Mick Mulvaney R 100%
NA Vice President Mike Pence R 100%
NA U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services Tom Price R 75%
NA U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions III R 63%
NC U.S. House-1 G.K. Butterfield, Jr. D 0%
NC U.S. House-3 Walter Jones, Jr. R 75%
NC U.S. House-4 David Price D 0%
NC U.S. House-5 Virginia Foxx R 75%
NC U.S. House-10 Patrick McHenry R 75%
NC U.S. Senate-Sr Richard Burr R 75%
ND U.S. Senate-Sr John Hoeven R 63%
NE U.S. House-1 Jeff Fortenberry R 75%
NE U.S. House-3 Adrian Smith R 75%
NH U.S. Senate-Sr Jeanne Shaheen D 0%
NJ U.S. House-2 Frank LoBiondo R 75%
NJ U.S. House-4 Chris Smith R 100%
NJ U.S. House-6 Frank Pallone, Jr. D 25%
NJ U.S. House-7 Leonard Lance R 75%
NJ U.S. House-8 Albio Sires D 0%
NJ U.S. House-9 Bill Pascrell, Jr. D 0%
NJ U.S. House-11 Rodney Frelinghuysen R 75%
NJ U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Menendez D 0%
NM U.S. House-2 Steve Pearce R 100%
NM U.S. House-3 Ben Lujan, Jr. D 0%
NM U.S. Senate-Sr Tom Udall D 0%
NM U.S. Senate-Jr Martin Heinrich D 0%
NV U.S. Senate-Sr Dean Heller R 100%
NY U.S. House-2 Pete King R 75%
NY U.S. House-5 Gregory Meeks D 33%
NY U.S. House-7 Nydia Velázquez D 25%
NY U.S. House-9 Yvette Clarke D 25%
NY U.S. House-10 Jerry Nadler D 25%
NY U.S. House-12 Carolyn Maloney D 25%
NY U.S. House-14 Joe Crowley D 25%
NY U.S. House-15 José Serrano D 25%
NY U.S. House-16 Eliot Engel D 0%
NY U.S. House-17 Nita Lowey D 0%
NY U.S. House-20 Paul Tonko D 25%
NY U.S. House-23 Tom Reed II R 75%
NY U.S. House-25 Louise Slaughter D 25%
NY U.S. House-26 Brian Higgins D 0%
NY U.S. Senate-Sr Chuck Schumer D 0%
NY U.S. Senate-Jr Kirsten Gillibrand D 0%
OH U.S. House-1 Steve Chabot R 100%
OH U.S. House-4 Jim Jordan R 100%
OH U.S. House-5 Bob Latta R 75%
OH U.S. House-6 Bill Johnson R 75%
OH U.S. House-7 Bob Gibbs R 75%
OH U.S. House-9 Marcy Kaptur D 25%
OH U.S. House-10 Mike Turner R 75%
OH U.S. House-11 Marcia Fudge D 25%
OH U.S. House-12 Pat Tiberi R 75%
OH U.S. House-13 Tim Ryan D 25%
OH U.S. House-15 Steve Stivers R 75%
OH U.S. House-16 Jim Renacci R 75%
OH U.S. Senate-Sr Sherrod Brown D 0%
OH U.S. Senate-Jr Rob Portman R 63%
OK U.S. House-3 Frank Lucas R 75%
OK U.S. House-4 Tom Cole R 75%
OK U.S. Senate-Sr Jim Inhofe R 88%
OK U.S. Senate-Jr James Lankford R 75%
OR U.S. House-2 Greg Walden R 75%
OR U.S. House-3 Earl Blumenauer D 25%
OR U.S. House-4 Peter DeFazio D 0%
OR U.S. House-5 Kurt Schrader D 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Wyden D 0%
OR U.S. Senate-Jr Jeff Merkley D 0%
PA U.S. House-1 Bob Brady D 0%
PA U.S. House-3 Mike Kelly R 75%
PA U.S. House-5 G.T. Thompson, Jr. R 75%
PA U.S. House-7 Pat Meehan R 75%
PA U.S. House-9 Bill Shuster R 75%
PA U.S. House-10 Tom Marino R 75%
PA U.S. House-11 Lou Barletta R 75%
PA U.S. House-14 Mike Doyle D 0%
PA U.S. House-15 Charlie Dent R 75%
PA U.S. House-18 Tim Murphy R 75%
PA U.S. Senate-Sr Bob Casey, Jr. D 0%
PA U.S. Senate-Jr Pat Toomey R 63%
RI U.S. House-1 David Cicilline D 25%
RI U.S. House-2 Jim Langevin D 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Sr Jack Reed D 0%
RI U.S. Senate-Jr Sheldon Whitehouse D 0%
SC U.S. House-2 Joe Wilson, Sr. R 100%
