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Barbara Howe's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

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Barbara Howe has provided voters with clear stances on key issues by responding to the 2016 Political Courage Test.

What is the Political Courage Test?

North Carolina State Legislative Election 2016 Political Courage Test

Pro-choicea) Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation?
Nob) Should abortions be illegal after the first trimester of pregnancy?
Yesc) Should abortion be legal when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape?
Yesd) Should abortion be legal when the life of the woman is endangered?
e) Do you support requiring parental notification before an abortion is performed on a minor?
f) Do you support requiring parental consent before an abortion is performed on a minor?
Yesg) Do you support the prohibition of public funds for abortion procedures?
Yesh) Do you support the prohibition of public funds for organizations that perform abortions?
i) Other or expanded principles:

With regard to e and f, I, as a parent, would certainly want to know if my child is having any medical procedure. In the case of abortion, however, this is a really tough call. A minor in an unsupportive family may be at risk should she disclose a pregnancy. This is not a simple yes or no situation.

1) Budget Stabilization:
Indicate which proposals you support (if any) for balancing North Carolina's budget.
Noa) Tapping into North Carolina's "rainy day" fund
Yesb) Decreasing funding for public universities
Noc) Reducing state employee salaries AND/OR pensions
Nod) Instituting mandatory furloughs AND/OR layoffs for state employees
Yese) Reducing benefits for Medicaid recipients
f) Other or expanded principles:

The budget is to be reduced, not "stabilized." Subsidies of all kinds are to be reduced and phony "economic stimulus" eliminated. Small business, freed from tortuous red tape will support us very nicely. A hiring freeze generally, and on the non-teaching portion of the education bureaucracy, will add to the

2) State Spending:
Indicate what state funding levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one level per category; you may use a number more than once.
Slightly Decreasea) Education (higher)
Maintain Statusb) Education (K-12)
Greatly Decreasec) Environment
Greatly Decreased) Health care
Maintain Statuse) Law enforcement/corrections
Maintain Statusf) Transportation/infrastructure
Greatly Decreaseg) Welfare
h) Other or expanded categories:

As a Libertarian, my initial instinct is to eliminate all these categories of spending with the exception of law enforcement, however, I realize that's an unrealistic goal in the short term. I want to rapidly move children and young people away from monopoly government education into a more responsive private system. Highway taxes should be considered user fees for road construction and maintenance. Welfare should be handle by voluntary, charitable organizations. Health care is the responsibility of the individual.

3) State Taxes:
Indicate what state tax levels (#1-6) you support for the following general categories. Select one level per category; you may use a number more than once.
Eliminatea) Alcohol taxes
Eliminateb) Cigarette taxes
Eliminatec) Corporate taxes
Eliminated) Small business taxes
Maintain Statuse) Gas/Oil taxes
Eliminatef) Property taxes
Maintain Statusg) Sales taxes
Eliminateh) Income taxes (low-income families)
Eliminatei) Income taxes (mid-income families)
Eliminatej) Income taxes (high-income families)
Nok) Do you support applying sales taxes to all online purchases?
l) Other or expanded principles:

I support greatly reducing the size and scope of the NC government and will work hard in the NC Senate to reduce the need for massive revenues. As noted above, gas taxes are essentially user fees and should be used on building and maintaining roads. Several states get along fine without income taxes.

a) Do you support limits on the following types of contributions for state candidates?
No1) Individual
No2) Political Action Committee
No3) Corporate
No4) Political Party
b) Should candidates for state office be encouraged to meet voluntary spending limits?
Noc) Do you support requiring full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information?
Yesd) Do you support the use of an independent AND/OR bipartisan commission for redistricting?
e) Do you support requiring a government-issued photo identification in order to vote at the polls?
f) Other or expanded principles:

Part b, encouraged how? Too vague to answer. Part c, I am not inclined to support informing those who are in power the names of people who supported their opponents. Part e, I find this a tiresome issue, a solution in search of a problem. I feel the voter ID is probably causing more problems than it solves. If we keep government small and within the scope of simply protecting individual rights, these election reforms become moot.

Noa) Do you support capital punishment for certain crimes?
Yesb) Do you support alternatives to incarceration for certain non-violent offenders, such as mandatory counseling or substance abuse treatment?
Yesc) Do you support legalizing the possession of small amounts of marijuana?
Nod) Should a minor accused of a violent crime be prosecuted as an adult?
Noe) Do you support the enforcement of federal immigration laws by state and local police?
Yesf) Do you support delaying the seizure of assets by law enforcement officials until after a conviction?
g) Other or expanded principles:

One of the biggest issues affecting public safety is the continuation of the "war on some drugs." We need to focus on drug addiction as a health problem. Our "war on some drugs" has made our streets unsafe, filled our prisons, and done little to address any problems associated with drug use.

