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Mary Landrieu's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

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Due to a later filing deadline, a lack of contact information, or other circumstances delaying entry into our database, Mary Landrieu was not directly invited to take the 2014 Political Courage Test. Mary Landrieu is still welcome to submit the test at any time.
Urge Mary Landrieu to fill out the Political Courage Test.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2014, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 100% in 2013 by NARAL Pro-Choice America
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “Senator Landrieu helped craft the economic Recovery Act, signed into law in February 2009, to create and sustain millions of private sector jobs, strengthen national infrastructure, reduce taxes for families and businesses and prevent education cuts under the stress of tightening state budgets. “ (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
No Inferred Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “As Congress looks to reauthorize and improve No Child Left Behind, Senator Landrieu and her moderate colleagues are pushing for a set of principles that would increase local flexibility, spur innovation, reward success, and ensure transparency and equity.” (
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted Yea - S Amdt 1537 - Approving the Keystone XL Pipeline Project - Vote to adopt an amendment to S 1813 that exempts the Keystone Pipeline project from further executive approval and authorizes the State of Nebraska to modify existing route plans through the state. (
No Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “We urge you to consider an approach that establishes a standard in the near-term that can be achieved by high efficiency coal-fired technologies operating without CCS and lower standards over the long-term as CCS becomes commercially available. Such an approach would encourage construction of new plants with the very best technology and truly encourage investment and innovation in more advanced clean coal technologies, with an ultimate goal of a CCS standard that will sustain American technology leadership” (
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you support restrictions on the purchase and possession of guns? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 10% in 2013 by Gun Owners of America
  • U.S. Senator Mary L. Landrieu, D-La., today voted for common-sense legislation that strengthens and clarifies Second Amendment rights and helps reduce gun violence. However, Sen. Landrieu voted against the assault weapons ban and restrictions on the size of magazines, saying these provisions went too far. She released the following statement:"The Manchin-Toomey compromise was a hard-fought but balanced approach that would reduce gun violence and make it much harder for criminals and mentally ill individuals to access guns. Currently, guns can be purchased at gun shows without any background check whatsoever, leaving a gaping hole in our gun protection system. However, even with my support, the measure did not garner the 60 votes necessary for passage in the Senate. I believe that we must do a better job of keeping guns out of the hands of criminals. I'm confident that most people understand the importance of closing this loophole while preserving the rights of law abiding individuals to own and use guns for hunting, sport and self-protection," Sen. Landrieu said."In addition, the Manchin-Toomey amendment, happily for gun enthusiasts, explicitly prohibited the federal government from creating a national registry of gun owners; it benefited the approximately 950 licensed gun dealers in Louisiana by putting them on a level playing field by eliminating the unfair advantage now enjoyed by unlicensed dealers; and it clarified that veterans can purchase a gun at their duty station as well as in their home state." (
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • On March 23, 2010, the President signed into law the "Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.Senator Landrieu supported this historic legislation because it achieves the goals she laid out at the beginning of the debate:It stabilizes costs and expands affordable health care choices for families and small businesses in Louisiana and throughout the country.It expands coverage and increases choice and competition for thousands of Louisianians.Most importantly, this law makes private health insurance more affordable and accessible without including a government-run option.The Congressional Budget Office, which is non-partisan and so does not represent either Democrats or Republicans, analyzed the law and determined that it will lower or stabilize insurance premiums, cover 30 million Americans who are currently uninsured, and reduce the U.S. budget deficit by $210 billion over the next 10 years. (
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “ I came up with my own legislation. I introduced it in the Senate, and I have now introduced it as a floor amendment to the spending bill which Senator Reid is bringing to the Senate floor. It would change the aspects of the law that we need to change in order to streamline the process and allow us to quickly deport individuals within 72 hours so they can be safely reunited with their families in their home country. That is the only thing that will stem this increased tide, this increasing flow, and this increasing problem.” (
No Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 0% in 2014 by Human Rights Campaign - Positions on Marriage
  • Signed Letter : "Issuing an executive order prohibiting discrimination against LGBT workers in federal contracts would build on the significant progress for LGBT rights made during your time as President and would further your legacy as a champion for LGBT equality. We urge you to act now to prevent irrational, taxpayer-funded workplace discrimination against LGBT Americans." (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Sen. Landrieu has worked to strengthen Social Security and helped end efforts in 2005 to privatize Social Security." (


Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

Congressional Election 1996 National Political Awareness Test

This candidate has responded to a Political Courage Test in a previous election. As a continued effort to provide the American public with factual information on candidates running for public office, these archived responses are made available here.