SC U.S. House-3 Jeff Duncan R 100%
SC U.S. House-4 Trey Gowdy III R 100%
SC U.S. House-6 Jim Clyburn D 25%
SC U.S. Senate-Sr Lindsey Graham R 50%
SC U.S. Senate-Jr Tim Scott R 75%
SD U.S. Senate-Sr John Thune R 50%
SD U.S. House-At-Large Kristi Noem R 67%
TN U.S. House-1 Phil Roe R 75%
TN U.S. House-2 John Duncan, Jr. R 75%
TN U.S. House-3 Chuck Fleischmann R 75%
TN U.S. House-4 Scott DesJarlais R 75%
TN U.S. House-5 Jim Cooper D 0%
TN U.S. House-6 Diane Black R 75%
TN U.S. House-7 Marsha Blackburn R 75%
TN U.S. House-9 Steve Cohen D 25%
TN U.S. Senate-Sr Lamar Alexander R 38%
TN U.S. Senate-Jr Robert Corker R 63%
TX U.S. House-1 Louie Gohmert R 100%
TX U.S. House-2 Ted Poe R 100%
TX U.S. House-3 Sam Johnson R 75%
TX U.S. House-5 Jeb Hensarling R 75%
TX U.S. House-6 Joe Barton R 100%
TX U.S. House-7 John Culberson R 67%
TX U.S. House-8 Kevin Brady R 75%
TX U.S. House-9 Al Green D 25%
TX U.S. House-10 Michael McCaul R 75%
TX U.S. House-11 Mike Conaway R 75%
TX U.S. House-12 Kay Granger R 75%
TX U.S. House-13 Mac Thornberry R 75%
TX U.S. House-17 Bill Flores R 75%
TX U.S. House-18 Sheila Jackson Lee D 25%
TX U.S. House-21 Lamar Smith R 75%
TX U.S. House-22 Pete Olson R 75%
TX U.S. House-24 Kenny Marchant R 75%
TX U.S. House-26 Michael Burgess R 75%
TX U.S. House-27 Blake Farenthold R 75%
TX U.S. House-28 Henry Cuellar D 0%
TX U.S. House-29 Gene Green D 25%
TX U.S. House-30 Eddie Johnson D 25%
TX U.S. House-31 John Carter R 75%
TX U.S. House-32 Pete Sessions R 67%
TX U.S. House-35 Lloyd Doggett II D 0%
TX U.S. Senate-Sr John Cornyn R 63%
UT U.S. House-1 Rob Bishop R 75%
UT U.S. House-3 Jason Chaffetz R 100%
UT U.S. Senate-Sr Orrin Hatch R 83%
UT U.S. Senate-Jr Mike Lee R 88%
VA U.S. House-1 Rob Wittman R 75%
VA U.S. House-3 Bobby Scott D 25%
VA U.S. House-6 Bob Goodlatte R 75%
VA U.S. House-9 Morgan Griffith R 75%
VA U.S. House-11 Gerry Connolly D 25%
VA U.S. Senate-Sr Mark Warner D 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Sr Patrick Leahy D 0%
VT U.S. Senate-Jr Bernie Sanders I 13%
VT U.S. House-At-Large Peter Welch D 0%
WA U.S. House-2 Rick Larsen D 25%
WA U.S. House-3 Jaime Herrera Beutler R 75%
WA U.S. House-5 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R 67%
WA U.S. House-8 Dave Reichert R 67%
WA U.S. House-9 Adam Smith D 0%
WA U.S. Senate-Sr Patty Murray D 13%
WA U.S. Senate-Jr Maria Cantwell D 0%
WA Governor Jay Inslee D 0%
WI U.S. House-1 Paul Ryan R 75%
WI U.S. House-3 Ron Kind D 0%
WI U.S. House-4 Gwen Moore D 25%
WI U.S. House-5 Jim Sensenbrenner, Jr. R 75%
WI U.S. House-7 Sean Duffy R 75%
WI U.S. Senate-Sr Ron Johnson R 75%
WI U.S. Senate-Jr Tammy Baldwin D 25%
WV U.S. House-1 David McKinley R 75%
WV U.S. Senate-Sr Joe Manchin III D 0%
WV U.S. Senate-Jr Shelley Capito R 75%
WY U.S. Senate-Sr Mike Enzi R 75%
WY U.S. Senate-Jr John Barrasso R 75%
Gary Ackerman 25%
Sandy Adams 75%
Daniel Akaka, Sr. 0%
Todd Akin 100%
Rodney Alexander 75%
Jason Altmire 25%
Rob Andrews 25%
Steve Austria 75%
Kelly Ayotte 75%
Joe Baca, Sr. 0%
Michele Bachmann 100%
Spencer Bachus 75%
Kay Bailey Hutchison 57%
John Barrow 0%
Roscoe Bartlett 100%
Charlie Bass 75%
Max Baucus 14%
Mark Begich 0%
Dan Benishek 100%
Rick Berg 75%
Shelley Berkley 0%
Howard Berman 25%