Noa) Do you support government spending as a means of promoting economic growth?
Yesb) Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth?
Yesc) Do you support reducing government regulations on the private sector?
d) Do you support increased state funding for job-training programs that re-train displaced workers?
Noe) Do you support expanding access to unemployment benefits?
Nof) Do you support requiring welfare applicants to pass a drug test in order to receive benefits?
Nog) Do you support providing financial incentives to the private sector for the purpose of job creation?
Noh) Do you support providing direct financial assistance to homeowners facing foreclosure?
Noi) Do you support an increase of the minimum wage?
Yesj) Should employers be able to ask about applicants' criminal history before interviewing them?
k) Other or expanded principles:

d) Depends on whether or not it was state action that caused the displaced workers. And, unfortunately, it frequently is.

Bureaucrats and politicians should not be trying to manipulate the economy through tax incentives and regulations. It's unfair to hard working entrepreneurs, especially small business owners.

Noa) Do you support the national Common Core State Standards initiative?
Yesb) Do you support a merit pay system for teachers?
Noc) Is the tenure process for public school teachers producing effective teachers?
Yesd) Should parents be allowed to use vouchers to send their children to any school?
Yese) Do you support state funding for charter schools?
Nof) Do you support the state government providing college students with financial aid?
Yesg) Should illegal immigrants who graduate from North Carolina high schools be eligible for in-state tuition at public universities?
h) Other or expanded principles:

I would like to get government out of the business of education as quickly as possible. Parents should be in charge of how their children are educated, not the politicians in Raleigh and D. C.

Noa) Do you support state funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)?
Nob) Do you support state funding for the development of traditional domestic energy sources (e.g. coal, natural gas, oil)?
Noc) Do you support state funding for improvements to North Carolina's energy infrastructure?
Nod) Do you support state funding for open space preservation?
Noe) Do you support government regulations of greenhouse gas emissions?
f) Do you support increased regulations of the hydraulic fracturing ("fracking") industry?
g) Other or expanded principles:

"Do you support state funding" translate into "do you support sending agents with guns to take resources from one person and give it to another person." My answer will always be "no."

Fracking is a difficult issue. I can't support it unless I'm convinced the oil companies can be held accountable for damage that they do. Surely, this will necessitate full disclosure of everything they are pumping into the ground. Honest frackers would disclose NOW to build trust.

Noa) Do you generally support gun-control legislation?
Nob) Should background checks be required on gun sales between private citizens at gun shows?
Yesc) Should citizens be allowed to carry concealed guns?
Nod) Should a license be required for gun possession?
e) Other or expanded principles:

I believe 100% in your right to self defense and your right to own the tools by which to accomplish that self defense.

Noa) Do you support a universally-accessible, publicly-administered health insurance option?
Yesb) Do you support expanding access to health care through commercial health insurance reform?
Yesc) Do you support interstate health insurance compacts?
Nod) Do you support Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")?
Noe) Do you support requiring individuals to purchase health care insurance?
Yesf) Do you support monetary limits on damages that can be collected in malpractice lawsuits?
Yesg) Do you support allowing doctors to prescribe marijuana to their patients for medicinal purposes?
h) Other or expanded principles:

Health care is an individual's responsibility.

Yesa) Do you support same-sex marriage?
b) Do you support the inclusion of sexual orientation in North Carolina's anti-discrimination laws?
c) Do you support the inclusion of gender identity in North Carolina's anti-discrimination laws?
Yesd) Based on the religious beliefs of the owners, should businesses be allowed to refuse services to their employees and/or customers?
Noe) Should individuals be required to use a bathroom that corresponds with the gender listed on their birth certificates?
f) Other or expanded principles:

Freedom of association is an absolute. Legislatures should make no law.... Is there a societal problem? Sure. But the best solutions are not founded on statutes.

In the following area, please explain in a total of 100 words or less, your top two or three priorities if elected. If they require additional funding for implementation, please explain how you would obtain this funding.

Should you choose to send me to Raleigh as the NC Senator from District 20, my goal will be to reduce the size and scope of government. You are fully capable of running your life and your business and your family and your health care and your child's education. You deserve a government that respects that fact.

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