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Phil Roe's Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

Office: U.S. House (TN) - District 1, Republican
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Phil Roe has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2016 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests. Historically, candidates have failed to complete our test due to the advice they receive from their parties and advisors and out of fear of negative attack ads.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-life Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Tonight we mark one of the most tragic, misguided Supreme Court cases in our Nation's history: Roe v. Wade. Since 1973, more than 50 million babies, as has been stated here numerous times, have been denied the most basic right in this country, protected by our Constitution, which is the right to life.” (
  • "As an obstetrician who has delivered nearly 5,000 babies, I strongly support the sanctity of life. As a member of the Congressional Pro-Life Caucus, I will always be a strong and constant voice for the right to life.” (
No Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "There is no question we need to lower taxes for people at all levels of income, from our job creators to our friends and neighbors who have fallen on hard times.” (
  • "Congress needs to fix the broken tax system and allow our workers and families to keep more of what they earn and save – while giving entrepreneurs and small businesses incentives to grow. These are the best ways to stimulate the economy.” (
Unknown Position Unknown Answer Crime: Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Despite exhaustive research, Vote Smart was unable to find information about this candidate's position.
No Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "As part of the House’s effort to cut spending and reduce the debt, I was proud to support S. 365, the Budget Control Act, in the 112th Congress. This law established a frame for spending cuts of $2.1 trillion and has begun to slow the explosive growth of spending.” (
  • "Out-of-control spending is one of the most significant threats to American prosperity. For too long, lawmakers from both sides of the aisle have been irresponsible with your tax dollars, amassing a national debt of more than $17 trillion.” (
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "In last week's column I talked a lot about why it's important to balance the budget, and I believe lowering taxes is just as important to economic growth.” (
  • "There is no question we need to lower taxes for people at all levels of income, from our job creators to our friends and neighbors who have fallen on hard times.” (
No Inferred Answer Education: Do you generally support requiring states to adopt federal education standards? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "This bill would give more control over education back to states and school districts, reduce burdensome federal mandates—such as national accountability standards—and support more effective teachers in the classroom. H.R. 5 also prohibits the federal government from coercing states and school districts to adopt Common Core.” (
  • "More regulation, particularly at the federal level, does not equal better education. President Reagan was right when he wanted to get the federal government out of the education business. The best educational system is one directed by parents, teachers and local school boards – not bureaucrats in Washington.” (
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I strongly support construction of the Keystone Pipeline and voted in support of H.R. 3, the Keystone XL Pipeline Act when it passed the House.” (
  • "I have been a strong supporter of the Keystone pipeline since coming to Congress, and I was pleased to see the Senate vote to move this project forward last week.” (
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support government funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "We must also develop and deploy alternative energy sources and technologies including wind, solar, geothermal and biomass energy.” (
  • “Energy independence won't just ease the bite on family budgets, it will also reduce our dependence on oil from countries that are unstable and help grow our economy by making our businesses more competitive. To reach this goal, we must tap into all available energy sources – including coal, natural gas, wind, solar and oil.” (
No Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "In an effort to penalize those who use carbon-intensive energy, particularly coal, some in Congress are trying to enact a so-called 'cap-and-tax' system or a national carbon tax to lower greenhouse gas emissions. You can be certain that I will be outspoken in my opposition to this proposal.” (
  • "In short, Madame Administrator, we believe this carbon dioxide regulation – whose implementation is legally questionable at best – would do untold harm to the American people and our economy for decades to come.” (
No Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The Constitution guarantees the right of individual, law-abiding citizens to keep and bear arms. I am committed to protecting the Second Amendment and will fight any attempts to weaken that fundamental right.” (
  • "I will give the administration’s proposal great thought and careful consideration, but our Second Amendment right is one of our most cherished freedoms and I will not support measures that infringe on our Constitutional right to bear arms.” (
Yes Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "His plan would cut spending by $5.5 trillion over the next 10 years, reform the tax code to make it simpler and fairer, repeal ObamaCare, and strengthen the Medicare program for today’s seniors and future beneficiaries.” (
  • "I voted against the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) in the 111th Congress, and have since been leading the charge to repeal the law and replace it with commonsense reforms.” (
Yes Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring immigrants who are unlawfully present to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The Department of Naturalization and Immigration needs to have more funds made available to them so they can send back those that choose to break the law and come here illegally.” (
  • "We must address the heart of the crisis, which is that immigrants are making a dangerous journey, risking their lives because of a mistaken belief they will be allowed to stay and ultimately be granted citizenship. The most compassionate, humane solution we can adopt ensures immigrants are returned quickly and safely to their families.” (
No Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "I am both philosophically and morally opposed to gay marriage. As much as I would like to see this remain a state issue, I am concerned that we have activist judges that are legislating from the bench. If this continues, which I fear it will, it may force the people to settle the issue with a Constitutional ban.” (
  • "We are writing to express our great concern and disapproval over your recent announcement to no longer defend the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA). Your decision casts doubt on the trust the American people place in our government as a whole, and in the authority of the Constitution specifically.” (
Yes Inferred Answer National Security: Do you support increased American intervention in Iraq and Syria beyond air support? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "We’ve seen the Islamic State in action, and there’s only one solution for people this evil. We must take every reasonable step to defeat and dismantle them, and I am confident we can do this without engaging in another long-term ground war.” (
  • “The Islamic State is a radical terrorist organization with every intention of bringing their heinous acts of terror to our homeland. We must address this serious threat and act pragmatically and deliberately to eliminate this evil.” (
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • " I believe with a bi-partisan effort, and with a more efficient management of the Social Security System, we can keep Social Security intact with little change to the system.” (


Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

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