Judy Biggert 75%
Brian Bilbray 75%
Jeff Bingaman 0%
Tim Bishop 0%
John Boehner 100%
Jo Bonner, Jr. 75%
Mary Bono Mack 75%
Dan Boren 50%
Leonard Boswell 0%
Charles Boustany, Jr. 75%
Barbara Boxer 0%
Bruce Braley 0%
Paul Broun 75%
Corrine Brown 25%
Scott Brown 50%
Ann Marie Buerkle 75%
Dan Burton 100%
Dave Camp 75%
John Campbell III 75%
Francisco Canseco 75%
Eric Cantor 75%
Lois Capps 0%
Dennis Cardoza 0%
Russ Carnahan 25%
Saxby Chambliss 63%
Ben Chandler III 0%
Hansen Clarke 25%
Dan Coats 75%
Howard Coble 75%
Thomas Coburn 71%
Kent Conrad 0%
Jerry Costello 25%
Chip Cravaack 75%
Ander Crenshaw 75%
Mark Critz 25%
Geoff Davis 75%
James DeMint 88%
Norm Dicks 0%
John Dingell 0%
Bob Dold 75%
David Dreier 75%
Donna Edwards 25%
Renee Ellmers 75%
Jo Ann Emerson 75%
John Ensign 100%
Sam Farr 25%
Chaka Fattah, Sr. 0%
Bob Filner 25%
Stephen Fincher 75%
Mike Fitzpatrick 75%
John Fleming, Jr. 100%
Randy Forbes 75%
Barney Frank 25%
Elton Gallegly 75%
Scott Garrett 100%
Jim Gerlach 75%
Chris Gibson 75%
Phil Gingrey 100%
Charlie Gonzalez 0%
Michael Grimm 75%
Frank Guinta 75%
Kay Hagan 0%
Ralph Hall 100%
Richard Hanna 75%
Tom Harkin 0%
Jane Harman 0%
Doc Hastings 75%
Nan Hayworth 75%
Joe Heck, Jr. 75%
Wally Herger, Jr. 75%
Maurice Hinchey 25%
Rubén Hinojosa, Sr. 33%
Thomas Holden 0%
Rush Holt, Jr. 25%
Mike Honda 33%
Tim Huelskamp 100%
Robert Hurt 75%
Daniel Inouye 0%
Steve Israel 0%
Jesse Jackson, Jr. 25%
Mike Johanns 63%
Timothy Johnson 0%
Tim Johnson 100%
John Kerry 0%
Dale Kildee 0%
Jack Kingston 75%
Mark Kirk 50%
Larry Kissell 0%
John Kline 75%
Herb Kohl 0%
Dennis Kucinich 25%
Jon Kyl 50%
Mary Landrieu 0%
Tom Latham 75%
Steve LaTourette 75%
Frank Lautenberg 0%
Chris Lee 100%
Carl Levin 13%
Jerry Lewis 75%
Joe Lieberman 0%
Dick Lugar 63%
Cynthia Lummis 75%
Dan Lungren 75%
Connie Mack IV 100%
Don Manzullo 75%
Jim Matheson 0%
Carolyn McCarthy 0%
Thaddeus McCotter 100%
Jim McDermott 25%
Mike McIntyre 75%
Buck McKeon 75%
John Mica 75%
Mike Michaud 0%
Barbara Mikulski 0%
Candice Miller 75%
Gary Miller 75%
George Miller 25%
Jeff Miller 75%
Brad Miller 0%
Jim Moran, Jr. 0%
Sue Myrick 75%
Ben Nelson 13%
Randy Neugebauer 75%
Rich Nugent 75%
Alan Nunnelee 75%
John Olver 25%
Bill Owens 0%
Ed Pastor 25%
Ron Paul 100%
Donald Payne 25%
Tom Petri 75%
Joe Pitts 100%
Todd Platts 75%
Mike Pompeo 75%
Mark Pryor 0%
Ben Quayle 67%
Nick Rahall II 0%
Charlie Rangel 25%
Denny Rehberg 100%
Harry Reid 0%
Silvestre Reyes 25%
Reid Ribble 75%
Laura Richardson 25%
Scott Rigell 100%
David Rivera 75%
Jay Rockefeller IV 13%
Mike Rogers 75%
Mike Ross 25%
Steve Rothman 0%
Jon Runyan 75%
Loretta Sanchez 0%
Bobby Schilling 75%
Jean Schmidt 100%
Aaron Schock 75%
Allyson Schwartz 0%
Heath Shuler 0%
Olympia Snowe 50%
Steve Southerland 100%
Pete Stark 0%
Cliff Stearns 100%
Marlin Stutzman 100%
John Sullivan 100%
Betty Sutton 25%
Lee Terry 75%
John Tierney 25%
Ed Towns 25%
Mark Udall 0%
David Vitter 71%
Joe Walsh 100%
Mel Watt 25%
Henry Waxman 25%
Jim Webb, Jr. 0%
Anthony Weiner 25%
Allen West 100%
Lynn Westmoreland 75%
Ed Whitfield 75%
Frank Wolf 75%
Lynn Woolsey 25%
David Wu 0%
Bill Young 75%

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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