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Measure Details

Utah Independent Redistricting Commission and Standards Act

Utah Ballot Measure - Proposition 4

Election: Nov. 6, 2018 (General)
Outcome: Passed

Categories:
Campaign Finance and Elections

Yes
512,218
(50.34%)

Argument For

No
505,274
(49.66%)

Argument Against

Summary

Redistricting Commission:
Proposition 4 creates the "Utah Independent Redistricting Commission," with responsibility to recommend redistricting plans to the Legislature. The redistricting commission consists of seven members. One member is appointed by each of the following:
*the governor;
*the president of the Utah Senate;
*the speaker of the Utah House of Representatives;
*the leader of the largest minority political party in the Utah Senate;
*the leader of the largest minority political party in the Utah House of Representatives;
*Utah Senate and House leadership of the political party that is the majority party in the Utah Senate; and
*Utah Senate and House leadership of the political party that is the largest minority party in the Utah Senate.

Under Proposition 4, a person may not be appointed to the commission if the person has engaged in certain political activity during the four or, in some cases, five years before appointment. The Proposition also places limitations on certain political activity of commission members during their service on the commission and for four years afterwards.

Proposition 4 establishes a process for the commission to follow in recommending redistricting plans. Among other things, the Proposition requires the commission to:
*make redistricting plans available to the public and hold public hearings; and
*assess whether redistricting plans comply with standards established by Proposition 4.
*If the commission fails to submit redistricting plans to the Legislature by a specified deadline, the Utah Supreme Court chief justice is required to select plans for the commission to submit.

Legislature's Redistricting Process:
Proposition 4 places requirements on the process that the Legislature uses to enact redistricting plans, including limits on when and the circumstances under which the Legislature may enact a redistricting plan. Proposition 4 requires the Legislature to enact or reject a plan that the commission submits but does not limit the Legislature from enacting its own separate plan. The commission may require a plan being considered by the Legislature to undergo a commission assessment to determine whether it complies with standards established by the Proposition. If the Legislature enacts a plan other than one submitted by the commission, the Proposition requires the Legislature to publicly issue a detailed written report explaining why.

Standards Applicable to Redistricting Plans:
Proposition 4 requires commission-recommended or Legislature-enacted redistricting plans, as much as possible, to:
*minimize the division of counties, cities, and towns;
*create districts that are geographically compact and in one unbroken piece;
*preserve traditional neighborhoods and local communities;
*follow natural and geographic features; and
*maximize boundary agreement among different types of districts.

The Proposition also prohibits the commission or Legislature from favoring or disfavoring incumbent elected officials or from considering partisan political information.

The Proposition authorizes any Utah resident to file a lawsuit requesting a court to block implementation of a redistricting plan enacted by the Legislature that fails to conform to the standards and requirements established by Proposition 4.

Measure Text

Shall a law be enacted to:
*create a seven-member commission to recommend redistricting plans to the Legislature that divide the state into Congressional, legislative, and state school board districts;
*provide for appointments to that commission: one by the Governor, three by legislative majority party leaders, and three by legislative minority party leaders;
*provide qualifications for commission members, including limitations on their political activity;
*require the Legislature to enact or reject a commission-recommended plan; and
*establish requirements for redistricting plans and authorize lawsuits to block implementation of a redistricting plan enacted by the Legislature that fails to conform to those requirements?

Yes ( ) No ( )

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