Search Form
First, enter a politician or zip code
Now, choose a category

Sam Graves' Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (MO) - District 6, Republican
Vote Smart does not permit the use of its name or programs in any campaign activity, including advertising, debates, and speeches.
Sam Graves has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2016 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Historically, candidates have failed to complete our test due to the advice they receive from their parties and advisors and out of fear of negative attack ads.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Cosponsored and voted in favor of H.R.36 "Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act" (
  • "With the arrival of each of my children, I became more convinced that those of us who are pro-life are on the right side of the issue." (
  • Rated 0% by Planned Parenthood (
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "But if you go out there and talk about raising taxes this idea of raising someone's taxes if they make $200,000 or $250,000, that's going to hit the majority of small businesses because they file their taxes as an individual or as a couple." (
  • "I am a co-sponsor of the Fair Tax Act, which would eliminate our burdensome tax code by repealing the individual income tax, the corporate income tax, capital gains taxes, all payroll taxes, the self-employment tax, and the estate and gift taxes, in lieu of a 23 percent tax on the final sale of all goods and services." (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Crime: Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.R.22 "Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act" (
  • "The new Highway Bill gives Missouri certainty to plan for some much-needed road and bridge construction projects, knowing the money will be there for them today and five years from now." (
  • "Now is the time to cut, cap, and balance our federal spending." (
  • Townhall "President Obama’s failed $862 billion stimulus bill is the perfect example of doing just the opposite. Democrats promised that the stimulus would keep the unemployment rate below eight percent and be the answer to all our economic woes. But based on the current job and economic climate—we all know that didn’t work. Spending taxpayer dollars on more big government programs does not create private sector jobs or foster real economic growth." (
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "What Washington should be doing is cutting taxes and limiting harmful regulations." (
  • Voted in favor of H.R.636 "America's Small Business Tax Relief Act of 2015" (
  • "Small businesses overwhelmingly support sensible reforms for lower rates, simpler preparation and clearer guidelines." (
No Inferred Answer Education: Do you generally support requiring states to adopt federal education standards? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Though initially promoted as state-based education standards, Common Core is nothing of the sort. The standards take away local control and put some private and home schoolers at a disadvantage. The truth is that there is little Congress can do to provide relief because states opted-in to the standards." (
  • "Instead of holding children and schools to arbitrary benchmarks of performance, we should instead measure how each student in a school improves from year to year and reward those schools that help their students make substantial gains in performance." (
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I am proud to have once again voted in favor of building the Keystone XL Pipeline […]" (
  • Voted in favor of S.1 "A Bill to Approve the Keystone XL Pipeline" (
  • Voted in favor of H.R.3 "Keystone XL Pipeline Act" (
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "In addition, I believe we need to extend the tax credits for the production of renewable electricity, like wind, solar, and biomass. It was tax credits like these that helped make the Loess Hills Wind Farm, which is powering the City of Rock Port, possible." (
  • "We must increase our production of all other types of renewable energy and maintain high levels of domestic energy production." (
  • "I have long said we need an all-of-the-above strategy towards energy. Coal is a part of the solution, along with natural gas, renewable fuels, nuclear, conservation and increased oil exploration." (
No Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I disagree with those who believe we should do that by imposing an energy tax on businesses, seniors and individuals." (
  • "The current administration has said they want to make building a coal plant so expensive that it will bankrupt the company. Recently, President Obama and the EPA announced that they will seek to force a 30 percent reduction in carbon emissions on coal power plants by 2030." (
  • Voted in favor of S.J.Res.23 "A Joint Resolution Providing for Congressional Disapproval Under Chapter 8 of Title 5, United States Code, of a Rule Submitted by the Environmental Protection Agency Relating to "Standards of Performance for Greenhouse Gas Emissions from New, Modified, and Reconstructed Stationary Sources: Electric Utility Generating Units" (
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.Amdt.1098 "Prohibits District of Columbia from Implementing Certain Firearm Laws" (
  • Rated 93% by National Rifle Association (
  • "This president has taken unprecedented actions to restrict our second amendment rights, which is why I introduced legislation to restrict all funding for Obama's executive orders that target and reduce our second amendment rights." (
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.R.596 "Repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and Health Care-Related Provisions in the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010" (
  • "Today's ruling confirms what we already knew - the Obama Administration did not have the authority to hand out subsidies that people need to pay for Obamacare's expensive premiums. This law is a disaster now just like it was a disaster 6 years ago, and we need to start over with something that can survive without gimmicks or illegal government handouts." (
  • "At the end of the day, this is yet another reason why the ill-conceived and unworkable law must be repealed. If President Obama and Democrats in Congress were serious about keeping their promise to the American people, they would join with us to address these issues immediately." (
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.R.5759 "Preventing Executive Overreach on Immigration Act of 2014" (
  • "Simply put, the so-called DREAM Act subsidizes education for illegal immigrants and may grant as many as two million people amnesty. I have heard overwhelmingly from Northwest Missourians that they do not want amnesty for anyone who is here illegally. They want border security and a smarter system for legal immigration. Instead, the House passed – over my strong objections – a piece of legislation that will encourage more illegal immigration and inevitably lead to fewer jobs for hard-working Americans. This bill is unacceptable, which is why it will not be passed by the United State Senate and will not become law." (
  • "You also cannot be serious about fixing our immigration system when your answer is to reward those who have broken the law. Simply granting them amnesty will only invite more illegal aliens into the country. We tried that in 1986, it didn't work then and it won't work now." (
No Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Unfortunately, the sacred institution of marriage and the will of the American people are under direct assault by an out of control judiciary branch. Radical judges on the Supreme Court of Massachusetts have already imposed same-sex marriage on unwilling citizens in that commonwealth, and I fear that activist state and federal judges will soon impose same-sex marriage upon other jurisdictions across our nation." (
  • Rated 0% by the Human Rights Campaign (
Yes Inferred Answer National Security: Do you support increased American intervention in Iraq and Syria beyond air support? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "A strong commitment to eliminating any and all threats that ISIS poses to the United States, its allies, or a shift away from the conflict." (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "We can avoid steep and swift cuts down the road if we are willing to make modest reforms now." (
  • "I believe that we have a window of opportunity to discuss ways of making Social Security more solvent. Missouri common sense tells us that it is easier to make a gradual correction now rather than waiting until the last minute to try and avoid disaster. I will continue to look at different ideas that might strengthen Social Security. In any final plan though, I will insist that there are no changes for those who are already in retirement or are near it. We have made a promise to our senior citizens and it is one I intend to keep. I don't believe we should reduce seniors' benefits or raise the taxes on them." (


Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Skip to top

Help us stay free for all your Fellow Americans

Just $5 from everyone reading this would do it.

Back to top