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Ballot Measures

2017 Ballot Measures

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Civil Liberties and Civil Rights

Election Date State Title Outcome
Nov. 6, 2012 Alabama Statewide Amendment 4: Proposed Statewide Amendment Number 4 Failed
Nov. 4, 2008 Arkansas Amendment 1: An Amendment Concerning Voting, Qualifications of Voters and Election Officers, and the Time of Holding General Elections Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Arizona Proposition 107: Proposed Amendment to the Constitution by the Legislature Relating to Preferential Treatment or Discrimination Prohibition Passed
Nov. 4, 2014 Arizona Proposition 122: A Concurrent Resolution Proposing an Amendment to the Constitution of Arizona; Amending Article II, Section 3, Constitution of Arizona; Relating to the Rejection of Unconstitutional Federal Actions Passed
Nov. 4, 2008 Colorado Amendment 46: Discrimination and Preferential Treatment by the State Pending
Nov. 8, 2016 Colorado Amendment T: No Exception to Involuntary Servitude Prohibition Failed
Nov. 4, 2008 Connecticut HJ 21: Voting Age Passed
Nov. 4, 2008 Iowa Constitutional Amendment Question: Qualifications of Electors Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Kansas Constitutional Amendment Question No. 2: A Proposition to Amend Section 2 of Article 5 of the Constitution of the State of Kansas, Relating to Qualification of Voters Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Louisiana Proposed Amendment No. 10: Act No. 1053 - Criminal Defendants Trial by Jury Waiver Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Maryland Question 2: Trial by Jury Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 Minnesota Proposed Amendment 2: Photo Identification Required for Voting Failed
Aug. 5, 2014 Missouri SJR 36: Constitutional Amendment 5 Passed
Nov. 8, 2011 Mississippi Initiative #27: Voter Identification Passed
May 8, 2012 North Carolina Amendment 1: Defense of Marriage Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 North Dakota Initiated Statutory Measure No. 4: Relating to Prohibiting Smoking in Public Places and Worksites Passed
Nov. 1, 2007 New Jersey Public Question 4: Constitutional Amendment Concerning the Right to Vote for Certain Persons Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 New Mexico Constitutional Amendment No. 3: Modernize Language Regarding Qualified Electors Passed
Nov. 4, 2008 Nevada Question 1: Amend Nevada Constitution (Voter Eligibility) Failed
Nov. 2, 2010 Oklahoma State Question No. 746: Voter Identification, Proof of Identity Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 Oklahoma State Question No. 759: Constitutional Amendment Prohibiting Discrimination Based on Race or Sex in Public Employment, Education or Contracts Passed
May 20, 2008 Oregon Measure 52: Amends Constitution: Enables Crime Victims to Enforce Existing Constitutional Rights in Prosections, Delinquency Proceedings Passed
Nov. 4, 2008 Oregon Measure 54: Amends Constitution: Standardizes Voting Eligibility For School Board Elections With Other State And Local Elections Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 South Carolina Amendment 2: Secret Union Voting Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Vermont State Constitutional Amendment: Voter's Qualifications and Oath Passed
Nov. 4, 2008 Washington Initiative 1000: Initiative Measure No. 1000 concerns allowing certain terminally ill competent adults to obtain lethal prescriptions. Passed
Nov. 3, 2009 Washington Referendum 71: Referendum Measure No. 71 concerning rights and responsibilities of state-registered domestic partners Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 Washington Referendum 74: Concerning Marriage for Same Sex Couples Passed
Nov. 8, 2016 Washington Initiative Measure 735: An Act Relating to the Influence of Corporations and Money in Our Political System Passed
 
 

