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Measure Details

Human Trafficking. Penalties. Initiative Statute.

California Ballot Measure - Proposition 35

Election: Nov. 6, 2012 (General)
Outcome: Passed

Minors and Children


Argument For


Argument Against


- Increases criminal penalties for human trafficking, including prison sentences up to 15-years-to-life and fines up to $1,500,000.

- Fines collected to be used for victim services and law enforcement.

- Requires person convicted of trafficking to register as sex offender.

- Requires sex offenders to provide information regarding Internet access and identities they use in online activities.

- Prohibits evidence that victim engaged in sexual conduct from being used against victim in court proceedings.

- Requires human trafficking training for police officers.

Summary of Legislative Analyst’s Estimate of Net State and Local Government Fiscal Impact:

- Increased costs, not likely to exceed a couple million dollars annually, to state and local governments for criminal justice activities related to the prosecution and incarceration of human trafficking offenders.

- Potential one-time local government costs of up to a few million dollars on a statewide basis, and lesser additional costs incurred each year, due to new mandatory human trafficking-related training requirements for law enforcement officers.

- Potential additional revenue from new criminal fines, likely a few million dollars annually, which would fund services for human trafficking victims and for law enforcement activities related to human trafficking.

Measure Text

Increases prison sentences and fines for human trafficking convictions. Requires convicted human traffickers to register as sex offenders. Requires registered sex offenders to disclose Internet activities and identities. Fiscal Impact: Costs of a few million dollars annually to state and local governments for addressing human trafficking offenses. Potential increased annual fine revenue of a similar amount, dedicated primarily for human trafficking victims.

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