The Political Courage Test asks candidates which items they will support if elected. It does not ask them to indicate which items they will oppose. Through extensive research of public polling data, we discovered that voters are more concerned with what candidates would support when elected to office, not what they oppose. If a candidate does not select a response to any part or all of any question, it does not necessarily indicate that the candidate is opposed to that particular item.
Indicate all principles you support concerning abortion.
a) Abortions should always be legally available.
b) Abortions should be legal in all circumstances as long as the procedure is completed within the first trimester of pregnancy.
c) Abortions should be legal only when the pregnancy resulted from incest or rape or when the life of the woman is endangered.
d) Abortions should be legal only when the life of the woman is endangered.
e) Abortions should be limited by waiting periods and notification requirements as decided by each state government.
f) Abortions should always be illegal.
Xg) Other

I support the right to choose as designed by the Supreme Court's decision, Roe v. Wade.

Indicate your position concerning affirmative action programs.
a) The federal government should consider preferences to minority-owned businesses in granting government contracts.
Xb) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the public sector.
Xc) The federal government should prosecute cases of discrimination in the private sector.
d) The federal government should provide affirmative actions programs as long as such programs do not include quotas.
e) The federal government should not provide any affirmative action programs.
Xf) Other

Affirmative action is still an effective tool to expand economic and educational opportunity. However, I oppose quotas, reverse discrimination, preferences for unqualified individuals and support the elimination of programs that have not met their goals.

YesDo you support amending the US Constitution to require an annual balanced federal budget?
1) Indicate what changes you support (if any) concerning levels of federal funding for the following categories. Select one number only.
Maintain Statusa) AIDS Programs
Slightly Decreaseb) Arts funding
Greatly Increasec) Education (K-12)
Maintain Statusd) Environmental programs
Slightly Decreasee) Housing projects
Maintain Statusf) Job training programs
Greatly Increaseg) Law enforcement
Maintain Statush) Medicaid
Maintain Statusi) Medicare
Slightly Decreasej) NASA
Greatly Increasek) Student loan programs
Slightly Decreasel) Welfare (AFDC)
m) Other
n) Other
o) Other
2) Do you support the use of block grants given to states, rather than federal spending, in the following areas?
Undecideda) Agriculture
Nob) Education
Undecidedc) Farm subsidies
Yesd) Food stamps
Yese) Law enforcement
Nof) Medicaid
Nog) Medicare
Noh) School lunches
Yesi) Welfare
j) Other
Indicate which principles you support regarding campaign finance reform.
a) Prohibit Political Action Committee (PAC) contributions to candidates for federal office.
Xb) Establish spending limits on congressional campaigns and provide public funding for complying candidates.
c) Support legislation that would increase the federal limits on individual contributions.
Xd) Pass legislation that would encourage full and timely disclosure of campaign finance information.
e) Remove all legislative limits on campaign financing.
Xf) Other

Guarantee free television and radio broadcast time to candidates.

