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Donna Edwards' Issue Positions (Political Courage Test)

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Donna Edwards has refused to provide voters with positions on key issues covered by the 2016 Political Courage Test, despite repeated requests from Vote Smart and voters like you.

What is the Political Courage Test?

Issue Positions

In response to the increasing unwillingness of candidates to answer issue questions, Vote Smart has researched Presidential and Congressional candidates' public records to determine candidates' likely responses on certain key issues. These issue positions, from the year 2016, are provided below as a courtesy to voters.

Pro-choice Inferred Answer Abortion: Do you generally support pro-choice or pro-life legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 100% by NARAL Pro-Choice America (
  • “Playing politics w women’s health isn’t just wrong, it’s dangerous. We must defend reproductive rights of American women. #KeepClinicsOpen” (
  • Rated 0% by National Right to Life Committee (
Yes Inferred Answer Budget: In order to balance the budget, do you support an income tax increase on any tax bracket? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Republicans are holding hostage tax cuts for 98 percent of Americans so the wealthiest 2 percent can continue to receive an average tax cut of $160,000. At a cost to the deficit of $50 billion next year, $930 billion over 10 years, Republican insistence on extending tax cuts for the wealthiest at the expense of middle class families is inexcusable." (
  • "The Tax Relief Act benefits primarily the wealthiest two percent of Americans at the expense of adding billions of dollars of debt on the backs of our children and grandchildren. It is indefensible that working families struggling to make ends meet, and those depending on unemployment benefits, are being held hostage to ensure tax cuts for the two-percenters and an estate tax break that benefits only 6,600 families. We must fight to make sure that hardworking families are winning and not the one-percenters." (
No Inferred Answer Crime: Do you support mandatory minimum sentences for non-violent drug offenders? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “The Fair Sentencing Act of 2010 is a critical step towards addressing fairness standards in our sentencing laws. Drug abuse remains a destructive force in our communities, but we must ensure that the policies we implement are smart, fair, and balanced.” (
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support federal spending as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted in favor of H.R. 1 "Appropriations, Tax Law Amendments, and Unemployment Benefit Amendments ("Stimulus Bill")" (
  • “America's water infrastructure = D. Joined colleagues in requesting $2B 4 both #drinking & #waste water upgrades.” (
  • "I have been an outspoken advocate for public transportation projects, which provide good jobs right now, reduce traffic congestion, improve the environment, and should be seen as economic investments in our state's future." (
Yes Inferred Answer Economy: Do you support lowering taxes as a means of promoting economic growth? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “It's time to extend, without delay or uncertainty, tax cuts for all families, for all income up to $250,000. If we don't, it will be a disaster, and a tax hike will result for those middle class families.” (
  • "TAX EXTENDERS ACT extends the R&D tax credit for American companies that invest in innovative jobs; extends deductions for millions of parents, teachers, and families for college tuition, classroom expenses, property and state and local sales taxes; and helps ensure National Guard and Reservists called up to active duty do not face a pay cut." (
Yes Inferred Answer Education: Do you support requiring states to implement education reforms in order to be eligible for competitive federal grants? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "The Race to the Top Fund is the latest effort by the federal government to take a critical step forward to invest and support the educational infrastructure of this country. I applaud efforts by the Department of Education to encourage discussion of real reform, leading to changes throughout the nation's educational system that will help children receive the highest quality education, while also closing achievement gaps that threaten the futures of many children in the Fourth Congressional District and across the nation." (
  • “I have worked to secure funding for early childhood education (including Head Start and Early Head Start), make higher education more affordable, and incorporate green job training into our Job Corps Centers.” (
No Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support building the Keystone XL pipeline? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "This bill will create or save over 2 million jobs and help rebuild our nation’s infrastructure without the unnecessary, partisan policy riders involving coal ash and the Keystone Pipeline – provisions that have no place in a highway bill.” (
  • Voted against S.1 "A Bill to Approve the Keystone XL Pipeline" (