Crime

Election Date State Title Outcome
Sept. 18, 2012 Alabama Act No. 2012-490: To Propose an Amendment to the Constitution of Alabama of 1901, to Provide a New Procedure for Distributions Made from the Alabama Trust Fund Beginning with the 2012-2013 Fiscal Year; to Provide Further for Distributions Made from the County and Municipal Government Capital Improvement Trust Fund... Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 Alabama Statewide Amendment 11: Proposed Statewide Amendment Number 11 Passed
Nov. 8, 2016 Alabama HB459: Statewide Amendment 7 Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 Arizona Proposition 114: Proposed Amendment to the Constitution by the Legislature Relating to Crime Victim Protection from Liability for Damages Passed
June 3, 2008 California Proposition 99: Eminent Domain. Acquisition of Owner-Occupied Residence. Constitutional Amendment. Passed
Nov. 4, 2008 California Proposition 9: Criminal Justice System. Victims' Rights. Parole. Constitutional Amendment and Statute. Passed
Nov. 4, 2008 California Proposition 6: Criminal Penalties and Laws. Public Safety Funding. Statute. Failed
Nov. 4, 2008 California Proposition 5: Nonviolent Offenders. Sentencing, Parole and Rehabilitation. Statute. Failed
Nov. 6, 2012 California Proposition 36: Three Strikes Law. Repeat Felony Offenders. Penalties. Initiative Statute. Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 California Proposition 35: Human Trafficking. Penalties. Initiative Statute. Passed
Nov. 4, 2014 California Proposition 47: Criminal Sentences. Misdemeanor Penalties. Initiative Status. Passed
Nov. 8, 2016 California Proposition 62: The Justice That Works Act of 2016 Failed
Nov. 8, 2016 California Proposition 66: Death Penalty Reform and Savings Act of 2016 Passed
Nov. 4, 2008 Colorado Amendment 53: Criminal Accountability of Business Executives Pending
Nov. 2, 2010 Colorado Proposition 102: Criteria for Release to Pretrial Services Programs Failed
Nov. 8, 2016 Georgia Amendment 2: Safe Harbor for Sexually Exploited Children Fund; Provide that General Assembly by Law May Impose Additional Penalties or Fees for the Offenses Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 Idaho Senate Joint Resolution 102: Proposing an Amendment to the Constitution of the State of Idaho, Relating to the Control Over State Prisons; to Provide that the State Board of Correction Shall Have the Control, Direction and Management of Adult Felony Probation and Parole Passed
Nov. 4, 2014 Illinois HJRCA 1: Proposed Amendment of Section 8.1 of Article I of the Illinois Constitution Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Kansas Constitutional Amendment Question No. 2: A Proposition to Amend Section 2 of Article 5 of the Constitution of the State of Kansas, Relating to Qualification of Voters Passed
Oct. 1, 2007 Louisiana Ballot Measure 2: Supplement Police Officer Pay Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Louisiana Proposed Amendment No. 10: Act No. 1053 - Criminal Defendants Trial by Jury Waiver Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 Louisiana CA NO. 9 (Act 876 - SB 410): Providing Notice for Laws Creating Special Security Districts Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 Louisiana CA NO. 5 (Act 868 - HB 9): Forfeiture Retirement Benefit Pubic Officials/Convicted Felon Passed
Nov. 4, 2014 Louisiana Act No. 870: Proposed Amendment No. 6 Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Maryland Question 2: Trial by Jury Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 Maryland Question 3: Suspension and Removal of Elected Officials Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Michigan Proposal 10-2: A Proposal to Amend the State Constitution to Prohibit Certain Felons from Holding Elective Office and Specified Types of Public Employment Positions Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Missouri Proposition B: Dog Breeding Regulations Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 Missouri Proposition A: Relating to Control of Law Enforcement Passed
