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Special Interest Groups

Rating Group: National Rifle Association Political Victory Fund

2000 Lifetime Score

Issues: Guns
State Office District Name Party Rating
MI State Senate 15 Mike Kowall Republican A
MI Secretary of State Ruth Johnson Republican A-
MI Trustee At-Large Paul Gieleghem F
MI Council Member Ward 3 Joanne Voorhees Republican A
MI Commissioner 5 Irma Clark-Coleman F
MI Commissioner 5 Ruth Ann Jamnick Democratic F
MI Commissioner 14 Raymond Basham B
MI Commissioner 17 Nancy Quarles Democratic F
Jason Allen A
Patricia Birkholz D
Clark Bisbee D+
Michael Bishop A+
Rose Bogardus F
Douglas Bovin A-
Ken Bradstreet A+
Bob Brown B
Cameron Brown A
William Callahan D
Nancy Cassis A-
Sandra Caul B+
Hansen Clarke F
Kenneth Daniels F
Julie Dennis F
Gene DeRossett A
Larry DeVuyst A+
Paul DeWeese A
Stephen Ehardt B+
Jennifer Faunce A
A. T. Frank A-
Valdemar Garcia A+
Belda P. Garza F
Judson Gilbert II A
Patricia A. K. Godchaux F
Robert Gosselin A-
Lauren Hager B+
Derrick Hale F
John Hansen F
Doug Hart A
Jim Howell B+
Gilda Jacobs F
Mark Jansen A-
Ron Jelinek A
Rick Johnson A+
Larry Julian A
Kwame Kilpatrick F
James Koetje A+
Wayne Kuipers A
Janet Kukuk A
Charles LaSata A
LaMar Lemmons, Jr. F
Patricia Lockwood F
George Mans D
David Mead A
Mary Ann Middaugh A-
Jack Minore F
Mickey Mortimer A-
Andy Neumann A-
William O'Neil C-
John Pappageorge A
Bruce Patterson A+
Steven Pestka B-
Mike Pumford A
Ray Raczkowski A+
Triette Reeves F
Randy Richardville A
Andrew Richner C
Vera Rison F
Joseph Rivet B+
Alan Sanborn A
Mark Schauer D-
Gloria Schermesser B+
Judith Scranton A
Scott Shackleton A
Dale Sheltrown A+
Marc Shulman A
Doug Spade A
Keith Stallworth F
Tony Stamas A-
Mickey Switalski F
Susan Tabor A+
Samuel Thomas III F
Artina Tinsley Hardman F
Laura M. Toy A
Jerry Vander Roest A
Gerald Van Woerkom B+
Steve Vear A+
Paul Wojno D+
David Woodward F
Gary Woronchak B-

How to Interpret these Evaluations

Keep in mind that ratings done by special interest groups often do not represent a non-partisan stance. In addition, some groups select votes that tend to favor members of one political party over another, rather than choosing votes based solely on issues concerns. Nevertheless, they can be invaluable in showing where an incumbent has stood on a series of votes in the past one or two years, especially when ratings by groups on all sides of an issue are compared. Website links, if available, and descriptions of the organizations offering performance evaluations are accessible by clicking on the name of the group.

Most performance evaluations are displayed in a percentage format. However, some organizations present their ratings in the form of a letter grade or endorsement based on voting records, interviews, survey results and/or sources of campaign funding. For consistency and ease in understanding, Project Vote Smart converts all scores into a percentage when possible. Please visit the group's website or call 1-888-VOTESMART for more specific information.

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