Indicate which principles you support to address crime.
Xa) Broaden use of the death penalty for federal crimes.
b) Increase spending to build more federal prisons.
Xc) Impose "truth in sentencing" for violent criminals so they serve full sentences with no chance of parole.
Xd) Support the use of "boot camps" as alternative sentencing for adult first-time felons.
Xe) Limit the number of appeals allowed to inmates on death row.
Xf) Fund programs to provide prison inmates with vocational and job-related skills and job-placement assistance when released.
Xg) Expand funding for community policing programs.
Xh) Increase penalties for the possession of any illegal firearms.
Xi) Prosecute youths accused of murder as adults.
Xj) Increase funding for local Boys & Girls Clubs and other independent organizations in communities with at-risk youth.
k) Reduce prison sentences for those who commit non-violent crimes.
Xl) Deport all permanent resident aliens convicted of a felony.
m) Other
Indicate what changes you support (if any) regarding funding for the following categories. Select one number only.
Maintain Status1) CIA appropriations
Slightly Increase2) Defense plant conversion
Maintain Status3) Military hardware
Slightly Decrease4) Military space shuttle missions
Slightly Increase5) Pay for active duty personnel
Slightly Decrease6) Development of new weapons
Eliminate7) Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI)
Maintain Status8) Armed Forces personnel training
9) Other
Yes1) Do you support amending the United States Constitution to allow voluntary prayer and/or moment of silence in public schools?
Yes2) Do you support funding the National Service Program (Ameri-Corps) in which young people receive money from the federal government for college in return for performing community service?
3) Indicate which principles you support concerning education.
Xa) Maintain the national standards and goals set forth in "Goals 2000".
Xb) Provide parents with vouchers to send their children to any publicly funded school.
c) Provide parents with vouchers to send their children to any participating school: public, private or religious.
Xd) Implement charter schools where teachers and professionals receive authorization and funding to establish new schools.
e) Eliminate the Department of Education, thereby giving state and local government greater control over educational issues.
f) Other
Indicate which principles or programs you support regarding America's environment and natural resources.
a) Transfer public lands, such as federal forests and range lands, to the jurisdiction of state and local governments.
b) Require the federal government to reimburse citizens when environmental regulations limit use of privately owned lands.
Xc) Strengthen the Clean Water Act.
d) Change the Endangered Species Act of 1973 to limit the number of habitats eligible to be designated as endangered.
Xe) Utilize cost-benefit analysis to determine economic impacts of proposed environmental protection and cleanup legislation.
Xf) Increase fees charged to ranchers who graze cattle on federal lands.
Xg) Revise the 1872 mining law to increase the amounts charged to mining companies using federal lands.
Xh) Encourage development of alternative fuels and electric cars to reduce pollution.
Xi) Strengthen emission controls on all gasoline or diesel powered engines, including cars and trucks.
j) Increase federal taxes on gasoline and diesel fuels to promote conservation and alternative fuel development.
Xk) Require that a percentage of purchases made by federal agencies include recycled components.
Xl) Promote the selling of pollution credits to encourage industries to decrease amount of pollution.
m) Other
Indicate which level of government should have primary responsibility for the following services. Select one level only.
Federal1) Border security
Federal2) Civil rights enforcement
Local3) Education
Federal4) Environmental cleanup
Federal5) Job training
Local6) Law enforcement
Federal7) Low-income housing
Federal8) Medicaid
Federal9) Medicare
Federal10) Welfare (AFDC)
11) Other
Yes1) Should the US have diplomatic relations with the government of Cuba?
Yes2) Should the US have diplomatic relations with the government of Vietnam?
Yes3) Should the US recognize and extend full diplomatic relations to Taiwan?
No4) Should the US continue funding for Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty?
Yes5) Should the US continue funding for Radio Marti and TV Marti?
Yes6) Should the US continue funding for Radio Free Asia?
Yes7) Do you support the deployment of US troops to the former Yugoslavia?
8) Indicate your position concerning economic aid to Russia and the former Soviet republics.
a) Economic aid to Russia and the former republics should be increased to facilitate democracy and market reforms.
Xb) Economic aid to Russia and the former republics should be continued unless Russia exports nuclear weapons or related technology.
c) Economic aid to Russia and the former republics should be decreased and/or eliminated.
d) Other
9) Indicate which principles you support regarding US economic aid to foreign countries.
a) Foreign aid should only be given when extraordinary circumstances and disaster threaten the lives of civilian populations.
b) Foreign aid should be given to countries only when it is in the security interests of the United States.
c) Foreign aid should be eliminated from any nation with documented human rights abuses.
d) Foreign aid should be maintained at current levels.
Xe) Other

Foreign aid must promote U.S. security, humanitarian or diplomatic interests.