Nov. 4, 2014 Missouri HJR 16: Constitutional Amendment 2 Passed
Nov. 8, 2016 Montana Initiative Number 116: Ensure that Crime Victims' Right and Interests are Respected and Protected by Law Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 North Carolina Constitutional Amendment: Constitutional Amendment Providing that No Person Convicted of a Felony May Serve as Sheriff Passed
Nov. 4, 2014 North Carolina SB 399: An Act to Amend the Constitution to Provide that a Person Accused of Any Criminal Offense in Superior Court for Which the State is Not Seeking a Sentence of Death May Waive the Right to Trial by Jury and Instead be Tried by a Judge Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 North Dakota Initiated Statutory Measure No. 5: Relating to the Prevention of Animal Cruelty Failed
Nov. 8, 2016 North Dakota Initiated Constitutional Measure Number 3: Initiated Constitutional Measure to Preserve and Protect the Right of Crime Victims to Justice Passed
Nov. 8, 2016 New Mexico Constitutional Amendment 1: A Joint Resolution Proposing an Amendment to Article 2, Section 13 of the Constitution of New Mexico to Protect Community Safety by Granting Courts New Authority to Deny Release on Bail Pending Trial for Dangerous Defendants in Felony Cases While Retaining the Right to Pretrial Release for Non-Dang Passed
Nov. 3, 2009 New York Proposal 2 - Constitutional Amendment: Allowing Prisoners to Voluntarily Perform Work for Nonprofit Organizations Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 Oklahoma State Question No. 762: Measure Amends Section 10 of Article 6 of the Oklahoma Constitution. It Changes Current Law, Decreasing the Power and Authority of the Governor by Removing the Governor from the Parole Process for Persons Convicted of Certain Offenses Defined as Nonviolent Offenses Passed
Nov. 8, 2016 Oklahoma Initiative Petition 404: State Question 780 Passed
May 20, 2008 Oregon Measure 53: Amends Constitution: Modifies Provisions Governing Civil Forfeitures Related To Crimes; Permits Use Of Proceeds By Law Enforcement Passed
May 20, 2008 Oregon Measure 52: Amends Constitution: Enables Crime Victims to Enforce Existing Constitutional Rights in Prosections, Delinquency Proceedings Passed
Nov. 4, 2008 Oregon Measure 61: Creates Mandatory Minimum Prison Sentences for Certain Theft, Identity Theft, Forgery, Drug, and Burglary Crimes Passed
Nov. 4, 2008 Oregon Measure 57: Increases Sentences for Drug Trafficking, Theft Against Elderly and Specified Repeat Property and Identity Theft Crimes; Requires Addiction Treatment for Certain Offenders Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Oregon Measure 73: Requires Increased Minimum Sentences for Certain Repeated Sex Crimes, Incarceration for Repeated Driving Under Influence Passed
Nov. 4, 2008 South Carolina Constitutional Amendment 1: Age of Consent Passed
Nov. 8, 2016 South Dakota Constitutional Amendment S: An Initiated Amendment to the South Dakota Constitution to Expand Rights for Crime Victims Passed
Nov. 1, 2007 Texas Proposition 13: Denial of Bail in Felony and Family Violence Cases Passed
Nov. 8, 2011 Texas Proposition Number 9 (SJR 9): Authorizing the Governor to Grant a Pardon to a Person Who Successfully Completes a Term of Deferred Adjudication Community Supervision Passed
Nov. 1, 2007 Washington SJR 8212: Inmate Labor Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Washington Engrossed Substitute House Joint Resolution 4220: Concerning Denying Bail for Persons Charged with Certain Criminal Offenses Passed
Nov. 3, 2015 Washington : Initiative Measure No. 1401 Passed
Nov. 8, 2016 Washington Initiative Measure 1501: Seniors and Vulnerable Individuals' Safety and Financial Crimes Prevention Act Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 West Virginia No. 1: Repeal The Two Consecutive Term Limitation for Sheriffs Amendment Failed
 