Yes Inferred Answer Energy: Do you support funding for the development of renewable energy (e.g. solar, wind, thermal)? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "At a time when serious action needs to be taken, we instead continue to see Republicans act on the side of corporate special interests – working to strip clean air and water protections, reduce investments in renewable energy, and prolong our dependence on fossil fuels with $50 billion in tax breaks to oil companies that are reaping billions in profits. We need a serious commitment to protect the environment and build a 21st Century green economy that will spur innovation, increase prosperity, and create jobs in Maryland and across the country." (
  • "No more reliance on fossil fuels, no more subsidies for outdated, last-century energy production. I believe that in the 21st Century a sound environmental policy means good jobs, good business, and good policy. With long-term investment today, renewable and clean energy research, development, and production will provide real solutions to global warming and be the heart of next economic boom in this country – facilitating service and technology markets all across the globe." (
Yes Inferred Answer Environment: Do you support the federal regulation of greenhouse gas emissions? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • "Forget voluntary limits on carbon emissions – they don't work and we're in a crisis. It's time to set mandatory limits on emissions with a goal of 20 percent reductions by 2020 and 80 percent reductions by the middle of the century." (
  • Voted in favor of H.R. 2454 "Energy and Environmental Law Amendments ("Cap and Trade") (
Yes Inferred Answer Guns: Do you generally support gun-control legislation? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Rated 100% by Brady Campaign to End Gun Violence (
  • Rated 0% by Gun Owners of America (
No Inferred Answer Health Care: Do you support repealing the 2010 Affordable Care Act ("Obamacare")? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Voted against H.R. 596 "Repeal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and Health Care-Related Provisions in the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010" (
  • “Celebrating 6th #ACAanniversary w/ colleagues. For 1st time, over 90% of Americans have health coverage! #ACAWorks” (
  • “I also co-sponsored H.R. 5808, a bill to amend the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act to establish a public health insurance option. I believe it is critical to include a robust public option into the health exchange that will increase competition and lower costs for consumers, allowing many more individuals to afford health insurance.” (
  • Voted in favor of H.R. 3590 "Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act" (
No Inferred Answer Immigration: Do you support requiring illegal immigrants to return to their country of origin before they are eligible for citizenship? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “Proud to be on bipartisan & bicameral SCOTUS amicus brief w/223 of my colleagues in support of #DACA & #DAPA and keeping families together.” (
  • Voted in favor of H.R. 5281 "DREAM Act" (
Yes Inferred Answer Marriage: Do you support same-sex marriage? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “Loving same-sex couples and their families deserve to be treated equally over the law, and now have the ability to take advantage of the full array of benefits afforded under the institution of marriage." (
  • “Isn't this 2016? Such a discriminatory law is just flat wrong. Congress must pass the Equality Act.” (
  • Signed a letter stating “As federal legislators who represent families acrossthis nation, we believe that—like DOMA—state marriagebans deny our citizens the equal protection that theConstitution guarantees.” (
No Inferred Answer National Security: Do you support targeting suspected terrorists outside of official theaters of conflict? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • “After much deliberation, I opposed the USA Freedom Act because I continue to believe it doesn't strike the necessary balance between protecting our national security and protecting our 4th Amendment rights.” (
  • Signed a letter stating “We urge your Administration to send a strong signal that it opposes torture by taking a clear position on this issue.” (
No Inferred Answer Social Security: Do you support allowing individuals to divert a portion of their Social Security taxes into personal retirement accounts? View Citations

Vote Smart's Research

  • Signed a letter stating: “Americans' contributions to Social Security should be used for Americans' Social Security benefits.” (
  • Signed a Pledge stating: “We need to strengthen Social Security, not cut it. That is why I oppose any cuts to Social Security benefits, including increasing the retirement age. I also oppose any effort to privatize Social Security, in whole or in part.” (


Candidate Answer

Official Position: Candidate had the Political Courage to address this issue directly.

Inferred Answer

Inferred Position: Candidate refused to address this issue directly, but Vote Smart inferred this issue position based on the candidate's public statements, voting record, and evaluations from special interest groups.

Unknown Answer

Unknown Position: Candidate refused to address this issue.

Vote Smart's Research: Click on this icon to reveal more information about this candidate's position.

Other or Expanded Principles & Legislative Priorities are entered exactly as the candidate has submitted it. Vote Smart does not edit for misspelled words, punctuation or grammar.

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