10) Indicate which principles you support regarding the United States - United Nations relationship.
a) The US should contribute more funding and troops to United Nations peacekeeping missions.
Xb) The US should participate in UN peacekeeping missions only when vital US interests are directly threatened.
c) The US should use military force only when the US border or territories are attacked or American citizens are in danger.
d) The US should pay the money it owes to the United Nations.
e) The US should withdraw from the UN completely.
f) Other
Indicate which principles you support concerning gun issues.
a) Expand the nationwide ban on the sale or transfer of assault weapons to include all forms of semi-automatic weapons.
b) Increase restrictions on the purchase and possession of firearms.
Xc) Maintain all federal registration procedures and restrictions on possessing firearms.
d) Ease procedures on the purchase and registration of firearms.
e) Repeal all bans and measures that restrict law-abiding citizens from owning legally-obtained firearms.
Xf) Allow law-abiding citizens to carry concealed firearms that are legally owned and registered.
g) Other
Indicate which principles you support regarding America's health care system.
a) Implement a universal health care program to guarantee coverage to all Americans regardless of income.
b) Provide vouchers to the working poor so they can buy into a private health care plan.
c) Implement a government-financed, single-payer national health care system similar to that of Canada.
Xd) Support a "managed competition" health care plan to contain costs and improve access that does not include mandated health alliances, government cost control powers, or employer/employee mandates.
Xe) Provide tax incentives for small businesses to help provide health care to their employees.
Xf) Allow middle and low income families to deduct yearly health care costs from their taxable income.
g) Establish limits on the amount of damages awarded in medical malpractice lawsuits.
h) Encourage tax-free medical savings accounts, which would be taxed if used for any purpose other than medical costs.
i) The federal government has no responsibility in providing health care.
j) Other
Indicate which principles you support concerning illegal drugs.
Xa) Increase penalties for selling illegal drugs.
Xb) Impose mandatory jail sentences for selling illegal drugs.
Xc) Impose capital punishment for convicted international drug traffickers.
Xd) Require drug testing for federal employees in sensitive positions (Air Traffic Control, National Park Police, Secret Service, etc.).
Xe) Strengthen current laws dealing with non-controlled substances, including inhalants and commercially available pills.
Xf) Increase funding of federally-sponsored drug education and drug treatment programs.
g) Decriminalize the possession and private use of marijuana.
h) Other
Indicate which principles you support regarding issues relating to immigration.
a) Further limit the number of immigrants allowed into the country.
b) Prohibit states from passing laws that deny human services (medical care, education) to illegal immigrants or their children.
c) Ease citizenship requirements in order to make it easier for immigrants to become United States citizens.
d) Establish English as the official and recognized language of the United States.
e) Provide extra federal aid to states with higher numbers of immigrants for necessary medical and social services.
Xf) Restrict the eligibility of legal immigrants for certain social programs (i.e. AFDC, HUD housing, food stamps, etc.).
Xg) Children of illegal immigrants, born in the United States, should not automatically receive US citizenship.
h) Other
YesShould the President be allowed to veto certain items of legislation while signing spending or tax bills into law?
The American people have consistently mentioned the decline of morals and ethics in America as a major problem facing the country. Explain what you will do as a member of Congress to address this concern.

As a mother, I worry about the moral and ethical decline in our country and its effect on our children. The obvious answers to this problem are stable homes and safe communities. Congress can take steps to give parents the freedom to focus on their children and keep violence off their streets.