 

Death Penalty

Election Date State Title Outcome
Nov. 6, 2012 California Proposition 34: Death Penalty. Initiative Statute. Failed
Nov. 8, 2016 Nebraska Referendum Number 426: Nebraska Death Penalty Repeal Referendum Passed
Nov. 8, 2016 Oklahoma Legislative Referendum Number 367: State Question 776 Passed
 
 

Drugs

Election Date State Title Outcome
Nov. 4, 2008 California Proposition 5: Nonviolent Offenders. Sentencing, Parole and Rehabilitation. Statute. Failed
Nov. 4, 2014 California Proposition 46: Drug and Alcohol Testing of Doctors. Medical Negligence Lawsuits. Initiative Statute. Failed
Nov. 4, 2014 California Proposition 47: Criminal Sentences. Misdemeanor Penalties. Initiative Status. Passed
Nov. 8, 2016 California Proposition 61: The California Drug Price Relief Act Failed
Nov. 4, 2008 Colorado Referendum N: Elimination of Obsolete Constitutional Provisions Regarding Intoxicating Liquor Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 Missouri Proposition B: Relating to Cigarette Taxes Failed
Nov. 4, 2008 North Dakota Statutory Measure 3: Tobacco Use Prevention and Control Program Passed
Nov. 3, 2015 Ohio Issue 2: Anti-Monopoly Amendment; Protects the Initiative Process from being Used for Personal Economic Benefit Passed
Nov. 7, 2017 Ohio Measure: Ohio Drug Price Relief Act Pending
Nov. 1, 2007 Oregon Measure 50: Amends Constitution: Dedicates Funds to Provide Health Care for Children, Fund Tobacco Prevention, through Increased Tobacco Tax Failed
Nov. 4, 2008 Oregon Measure 61: Creates Mandatory Minimum Prison Sentences for Certain Theft, Identity Theft, Forgery, Drug, and Burglary Crimes Passed
Nov. 4, 2008 Oregon Measure 57: Increases Sentences for Drug Trafficking, Theft Against Elderly and Specified Repeat Property and Identity Theft Crimes; Requires Addiction Treatment for Certain Offenders Passed
 
 

Guns

Election Date State Title Outcome
Aug. 26, 2008 Alaska Ballot Measure 2: An Act prohibiting the shooting of wolves and grizzly bears with the use of aircraft Failed
Nov. 4, 2014 Alabama : Statewide Amendment 3 Passed
Nov. 8, 2016 California Proposition 63: The Safety for All Act of 2016 Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Kansas Constitutional Amendment Question No. 1: A Proposition to Amend Section 4 of the Bill of Rights of the Constitution of the State of Kansas, Relating to the Right to Bear Arms Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 Kentucky Constitutional Amendment: An Act Proposing to Amend the Constitution of Kentucky Relating to Hunting, Fishing, and Harvesting Wildlife Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 Louisiana CA NO. 2 (Act 874 - SB 303): Right of Each Citizen to Keep and Bear Arms Passed
Nov. 8, 2016 Maine Question 3: An Act To Require Background Checks for Gun Sales Failed
Aug. 5, 2014 Missouri SJR 36: Constitutional Amendment 5 Passed
Nov. 8, 2016 Nevada Question 1: The Background Check Initiative Passed
Nov. 4, 2014 Washington Initiative Measure No. 591: Concerns Firearms Failed
Nov. 4, 2014 Washington Initiative Measure No. 594: Concerns Background Checks for Firearm Sales and Transfers Passed
Nov. 8, 2016 Washington Initiative Measure 1491: An Act Relating to Extreme Risk Protection Orders Passed
 
 

Legal

Election Date State Title Outcome
Nov. 4, 2008 Alabama Statewide Amendment 5: Alabama Russell County Court Costs Amendment 5 Passed
Nov. 4, 2014 Arkansas Issue No. 3 - HJR 1009: To Amend the Arkansas Constitution Concerning Elected State Officials; Prohibiting Members of the General Assembly and Elected Constitutional Officers of the Executive Department From Accepting Gifts from Lobbyists , and Defining Key Terms Relating to that Prohibition; Prohibiting Members of the Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 Arizona Proposition 114: Proposed Amendment to the Constitution by the Legislature Relating to Crime Victim Protection from Liability for Damages Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 California Proposition 36: Three Strikes Law. Repeat Felony Offenders. Penalties. Initiative Statute. Passed
Nov. 8, 2016 California Proposition 59: Overturn Citizens United Act Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Colorado Proposition 102: Criteria for Release to Pretrial Services Programs Failed
Nov. 8, 2016 Hawaii SB 143: Proposing an Amendment to the Hawaii Constitution to Change the Threshold Value in Controversy Requirement for Jury Trials in Civil Cases at Common Law from $5,000 to $10,000 Failed
Nov. 4, 2014 Illinois HJRCA 1: Proposed Amendment of Section 8.1 of Article I of the Illinois Constitution Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Louisiana Proposed Amendment No. 9: Act No. 1051 - Workers' Compensation Judgments Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Louisiana Proposed Amendment No. 10: Act No. 1053 - Criminal Defendants Trial by Jury Waiver Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Maryland Question 3: Qualifications for Baltimore City Orphans' Court Judges Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Maryland Question 2: Trial by Jury Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 Maryland Question 1: Qualifications for Prince George’s County Orphans’ Court Judges Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 Maryland Question 2: Qualifications for Baltimore County Orphans’ Court Judges Passed
Nov. 6, 2012 Maryland Question 3: Suspension and Removal of Elected Officials Passed
Nov. 4, 2014 Missouri HJR 16: Constitutional Amendment 2 Passed
Nov. 3, 2015 Mississippi : Alternative Measure 42A Failed
Nov. 8, 2016 Montana Initiative Number 116: Ensure that Crime Victims' Right and Interests are Respected and Protected by Law Passed
Nov. 4, 2014 North Carolina SB 399: An Act to Amend the Constitution to Provide that a Person Accused of Any Criminal Offense in Superior Court for Which the State is Not Seeking a Sentence of Death May Waive the Right to Trial by Jury and Instead be Tried by a Judge Passed
Nov. 8, 2016 North Dakota Initiated Constitutional Measure Number 3: Initiated Constitutional Measure to Preserve and Protect the Right of Crime Victims to Justice Passed
Nov. 4, 2014 New Jersey Public Question No. 1: Constitutional Amendment to Allow a Court to Order Pretrial Detention of a Person in a Criminal Case Passed
Nov. 4, 2014 New Mexico Constitutional Amendment 3: A Joint Resolution Proposing an Amendment to Article 6 of the Constitution of New Mexico to Allow the Legislature to Set the Date for Filing Declarations of Candidacy for Judicial Retension Elections Passed
Nov. 8, 2016 New Mexico Constitutional Amendment 1: A Joint Resolution Proposing an Amendment to Article 2, Section 13 of the Constitution of New Mexico to Protect Community Safety by Granting Courts New Authority to Deny Release on Bail Pending Trial for Dangerous Defendants in Felony Cases While Retaining the Right to Pretrial Release for Non-Dang Passed
Nov. 4, 2014 Nevada SJR 14: Ballot Question No. 1 Passed
Nov. 3, 2015 Ohio Issue 2: Anti-Monopoly Amendment; Protects the Initiative Process from being Used for Personal Economic Benefit Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Oklahoma State Question No. 755: Courts to Rely on Federal and State Laws When Deciding Cases Forbidding Courts from Looking at International Law or Sharia Law Passed
Nov. 2, 2010 Oregon Measure 73: Requires Increased Minimum Sentences for Certain Repeated Sex Crimes, Incarceration for Repeated Driving Under Influence Passed
April 26, 2016 Pennsylvania Proposed Constitutional Amendment 2: Abolition of the Philadelphia Traffic Court Passed
Nov. 8, 2016 South Dakota Constitutional Amendment S: An Initiated Amendment to the South Dakota Constitution to Expand Rights for Crime Victims Passed
Nov. 4, 2014 Utah HJR 12: Constitutional Amendment C Failed
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