Indicate which principles you support regarding the poor and homeless.
Xa) Provide tax incentives for companies to hire and train homeless people who want to work.
b) Increase funding of homeless shelters and low income housing projects.
Xc) Increase funding of programs that help alcoholics and drug addicts recover and find steady work.
Xd) Increase the minimum wage.
Xe) Provide homeless families with apartment vouchers they can use to supplement the cost of an apartment.
f) Provide government jobs for those who wish to work and cannot find a job in the private sector.
Xg) Increase the income tax deduction on individual contributions made to charities that help the poor and homeless.
Xh) Implement enterprise zones in communities with high unemployment.
i) Other
1) Indicate the changes you support (if any) concerning the tax levels for the following categories. Select one number only.
Income Taxes
Maintain Statusa) Retiree income over $40,000
Greatly Decreaseb) Family income less than $25,000
Slightly Decreasec) Family income $25-75,000
Maintain Statusd) Family income $75-150,000
Slightly Increasee) Family income over $150,000
Other Tax Issues
Slightly Increasef) Alcohol taxes
Greatly Decreaseg) Capital gains taxes
Slightly Increaseh) Charitable deductions
Maintain Statusi) Cigarette taxes
Slightly Increasej) Corporate income taxes
Slightly Increasek) Earned income tax credit
Maintain Statusl) Estate taxes
Maintain Statusm) Medical expense deductions
Slightly Increasen) Mortgage deductions
o) Other
No2) Do you support replacing the US income tax structure with a flat income tax?
No3) Do you support replacing the US income tax structure with a broad-based consumption tax?
Yes1) Do you support amending the Constitution to limit the number of terms which members of Congress can serve?
2) If you support term limits, how many years should each serve?
Senator (years)


Representatives (years)


Indicate which principles you support concerning terrorism.
a) Relax current guidelines that forbid the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) from investigating terrorist groups when there is a "reasonable indication" of terrorist activities.
Xb) Relax wiretapping restrictions to give the FBI broader authority to investigate terrorist suspects.
Xc) Require that chemical tracing agents be added to commercially-sold products that can be used to produce explosives.
Xd) Implement tighter restrictions on firearm sales in an effort to hinder terrorist groups from stockpiling weapon arsenals.
Xe) Grant broader authority to the US Immigration and Naturalization Service to deny entrance visas to terrorist suspects.
f) Maintain limits on the authority of federal agencies investigating suspected terrorists.
g) Restrict the investigative authority of the FBI and other governmental agencies.
h) Other
Yes1) Do you support the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)?
Yes2) Do you support broadening NAFTA to include other countries?
Yes3) Do you support the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)?
Yes4) Do you support the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
Undecided5) Do you support lifting the trade embargo imposed against Cuba?
Yes6) Do you support imposing tariffs on products imported from nations that maintain restrictive trade barriers on American products?
No7) Should a nation's human rights record affect its "most favored nation" trading status with the United States?
Indicate which principles you support regarding unemployment.
Xa) Provide tax credits for companies that move job-creating industries into areas with high unemployment.
Xb) Increase funding for national job-training programs.
Xc) Increase funding for public works projects such as the repair of roads and bridges.
d) Eliminate government regulations of the private sector in order to encourage investment and economic expansion.
Xe) Establish enterprise zones in areas with large numbers of unemployed people.
f) Overhaul the current unemployment system by focusing on training and education in skills needed in certain industries.
g) Eliminate any governmental programs designed to reduce unemployment.
h) Other
Indicate which principles you support regarding the US welfare system.
Xa) Strengthen child support collection procedures and increase penalties for parents who do not pay child support.
Xb) Impose a two-year limit on welfare benefits for recipients who are able to work.
Xc) Require welfare recipients to accept some form of government-sponsored job after two years if unemployed in the private sector.
Xd) Require that unwed teenage mothers live with a parent or guardian (if possible) and attend school to receive benefits.
Xe) Limit the benefits given to single women if they have additional children while receiving welfare benefits.
Xf) Provide child care services to welfare recipients who work or attend school.
Xg) Provide rent or housing supplement vouchers for low-income families.
h) Make no substantial changes at this time.
Xi) Increase funding of programs that prevent teen pregnancy and family break-up.
Xj) Support programs that give incentives for employers to hire and train welfare recipients.
k) Other
1) Explain your two main legislative priorities if elected to Congress.

As Senator, I will work to balance the federal budget and make education a national priority.

2) Should your priorities require additional government funding, please explain how you intend to obtain the additional funding.

Every aspect of the federal budget must be examined in order to balance the budget and reduce the deficit.

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